Books and Documents
زکاۃ کو چھوڑ کر باقی مدوں کی آمدنی کا کچھ حصہ رسول اللہ اپنے اور اپنے متعلقین نیز اپنے ہاشمی اقارب پر صرف کرتے تھے اور باقی ماندہ بڑا حصہ جہادی سرگرمیوں اور فوجی طاقت کی توسیع کے لئے مخصوص تھا ۔ عام بغاوتوں کے پیش نظر ابو بکر صدیق رضی اللہ عنہ نے ان مدوں کی آمدنی رسول اللہ کی نسبت زیادہ بڑے پیمانے پر فوجی تیاری اور مفاد اسلام کے کاموں پر صرف کی او راپنی نیز اپنے متعلقین کی ضروریات بھی اس سے پور ی کیں لیکن جہاں تک ہم تحقیق کرسکے رسول اللہ صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم کے اُ ن سینکڑوں من غلے اور کھجور کے سہام کے علاوہ جو انہو ں نے خیبر کے خالصہ پیداوار سے اپنے ہاشمی اقارب کے لئے مقرر کردیئے تھے اور غنیمت و جزیے کے ان حصوں کے علاوہ جو عہد صدیقی میں اہل مدینہ میں تقسیم ہوتے رہتے تھے ابوبکر صدیق نے ہاشمیوں کو سرکار ی املاک اور آمدنی سے او رکچھ نہیں دیا
ابو بکر صدیق رضی اللہ عنہ 12 ھ کے حج سے فارغ ہوکر لوٹے تو جزیرہ نمائے عرب سے باہر جہاد کا ارادہ مصمّم کر چکے تھے ۔ مدنی قرآن میں لفظ جہاد اسلام کی مذہبی اشاعت، مسلمانوں کی اقتصادی خوش حالی اور سیاسی استعلاء کے لئے غیر مسلموں سے جنگ وقتال کے معنی میں استعمال ہوا ہے ۔ جزیرے نما کے ایک پڑوسی ملک میں جہاد کی مہم پہلے ہی شروع ہوچکی تھی اور فارسی حکومت کی کمزوری کے باعث برابر کامیاب ہوتی جارہی تھی ابوبکر صدیق نے دوسرے ملک شام کی طرف مبذول کی ۔
“Men without space? It sounds absurd. After all, men dominate corner offices and the upper echelons of leadership and power…but what about the emotional space to be honest and vulnerable about the matters of the heart, without jeopardizing notions of masculinity and manhood?”...
اس سنگین اور سخت تشویشناک صورت حال میں ابو بکر صدیق رضی اللہ عنہ کو اسلام کے اقتصادی استحکام نے سب سے زیادہ تقویت پہنچائی جس کی عمارت رسول اللہ صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم اپنی زندگی میں مضبوط بنیادوں پر اٹھا گئے تھے ۔ ابو بکر صدیق رضی اللہ عنہ نے عربوں کا چیلنج قبول کرلیا اور تہیہ
کیا کہ باغیوں کو تلوار کے ذریعے رام کریں گے جیسا کہ ان کے اس مشہور قول سے ظاہر ہوتاہے : نجدا اگر عربوں نے زکاۃ کے اونٹ کاایک بندھن تک روکا تو میں اُن سے لڑوں گا۔ 1؎
Dr Ishtiaq Ahmed
Krishan Chander was born a Hindu but lived his life only as a human being who rejected tribalism in favour of humanism. It is a choice we all too can make. On this 100th anniversary year we in Lahore can try to trace the places where he lived, socialised and worked, and talk to those people who are still around and remember him. This much respect and faithfulness to an old and loyal Lahoria is the least we can do to pay homage to him. Let communalism not privilege Muslim writers at the expense of Hindu or Sikh writers. I am afraid it does in Pakistani literary circles even among professed leftists — so deep-rooted is that disease….
ابوبکر صدیق رضی اللہ عنہ نے پہلے دلیل و برُہان پھر سختی ، ترشی اور اقتصادی دباؤ ڈال کر دونوں پارٹیوں کے اکابر کو رام کرنے کی کوشش کی لیکن وہ پوری طرح کامیاب نہیں ہوئے ۔ علی حیدر رضی اللہ عنہ کی بیوی فاطمہ رضی اللہ عنہ بنت رسول اللہ صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم ابوبکر صدیق رضی اللہ عنہ سے سخت ناراض تھیں اور علی حیدر کی بیعت کی راہ میں سنگ گراں ۔ ان کی ناراضگی کی ایک وجہ تو یہ تھی کہ ابو بکر صدیق رضی اللہ عنہ اس عظیم منصب پر فائز ہوگئے تھے جو ان کی رائے میں ان کے شوہر کا حق تھا او ردوسری وجہ یہ تھی کہ ابو بکر صدیق رضی اللہ عنہ نے انہیں رسول اللہ صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم کے خالصہ املاک دینے سے انکار کردیا تھا جو مدینہ سے نکالے ہوئے یہودیوں ، خیبر اور قدک کے زراعتی فارموں اور نخلستانوں پر مشتمل تھے اور جن کا بی بی فاطمہ خود کو قدرتی وارث تصور کرتی تھیں۔۔۔۔۔۔
Khan’s religious awakening was further stimulated by physical vulnerability. In 1982 Khan was at his peak as a fast bowler. Pakistan was becoming a force in international cricket and had ‘thrashed Australia and India comprehensively’. Khan felt invincible, but a stress fracture suddenly meant he was unable to bowl for two and a half years. Most of the doctors he saw said that he would never bowl again. His ‘whole world came crashing down’. After an astrologer and a couple of clairvoyants failed him, he says, ‘in my state of uncertainty and vulnerability, despite all my doubts, I would turn to God’….
Mir’s research on Muslim college women’s struggle to whittle out an identity for themselves is one of the few of its kind. A quick read over the references shows that Mir has a vested and long relationship with the subject matter, and with this experience comes the important finding that women will create unique, multidimensional identities “with religious, ethnic, racial, and gendered aspects- that fly in the face of the identities expected of them....
Dr. Ludwig Watzal
All the wars and attacks, which were started by the U. S. and its so-called allies in the wake of 9/11, have wreaked havoc. You name it, you got it: Afghanistan, Iraq, Libya, Syria, Yemen, Somalia and perhaps even Iran. The Islamic Republic is not yet off the hook. There are strong forces in the U. S. and in the Middle East that prefer war to peace at the expense of the U. S. Right now, there is a war going on in Libya against the Western installed puppet government, without notice of the corporate media…..
Away from the sensational headlines about Islamic extremism, a quiet revolution is taking place. The Muslim discourse has moved on from an obsessive focus on sectarian demands (does anyone remember the last big debate on Muslim Personal Law, for example?) to the more secular bread-and-butter issues. Where once the dinner table talk in Muslim households was unremittingly negative and pessimistic…
It is clear that verse 33:53 takes a general principle we have already considered and applies it to a very particular context: the special status of the Prophet Muhammad within the community, and by extension that of his wives. Obviously, the prophet was a person with whom everybody wished to spend time. But, the meaning of the verse is that even prophets need privacy and time to themselves. The case of the prophet's wives is rather different…..
Hazrat Inayat Khan
In as much as it is necessary to cleanse and purify the body, so necessary, or perhaps even more necessary, is it that the mind be cleansed and purified. All impurity causes diseases as well as irregularity in the working of the physical system. The same applies to the mind. There are impurities belonging to the mind, which may cause different diseases, and by cleansing the mind one helps to create health both in body and mind. By health I mean the natural condition. And what is spirituality but to be natural?...
Asghar Ali Engineer
Engineer did commendable work in separating the grain from the chaff to advocate the rights of the modern Muslim women lost in the nebulous labyrinth of religious doctrine. His brand of feminism was intertwined with other peoples’ struggle for peace, justice and dignity. For champions of women’s rights as well as world peace his presence and energy will be sorely missed…..
Yoginder Sikand, New Age Islam
The Maulana cites some examples to illustrate this difference between his and that of some other translations. For instance, he points out that the widely-read Abdullah Yusuf Ali translation renders a Quranic verse (2:129) as ‘Our Lord! send amongst them a messenger of their own, who shall rehearse Your signs to them and instruct them in Scripture and wisdom, and sanctify them’, while the Maulana’s rendering, which is in more contemporary language, is as follows: ‘Our Lord, send forth to them a messenger of their own to recite your revelations to them, to teach them the Scripture and wisdom, and purify them.’....
Sunni extremists threaten to torpedo the credibility of the entire opposition to Assad; in Libya, Islamists in Benghazi are fighting government troops in the name of Sharia and al-Qaeda; in Tunisia, an extremist mob harasses all those who think differently; and in Egypt, the Muslim Brotherhood has been driven underground after President Morsi's removal from office, prepared to defend the deposed government to the bitter end....
Hazrat Inayat Khan
'In Him we live, and move, and have our being.' This teaching of the Bible describes the nature of God: that God is the ocean, the waves of which are all its activities, small or great. The Quran says in support of this that not a single atom moves, groups, or scatters without the command of God. Rumi explains it still more plainly: 'Air, earth, water and fire are God's servants; to us they seem lifeless, but to God living.' In those who are conscious of this knowledge, and to the extent of their realization of this truth, there arises the spirit of renunciation which may be called the spirit of God…..
The Jewish Obsession
Fahad Hashmi, New Age Islam
Fahad Hashmi, New Age Islam
The Semitic religions include Judaism, Christianity and Islam. However, anti-Semitism in common parlance covers a particular attitude towards Jews. History has it that Muslim regimes have relatively been at peace with Jews. Maimonides, a Jewish scholar, was given a high designation in Egypt by Saladin. The expulsion of Muslims from Spain was accompanied with the eviction of Jews from there. It appears a conundrum when people of one Semitic religion construct the other as ‘enemy’ declaring the other an evil and a monster....
Hazrat Inayat Khan
The best way of working in all ways of life, at home or outside, is noiseless working, a thing which is so little thought of by many and which is so necessary in creating order, harmony, and peace in life. Very often a person does little and speaks much about it. In doing every little thing he makes a noise, and thereby very often, instead of finishing something successfully, he attracts difficulties….
I have also argued that individual verses of the Qur'an should not be lifted and interpreted on their own as "absolute truths" but seen in connection with other verses of the Qur'an, elsewhere in the text. The whole purpose of looking at themes is to show how a particular concept, image, metaphor, or person makes multiple appearances in the Qur'an, some of which may even look contradictory, to illuminate a theme from different perspectives…..
Asghar Ali Engineer
In short, it is the argument of Engineer that unless Muslims revive the spirit of Islam found in the Universalist message of Prophet Muhammad, their future is bleak….
No other leader in world history has been more scrutinised and ridiculed than Prophet Muhammad. Since the founding of Islam in 632 AD, Christians and Jews have described the Prophet of Allah as a blasphemer, bigot, terrorist, and pedophile, among other slurs. However, according to a new book The Covenants of the Prophet Muhammad with the Christians of the World (published by Angelico Press, 2013), these accusations are found to be dishonest, prejudiced, and not based on sound scholarship……
Hazrat Inayat Khan
Friendship as the average person understands it is perhaps little more than acquaintance; but in reality it is more sacred than any other connection in the world. To a sincere person, entering into friendship is like entering the gates of heaven; and a visit to his friend is a pilgrimage to a true loving friend……
The word itself occurs, in variations, twice in the Qur'an. In 45:45, we read: "We have sent you, O Muhammad, on a clear religious path". The path referred to here is clearly the path of the Qur'an and the guidance that it provides. In 5:48 we are told: "We have assigned a law and a path to each of you". The reference here is to guidance that God has provided to all nations and communities through his prophets, according to the time and condition of each community.....
Hazrat Inayat Khan
Then where is that truth which is peace-giving, which is healing, which is comforting to every heart and soul, that truth which uplifts the soul, which is creative of harmony and beauty, where is that truth born? That truth is born in subtlety of intelligence in thought, speech, and action, of fineness which brings pleasure, comfort, beauty, harmony, and peace…….
No, Miss Bhutto, the Pakistani woman is not always a helpless, sobbing victim. Unlike what you think, women here can easily wade through the Karachi streets, sit in the legislatures and fight battles. A million voices have been raised in your country against the very ordinance you have been generously citing to smear your country’s already-tainted image with. All of which you are doing “out of love”, we understand......