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Islamic History

Many have looked on aghast at the destruction of hundreds of historic buildings and monuments to make way for the Grand Mosque’s expansion. According to the Gulf Institute, based in Washington, up to 95 per cent of Mecca’s millennium-old buildings have been destroyed, to be replaced with luxury hotels, apartments and shopping malls. Last week, the remaining 500-year-old Ottoman columns, commemorating the Prophet’s ascent to heaven, were destroyed…

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Destruction Of Islamic Cultural Heritage: Muslims Must Reclaim The Spiritual Values Of Islam, Sultan Shahin Tells A Public Dialogue During UN Human Rights Council’s 22nd Session At Geneva

It is a marvellous part of the cultural legacy of Islam that it exhorted its adherents to respect the norms and values of all other faith communities. This is best reflected in the nature and styles of Muslim architecture. It should be noted that embracing the positive values of the local people especially in the architecture and crafts does not go against the principles of Islam. When Muslims chanced to rule lands stretching from present-day Spain in the west to India in the east, and from present-day Turkey in the north to sub-Saharan Africa in the south, they built magnificent monuments taking into account the local norms and shared history of the native communities. .. But what the present-day Islamist zealots, particularly Daesh or ISIS, are doing by their cultural destruction in Iraq and Syria is not difficult to see. They have waged a war against the core faith of pious Muslim predecessors, the Salaf-e-Saleh whom they loudly claim to follow...... 

Cultural heritage, architectural monuments and ancient historic sites are of paramount significance among followers of all religions. Architecture is the mirror of cultural influences that creep into faith traditions. Besides common sense of preserving history and culture, Muslims were inspired by the Qur’anic exhortations to safeguard their monuments. The Quran called historical monuments as ‘symbols of Allah’ and enjoined their preservation as a means to achieve Taqwa al-Qulub (purity of hearts) (22:32). The ‘symbols of God’ or Sha’air-ul-Lah imply any place of spiritual, religious, cultural and historical importance that depicts the signs of God.....At a time when historical Islamic monuments and holy structures like the Prophet’s tomb are identified as an idol with the grave conviction of demolishing them, one can feel the urgency of awakening Muslims about the history and sanctity of their architectural sites and heritage. Driven by an ideology of universal hostility towards the cultural heritage of Muslims, the Islamist terror outfits have taken it upon themselves to demolish even the mosques built by earlier Muslims in an attempt to console their doctrine of “puritan Tawhid”......

How dare you slumber in the shade of complacent safety, leading lives as frivolous as garden flowers, while your brothers in Syria have no dwelling place save the saddles of camels and the bellies of vultures? Blood has been spilled! Beautiful young girls have been shamed . . . Shall the valorous Arabs resign themselves to insult and the valiant Persians accept dishonour . . . Never have the Muslims been so humiliated. Never have their lands been so savagely devastated…..

The military successes of the first Muslim armies were remarkable. The speed of their advance startled the Mediterranean world, and the contrast with early Christianity could not have been more pronounced. Within twenty years of Muhammad’s death in 632, his followers had laid the foundations of the first Islamic empire in the Fertile Crescent. Impressed by these successes, whole tribes embraced the new religion. Mosques began to appear in the desert, and the army expanded. Its swift triumphs were seen as a sign that Allah was both omnipotent and on the side of the Believers......

Its strategic location - guarding the only corridor from Syria's interior to the coast as well as the entrance to Lebanon's Bekaa valley - guaranteed that it would be a fiercely contested stronghold in this war, just as it was for the Knights Hospitaller in Crusader times. The elegant Crusader cloister inside the castle bore an inscription carved in Latin: "Grace, wisdom and beauty you may enjoy but beware pride which alone can tarnish all the rest."….

"The next day, a man named Nooral Shah, and a 'Syed' by lineage, came to our neighbourhood, cursing Hindus. My younger brother, Pursuram, who was standing at the outer gate of the neighbourhood, asked Nooral Shah to refrain from it, but things heated up. In rage, Nooral Shah began claiming that Pursuram had insulted the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh), and a huge Muslim crowd gathered to agitate……

 

Ziauddin Barni and other sycophantic Sufis and scholars in the Sultanates of Iltutmish and Balban distorted the Islamic Fiqh and teachings only to gain the king’s favours and to strengthen his kingdom. They compromised with their position and knowledge to gain worldly and material benefits and wealth and power. So, in his old age he admits to his crime and confesses that his wrongdoings and misinterpretations of Islamic and Qur'anic teachings had earned him God’s wrath and he lived a miserable life.....

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Caste and Caste-Based Discrimination among Indian Muslims - Part 13: Casteism in the Aligarh Muslim University

The Arabs to whom the Quran was revealed first seem to have ignored Quran’s historical dimension of FATABIRU. In the name of preventing people from shirk (setting up partners with God) they have destroyed many landmarks of Islamic history in Arabia. Going by the fact that the Arabs continue to destroy the remaining remnants of the Islamic past, in future there will not a be single historical proof of Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) and his message on earth. The detractors of Islam may even say that Muhammad (pbuh) was a fictitious personality because they do not find any historical or academic proof of their existence in Makkah or Madinah....

One thousand years ago, Muslims, Christians and Jews sauntered down the same cobbled pathways in the sun-drenched cities of southern Spain, living, flourishing and contributing to Andalusia’s fashionable society and culture…..

 

Last Mughal Emperor Bahadur Shah Zafar wrote poetry in Punjabi, too, and had his works published at Royal Press situated inside Red Fort in 1855. A mathematics professor of Benaras College John Thompson had his A Hindustani-English Dictionary published in 1881 and Sir Syed Ahmed Khan, known as the brain behind Aligarh Muslim University had written A'thar-as-Sanadid....


And

Encroachments of Pathan-Era Monuments in Delhi Eat Up Slice of History By Richi Verma

 

In honour of International Women’s Day, I thought it would be interesting to introduce people to several names of important Muslim women in history that they may not have encountered before. Although the names of such extraordinary figures as the Empress Theodora, Eleanor of Aquitaine, Joan of Arc, Anne Boleyn, Caterina Sforza, and Elizabeth I are generally well-known, their counterparts in the medieval and early modern Muslim world are not.....

 

The Saudi royal family are adherents of the Wahabi faith, an austere interpretation of Islam that has served as the kingdom’s official religion ever since the al-Sauds rose to power across the Arabian Peninsula in the 19th century. The kingdom’s rulers, who deny Mohamed was born in what is known as the House of Mawlid, are opposed to preserving relics of the Prophet because they say it encourages Shirk, the sin of worshipping idols other than God....

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Destruction Of Islamic Cultural Heritage: Muslims Must Reclaim The Spiritual Values Of Islam, Sultan Shahin Tells A Public Dialogue During UN Human Rights Council’s 22nd Session At Geneva

Medina: Saudis Take a Bulldozer to Islam's History

The Saudis Are Bulldozing Islam's Heritage. Why the Silence from the Muslim World?

Why Don’t More Muslims Speak Out Against the Wanton Destruction of Mecca’s Holy Sites?

Thousands of Pakistanis Rally In Memory Of Jannat-Ul-Baqi Destruction by Saudi Wahhabis

A cautionary tale of a vibrant and thriving culture lost in time, these photographs collected on a community Facebook page in Afghanistan are likely to leave you in disbelief. The country we’re so often shown today is comparable to a broken medieval society, but not so long ago, the barren landscape was dotted with stylish buildings, women wore pencil skirts and teenagers shopped at record stores.

As you browse the photos that capture progress, hope and that rock’n'roll spirit in the air, keep in mind the implications of what happened to this culture in just a few decades....

Another Lesson in History
C. M. Naim, New Age Islam
Another Lesson in History
C. M. Naim, New Age Islam

Whenever I read such ‘historical’ accounts, and it is sadly too often, my first impulse is to wonder: do Pakistani Urdu newspapers have editors and sub-editors? Or do they have only wealthy and privileged owners, with hordes of cowering minions, and a changing stable of fantasizing columnists? Some of the latter seem equally privileged, for many often describe the meals and trips they enjoy with assorted bigwigs of Pakistan....

 

This foundation of this mosque was laid by the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) in 622 CE. The original mosque was an open-air structure covered with palm fronds. It had a raised platform for the recitation of the Qur'an. It was a rectangular enclosure of 30mx35m with a roof more than 2 meters in height. It had three doors Bab Al-Rahmah, Bab Gariel, and Bab Al-Nisa. A shaded platform was created inside known as Suffah. This is known in Arabic as "Dakka Ashab Al-Suffah" place for the companions of Suffah….

 

Bibi Zainab (AS) will always remain an inspiration to everyone fighting against tyranny and oppression. As for the place at which she was buried, it will always remain in the hearts of those who cherish it and remember it. If only those who attacked it had a heart of their own, they would understand the transcendental value of what they destroyed....

 

The surprising thing is that those who played an important role in the establishment of the Islamic civilisation were not Muslims in the first place, according to the standards of the Wahhabi Islam that has wielded a severe blow to the religion of Muslims. They were Kafirs and Satans. The rulers who led this phase of the Islamic development, such as Al Amin, Al Mamun, Al Mu’tasim and others were Mutazillah and preferred intellect to imitation. They had the belief in the status of the Quran as something created. The movement of translation that is considered as the foundation stone of this civilisation was initiated by the Christians who were experts in Greek and Siryani languages. As for the roles of other characters of this movement such as Farabi, Ibn-e-Sina, Razi, Hafiz, Ibn-e-Rushd, Abul Nawas, Ibn-e-Rumi, Al Muri and others, they were unanimously declared Kafirs by many big religious scholars of the nation such as Ghazali, Ibn Al Salah, Ibn-e-Taimiyyah, Ibn al Qayyim and the kings following their path and all the extremist jurists of the Hanbali school who even today roam about with the dagger of Takfir in their hands....

Tipu was a secular King in the times when it was not a common thing. Dr. Gowda's research is an eye opener. Unfortunately, a few right wingers in India have maligned him for the excesses’ done by his fanatic deputies in Kerala and Mangalore, where they forced Hindus and Christians to convert to Islam. On the contrary, Tipu granted lands to build temples, and he defended the Sringeri Matt (Hindu Sanctuary) from attacks from Marathas, and has protected the Ranganatha Temple in Srirangapatna....

Causes For The Rise And Fall Of The Muslims
Naseer Ahmed, New Age Islam
Causes For The Rise And Fall Of The Muslims
Naseer Ahmed, New Age Islam

The major reason for the fall was that democracy did not last beyond the fourth Caliph and the Caliphate became a dynasty from the fifth Caliph. This did not pose a serious problem as long as the Caliphate was in good hands. In dynasties however, one bad ruler can in the space of a generation or over two decades, undo the good work of several centuries. This invariably proves to be the undoing of all dynasties. Prodigal luxury and boundless wealth soon corrupt those with absolute power. The competition that is inherent in a democracy is absent in dynastic rules....

“Give him alms, woman, for nothing in this life is sadder than being blind in Granada,” said Mexican poet Francisco de Icaza. Famous worldwide for the Alhambra, the city has much more to offer, especially for those with a passion for Islamic history.  Over five hundred and twenty years have passed since that time (and one thousand years since Granada was founded), but the city’s main attractions remain the Nasrid and Zirid monuments in the Alhambra and Albayzín,....

 

The first English Qur’an was published in 1649, and although it was prefaced by a hostile diatribe, the edition proved so popular that there was a quick re-issue, which worried the Interregnum authorities. As the collection of Islamic manuscripts grew at the Bodleian, having been started under the auspices of Archbishop William Laud in the 1620s and 30s, numerous scholars approached the study of Islam, for the first time in British history, through Islam’s own sources. The result was an impressive and detailed range of information about Islam that challenged traditional views.

 

 The mention of Saudi Arabia often leads people to envision an oil-rich, nearly-empty desert where Islam originated. For some extreme Islamists, pagan antiquities are sinful. Before the Washington exhibit opened, an Egyptian fundamentalist threatened to destroy pre-Islamic monuments, like the ancient Sphinx and the Pyramids, if he's able to....

Myth and Mythology of Events
Rashid Samnakay, New Age Islam
Myth and Mythology of Events
Rashid Samnakay, New Age Islam

One such historic event for Muslims is the momentous event of Karbala and Imam Hussein bin Ali’s death, accompanied by about seventy of his supporters and family members, including an infant child at the hands of the army of Yazeed; considered a villain, the son of Muawiyah. This occurred only about fifty years after Rasulluah’s death around sixty one Hijri. Prior to this tragic event a similar situation had emerged, when Imam Hassan bin Ali confronted Muawiyah to challenge his grab for power. Imam Ali the fourth Khalifa had appointed his son Hassan to take over after his death. That occurred at the hands of an assassin!...

Husain also died that afternoon, but there was no lap for him to rest his wounded head. His body was desecrated, his head was cut off and his lifeless body was crushed under hooves of horses and left in the desert of Karbala. But his message lived, carried to the world by his sister Zainab. In the last fourteen hundred years, the sacrifice of Husain has become a symbol for oppressed people all over the world....

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