certifired_img

Books and Documents

Islam and Sectarianism

If Pastor Martin Niemoller were alive today and living in Pakistan, he would have inserted few alterations in his famous statement about the inactivity of German intellectuals following the Hitler's rise to power and would still have sounded authentic:

THEY CAME FIRST for the Ahmadis,

and I didn't speak up because I wasn't an Ahmadi.

THEN THEY CAME for the Christians,

and I didn't speak up because I wasn't a Christian.

THEN THEY CAME for the Shia,

and I didn't speak up because I wasn't a Shia.

THEN THEY CAME for me

and by that time no one was left to speak up. -- Riaz ul Hassan

Though Pakistan is a multi-ethnic and multi-lingual society, it has a long history of marginalizing minority groups. Shiite Muslims have been the target of radical Sunni Muslim groups for years. Last year, in the central Punjab city of Gojra, a mob of 1,000 angry Muslims set more than 40 Christian homes ablaze, killing seven people.

The plight of the Ahmadi community, however, provides a window onto the intolerance that permeates Pakistani society. Ahmadis say the risk they face is heightened by the fact that, in a society where hard-line religious parties wield unchallenged clout, they are viewed as traitors to Islam. -- Alex Rodriguez

May 28 was a culmination of the hatred and intolerance that was and is still being fostered by the so-called ulema. These ulema continue to preach hate in their madrassas, even after the Ahmedi massacre, and readily distribute hate literature.

When Nawaz Sharif dared to profess solidarity with the Ahmedis recently, the sentiments of these very ulema got hurt. But then it is not unusual for them to get hurt easily. After all, they are just too sensitive…..

As BBC Urdu reported, leaders of 13 religious parties got together to condemn Nawaz Sharif’s statement and demanded from him to clarify his status regarding Ahmedis (message intended: denounce them or face our wrath). People may not know this, but some ulema have asked Muslims to renew their nikah and declare themselves Muslim again by reciting the kalima if they had attended the funerals of the Ahmedis. -- Salma B Ahmad

Alisher is determined to stay. "Osh is my home, I was born here," says the 43-year-old Uzbek. "What would I do in Uzbekistan?" Alisher does not want his real name published. He is one of around 120,000 ethnic Uzbeks living in Osh with a Kyrgyz passport. Some 54 percent of the entire population of the southern Kyrgyz town are Uzbeks, and 15 percent in the country as a whole. They make up the largest ethnic minority group in the Central Asian nation.

Alisher has seen dozens of dead bodies on the streets of Osh, including that of his brother-in-law. He was shot by someone in a passing car, just as he was leaving the Mosque after Friday prayers. Alisher says official figures of around 170 dead are totally unrealistic: "It must be several hundred!" he says. "More than 80 Uzbeks were killed here in the neighbouring town of Machallah alone. I've seen the charred corpses of babies." -- Edda Schlager

 

The Ahmadis, also known as Qadianis, have tens of thousands of followers in Pakistan, and the sect has long regarded as deviant and heretic and been persecuted and targeted in sectarian attacks in the country. Founded by Mirza Ghulam Ahmad towards the end of the 19th Century, the Ahmadis have a number of unique views, including the claim that Ahmad himself was a prophet, and that Jesus died at age 120 in Jammu and Kashmir, assertions regarded as heretical by orthodox Muslims. An Ahmadi website indicates that the movement, now headquartered in the UK, spans over 195 countries, with membership exceeding ‘tens of millions’. The Ahmadis also claim that they are the only leading Islamic organisation to categorically reject terrorism in any form. They have been systematically targeted by radical Sunni groups in the past. Significantly, the Pakistani leaders who condemned the attacks did not refer specifically to the Ahmadis in their statements. TV channels and newspapers avoided the word "mosque" in describing the attacked sites, preferring "places of worship." --Tushar Ranjan Mohanty

On April 19, 2010, a 14-year old suicide bomber walked into a crowd, mainly comprising Jamaat-e-Islami (JeI) demonstrators protesting ‘load shedding’, at the bustling Qissa Khwani Bazaar of Peshawar, the capital city of Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa (KP, formerly the North West Frontier Province, NWFP). 23 persons, were killed, including three Police personnel, JeI city Naib (deputy) Ameer Dost Muhammad and JeI Dir-Bajaur Qaumi Jirga (community council) Chairman Ghausur Rehman. While most of the victims were Sunni, the Police said the target of the child-bomber was Peshawar Deputy Superintendent of Police (DSP) Gulfat Hussain, a Shia. ...

Despite the eyewash of a crackdown and some arrests, however, no sustained effort to dismantle the sectarian groups, particularly the Sunni formations that have powerful links with the religious parties and the Pakistani establishment, is visible. Indeed, the impulse of sectarianism is deeply rooted in Pakistan’s society and structure of power, and extremist violence manifests an entrenched social divide. Unless Pakistan’s political wellsprings are cleansed of extremist ideologies, their manifestation in militancy and violence cannot be contained.--Tushar Ranjan Mohanty 

Photo: Shia chidren killed in ambush on school van in northwest Pakistan in Feb,2009

Some unregistered and Deobandi-controlled madrasas in the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) and northern Balochistan continued to teach extremism. . Similarly the Dawa schools run by Jamat-ud- Dawa continued such teaching and recruitment for Lashkar-e-Tayyiba, a designated foreign terrorist organization.” The US is putting forth the relationship between religious schools and state authorities in the US, as a possible model for Pakistan. While funding the public education system, it must proactively replace Saudi Arabia charities as the source of funding madrasas so as to be able to legitimately control the Islamic philosophy being advocated in these institutions to bring it in line with majority beliefs. Just as important is the whole issue of accountability for funding monies to ensure that there is no misuse and leakage. -- Rohan Bedi

 

Wahhabism and the Muslim Brotherhood are two distinct forms of Sunni Islamism. They have separate histories and separate worldviews. In reality they are not even the same type of movement. Their origins were largely unrelated. Their historic missions have been completely different, as are their current goals and means of achieving those goals, Samuel Helfont writes for FPRI.

 

People who had gone over to the Wahhabi mosque and others who had hidden their true sympathies with the Barelvis have started to drift back. Whereas the Barelvi mosque used to be nearly empty with about 30 people, recent Eid prayers saw close to 300 people in attendance. Wahhabis in Bilehra who openly condemned anything involving the veneration of living or dead men as innovations in Islam, have found themselves drawn to a quiet, wandering man. A few refuse to acknowledge Mastaan Baba but, according to people who live there, their wives and daughters regularly and secretly go to visit him! It seems there are now a couple of more people in Bilehra who claim to be Mastaan Baba. Regardless of whether this man is genuine or not, it seems he has managed to single-handedly and unintentionally stall the rise of Wahhabism, in and around Bilehra. -- Ali khan

Photo: Barailvy Dargah

Unfortunately this "traditional baggage" has now entered into the ethos of the Islamic growth in America, where we find innocent Muslims being caught up in the negligence and excesses of the worldwide 'Ummah" following them in their schisms, ranging from claims of "sacred" cultural mores to disputes of the interpretation of the Sunnah (and ahâdîth) of the Prophet (saaw), to claims of the supremacy of ahâdîth over the Quran. Allah, Forbid! Then we now have claims of supremacy of one "School of Thought" over the others. And again claims of supremacy of one community over the other in the knowledge of Quran and Sunnah. How are we caught up in this?  Allah forbid. We fear that we stand in great danger of going the way of societies before us unless we pause and take heed to Allah's command: "Hold fast all together, by the rope which Allah stretches to you, and be not divided among yourselves..." (Quran 3:103). -- Imam Ghayth Nur Kashif

 

"The Messenger will say: 'My Lord, surely my people have taken the Quran for a joke" Surah 25:30.

Wahhabis feel that they are up keepers of a purer form of religion than other Sunnis. The Wahhabis believe that their version of religion is derived from the salaf or the earliest three generations that succeeded the prophet - the generation of the sahaba or companions, then the tabiin (second generation) and finally the tabii tabiin (third generation) after the Prophet. They reject many rituals and other understanding of religion which is practiced by the Sunnis which they say were liberal innovations or bida'a that came after these three earliest generations. They use this word bida'a or liberal innovations very freely to describe many things that came into being after the first three generations. Before and soon after Abdel Aziz Ibn Saud the founder of Saudi Arabia established the Kingdom his supporters set off on murderous religious expeditions inside the land where they would wipe out entire villages including men, women and children who were not Wahhabis. This was done to cleanse Saudi Arabia of bida'a. -- Syed Akbar Ali

India: Aggressive Wahhabi assertion leads to riots in Vaishali
Ateequr Rahman, Translated by Raihan Nezami, NewAg

Islamic sectarian disputes between Deobandis and Barailavis create tension

A Dispute over the appointment of a Wahhabi Imam for a 100-year-old Barailavi mosque and a "Hafiz" for leading Taraveeh (special Ramazan prayer), resulted into violent clashes among the followers of Deobandi and Barailavi sects. -- Ateequr Rahman, Patna, Bihar

Translated from Urdu by Raihan Nezami, NewAgeIslam.com

 

The Sahaba-e-Karam too had different points of view, but they never resorted to violence or tried to tarnish other’s image by passing out derogatory remarks, or by issuing “Fatawahs” of “Kufr”, “Fasque”, or “Fajra”.

The rivalry between Allamah Sakhavi (ra) and Allamah Jalaluddin Seyuti (ra) is famous in the intellectual history. They had often commented on each other a lot in their respective writings, the differences are even found between a religious scholar and a learned person like Sufi Shaikh Abdul Qadir Jeelani (ra) and Allamah Ibn Aljouzee who was a renowned writer, muhaddith and reformer. In the same way, Nawab Siddique Hassan Khan Qannouji (ra) and Maulana Abdul Hai Firangi Mahli (ra) too, were involved in scholarly debate without any scornful remarks and insulting expression. All the above mentioned negative elements are prevalent in the differences between Deobandi and the Barailvi scholars only who have diminished their scholarly figure and taken this conflict to the limits of “Takfeer” (Disbelief). -- Maulana Nadeemul Wajidee

Normal 0 false false false EN-US X-NONE AR-SA MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-qformat:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; mso-para-margin-top:0in; mso-para-margin-right:0in; mso-para-margin-bottom:10.0pt; mso-para-margin-left:0in; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:11.0pt; font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif"; mso-ascii-font-family:Calibri; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast; mso-hansi-font-family:Calibri; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-bidi-font-family:Arial; mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-bidi;} Translated from Urdu by Raihan Nezami, NewAgeIslam.com

By Abdul Hamid Noamani

 

“Our dignity is more valuable than the unity of this land … If we don’t get our dignity, then we will have to consider seceding from this country.”

Sheikh Nimr Baqir Al-Nimr, Saudi Shia religious leader from Al-Awamiya, currently in hiding after having delivered a speech demanding an end to the oppression of Saudi Shiites.

Their demand and those of Shiites in other towns and cities in Saudi Arabia is a most basic and simple one. It is a demand the government can easily grant and one they should hasten to accept. It was written on the signs of those protesting in Awamiya, was encapsulated in a single word in Sheikh Al-Nimr’s speech, and has become the newfound rallying cry of the Shia-minority in Saudi Arabia: Dignity. -- RANNIE AMIRI

The Iraqi Shi‘i scholar, Muhammad Baqir as-Sadr, finds proof for the existence of the Hidden Mahdi in what he calls “the experience of a community”. The existence of the Hidden Imam, he postulates, was experienced by the Shi‘i community as a whole in the written communications that the representatives used supplied them with. The crux of this argument lies in the fact that an individual experience might be doubted, but never that of experience of an entire community. However, the glaring flaw in this line of reasoning is that it very conveniently overlooks the part of the representatives as the individual go-betweens. The community never had the privilege of seeing or meeting the person they believed to be the author of the tawqi‘at. Their experience was limited to receiving what the representatives produced. Even the argument of a consistent handwriting in all the various tawqi‘at is at best melancholy. There is no way one can get away from the fact that the existence of the Hidden Imam rests upon nothing other than acceptance of the words of the representatives.

The activities of those representatives furthermore go a long way to show that they were much, much more inspired by the desire to possess than by pious sentiments of any kind. So when the Shi‘ah commemorate the birth of their twelfth Imam on the 15th night of Sha‘ban, or when they seek to apply ahadith in Sunni sources which speak of twelve khalifas to their twelve Imams, then let us ask them on what basis do they accept the existence of the twelfth one? History bears witness to the existence of eleven persons in that specific line of descent, but when we come to the twelfth one, all we have is claims made by persons whose activities in the name of their Hidden Imam give us all the reason in the world to suspect their honesty and integrity. In Islam, issues of faith can never be based upon evidence of this kind.

--- Abu Muhammad al-Afriqi

Can Deobandis be called Pink Wahhabis?

A correspondent in an interesting internet discussion writes: “Deobandis were once called Pink Wahhabi [Gulabi Wahhabi] by Late Ghulam Ahmed Parvez in his masterpiece "Tasawwuf Ki Haqeeqat" [Reality of Sufiism] but why? For those who try to understand the Deceptive Deobandis regarding their beliefs on Sufiism, a summary is as under in English Language [A Summary of three e-books in Urdu].”

The lengths to which sectarian Muslims would go to denounce each other as Kafir and Unbelievers and "Qabil-e-Gardanzani" (deserving death sentence) is amazing.  And then they also claim that Islam is a religion of peace!  Which, of course, it is! But if Muslims kill each other or at least prescribe death for each other in their normal discourse and in books written by the most revered of Ulema on the slightest and the most meaningless and unnecessary of pretexts, why should any non-Muslim believe that they are a peaceful people and Islam is a peaceful religion, particularly as Muslims claim that all their actions are informed by what is or is not prescribed in their religion. 

NewAgeIslam.com would welcome any write-ups in support or rebuttal of the understandably one-sided arguments given below. If you can believe it, one of the correspondents calls our most revered of Sufi saints “Dacoits” or “Dacoits of the Faith”, whatever that means.

LAST week three funerals took place on three successive days. The dead came from different backgrounds, belonged to different places and professions. Common to the three was their faith. They were Ahmadis — and that was good enough reason for the unknown gunmen to kill them, writes well-known Paksitani columnist Kunwar Idris.

An anchor person working for a prominent television channel has incited Muslims in Pakistan to kill - to devastating effect. In a program aired on 7 September 2008 the anchor of the religious program 'Alam Online', Dr. Amir Liaquat Hussain--also former federal minister for religious affairs--declared the murder of Ahmadi sect members to be necessary (Wajib ul Qatal) according to Islamic teachings, because its followers don't believe in the last prophet, Mohammad, peace be upon him. Dr. Amir repeated his instruction several times, urging fundamentalists Muslims to kill without fear.

The targets are followers of the Muslim Ahmadi sect, a group which has been declared non-Islamic under the constitution of Pakistan.The first killing happened within 24 hours of the broadcast, and just under two days later a district chief of the Ahmadi was murdered. Followers of the religion are understandably frightened, and many have left their homes and are taking shelter at their central mosque, the Rabwa.

1 2 ..29 30 31 32 33 34


Get New Age Islam in Your Inbox
E-mail:
Most Popular Articles
Videos

The Reality of Pakistani Propaganda of Ghazwa e Hind and Composite Culture of IndiaPLAY 

Global Terrorism and Islam; M J Akbar provides The Indian PerspectivePLAY 

Shaukat Kashmiri speaks to New Age Islam TV on impact of Sufi IslamPLAY 

Petrodollar Islam, Salafi Islam, Wahhabi Islam in Pakistani SocietyPLAY 

Dr. Muhammad Hanif Khan Shastri Speaks on Unity of God in Islam and HinduismPLAY 

Indian Muslims Oppose Wahhabi Extremism: A NewAgeIslam TV Report- 8PLAY 

NewAgeIslam, Editor Sultan Shahin speaks on the Taliban and radical IslamPLAY 

Reality of Islamic Terrorism or Extremism by Dr. Tahirul QadriPLAY 

Sultan Shahin, Editor, NewAgeIslam speaks at UNHRC: Islam and Religious MinoritiesPLAY 

NEW COMMENTS

  • “If Islam is disturbed, if the [Malay] race is disturbed, if our rights are disturbed, then we will rise to defend our rights,”what a ...
    ( By hats off! )
  • "Muslim Intellectuals Reach Out To Akhada Parishad with Wish to Join Kumbh"a welcome move and hindus need to respond positively.this is a golden opprtunity.
    ( By hats off! )
  • Naseer sb.,Let me put it this way: let us redouble our efforts to respect the dignity of others irrespective of their faith or gender, ...
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • It is silly of Hats Off to say that Scandinavians do not celebrate Christmas because it offends Muslims! Muting Christmas celebrations is usually attributed ...
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • While the percentage  of atheists may be rising, the number of atheists who go to religious websites to insult the religions of others remains ...
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • hatred of the "decadent" west, contempt for the trinitarian christian gone astray and anti-semitism are very common among the muslims in europe. much more ...
    ( By hats off! )
  • What GM sb is saying in effect is that irrespective of what I have said, he believes that the Quran: 1. Uses undignified terms such as Kafir ...
    ( By Naseer Ahmed )
  • What GM sb is saying in effect is that irrespective of what I have said, he believes that the Quran: 1. Uses undignified terms such as Kafir ...
    ( By Naseer Ahmed )
  • Naseer sb.,The position of progressive Muslims on the questions you ask is, as far as I understand it,  as follows:(1) Words like kafir are ...
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • Hats Off's is stuck with jizya and sex slavery, things that progressive Muslims like Prof. Moosa and I have never supported. We do support ...
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • Only a very malicious liar would call me a " trecherous stealth jihadi who wants to underming the value systems of the very country ...
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • There is more Ganga-Jamuna spirit in India than Hats Off thinks. There are several Muslims performing priestly functions in Hindu temples. The taboo against ...
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • Islam was not born blaming other religions. It started blaming other religions when it found itself in deadly conflict with them. Hats Off has ...
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • All religions are to begin with the result of pure divine revelations/inspiration which over a period get contaminated. The Quran is a culmination of ...
    ( By Naseer Ahmed )
  • So, what are you and prof Moosa trying to prove with your "interpretations"?1. That Kafir means non-Muslim?2. A woman's testimony is worth half that ...
    ( By Naseer Ahmed )
  • there is a barely concealed denigration of zoroastrian concepts, its validity and its truth.the author is an implicit supremacist islamist trying to bail out ...
    ( By hats off! )
  • if human dignity were at the core of islam then why jizya and sex slavery and polygamy?
    ( By hats off! )
  • better to be a smart aleck than be a trecherous stealth jihadi who wants to underming the value systems of the very country that ...
    ( By hats off! )
  • "...Pilgrims of the Sabarimala Temple Visit a Mosque and Church as Part of the Annual Mandalam-Makaravilakku Pilgrimage"you will rarely see this attitude among muslims.hindus ...
    ( By hats off! )
  • islam is a religion that defines itself by blaming other religions, traditions, cultures, languages, the past and people.blaming the jews is the central theme ...
    ( By hats off! )
  • Zoroastianism is not being degraded in this article. Misuse of Zoroastrian concepts is blamed, and correctly so. does Hats Off understand anything at all ...
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • The "clear meaning" is only in Naseer sb.'s mind and it has been refuted often enough already in these discussions.Naseer sb. has already been ...
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • Questions of smart-aleck teenagers elicit laughter, not answers.
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • Avery and Krieger are too sane for our insane world.
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • if you cannot answer "teenager" questions, you better stick to the kindergarten ones.you will stand first in the class.
    ( By hats off! )
  • it is a pity if any religion has to justify itself (every time) by denigrating some other thing, place, event, period, language, tradition, culture ...
    ( By hats off! )
  • "Emotions aren’t meant to rule over you – we have to learn the best way to manage them. But at the same time, emotions ...
    ( By Ghulam Ghaus Siddiqi غلام غوث الصديقي )
  • DK: "I believe that a nuclear war, no matter how it would start, poses the greatest danger confronting humankind, and can only be prevented ...
    ( By Ghulam Ghaus Siddiqi غلام غوث الصديقي )
  • “Human dignity is at the core of all Islam's messages. And if knowledge does not deliver on human dignity, then that knowledge really is questionable. So ...
    ( By Naseer Ahmed )
  • Religion is not plasticine that can be shaped any which way as one pleases. It is what it is and made clear by Allah. It ...
    ( By Naseer Ahmed )
  • If Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) came back today, he would find  that his religion is completely taken over by the hypocrites and transformed beyond recognition.Among ...
    ( By Naseer Ahmed )
  • Naseer sb. insists that his interpretation is the only correct interpretation but claim that it is not interpretation at all but the exact meaning ...
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • It is better for women to study teachings of Hazrat Nizamuddin (aka Mahboobe Ilahi) and then fight for entering the shrines.
    ( By Kaniz Fatma )
  • If Zoroastrian concepts were used to mis-translate the Quran, that was not the fault of Zoroastrians but of Muslim translators. Hats Off's comment is ...
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • "The War is actually between Religionists and Atheists"Is this true?
    ( By Ali Murtuza )
  • Our purpose is to eliminate hate. Hate can’t be eliminated but by way of love, tolerance and friendly manner.Sometimes it is seen that people ...
    ( By Ghulam Ghaus Siddiqi غلام غوث الصديقي )
  • What a dumb and hateful remark from Hats Off! Most people are convinced that Trump is a racist. Nobody that I know of has ...
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • It is so easy to vilify people, even those who are bedrocks of world morality. Perhaps Hats Off thinks doing so makes him look ...
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • For Hats Off, all occasions are just opportunities to "rub it in"! Does he think things will be less bloody with non-religious people? For ...
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • Prayer, fasting, Hajj, zakat, belief in Allah and the Day Of Judgment are the hygiene factors.The pillars of Islam or what sustains Islam are ...
    ( By Naseer Ahmed )