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Books and Documents

Islamic Culture

Mysteries of Hobson-Jobson
Khaled Ahmed

One word it traces to its origin is ‘damri’, a coin that once existed but today survives in an Urdu idiom indicating something worthless. It has given rise to the English swear-word damn and appears in the expression ‘I don’t give a damn’.‘Damri’ is turned into ‘dam’ and is written ‘damn’. Since swearing is involved, ‘damnation’ is pressed into service. If you anglicise the word, it would be, ‘I don’t give a farthing’. It would mean, ‘I don’t think it is worth anything’….

 

Ramadan- The Politics, Spirit and Traditions of Ramadan
Mike Ghouse

Like a mother who wants her children to live well, like a teacher who wants his students to do well, and like a chef who wants his patrons to enjoy his food…. God wants every one of his creation to live in harmony and do well. No one is deprived of God’s love; he has reached every human through a peace maker, messenger, prophet, reformer or simply a wise man or a good friend that brings sense to living....

Fire at Shrine of Peer Dastgeer Saheb: Milestone of the Valley’s Spiritual Environment
Shrine of Peer Dastgeer Saheb

Kashmir’s shrines, mosques and Khanqahs are the milestones of the Valley’s spiritual environment, transcending the barriers of time. Their influence and resilience in the face of the hostility, and of natural and political upheavals lends the Firdause-e-Bareen, or the Paradise on Earth, its other enduring sobriquet of reshi waar — “the garden of saints.” For Kashmiris, these also serve as a reminder of the inspiration, creative genius and building technologies of their ancestors who relied on local materials and skills and created these marvels of wood, brick and stone. ...

 

Pakistan Education: War between Saudi and US Curriculum
Rafia Zakaria

The Saudi and American efforts to educate Pakistanis are substantively different. The Americans are pushing a curriculum that ostensibly promotes democracy and pluralism, imagines the child as a budding scholar and not a soldier, the world as holding opportunity and not only temptation. The Saudi curriculum banks on other truths — of salvation gained in another life, of a world of ascetic self-sacrifice, of the necessity of domination and the inevitability of destruction…..

Wherever There is a Wall of Separation, I Want to Tear it Down
Anwar Iqbal

“I want to return with a message of love, I want to return to pour light into your veins. And cry out: ‘O those whose baskets are full of sleep, I brought you an apple, red like the sun,” wrote poet Sohrab Sepehri. “I want to bring flowers for the beggar, gift earrings to the pretty leper woman of my old neighbourhood. I want to share the beauty of the garden with the blind.” “I want to be a peddler, peddling through streets, shouting: ‘Dew, I brought dew for you.”...

This week’s column may appear to be a little premature, but with the way things are going, who knows if we will be able to afford traditional Eid celebrations in the months to come. So dear readers buckle up and accompany me on a journey through time to Lahore in the 1950s, when life was uncomplicated, relationships sincere and celebrations affordable. An excited shout of nazar agayaa, initiated a rush around the keen-eyed individual, who would guide others to the desired point on the horizon.

 
Is Knowledge Limited To Knowledge Of Religion In Islam?
Ayatullah Murtuza Mathari, Tr. New Age Islam

Knowledge, what does it stand for? And what does it stand for in Islam? Anyone who knows Islam cannot say that Islam means ‘knowledge of religion’ by exhortation to acquire knowledge. This thought is the result of those Muslims who have limited the boundaries of their knowledge to the minimum possible during the last several centuries.  Otherwise the idea of limiting knowledge to religious knowledge has no meaning for a religion in which the Ameer-ul-Momeneen says, “Wisdom is Muslims’ lost property; even if it is found with the Mushriks (polytheists), and they must take it in their possession.”....

A hi-tech makeover is sweeping across the 14,000-odd religious teaching centres attached to mosques in the state thanks to the Centre-sponsored madarsa modernization scheme. Over Rs 23 crore have been disbursed to 547 madrasas in 2011-12 that helped the 'Oothupallis' which were limited to rote teaching of Holy Quran to adopt modern pedagogical ways of teaching science and mathematics and offer computer classes. Some even teach students English and Hindi....

Calligraphy is a difficult art that is best learnt in childhood. Under the guidance of an ustad, …  Aware of the limitations of the Urdu ligature and fonts created by Pakistan's Mirza Ahmed Jameel Noori, Kiratpuri, with the help of his student Rehan Ansari and software engineer Syed Manzar, created 40, 000 Urdu fonts and saved them in a software called faiz nastaleeq (style) as a tribute to his ustad, Faiz Lahori…..

Islam Today: Arabisation and its Discontents
Saif Shahin is a research scholar at the University of Texas at Austin

I was reminded of the conversation in the editor-in-chief’s office while reading some comments on Aiman Reyaz’s article ‘Does Islam Allow Wife-Beating’, which highlight how Arab culture is being propagated worldwide in the name of Islam, how Muslims in non-Arab nations are being told to pray in Arab-style mosques and, indeed, wear Arab dresses.

The irony is profound. The confusion of the Muslim who must look and behave like an Arab in his own country, and then act like someone from his own country when he goes to the Arabian peninsula, is at the heart of the intellectual and spiritual dilemma facing Islam today. What does it mean to be a Muslim? Is it to assume a particular physical appearance (beards, Burqas) and particular social and moral values (eating beef, beating wives)? If yes, what is the source of this appearance and these values? Are they actually Islamic, or are they just Arab?...

 

The Judges of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, My Eternal Tormentors, Celebrating my Birthday
Saadat Hassan Manto

…you have exercised a bit of moderation? As if having a prostitute as your main character wasn’t enough, you had to make her drink alcohol, and as if her drinking wasn’t bad enough you had to make her go to sleep with a flea-ridden dog. And I am not even mentioning the uncalled for description of her blouse where she stuffs her Haram-earned money. Why did you have to do all that when you could have written about banana peels?...

 

 

Different subjects are addressed in different locations, like individual teaching units. The aim is for non-Muslims to overcome their reservations in dealing with Muslims. For the Muslims whose voices are the piece, education is an important element of their faith: they themselves once had to read about what it means to be a Muslim and form their own opinion on the subject. …

 

Even in the shadows of the stage their white robes appear luminous. It's said that Rumi first started whirling in one of Konya's bazaars. Walking past a line of goldbeaters, he became so moved by the music of their rhythmic hammering accompanied by their gentle chanting of Allah's name that he raised his arm towards the sky and started to revolve in a state of awe, spinning and spinning until he reached oneness with his God….

 

 

Memories Of The Pakistani Film Industry
Yaqoob Khan Bangash

Conversing with Shabnam made me think of her super hit film Aina, which is a classic tale about two lovers from different social classes and their struggle to be with each other. Aina was as much a love story as it was a criticism of the sharpening class divide. Its closing scene, in which Rita (Shabnam) slaps her father, and where her mother says: ‘you have not slapped your father, but the mentality that believes in differences between the poor and the rich’ is poignant…

 

 

This encounter is fictional, but it could easily reflect a real-life conflict. The dialogue was conceived by young Muslims from the Heroes project in the Berlin district of Neukölln, home to a large number of Muslim immigrants….

 

The retired Urdu teacher is a bundle of energy despite his age. His experiment with 10 children has blossomed in the last two decades. The two-storey school now accommodates eight times its original number of students going right up to Class 8. The school is not affiliated to any board, but the curriculum has been well thought through and gives the children of the local daily wage earners a shot at a better life….

 

This orchard serves as a sanctuary as well as centre of education for the nation’s priceless agricultural heritage. It’s the place where you can commune with Mother Nature while learning about the amazing facts of the variety of seasonal and non-seasonal fruits, rare fruits, commercial crops and also herbs and spices.

 

A Tribute to Islam, Earthen but Transcendent
Holland Cotter has been a staff art critic at The New York Times

As in so much of the Islamic world, “Insha’Allah” — “if God wills it” — is how people punctuate conversations in this predominantly Muslim West African country. If you speak of starting a project, or taking a trip, or trying to pay a debt, the outcome is always understood to be conditional. The mosque is one of Africa’s most revered religious monuments. Constructed almost entirely from sun-dried mud bricks coated with clay, it is the largest surviving example of a distinctive style of African architecture. …

 

“O Prophet (S.A.W), says to your wives and daughters and women or the believers that they let down them their ‘jilbab’ (over - garment) this will be more proper that they may be known, and thus they will not molested.” [xxxiii. 53]“Say to the believing women that they cast down their looks and safeguard their private parts that are purer for them, surely Allah is aware of what they do. …

Burqa the Most Fashionable Route to Paradise
Rafia Zakaria is an attorney

These are the women of tea parties and coffee parties, newly reincarnated in (post) ‘war on terror Pakistan’ as the newly religious. … the paraphernalia of piety is far more crucial in this game than the actual act. Among the newly pious, partaking of tea and pastries in drawing rooms, the allure of the burqa as a beautiful eccentricity — a newly discovered hobby that elevates morally and distinguishes socially — presents some unique dilemmas.

Irresistible Appeal of Urdu and the Bilingual Pakistan
Aakar Patel is a director with Hill Road Media

There is one last thing that makes Urdu appealing. It is our language and can better express our emotions than English. Wielding it correctly, as so many Pakistanis do, makes the listener proud of our shared culture. Perhaps, unfortunately for Pakistan, the only nation that can really appreciate this lovely quality of theirs is not China or America, but India. …

The spasm of violence that has shaken the country since copies of the Quran were dumped in a trash incinerator at a U.S. military base is emblematic of a culture war among Afghans themselves, one that is likely to grow more intense as the Western military presence wanes. Many believed that the protests were being deliberately exploited by a variety of players: the Taliban movement, neighboring countries — such as Iran and Pakistan …

The reason I am writing this blog is to make people realize that memorising the Quran is not as easy as we believe it to be. It is a continuous process and needs constant revision. It is very difficult to balance between modern and religious education and, unfortunately, I could not do that... -- Jamshed Memon

 

“Just 40.1 per cent of the 5-16 age group [schoolchildren in Pakistan] could do two-digit subtraction sums (with carry) whereas a mere 23.6 per cent were able to do three-digit division sums. Only 41.8 per cent could read a sentence in Urdu or their mother tongue (English is a far cry). Far fewer could read a story,” revealed the nuclear physicist Dr Pervez Hoodbhoy... Wasn’t it the founder of Singapore, Lee Kuan Yew, who whilst on a visit to Karachi in the 1970s was asked how his country could help Pakistan become an economic power, and he had remarked with words to the effect, that how can you even begin to think helping a people who believe that real life starts after death? Obviously, we were yet to shape our blasphemy laws back then, and the dignitary left this country in one piece. -- Murtuza Razvi

Three of his six invitees were bearded Maulanas. They agreed with the need for revolution, but declared that it could only happen through mosque schools and madrasas. During our noisy three-hour meeting, they ranted against the existing education system as a western conspiracy to secularise Pakistan. One Maulana insisted that literacy was worthless without teaching “alif-se-Allah, bay-se-bandooq, jeem-se-jihad”. -- Pervez Hoodbhoy

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