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Books and Documents

Islam and Tolerance

Bringing Religious Intolerance Down to Earth: The Case of the Sunni-Shia Schism
Louay Fatoohi

The issue of whether ‘Alī or Abū Bakr should have succeeded the Prophet is completely historical and absolutely irrelevant to our world today. Any attempt to use it to take a view on today’s world is an attempt to manipulate history to serve present interests and/or to take the world 14 centuries back in time. In both cases, it is ultimately about exercising power and control. There is nothing godly or religious about playing out this difference of the past in today’s world......

Religious Tolerance: Muslims Must Stop Being Provoked By Allegations of Blasphemy, Instead, Recognise Efforts of the Occident to Bridge the Gap through Interfaith Harmony
S M Hali

Islam lays great emphasis on religious tolerance but currently, it is at its lowest in many Muslim societies. Islamic State’s (IS's) destruction of churches and massacre of members of the Shia faith has also tarnished the image of Islam. In Pakistan too, certain segments of society show a lack of tolerance towards other sects of Islam and other religious and ethnic minorities....

There is Zero Tolerance for Hate Speech in Pakistan, Even If You are a Cleric!
Zara Hafeez

In Pakistan, stirring religious hatred is unlawful. The law clearly states that any act or speech which instigates sectarian odium, whether inadvertently or wilfully, can lead up to a possible prison sentence for nearly seven years. Yet, there are hundreds of these clerics on the loose, who incite hatred every day....

 
Bangladesh: Freedom and Death
S. Binodkumar Singh

Bangladesh: Freedom and Death
S. Binodkumar Singh

"Al-Qaeda in Indian Sub-Continent (AQIS) is taking responsibility of killing Ananta Bijoy." AQIS, in another message posted on justpaste.it declared: "We want to say to atheist bloggers! We don't forget and we will not forget others who insult our beloved Prophet Muhammad and Allah. Another file closed! Stay tuned for next target....

 

You can Never Kill Ideas: An Anonymous Blogger on the Deaths of Secularists in Bangladesh
Ananda Bijoy Das

Ananda Bijoy Das was killed just two days ago in Sylhet, Bangladesh for simply saying, writing and expressing his opinions. Bangladesh had a strong secular tradition which is now being eroded. I was always proud of the fact that Bangladesh hadn't fallen to the scourge of Islamic fundamentalism….

 

Why Secular Expression is Being Killed in Bangladesh, One Blogger at a Time
K. Anis Ahmed

In the long and ongoing contest between an intolerant conception of Islam and a rationalist idea of what it means to be Bengali Muslim, the bloggers sadly are not the first victims. Sceptics, including prominent literary figures like Daud Haider in the 1970s and Taslima Nasreen in the 1990s, have faced strong Islamist backlash and have had to leave the country for good....

 

Is Bangladesh Following Pakistan Into Extremism?
Ananda Bijoy Das

The group have been marked for death by Hefazat-e-Islam, quite an effective arm of Jamaat-e-Islami, the religious-political organisation that wants Bangladesh to become like Pakistan, the country it broke away from. Ananda Bijoy Das has been hacked to death, meeting the same fate. He was walking out of his home in Sylhet when four people chased him and clobbered his head with machetes....

 

The Former Head of Germany’s Anti-Islam PEGIDA Movement Says ‘Sorry’ to Muslims
Rick Noack

She continued to condemn the mainstream media who continue to "severely criticize Muslims and their religion" and to use them as scapegoats. Ironically, during her time with PEGIDA, Oertel had condemned the media for not being critical enough of Islam, immigration and the rising numbers of asylum seekers in Germany....

In conversations with scholars, many pinpointed the frailty of institutions and economies compared to those of other world powers as the source of intolerance in the Arab world. “We are weak,” says Mohamed Farag, a journalist from a Muslim family who describes himself as agnostic. “We need something to protect ourselves from the outside world and Islam is the only option we have....

 
Religious Tolerance in Islam
Sayyid Muhammad Rizvi

The Prophet of Islam faced much difficulty and opposition in his own birth- place, the city of Mecca. He was eventually forced to migrate to Medina. But in spite of all the oppo­sition and even physical torture that his followers suffered in Mecca, Prophet Muhammad always approached the unbelievers of Mecca with tolerance....

 

Islam Does Not Preach Intolerance
Md. Asadullah Khan

Devout Muslims are always shocked to hear that the name of their faith, which means submission to Allah, can summon up such images of violence. Despite all the past visions of Saracens battling Crusaders, today's confrontations, as we see, is not a devotional conflict but a clash between perceptions of reality....

 

Bangladesh, historically a country of sedate Muslims who, more or less, believed, till recently, in peaceful coexistence of many faiths and many beliefs, has started losing the collective tolerance bit by bit....

 

Because I am a Pakistani
Sajeer Shaikh

Every religion preaches forgiveness, but there comes a time when forgiveness is no longer the answer. There is no room for forgiveness, as far as justice is concerned. The finger that pulls the trigger and the hand that throws the acid or grips the knife must be cut....

 

A Letter Concerning Muslim Toleration
Mustafa Akyol

Over the past decade, headlines from the Middle East have reintroduced Westerners to terms from centuries past. “Heresy,” “blasphemy,” “apostasy” — these are some of the charges that the radical Salafist group known as the Islamic State invokes when it executes its enemies, sometimes by crucifying or burning them alive. Some Muslim governments, including United States allies, also mete out harsh punishments for similar offenses. The liberal blogger Raif Badawi was publicly flogged in Saudi Arabia last month on a charge of heresy, which he allegedly committed by criticizing the oppressive Saudi religious establishment.

Rising Intolerance in Indonesia
Ahmad Sueady

Indonesia’s religion problem is part of a broader regional trend. In nearby Brunei, the government has banned at least eight “deviant” religions and fines schools for teaching any non-Islamic religious subjects. Similarly, Malaysia has banned 56 “deviant” interpretations of Islam, including Ahmaddiyah, Islamailiah, Shi'a, and Bahai. In Myanmar, the government has dealt harshly with Rohingya Muslims and Buddhist religious leaders……

 

In Islam, tolerance is to respect the religious difference though not approving it. Concretely, for instance it is like this that although Islam prohibits drinking for Muslims, it allows its non-Muslims community to consume it if their religion does not forbid doing so. Islam’s attitude towards non-Muslim is, “for you is your faith, and for me my faith” (109:6). Islam is completely against forced conversion. The Holy Quran states, “There is no compulsion in faith. The correct way has become distinct from erroneous”… (2:256). Islam even proscribes reviling the deities of other religions…..

 

Islam's Tolerance of Religious Minorities
Syed Farid Alatas

The Ottoman Empire (1299-1023) went beyond tolerance and accepted non-Muslim minorities, granting them protection and religious freedoms. By the 16th century, the Ottomans established control over large parts of Europe, ruling over large Christian populations. Sultan Mehmed developed a system in which each religious community, or millet, elected its own leader and enforced its own religious laws. Orthodox Christians constituted a millet; the Jews another. A proper approach to the interpretation of Quranic texts, involving a correct contextual understanding of its meanings, and the study of Islamic history, will reveal that tolerance and acceptance of non-Muslim minorities were the norm…..

 

Like all the Abrahamic religions, Islam is founded on tolerance. So why are droves of Islamic militants able to practise such brutality, asks Ahmed Naguib Roushdy ... The division of Muslims into sects, Sunnis and Shias, and the division of the Sunnis into four sub-sects, adds to the misunderstanding of the real Sharia. In Egypt, the Sunni Hanafi sub-sect is the official one. But sects are not relevant to Sharia. In fact, I consider the Egyptian law requiring that all court judgments follow the Hanafi sub-sect an imposition on Muslims to follow one sub-sect, when the Quran says, “la ikraha fi eddeen” (there is no compulsion in religion).

 

The Diversity of Islam: 20th century would not single out Islam as the bloodthirsty religion; it was Christian/Nazi/Communist Europe and Buddhist/Taoist/Hindu/atheist Asia that set records for mass slaughter

Islam was not particularly intolerant, and it initially elevated the status of women. Anybody looking at the history even of the 20th century would not single out Islam as the bloodthirsty religion; it was Christian/Nazi/Communist Europe and Buddhist/Taoist/Hindu/atheist Asia that set records for mass slaughter......

The intense religious fanaticism that characterised the Spanish Inquisition was conspicuously absent in Muslim countries where Jews carried out their religious pursuits unhindered. Intellectually Islamic culture borrowed large-heartedly from Greek culture. Indeed, the Hellenistic tradition, on which Western culture is based, did not come directly from the Greeks but through the Muslims who preserved it, added to it and passed it on to Europe when it emerged from the ‘dark ages.’….

 

By any sensible standard of reasoning, to research something does not imply 'glorification'. If I study various versions of the Ramayana, this does not imply that I'm glorifying this or that version. If I study the bombardment of Hiroshima, this does not mean I approve of atomic warfare……

 

Being a co-religionist can only be one basis for a common identity; it cannot be the only basis for forming a nation: culture, language, ancestry, geographic location and many other commonalities can be the basis of our identity as a nation. To privilege one group over other groups is a recipe for disaster in a multicultural, multilingual and multi-religious society. Does this question the status of the two-nation theory? Clearly it does….

The difficult question for societies based on tolerance is whether it is self-defeating to tolerate subcultures that exhibit extreme intolerance. The way some extreme versions of Islamic tradition are practiced in our country is anathema to our accepted values. We cannot hide from the dilemma this poses. We must ask for a greater public contribution to discussions about these issues from Muslim communities…..

 

Rulings of Islam on Religious Tolerance
Tayo Salami

Islam means complete submission to Allah by choice and conviction, not through force and compulsion. Islam accommodates and welcomes all people as brothers and sisters regardless of their distinctive association or background. The attitude of Islam towards the faithful of other religions is not only to show tolerance towards their beliefs, but also to affirm a non-negotiable Islamic principle of tolerance and religious responsibility....

The Quran Stresses Religious Tolerance
Waris Mazhari

Religious tolerance necessarily means that people should be not be coerced into following a particular religion. This is entirely in consonance with Islam. The Quran (2:256) insists ‘There shall be no compulsion in religion’. The occasion for the revelation of this verse further clarifies the Quranic understanding of religious tolerance. This verse was revealed in connection with a certain Muslim from among the ‘Helpers’ (Ansars) of Madinah named Abul Husain, who had two sons. It is said that they had become Christians when they were young and had been taken to Syria. ….

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NEW COMMENTS

  • People in this age are in need of peace, let alone talking about 'love' the essence of which is hardly understood in the non-spiritual world. 
    ( By Ghulam Ghaus Siddiqi غلام غوث الصديقي )
  • AayinaAap bhi article likh sakte hoKashmiri pandist k bare m likhna h likho. Lekin jo likh rahe hai burma par wo bhi theek hain...Unko fake ...
    ( By Rumish )
  • Where is the philosophy of "love"? 
    ( By Ghulam Ghaus Siddiqi غلام غوث الصديقي )
  • it is very easy to do this. many.a (disturbingly large) number of expatriate muslims have nothing but contempt for the free mixing, binge drinking, ...
    ( By hats off! )
  • oh! so you are a closet atheist after all! but the garden variety.
    ( By hats off! )
  • silence is golden and speech is silvern.
    ( By hats off! )
  • islam is more about prophet worship than allah worship. and they have the gall to hate idolators and polytheists!no shame whatsoever. no self criticism. ...
    ( By hats off! )
  • in the famous words of "extremists"-enabling moderate muslims - the verse was quoted out of context.
    ( By hats off! )
  • Due you know genocide of Buddist in Tebet, Kshmiri pandits in Kshamir. Biased Matthew smith a fake humunist, shameless sultan Shahin has not put single ...
    ( By Aayina )
  • lets make it simple."There is no compulsion in relgion but humiliation" is this make clear the treatment of not agree with Mouhmmad self declared ...
    ( By Aayina )
  • hatts off, you cannot expect from Hindu hate lover like Gulam Mohyuddin to acknowledge that numerical system was given by Hindus, they will talk ...
    ( By Aayina )
  • The articles presents some wonderful quotes from different authors.My favorite is from Mark Twain: "Man is the Religious Animal. . . . He is ...
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • Why are the United States and the Gulf Emirates silent on this subject?
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • This is a great inspiring article. It was very helpful. Thanks for sharing sach a wanderfull post, It was really ...
    ( By Andrew Saiman )
  • I clicked this article also posted on quora. this is very good article and must read for young generation of todays kahsmirs.
    ( By Shahzeb )
  • What's the context of Hats Off's comment (which by the way he has repeated umpteen times!)?
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • no kuffar might enter the cities of mecca or madina.very, very tolerant.
    ( By hats off! )
  • "Scholars at Makkah conference warn against sectarianism"Sectarianism is our worst enemy but these scholars at the Makkah conference warning us about sectarianism are themselves very ...
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • Naseer sb.,Instead of responding to my post you have  launched a barrage of hollow assertions. You seem to be under the delusion that you ...
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • We should say, "There shall be no compulsion in   religion," and stop there. Quoting the rest of 2:256 and 2:257 dilutes the message. ...
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • Naseer sb.'s comment on Professor Moosa, Abdullah Saeed and other reformists is thoughtless and undignified. They have defined a crucial problem for our generation because ...
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • It is very sad to know that civilians are mercilessly being killed in Yemen
    ( By Kaniz Fatma )
  • آج ضرورت اس امر کی ہے کہ ہم ہر وقت صبر و تحمل کی سواری پر سوار رہیں، مصائب، تکالیف، پریشانیاں اور غم آتے ...
    ( By Kaniz Fatma )
  • آج ضرورت اس امر کی ہے کہ ہم ہر وقت صبر و تحمل کی سواری پر سوار رہیں، مصائب، تکالیف، پریشانیاں اور غم آتے رہیں گے ...
    ( By Kaniz Fatma )
  • This verse means that the teachings of Islam are very clear and the proof and evidence of its soundness are so clear and definitive that there ...
    ( By Kaniz Fatma )
  • I have said that I know very little of Akbar's Deen-e-Ilahi and what I have endorsed is his genuine secularism. He may not have ...
    ( By Naseer Ahmed )
  • A correction. I am not a hypocrite who can respect anything that is the anti-thesis of Islam.  However, when it comes to people, i ...
    ( By Naseer Ahmed )
  • A correction. I am not a hypocrite who can respect anything that is the anti-thesis of Islam.  However, when it comes to people, i ...
    ( By Naseer Ahmed )
  • GM sb,You can quadruple your efforts. Do you find me saying anything different?I disagree on your last two paras. The less you talk about ...
    ( By Naseer Ahmed )
  • "Forced belief is not sincere belief. As we have already seen in the above passages that Islamic faith is not related to outward physical ...
    ( By Kaniz Fatma )
  • Good. So, you also reject Ibn-Arabi, Shah Wali ullah and all other scholars who either take a differnt view or equivocate? And you also ...
    ( By Naseer Ahmed )
  • Ms Kaniz Fatima,You have quoted Yunus now and Saeed earlier. What Yunus says is the opposite of what Saeed says and i agree with ...
    ( By Naseer Ahmed )
  • The likes of Professor Moosa, Abdullah Saeed and other reformists scholars have never attempted what they prescribe. Is there any example of Professor Moosa ...
    ( By Naseer Ahmed )
  • Mr Muhammd Yunus writes it well, “The Qur’anic paradigms are eternal, free from any addition or alteration since the revelation that was preserved orally as well ...
    ( By Kaniz Fatma )
  • @Ghulam Ghaus Sahab, I am unable to understand one hadith " I have been commanded to fight until they say THERE IS NO GOD BUT ...
    ( By Kaniz Fatma )
  • By the way, I am not saying that the traditionalists are right and Naseer sb. is wrong. I am saying that neither of them ...
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • "The Qur’an was given in a specific context, within the framework of a worldview that was appropriate to first/seventh-century Arabia, and in a language and symbolism that ...
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • Naseer sb.,You have not yet replied to my following post""Let me put it this way: let us redouble our efforts to respect the dignity ...
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • " It was the Babylonians who first conceived of a mark to signify that a number was absent from a column."Whether the decimal system is ...
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • Knowledge and worship are precious gems which enlighten mankind and by which man can be closer to God
    ( By Kaniz Fatma )