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Books and Documents

Books and Documents

Society, Women and Bahishti Zewar: The Irony of History  معاشرہ عورت اور بہشتی زیور: المیہ تاریخ

ہندوستان میں مسلمان معاشرہ، دو طبقوں میں منقسم تھا ۔ ایک اشراف یا امراء کا طبقہ اور دوسرا جلاف اور عوام کا۔ طبقہ اعلیٰ نے جو ثقافتی اقدار تخلیق کیں مثلاً ناموس ، عزت، عصمت،  شان و شوکت اور آن بان کے لئے بہترین قیمتی سازوسامان ، ہیرے جواہرات، ہاتھی گھوڑے اور محلات رکھتا تھا ۔ عمدہ کھانا کھاتا اور نفیس لباس استعمال کرتا تھا وہ اسی طرح اپنے حرم میں خوبصورت عورتیں جمع کرتا تھا جیسے دوسری قیمتی اشیاء اور جس طرح قیمتی اشیاء کی حفاظت کرتا تھا اسی طرح بیگمات کی حفاظت کی غرض سے اونچی اونچی دیواروں کی محل سرائیں تعمیر کراتا تھا او ر پہرے پر فوجی و خواجہ سرا رکھا کرتا تھا۔ ان پر پردے کی سخت پابندی ہوتی تھی تاکہ دوسروں کی ان پر نظر نہ پڑے ۔

How Islam Spread in Islam: The Irony of History  ہندوستان میں اسلام کیسے پھیلا؟: المیہ تاریخ

ہندوستان میں اسلام اوّل جنوبی ہندوستان میں تاجروں کے ذریعے پھیلا پھر سندھ میں عربوں کی فتح کے بعد اور آخر میں ترکوں کی فتح کے بعد شمالی ہندوستان آیا ۔ ہندوستان میں مسلمان کی آمد سے قبل یہاں جو مذہبی ، سیاسی، سماجی، اور اقتصادی حالت تھی اس کی بنیاد ذات پات تھی ۔ معاشرے کےمختلف طبقے مختلف ذاتوں اور طبقوں میں تقسیم تھے ۔ اب ذات پات کی تقسیم میں اس بات کی کوئی گنجائش نہیں تھی کہ کوئی شخص اپنی صلاحیت کے ذریعے معاشرے میں کوئی اعلیٰ مقام حاصل کرسکے ۔ یہاں انسان کی پیدائش ہمیشہ کے لیے اسے ایک نہ تبدیہ ہونے والا سماجی مقام اور مرتبہ دیتی تھی۔ جس سے چھٹکارا پانا یا تبدیل کرنا اس کے لیے ایک ناممکن امر تھا ۔

Spiritual Kingdom of Sufis: The Irony of History  صوفیاء کی روحانی سلطنت: المیہ تاریخ

روئے زمین کے بادشاہ خدائے بزرگ و بر تر کی بر گزیدہ مخلوق ہیں ان کے حکم کی خلاف ورزی یا اہانت شروع میں کسی طرح جائز نہیں ۔ پس کسی معاملے میں ظاہری یا پوشیدہ ان کی مخالفت جائز نہیں ..... نبی کریم صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم نے فرمایا ہے کہ جس نے سلطان کی اطاعت کی اور جس نے میری اطاعت کی اس نے اللہ کی اطاعت کی اور جس نے اللہ کی اطاعت کی وہ بخشا گیا ۔ (1)

Mysticism and Society: The Irony of History  تصوف اور معاشرہ: المیہ تاریخ

اسلامی معاشرے میں اس وقت سماجی تبدیلیاں آنا شروع ہوئیں جب اسلامی فتوحات کے ذریعے عراق و ایران فتح ہوئے اور ایک بڑی تعداد نے اسلام قبول کرلیا ۔ چونکہ عرب معاشرے میں کسی فرد کی شناخت اس کے قبیلے کے ذریعے سے ہوتی تھی اس لیے جب غیر عرب مسلمان ہوئے تو مسئلہ یہ پیدا ہوا کہ انہیں کس طرح عرب کے قبائلی نظام میں ضم کیا جائے ۔ چنانچہ اس کا حل یہ نکالا گیا کہ مسلمان ہونے والے افراد کو کسی نہ کسی عرب قبیلے کا رکن بننا پڑے گا۔ غیر عرب قبیلوں میں شمولیت کے بعد یہ لوگ موالی کہلائے کہ جس کا واحد مولا ہے ۔ چونکہ موالی عرب نہیں تھے اس لیے عرب قبائلی نظام میں ان کی حیثیت ثانوی ہوکر رہ گئی ۔

 

The Formation of Sufi Tradition: The Irony of History  صوفی روایات کی تشکیل : المیہ تاریخ

انسان کی فطرت میں توہمات کا اثر اس قدر ہوتاہے کہ اس کی وجہ سے اس کے جذبات کو آسانی سے بھڑکایا جاسکتا ہے ۔ اس لیے وہ روایات کہ جو عقیدہ اور توہمات کی بنیاد پر تشکیل دی جاتی ہیں، وہ جلد ہی مقبول ہوجاتی ہیں اور انہیں لوگ بغیر کسی تر دو کے قبول کرلیتے ہیں ۔ مثلاً اگر یہ مشہور کردیا جاتا ہے کہ کسی صوفی یا پہنچے ہوئے پیر کیے قبر اچانک دریافت ہوئی ہے لوگ اس کی تحقیق کئے بغیر عام طور سے قبر پر ثواب یا منت ماننے کی غرض سے جانا شروع ہوجاتا ہے ۔ اور اس قبر کی دریافت ہونے کے ساتھ ہی اس کے ارد گرد روایات بننے کا سلسلہ شروع ہوجاتاہے ۔

 

Social Responsibility and Spending Money on the Needy: Chapter 17 And 18, Essential Message of Islam

However, the word literally means ‘the close ones.’ Therefore, in the second instance it understandably stands for people who are close enough, but not necessarily relatives.4 The subsequent reference to the neighbour who is a ‘stranger’ neither a relative, nor ‘close enough,’ must therefore include anyone, regardless of religion, nationality, or race. In other words, this verse explicitly calls for kindness to all people including strangers who may belong to other faiths, nationalities or races.,,,,,

 

Sufis Role in Indian History: The Irony of History  ہندوستان کی تاریخ میں صوفیوں کا کردار: المیہ تاریخ

صوفیوں نے اگر چہ ترک دنیا تو کی ، مگر انہوں نے جنگلوں او رپہاڑوں میں رہنے کے بجائے شہروں میں رہنا پسند کیا کہ جہاں ان کی خانقاہوں کی تعمیر میں حکمراں اور امراء نے حصہ لیا تاکہ اس خدمت کے بعد وہ بھی ثواب میں حصہ بٹاسکیں ۔ یہ بھی ایک حقیقت ہے کہ خانقاہ کے اخراجات کی بڑی رقم حکمرانوں اور امراء کی جانب سےآتی تھی ۔ اس طرح سے ایک طرف تو امداد لی جاتی تھی اور دوسری طرف اسے دنیاوی طاقت واقتدار سے علیحدہ کر کے ایک متبادل قوت بنا دیا تھا کہ جہاں صوفی کو تمام روحانی اور دنیاوی اختیارات پر کنٹرول تھا اور وہ لوگوں کی ضروریات پوری کرتا تھا ۔

 

Perception of Religious Harmony in Indian System of Governance: The Irony of History  ہندوستانی نظام سلطنت میں مذہبی ر واداری کی ضرورت کا ادراک : المیہ تاریخ

اکبر نے ہندوؤں میں اعتماد پیدا کرنے کی غرض سے اور مذہبی رواداری کا ثبوت دیتے ہوئے جزیے کو ختم کیا ہندوؤں سے یاترا ٹیکس اٹھایا اور حکومت کے اقتدار میں غیر مسلموں کو برابر کی شرکت دے کر مغلیہ سلطنت کے ڈھانچے کو بدل دیا اقتدار اب صرف ایک ہی طبقے میں محدود نہیں تھا بلکہ اس میں اہل ہندوستان مذہبی بنیادوں سے بالا تر شریک تھے ۔ اس کی وجہ سے ہندوستان کے عوام میں یہ احساس ہوا کہ مغلیہ سلطنت ہندوؤں او ر مسلمانوں کی مشترکہ سلطنت ہے۔

 

The Irony of History  المیہ تاریخ

ہندوستان میں مسلمانوں کی آمد کو تین ادوار میں تقسیم کیا جاسکتا ہے ۔ جنوبی ہندوستان کے ساحلی علاقوں میں بحیثیت تاجر، سندھ اور شمالی ہندوستان میں بحیثیت فاتح اور حکمران۔ جب مسلمان جنوبی ہندوستان کے ساحلی علاقوں میں تاجر کی حثییت سے آئے تو ان کا رویہ پر امن تھا وہ اس بات کے خواہش مند تھے کہ پر امن سر گرمیوں کے ذریعے زیادہ سے زیادہ تجارتی فوائد حاصل کریں ۔ ہندوستان کے ہندو حکمرانوں نے ان نووارد مسلمانوں کے ساتھ نہ صرف یہ کہ رواداری اور حسن سلوک کا رویہ اختیار کیا بلکہ انہیں ہر قسم کی سہولتیں دیں۔

 

Pakistan has also kept its occupation the area as a pretext of fraudulent agreement between Pakistan and 2 of its stooges from occupied Jammu & Kashmir without the knowledge and consent of people of Gilgit Baltistan on 28th April 1949 on the same date, when UNCIP had asked Pakistan to withdraw its forces from this disputed part. In 1963 Pakistan illegally conceded 7000 Sq KMs area of Shimshal, part of Hunza (Occupied Gilgit Baltistan) to China  for the construction of Karakorum Highway (KKH) which is being used extensively by both China and Pakistan for economic as well as military purposes....

 
Exposing Lies, Telling the Truth
Robert J. Burrowes, New Age Islam

Exposing Lies, Telling the Truth
Robert J. Burrowes, New Age Islam

He shows, again and again, that the one recurring legacy of violence is more violence. Time after time, he shows that even when the war ended, 'the violence never stopped'. He also illustrates how those secondary beneficiaries of Empire – those of us in western countries who benefit from the violence and plunder of 'our' elites and who are too afraid to challenge, let alone confront, these elites....

 

6 Pervasive Misconceptions about Iranian Women
Nina Ansary

The historical narrative of the “woman question” in Iran is an intricate labyrinth, not a story that can be accurately recounted by portraying women as either “oppressed” or “liberated” during a particular historical period. In fact, that audacious history winds through unexpected twists and turns, gains and losses, triumphs and defeats....

 
God for the 21st Century
Roshan, New Age Islam

God for the 21st Century

Contrary to what many atheist commentators had predicted, the march of ‘modernity’ in the 21st century has not led to the extinction of religion. Belying their hopes, modern science miserably failed to disprove God. In fact, today there is an increasing convergence between science and religion, something that was considered absolutely impossible by many ‘progressives’ just a few decades ago....

 

Can A Smart Person Believe In God?

Contrary to what many believe, science definitely has not disproven God. This myth draws its sustenance in part from the way atheist scientists have defined what science and the ‘scientific method’ are, leaving out the question of God in what they regard as science. That is why, Guillen says, God will never be part of science’s so-called theory of everything, given the way atheist scientists have defined what science and is not. But that does not at all mean that science has or can ever disprove God.....

Matters of Faith, Peace and War
Maulana Wahiduddin Khan

A couple of days after I started reading Fatah’s book, I received a couple of books penned by Maulana Wahiduddin Khan, as soft-spoken a man as one can come across. Also, a proponent of enduring peace who never tires of reminding Muslims – and the world – that Islam stands for peace, he is an intellectual who believes that Jihad begins not with fighting the enemy in battle but overcoming your own ‘nafs’. This does not necessarily mean that everybody within the community or the larger polity happily soaks in what he says....

 

Muslims Won’t Listen To Hirsi Ali
Tarek Fatah

Hirsi Ali identifies her audience as “Mecca Muslims”, her label for non-radical, religious Muslims, a category few Muslims will understand unless they read her book. She writes: “I hope to engage (Mecca Muslims) … in a dialogue about the meaning and practice of their faith. I hope that they will be one of the primary audiences for this book....

Heresy Based On Hearsay
Ziya Us Salam

Does it strike her that in Islam no woman is expected to change her name following marriage and she can even walk out of it without giving any reason whatsoever? The prophet’s wives retained their maiden names. And a woman enjoys three times the rights of the man over her children. These nuances would not have struck her mind. In the season of Islam bashing, she adds to the din. Full of contradictions and anomalies, low on facts....

Related Article:

Salam! Maulana Ziya Us Salam

 

Zakaria, then a 10-year-old, is baffled when her aunt Amina's husband, Sohail, takes a second wife, something unheard of in their family till then. Zakaira tells parallel stories of Amina's polygamous marriage and Pakistan's hopes and betrayals through this book....

 

The Broader Notion of Din Al-Islam: Chapter 7, Essential Message of Islam

There can be no debate that din al-Islam is the religion of the followers of the Prophet Muhammad: Islam. However, the Qur’an also uses the generic word Islam, and its different roots, and the word din, with various shades of meaning. Thus the Qur’an uses the word ‘din’ to denote judgment (1:4), divine law (2:193), law (of the land) (12:76), obedience or devotion (39:3), faith, religion, moral responsibility (107:1), religion in the conventional sense (110:2) etc. Based on these Qur’anic illustrations, the term din would appear to embrace the broader notion of obedience (to God) or compliance (with God’s commandments), as against religion in its popular sense.....

 

This book is not without its flaws. A drawback of the anecdotal style in which it is written is that Ahmad’s life is presented with neither chronological nor thematic consistency. Comprehensive indices would make this a minor irritant, but since the index here is rather incomplete, reviewing material on any particular event or subject necessitates paging through the entire book....

 

Qur’anic Reflections on Nature: Chapter 4, Essential Message of Islam
Muhammad Yunus

The Qur’an is alive with reflections on the beauty and harmony of nature and on its relationship with life as part of its ontological debate. These reflections are in the form of statements, which capture the laws of the cosmos in expansive open ways that captivate and beguile us by their beauty, majesty and accuracy. Thus for example, the following Qur’anic observations are picturesque and imaginative, and at the same time clearly indicative of the axial and the orbital rotations of heavenly bodies that science discovered many centuries later…..

Book Review: The Upstairs Wife - Hopes and Betrayals
Rafia Zakaria

According to Pakistani law, a man can have up to four wives, which could leave a woman devastated and publicly humiliated after her husband decides to exercise this legal right. It’s this interplay between the private and public that journalist and human rights activist Rafia Zakaria explores in her first book, The Upstairs Wife: An Intimate History of Pakistan….

 
Culture of the Cosmos Is a ‘Culture of Peace’
Belinda F. Espiritu for New Age Islam

Culture of the Cosmos Is a ‘Culture of Peace’

Maulana Khan explains that the culture of the cosmos is a ‘culture of peace’, which enables the cosmos to function for millions of years without witnessing any confrontation that could have impaired its functioning. In his thoughts, “if a ‘culture of violence’ had informed the cosmos, by now it would have been devastated, and there would have been no possibility for human life to exist”....

 

With the authorities having loudly and repeatedly declared the word off-limits to all non-Muslims, especially in their Malay-language religious texts, arguments, counter-arguments and outright displays of obstinacy have come (and will probably keep coming) from all sides in the past decade....

 

Imagining Pakistan as an Islamic State
Dr Ishtiaq Ahmed

In the liberal-Marxist intellectual environment in which I received my political grooming in the Lahore of the late 1960s, the standard view was that the Muslim League, especially its supreme leader, Mohammad Ali Jinnah, wanted a separate state for the Muslim nation to escape exploitation at the hands of the Hindu moneylenders....

 


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NEW COMMENTS

  • For Hats Off this is just another opportunity to say something hateful about Muslims! The guy is obsessed with anti-Muslim hatered.
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • never mind taxila. or konark. The holy cow of monumentality - taj mahal.
    ( By hats off! )
  • Excellent article. Changed my ignorant mindset. May this idea spread to all the muslims of the world.
    ( By Sahil Raza )
  • Dear sister Teresa, Thanks for this meaningful review. I hope this review will encourage both serious readers and peace....
    ( By SAJID ANWAR )
  • The Crown Prince is only strengthening the monarchy and consolidating the anti-Iran front. He....
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • Taj Mahal's deterioration is symbolic of a paradigmatic shift in our values.
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • This is so dumb really Turks, Arabs and Persians are not...
    ( By What? )
  • Dear Sister Teresa, You have wonderfully given the gist of the book and created curiosity among the readers ....
    ( By Rajat Malhotra )
  • An anti-reform AIMPLB gives Islam a bad name and is like a curse on the Muslim community. We need new leadership.
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • ully agree with this press bulletin. Indian Muslims must reject the leadership of such regressive clerics.
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • Ghaus Sb says: “The way you are speaking in your comment shows you are not a Muslim.” From what I say, he can....
    ( By Naseer Ahmed )
  • Ghaus Sb says: Those who say, fitna means “shirk” and opine that the early Muslims fought to end fitna” must have meant “to end that ...
    ( By Naseer Ahmed )
  • Good article. The is only One G-d and Muhammad was the final messenger and prophet of G-d. As I write this, G-d is known ...
    ( By Lenny SB )
  • Please read my article on subject of "there is no compulsion in Religion...
    ( By Ghulam Ghaus Siddiqi غلام غوث الصدیقی )
  • Related article...
    ( By Ghulam Ghaus Siddiqi غلام غوث الصدیقی )
  • Naseer sb, Please read my comment again and again. You did not get my comment. I did not say both...
    ( By Ghulam Ghaus Siddiqi غلام غوث الصدیقی )
  • Arbitration is of two kinds - binding and non-binding. When the parties choose binding arbitration, the decision of the arbitrator is binding on the parties ...
    ( By Naseer Ahmed )
  • All right thinking Muslims must welcome such a course. Academic independence of the Universities must be protected and respected. There ....
    ( By Naseer Ahmed )
  • Referring to your comment: 7/18/2018 5:04:08 AM, to you both views are valid and fitna could mean “shirk or polytheism” also. The Quran clearly commands ...
    ( By Naseer Ahmed )
  • What do I mean by acceptance? Read the Quran carefully. There isn’t any verse that calls for tolerance of the peaceful rejecter of Islam. There ...
    ( By Naseer Ahmed )
  • The title question sums up the matter of the article. The answer is the course will discuss in detail how Muslim clerics and fundamentalists misinterpret ...
    ( By arshad )
  • Site Web Israel and Myanmar give more rights to muslims, than muslims give rights to Kafirs,...
    ( By Shan Barani )
  • Good article. The is only One G-d and Muhammad was the final messenger and prophet of G-d. As I write,..
    ( By Lenny SB (Shivarsi) )
  • I fully agree with Faizur Rahman sahib. Such "courts" should be called "Arbitration centers.
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • A course on "Uses of religions to gain political power" would be entirely appropriate. By the way, Obama refused to use the label "Islamic....
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • بہت بہت شکریہ جناب! اللہ عز و جل آپ کے مبارک کلمات کو مستجاب کرے۔ آمین بجاہ سید المرسلین صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم
    ( By misbahul Huda quadri )
  • fve questions
    ( By hats off! )
  • بہت عمدہ ۔ اللہ تعالی ہم مسلمانوں کو صوفیائے کرام کے نہج پر شریعت و طریقت کو سمجھنے اور اس پر عمل کرنے ...
    ( By Ghulam Ghaus Siddiqi غلام غوث الصدیقی )
  • Mushrik and muwahhid, Muslims and non-Muslims all equally need to adopt the path of tolerance. One sided tolerance is not helpful. This point should also ...
    ( By Ghulam Ghaus Siddiqi غلام غوث الصدیقی )
  • Naseer sb, Muhammad bin Ishaq said that Az-Zuhri informed him from Urwah bin Az-Zubayr and other scholars that (until there is no more fitnah) the Fitnah ...
    ( By Ghulam Ghaus Siddiqi غلام غوث الصدیقی )
  • An excellent read that contextualises many pertinent issues connected to Muslims and Islam! Your angle ....
    ( By Meera )
  • Naseer sb, Can you suggest me how many books have you read on theology? From your comments it appears you have been inspired by orientalist ...
    ( By Ghulam Ghaus Siddiqi غلام غوث الصدیقی )
  • Naseer sahib, What is theology? Why do you use theology in general term? In your comment you meant that those who follow theology are following ....
    ( By Ghulam Ghaus Siddiqi غلام غوث الصدیقی )
  • Before I say anything further, could you please explain your questions? What do you mean by acceptance?....
    ( By Ghulam Ghaus Siddiqi غلام غوث الصدیقی )
  • Tolerance in Muslim society earlier was because of low level of outward piety. Intolerance grows as the level of outward piety grows. Outward piety is ...
    ( By Naseer Ahmed )
  • The Muslim nation (with the exception of one or two Muslim countries) as a whole has been blind and deaf to the above advice and ...
    ( By Rashid Samnakay )
  • I fully agree with Rashid sahib.
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • At this rate Hats Off may soon get some insight into his unquenchable hatred of Muslims.
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • This is the time when the anti-Muslim hate propaganda of the BJP/RSS is at full blast to cover up for the absence of any acchhe ...
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • Excellent book review! As the reviewer says, "secularism cannot be used as a pretext to ignore discrimination on grounds....
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )