Books and Documents

Books and Documents

Plato recommended that young men witness the battlefield as part of their essential grooming for adulthood. Graeme Smith was an idealistic 26-year-old reporter for Canada’s Globe and Mail newspaper when he was sent to southern Afghanistan in 2005, and the next six years he spent in the country was certainly an education, with Smith confiding at one point that “the charred flesh of suicide bombers got stuck in the treads of my shoes.” His education was also a painful process of disillusionment, as he witnessed all the ideals about the West’s grand vision for reconstructing the country…..


The Sufi Message: Excerpts from Hazrat Inayat Khan’s Discourses on the Unity of Religious Ideals: 62- On Concentration
Hazrat Inayat Khan

There are two aspects of life: the audible life and the silent life. The value of silent life is independent. We are inclined to attach a value to something which concerns our outer life. The silent life does not give us a special benefit but a general benefit. In other words, if there is a minor wound on the body an external application of a certain medicament can cure it. But there are other medicines which can cure the general condition, and this is more satisfactory than the external cure, though it is less spectacular……


The Sufi Message: Excerpts from Hazrat Inayat Khan’s Discourses on the Unity of Religious Ideals: 61- On Strength for Positive Living
Hazrat Inayat Khan

The Sufi sees both the Creator and the creation in man. The limited part of man's being is the creation, and the innermost part of his being is the Creator. If this is true, then man is both limited and unlimited. If he wishes to be limited he can become more and more limited. If he wishes to be unlimited he can become more and more unlimited…..


The Sufi Message: Excerpts from Hazrat Inayat Khan’s Discourses on the Unity of Religious Ideals: 60- On the Control of the Mind
Hazrat Inayat Khan

The tendency to be worried over nothing, to become anxious about little things, to be fidgety and restless, to be afraid, to be confused, the tendency of moving about without any reason, the tendency of speaking without purpose, the tendency of being sad without motive, all these things come through lack of control of the mind. Have they also any other effect besides the effect that is made upon one's own personality? Yes; all weakness, errors, and mistakes that man makes against his own wish, all these come from lack of control over his own mind. And if there is a secret of success the key to it is the control of the mind.....

The Sufi Message: Excerpts from Hazrat Inayat Khan’s Discourses on the Unity of Religious Ideals: 59- On the Control of the Body
Hazrat Inayat Khan

Many people think that the physical has little to do with the spiritual. Why not, they ask, cast the idea of the physical aside in order to be entirely spiritual? If without the physical aspect of our being the purpose of life could be accomplished, the soul would have not taken a physical body and the spirit would not have produced the physical world. A Hindustani poet says, 'If the purpose of creation could have been fulfilled by the angels, who are entirely spiritual, God would not have created man.'….


The Sufi Message: Excerpts from Hazrat Inayat Khan’s Discourses on the Unity of Religious Ideals: 58- On the Distinction between the Subtle and the Gross
Hazrat Inayat Khan

Imagine the life of Abraham, of Moses, the life of Jesus Christ; and again the life of Muhammad in war and battles, and yet as exclusive and remote, as spiritual as anyone could be. And Krishna, picture him in Kurukshetra fighting in the battle, giving a world-scripture. If they had all lived in mountain caves we would not have been benefited by them. What is the use of those holy ones who never see, never experience from morning till evening the tests and trials of the dense world, where at every move there are a thousand temptations and difficulties, a thousand problems? .....


The Sufi Message: Excerpts from Hazrat Inayat Khan’s Discourses on the Unity of Religious Ideals: 57- On Going from Imperfection to Perfection
Hazrat Inayat Khan

The process of going from limitation to perfection is called mysticism. Mysticism means developing from limitation to perfection. All pain and failure belong to limitation. All pleasure and success belong to perfection. In one's own surroundings, one will find that those who are unhappy and dissatisfied with life and who make others unhappy are those who are more limited. Those who can help themselves and help others, who are happy and bring pleasure into the lives of others, are nearer to perfection…..

Raising the Pashtun Question

The Pashtun Question is a fast-paced crash course in the contemporary history of Pakistan and Afghanistan relations and the failures of both states. The flawless language, the quirky subtitle ‘unresolved key’ notwithstanding, makes the account eminently readable and does not let the boatload of facts, events, people and dates cited bog the reader down….

The Vulture King
Farooq Sulehria

The Vulture King
Farooq Sulehria

The publication of Raja Gidh, if viewed in the context of the Zia dictatorship, assumes a highly political character. In fact, Raja Gidh, along with state-sponsored/state-patronised cultural production under the Zia dictatorship rationalised reactionary right-wing politics (that led to present-day Talibanisation). Unsurprisingly, Raja Gidh’s discourse on, for instance, women and communists neatly sits with Zia-era politics.....

K.K. Aziz: Murder He Wrote
Nadeem F. Paracha

K.K. Aziz: Murder He Wrote

Murder of History enjoyed its third edition in 2010 and is now widely quoted by noted Pakistani and Western historians. Also, ever since his death, a series of books authored by Aziz in the 1990s have appeared. The history sections of books stores across Pakistan now carry a number of works authored by Aziz, something that was almost inconceivable even till the mid-1990s.....


The Wars That Pakistan Began and Lost
Syed Badrul Ahsan

From Kutch to Tashkent promises to be a source of delight for researchers of sub continental and especially Pakistani history. In broad measure, it is mirror into the negative psychological make-up that has consistently defined Pakistan's political and military leaders since the country was created in 1947. One wonders if any lessons have been learned.……

'Faisal I of Iraq'
Oren Kessler

As Mr. Allawi writes, a "form of realistic, purposeful and constructive patriotism also died with Faisal, to be replaced with the far more strident, volatile and angry Arab nationalism that swept the Arab world after the end of the Second World War." Today much of the Arab world remains in thrall to that negative nationalism—one opposed to Israel, America and a vaguely defined "imperialism" but unable to articulate what it supports....


The Emergence of violent Islamism in the heart of the Western world, and the "war on terror" proclaimed against it, led to some interesting ideological trends. One might be described as progressive Islamophobia: a school of thought which, from a left-of-centre perspective, insisted that militant Islam was really a reactionary force ….


The world of Hindu gods and goddesses is varied and complex. Nobody really knows how many gods and goddesses are actually there. Spiritual masters and Indian scholars are unanimous, however, that although the Puranas and other scriptures refer to numerous gods and goddesses, Vedic monotheism considers these godly figures to be various aspects of a single god.…..


The War on Terror unleashed immense violence in several Muslim-majority countries, either through outright invasions and occupations or through drone strikes and special operations undertaken by the CIA and various branches of the American military. The ideological justification for these wars rests upon the construction of a nebulous enemy—driven either by an adherence to Islam or,….


The Crucible of Iraq

Hallucinations merge with reality in wartime. Your eyes and memory play tricks on you. You experience things and then wonder if you experienced them.  Morality is turned upside down. Killers prey on the weak, the vulnerable and the innocent in the name of God or the state or some twisted ethnic loyalty. Murderers and assassins are rich and powerful statesmen. American soldiers blow up houses on a whim, obliterating entire families. Death is a lucrative industry.….


People’s  Poet: Sahir Ludhianvi
Farooq Sulehria

It will not be an exaggeration to state that progressive Urdu writers have popularised Marxist ideas in the Indian Subcontinent more successfully than the Marxist apparatchik….. 

The Islamophobes Have Arrived

This is a book about western hypocrisy and western fear. It is also about the artificiality of race and the hateful idiocy of its spawn, racism. The content is simultaneously provocative and thoughtful. Kundnani indicts a system based on prejudices and falsehoods and presents a future that is bleak at best unless that system changes. The Islamophobia of western governments has already caused at least two wars this century…..

Islamic Economy During Khilafat-e-Rasheda (Part 25) خلافت راشدہ کا اقتصادی جائزہ حصہ 25
Khurshid Ahmad Fariq

علی حیدر رضی اللہ عنہ کے مختصر دور خلافت میں انصار خلافت کے ناخداؤں میں سے تھے ۔ ان کو اعلیٰ فوجی اورسول عہد  ے ملے جن سے شیخین اور عثمان غنی کے عہد میں وہ محروم رہے تھے ۔ سقیفہ بنی ساعدہ میں ابو بکر صدیق کے انتخاب سےجن دو  فریقوں  کو سخت مایوسی ہوئی تھی وہ علی حیدر رضی اللہ عنہ اور ان کا ہاشمی خاندان اور انصاری شاخ خزرَج کے سربرآور دہ لیڈر سعد بن عُبادہ رضی اللہ عنہ اور ان کے اہل  خاندان تھے ۔ حالیہ ناکامی  نے دونوں  فریقوں  کو ایک دوسرے سے قریب او رکامیاب  فریق  کے مقابلہ  میں متحد کردیا تھا ۔


Islamic Economy During Khilafat-e-Rasheda (Part 24) خلافت راشدہ کا اقتصادی جائزہ حصہ 24
Khurshid Ahmad Fariq

عثمان غنی رضی اللہ عنہ نے اپنے عہد میں فاروقی سنت پر عمل کیا لیکن علی حیدر رضی اللہ عنہ کاطریق کار اپنے تینوں پیشرووں سے مختلف تھا ۔ انہوں نے نہ تو غلاموں کو کچھ دیا نہ مسلمانوں کے درمیان فرق مراتب قائم رکھا 3؎ ۔ انہوں نے عمر فاروق رضی اللہ عنہ کے دیوان العطا کی درجہ بندی تو بر قرار رکھی لیکن نئی تنخواہیں مقرر کرنے میں فرق مراتب کا اصول ترک کردیا اسی طرح وہ اس روپیہ  پیسہ او رمال و متاع کی تقسیم میں بھی مساوات سے کام لیتے جو غنیمت کی راہ سے آتا یا تنخواہیں دینے کے بعد بچ رہتا تھا ۔


Islamic Economy During Khilafat-e-Rasheda (Part 23) خلافت راشدہ کا اقتصادی جائزہ حصہ 23
Khurshid Ahmad Fariq
ہجرت سےپہلے علی حیدر رضی اللہ عنہ کی مالی حالت او رمعاشی سرگرمیوں  سے ہم بے خبر ہیں،بظاہر ایسا  معلوم ہوتا ہے کہ ان کا کوئی  مستقل ذریعہ نہیں تھا اور وہ اپنے والد ابو طالب کی وفات کے بعد رسول اللہ صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم کے زیر کفالت زندگی بسر کرتے تھے ۔ ہجرت کے بعد جب ا ن کی عمر بائیس تئیس سال سے زیادہ نہ تھی دو ڈھائی بر س تک وہ سخت عسرت میں مبتلا رہے ۔ ایک وقت ایسا بھی آیا جب انہوں نے فی کھجور ایک ڈول کے حساب سے کسی  یہودی کےکنوئیں سے پانی کھینچ کر پیٹ بھرا 1؎ ۔ 2 ؁ ھ میں ان کی شادی رسول اللہ صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم کی صاحبزادی فاطمہ رضی اللہ عنہ سے طے ہوئی تو وہ بالکل تہی دست تھے ۔


Islamic Economy During Khilafat-e-Rasheda (Part 22) خلافت راشدہ کا اقتصادی جائزہ حصہ 22
Khurshid Ahmad Fariq

علی حیدررضی اللہ عنہ کا انتخاب غیر معمولی حالات میں ہوا تھا ۔ انہیں نہ عثمان غنی  رضی اللہ عنہ نے خلیفہ مقرر کیا تھا نہ بڑے صحابہ کے کسی انتخابی پینل نے  بلکہ ان لوگوں کے ہاتھوں وہ اس عہدہ پر فائز ہوئے تھے جنہوں نے چالیس دن عثمان غنی کی حویلی کا محاصرہ کر کے انہیں قتل کر ڈالا تھا ۔ جیسا کہ گذشتہ اوراق میں بیان کیا جا چکا ہے ، پہلے ابوبکر صدیق اور پھر عمر فاروق کے خلیفہ ہونے پر بطور احتجاج مدینہ کے سیاسی افق پر تین پارٹیاں نمودار ہوگئی تھیں ۔ سب سے بڑی اور طاقتور پارٹی علی حیدر رضی اللہ عنہ کی تھی، دوسری طلحہ بن عبیداللہ رضی اللہ عنہ کی اور تیسری زبیر بن عوّام رضی اللہ عنہ کی ۔


Islamic Economy During Khilafat-e-Rasheda (Part 21) خلافت راشدہ کا اقتصادی جائزہ حصہ 21
Khurshid Ahmad Fariq

عثمانی خلافت میں ا س طبقہ نے ہر دوسرے طبقہ سے زیادہ شاندار اقتصادی ترقی کی منزلیں طے کیں ۔ غیر ہاشمی قریش میں سب سے بڑا اور با حوصلہ خاندان بنو اُمیّہ کاتھا جس کے ایک ممتاز رکن خلیفہ وقت عثمان غنی رضی اللہ عنہ تھے ۔ مدینہ ، حجاز اور پڑوسی  ملکوں سے ہونے والی معتدبہ تھوک تجارت اسی طبقہ کے  ہاتھ میں تھی ۔ اس طبقہ کے ایک گروہ  نے مفتوحہ  علاقوں  میں جائدادیں  بھی حاصل کرلی تھیں ۔ بنو امیّہ کے کچھ خاندان تجارت میں مشغول تھے او ر کچھ  سرکاری عہد وں پر فائز تھے ۔ حکومت  کے بیشتر اعلیٰ  پرُ منفعت مناصب  پر یہی  خاندان چھایا ہوا تھا ۔

Islamic Economy During Khilafat-e-Rasheda (Part 20) خلافت راشدہ کا اقتصادی جائزہ حصہ 20
Khurshid Ahmad Fariq

رسول اللہ صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم زندگی میں کئی موقعوں پر عثمان غنی رضی اللہ عنہ نے اسلامی خدمت یا رسول اللہ صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم کی خوشنودی کے لئے ہر دوسرے صحابی سے زیادہ دل کھول کر روپیہ خرچ کیا ۔ رسول اللہ صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم اور ان کے ساتھی ہجرت کر کے مدینہ آئے تو و ہاں کا پانی انہیں پسند نہیں آیا شہر کے باہر ایک اچھے پانی کاکنواں تھا ۔ رسول اللہ صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم کااشارہ پاکر عثمان غنی رضی اللہ عنہ نےیہ کنواں دس ہزار روپے او ربقول بعض دو ہزار میں خریدلیا ، ایک ماخذ میں کنویں کی قیمت ساڑھے تیرہ ہزار 2؎ روپے اور دوسرے میں ساڑھے سترہ 3؎  ہزار بتائی گئی ہے۔


Islamic Economy During Khilafat-e-Rasheda (Part 19) خلافت راشدہ کا اقتصادی جائزہ حصہ 19
Khurshid Ahmad Fariq

عثمان غنی رضی اللہ عنہ اور مُطعم بن جُبیر رضی اللہ عنہ نے رسو ل اللہ صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم سے کی تو انہوں نے ان دونوں گھرانوں  کے مخالفانہ رویہ اور معاندانہ طرز عمل کو ان کی محرومی کاذمہ دارقرار دے کر شکایت رد کردی تھی 1؎ ۔ ہجرت سے پہلے خاندان عبد شمس اور نوفل کی تجارت جزیرہ نمائے عرب ، شام اور عراق میں فروغ پر تھی اور ان کے متعدد گھرانے خوب مالدار تھے لیکن ایک طرف رسول اللہ صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم سے بدر، اُحد اور خندق کی جنگوں کی تیاری کے عظیم مصارف اور دوسری طرف ان کے ایک گراں  قدر تجارتی قافلہ کے مسلمانانِ مدینہ کے ہاتھوں  لٹنے نیز عراق وشام  کی تجارتی شاہراہوں کے مسلمان ترکتاز کے باعث مسدور ہوجانے سے ان کی خوش حالی  اور تجارت پر کاری ضرب لگی تھی ۔


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