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Books and Documents

Books and Documents

Probe Dispassionately Islam’s Spread in India
Raziuddin Aquil

The Turks, Afghans and Mughals, amongst other sets of Muslim immigrants from Central Asia, Iran and the Middle East, were essentially urban people and wherever they settled down in the subcontinent, new cities and towns emerged. In some cases, following the change in political regimes as well as a dominant Muslim presence, a pre-existing city was renamed and transformed into a Muslim stronghold. Also, the prolonged interaction between Muslim urban centres and a predominantly Hindu rural hinterland led to the gradual diffusion of Islam in this region….

Reflections: Personal as Well As Social Aspects of Islam

Eaton stresses that life is to be lived not according to our self-will, but, rather, according to God’s guidance. This is something that not just Muslims but all other people who believe in God would readily agree with. Another theme common to all religions that Eaton touches on is life after death (for which this life is a preparation). He reminds us: ‘Religion assures us—all the authentic religions say this, whether openly or by implication—that what lies beyond our brief life or, to put it another way, what lies outside the little world we know, is more real than anything that we experience here.’?....

 

Karo Kari or honour killing in upper Sindh is popularly perceived as a phenomenon according to which a male relative can kill a woman and her lover, if he thinks that his ‘honour’ has been violated due to sexual relations between the two, relations that are not sanctified by society via marriage.

The ultimate vindication of honour lies in physical violence, as ‘to kill or die for honour’ is a regular phrase that resounds in discourse on honour in this area. However, it is also important to note that the static binaries of honour violence, as a relationship between men and women...

 

When we met Katie, she had very strong views about Muslims: that she wouldn’t want to sit next to a Muslim on a bus; how she was fearful of women wearing the Niqab. But she also wanted to try to understand the Muslim community and had a genuine desire to have her preconceptions challenged. We hoped that people who shared some of Katie’s views would go on the journey with her. I think the disguise element was an absolutely crucial part of this....

 

A Night at the Museum
Sumaira Samad

A primary theme characterising the various eras is that of degeneration and decay. The Mohenjo-Daro of 2084 BCE is a city in decline. The spirit that inspired its great civic planning, egalitarianism and vast trading networks has given way to narrow self-interest, hollow rituals, and intrigue. The Takshasila of 455 CE is also about to change forever; the reforming spirit of Buddhism is dwindling and both secular and religious authorities follow a myopic, self-serving path. Mughal India, meanwhile, is at the height of its splendour, a rich blend of various cultures and religions....

 

The Story of the Jews: The Long Fight to Survive
Andrew Anthony

The hatred that manifests in the euphemism “anti-Zionist” serves today to normalise the ever-embattled condition of Jews who, by dint of being Jewish, are viewed as part of an international conspiracy to deny Palestinian rights. If that seems hyperbolic, why is it a typical sight in Britain and Europe to see Jewish schools, community centres and synagogues under guard – armed guard in France?....

Blood and Cash Fighting God’s Holy Wars

In our age, Islam is often taken to task for the violent imagery that is contained within the Qur’an, and the example set by its warrior-prophet, Muhammad, but less often scrutinised is the propensity of Christianity for acts of savagery. Many early Christians held to the pacifism of St Basil, who laid down that Christians who had shed blood were not eligible for communion, but St Augustine of Hippo developed the doctrine of the just war, arguing that it was meritorious to use violence against those who held other religious beliefs....

 

On some other issues, publics in Eastern Europe have similar views regardless of their country’s church-state relationship. There is no clear difference, for example, on views about democracy. In countries with or without official or preferred religions, similar shares of people view democracy as preferable to any other kind of government (medians of 47% and 46%, respectively). Similarly, on the topic of pluralism, medians of 50% in both types of countries say it is better if society consists of people from different nationalities, religions and cultures (as opposed to a homogeneous society)....

Islam is the most common government-endorsed faith, with 27 countries (including most in the Middle East-North Africa region) officially enshrining Islam as their state religion. By comparison, just 13 countries (including nine European nations) designate Christianity or a particular Christian denomination as their state religion. But an additional 40 governments around the globe unofficially favour a particular religion, and in most cases the preferred faith is a branch of Christianity. Indeed, Christian churches receive preferential treatment in more countries – 28 – than any other unofficial but favoured faith....

How Sex, Drugs and Politics Earned In Between's Director A Fatwa
Nosheen Iqbal

“When the movie was released in Israel and Palestine, it was like a bomb for both sides,” says Hamoud, her hands flicking for emphasis. “There were walkouts. It was a shock to the system for Palestinian society, about rebelling from the mainstream, and people feeling shame about themselves. But a lot of people – women, gay people, alternative scenes – were just so pleased it represented them.”....

 

Hamza bin Ladin: From Steadfast Son to Al-Qa`ida’s Leader in Waiting
Ali Soufan

Strikingly, Hamza directs followers not to travel to theatres of war within the Muslim world, but instead to attack targets in the West and Russia. “Perhaps you are longing for emigration,” he says. “Perhaps you yearn for sacrifice in the battlefields. Know that inflicting punishment on Jews and Crusaders where you are is more vexing and severe for the enemy.” He urges “martyrs” that “the message you intend to convey through your blessed operation must be explained unequivocally in the media” and suggests talking points to align these explanations with al-Qa`ida’s own propaganda.....

 

The JuD and LeT Guide on How to Win Friends and Influence People
Dr Ayesha Siddiqa

The Lashkar-e-Taiba (LeT) and JuD trace their roots to an organization called Markaz-e-Dawat ul Irshad (MDI) that was established in 1987 to focus on jihad, which was taking place in Afghanistan, and Dawah (proselytizing) for which Hafiz Saeed set up the JuD in 1985. The organization evolved over years from jihad during the 1980s and the 1990s to doing charity and more recently politics. It is adept at the art of survival by staying on the right side of the Pakistani state. ...

 

The Exile: Osama Bin Laden after 9/11
Owen Bennett-Jones

Some militants are on the state payroll but maintain a degree of independence. Some retired ISI officers join militant groups but from time to time report back to their old employer. And yet the claim that some serving ISI officials took independent decisions on such a sensitive matter as Bin Laden’s location is highly contentious. The ISI may be far less competent than it is often portrayed....

 
Revisiting Sufi Classics
Dr Muhammad Maroof Shah

A Sufi was stoned by children and as it became dark, hailstones greeted him and he started cursing children whom he imagined were throwing pebbles on him in the dark. But at length he discovered that the pebbles were only hailstones and felt sorry stating: “O God, it was because the house was dark that I have sinned with my tongue.” Attar remarks “If you understand the motives of those who are in darkness, you will, no doubt, forgive them.” Who amongst us has not unresolved grudge against someone and still says “Mlliki yawmiddin” that implies that God alone is the judge.....

 

The State Is Right to Humanise Isis Recruits, We Need To Understand
Rachel Shabi

These questions arise not least because of the uncertainties and complexities over what happens for Syrians in real life once Isis fighters have been defeated – as is now the case in Mosul, recaptured by Iraqi forces last month, and could be in Raqqa with the current US-backed military efforts to reclaim the city. ....

 

Of Context and Semantics
Amina Wadud

The landscape of Islamic rhetoric is slowly changing, and with the emerging coverage of Queer Muslims to the liberal and feminist populace, the very foundations of traditionalist values are being questioned. It would be highly remiss of me to not recommend this book, which created the benchmark in Islamic feminist literature....

Past and Prejudice
Khaled Ahmed

Past and Prejudice
Khaled Ahmed

Turkey started late but will catch up with India where Nobel Laureate Amartya Sen is being subjected to censorship. Of course, India can’t be compared to what is happening to the Islamic world. But it can start looking worse than the British Raj for people like journalist Saeed Naqvi. He has spelt out his reasons in his recent book, Being the Other....

 

The Book Smugglers of Timbuktu: How Precious Manuscripts Were Saved
William Dalrymple

The realisation that Timbuktu’s fragile heritage was in danger set off alarm bells across the world. The city was once one of Africa’s most revered centres of learning and the arts. From the 13th century onwards, but particularly during the great days of the Songhai empire, which reached its peak during the 15th and 16th centuries, Timbuktu became the West African equivalent of Oxbridge or the Ivy League, pullulating with scholars busy copying out old Arabic manuscripts and composing new works of theology, history and science.

 

Islam, Race and Pluralism in the Pakistani Diaspora
Craig Considine

Muhammad was then brought to a local police station where he was interrogated as someone who might have had something dangerous underneath his shirt. The veteran had reported him to the train conductor on the grounds that he was carrying a bomb. Law enforcement officials questioned Muhammad about his family background, religious beliefs and political views....

 

When Will Young Pakistani Women Find Their Own Fiery Brand Of Revolution? Or Is It Here Already?
Aneela Zeb Babar

There was, however, the sound of rumblings on the horizon; the mullahs (clergy) of Pakistan had expressed their displeasure at the institution of the women guards and their presence in the celebrations of the new state. Some of the clergy had issued religious edicts against women parading with their heads uncovered and bosoms exposed, fuming that these women would be staring into eyes of men, and be left with no shame and dignity. ...

 

Spiritual Transformation the Only Way Out Of the Ecological Crisis

It is only through awareness of the Creator—God—and of the fact that this world is God’s, not ours—can we develop a truly respectful attitude towards nature and other species. A spiritual transformation is thus the only way out of the ecological crisis and for extricating us out of the morass of soul-numbing materialism in which we are drowning. ...

The Political Education of Mahmoud Abbas

When Israeli tanks besieged Yasser Arafat’s headquarters in Ramallah in 2002, the Palestinian leader famously declared, “Oh God, grant me a martyr’s death.” Two and a half years later, his wish came true, in part. In November of 2004, the “Old Man” died in Paris after suffering a brain haemorrhage. Arafat’s death left his party, Fatah, in disarray....

 

The 1,000-Year-Old Lost Arab Poetry That Lives on in Hebrew
Benjamin Ramm

A thousand years ago, as much of Europe languished in the Dark Ages; the Iberian Peninsula was a cultural oasis, the brightest beacon of civilisation. Under the Umayyad dynasty, the caliphate of Al-Andalus stretched from Lisbon to Zaragoza, and centred on the Andalusian cities of Córdoba, Granada and Seville. From the 8th Century, the caliphate oversaw a period of extraordinary cross-cultural creativity known as La Convivencia (the Coexistence)....

 

Women, Interrupted: They Have Had To Bear the Brunt of Religious Zealotry in Pakistan
Khaled Ahmed

“Before being killed, she begged the men who had dragged her out of the house not to slit her throat, which they would usually do, but shoot her instead. They fulfilled her last wish and shot her in the head. Her corpse was hung from the lamp-post like those of other such victims in the main square of the chief city of the Swat Valley, where such executions were regularly being carried on.”....

 

How Wonder Woman Turned From a Hero to A War Crimes Supporter
Susan Abulhawa

But make no mistake. Zionism cannot reconcile with feminism, and such antiquated imperial feminism belongs to another era, when feminists fought for the right to vote, but only for white women. In the words of Jaime Omar Yassin, "Feminism cannot be Zionist, just as it cannot be neo-Nazi - feminism that doesn't have an understanding of how it intersects with racial and ethnic oppression is simply a diversification of white supremacy."....

 
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NEW COMMENTS

  • Dear Naseer Sahab! Your last comment (dated 11/23/2017) begins with the statement: "Yunus sb is also mistaken on the meaning....
    ( By muhammad yunus )
  • Dear Naseer Sahab! You have made an absurd statement in your just posted comment for reasons God knows best :“Yunus sb was relying on the...
    ( By muhammad yunus )
  • Yunus sb is also mistaken on the meaning of Kufr/Kafir. Kafir is a neutral term and simply means a person who: Covers up, obliterates, wipes out, removes, ...
    ( By Naseer Ahmed )
  • As expected, Yunus sb evades very direct questions because he has no answers. All that he is interested in is in promoting his own book ...
    ( By Naseer Ahmed )
  • PS My last detailed comment beginning with "As you will know" was addressed to Naseer Sahab.
    ( By muhammad yunus )
  • As you will know we have exchanged scores of emails over the issue of the definition of kufr and kafir as used in the Qur’an ...
    ( By muhammad yunus )
  • I am grateful to Interfaith Dialogue for uploading this great illuminating researched based essay on an aspect which is discussed more for polarization then showing ...
    ( By Shamsul Islam )
  • Thank you Maulana Sahib. The teachings of the Sikh Gurus are the answer to the many problems/challenges that we face ....
    ( By ji )
  • Kafir is a faith neutral term in etymology, but when kafir is the one who, after having been told the truth turns against Islam, it ...
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • Very good article. The region needs to promote science as much as it needs to sink sectarian conflict.
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • You are welcome my dear brother Accha. May God be pleased with you. Thanks for reading and for appreciating my article on ....
    ( By Prof. Henry Francis B. Espiritu )
  • GM sb says “Naseer sab now flaunts my agreeing with him that kufr is a faith neutral term, forgetting that it is not faith-neutral in ...
    ( By Naseer Ahmed )
  • If this is a Turkish only as: “…it selects and explains the Hadiths from the perspective of today’s Turkey,…” then it is an ill-conceived ...
    ( By Rashid Samnakay )
  • You are welcome ji. Thanks to your comments. May God be pleased with you. I showed in this article that spiritual people like Sufi saints ...
    ( By Prof. Henry Francis B. Espiritu )
  • Yunus Sb, You now say “The truth is my comment 1 related to the ‘polytheists among the direct audience ‘ of the Prophet who were adamant ...
    ( By Naseer Ahmed )
  • Naseer sab lies again when he says, "He would rather let the common view prevail that all the Mushrikin are Kafirin."...
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • What irony! A lying troll has nothing to say to support: "If people act in good faith, and without negligence, or without rejecting what they come ...
    ( By Naseer Ahmed )
  • It is sad to find that women’s bathrooms were few and far between at Afghan military bases, offices and police stations. (That’s despite ....
    ( By Royalj )
  • Dear Sultan Shahin Sahab, In case your preoccupation with other pressing issues of the day prevented your reading of my comment under the reference link,...
    ( By muhammad yunus )
  • Naseer sab now flaunts my agreeing with him that kufr is a faith neutral term, forgetting that it is not faith-neutral in Surah....
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • The 'New Age Islam' has become a pulpit for an egotist who threatens all those who do not follow him with hell.
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • Mohammad Yunus Saheb sent me a mail regarding debate on this thread four days ago. But I was able to see that only today. Copy-pasting below: Dear ...
    ( By Sultan Shahin )
  • To say that nobody agrees with my conclusions is factually incorrect and nobody knows that better than GM sb. “You are right ....
    ( By Naseer Ahmed )
  • Poor Naseer sab has no points to make so all he does now is throw derogatory epithets at me, thus further lowering himself. He forgot ...
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • The devious troll that GM sb is he twists again and lies. Can he quote me where I said Shahin sb is in agreement with ...
    ( By Naseer Ahmed )
  • Laden’s call is completely antithetical to Islam. But other than that what can we expect from the kharijite minded leader or its groups or likes?
    ( By Ghulam Ghaus Siddiqi غلام غوث الصديقي )
  • God bless you Henry ji for this beautiful article. The Divine truths explained through and by the Sikh Gurus are the ....
    ( By ji )
  • Sultan Shahin sab said, "if there is a possibility that it (kafir) does not mean un-believer...." Naseer sab takes that to mean...
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • Naseer sab says, "Did you find anything to support the view that Mushrikun.....
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • Naseer sab declares, "What I said prevails." He further corroborates his prophetic assertion by calling me a troll....
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • "Islamophobia and racism are real. Attempts to silence Muslim women “for the sake of the community” are real. But justice...
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • Excellent article!
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • 'Jihad' is widely understood to mean 'holy war'. As such, it ....
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • ". . . before western scientist goes to bed, he studies the Quran, in the morning when he wakes up he reads it again ...
    ( By Asif Merchant )
  • definition of a "logical person" taken from the encylopedia americana: any person who agrees with one mr. naseer ahmed is known as a logical person. ...
    ( By hats off! )
  • Did you find anything to support the view that Mushrikun means Kafirun? Do you know the difference between context and ....
    ( By Naseer Ahmed )
  • The devious troll is GM Sb. What is the approach that Shahin sb is talking about except understanding of the correct meaning of kafir and ...
    ( By Naseer Ahmed )
  • Shahin Sb, On the question of shirk, there is no doubt that considering Jesus as the son of God and believing in the concept of Trinity ...
    ( By Naseer Ahmed )
  • "The Quran explains one verse with the help of another and it is therefore important to take the meaning considering all the verses." If that is ...
    ( By Naseer Ahmed )
  • GM Sb, What I said prevails "Very clearly Shahin Sb endorses my approach and its significance." You are ....
    ( By Naseer Ahmed )