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Books and Documents

Islamic Ideology

In Both Religion and Law, Polygamy Has No Place
Tahir Mahmood

The plurality of wives was a pre-Islamic custom which Islam tried to reform. The Quran spoke of it in the context (and interest) of war orphans, emphatically counselling monogamy if multiple wives could not be maintained with absolute equality. Deserting one’s wife without divorcing her, and bringing home a second wife, which in India happens in the name of religious right was not Islam’s idea of polygamy. In any case, it was an exceptional permission to meet exigencies....

Contrary To Popular Perception, the Quran Prescribes an Elaborate Procedure for Divorce
Audrey D’Mello

After the third pronouncement of Talaq, the divorced wife would not have to wait indefinitely for her husband to take her back. Since the marriage tie is broken permanently, she would be free to remarry. This was deemed as a punishment for the husband as she would no longer be available to him. The option of remarrying her was available only if her second marriage breaks down too, and the wife consents to reuniting with her former husband. The presumption for this was that a couple which goes through the cumbersome long-drawn procedure of marriage-divorce-remarriage-divorce-reremarriage-divorce would not be wish to reunite again as their decision to dissolve the marriage would be a well-thought one....

Many religions claim to be the best or assert their finality or primordiality. How do we understand such claims and appreciate Mulla Sadra’s point, endorsed by Muslim theologians and sages in their own ways, regarding Islam as superior and more complete than any other religion because it incorporates the teachings of all religions? If we closely attend to the ground of the claim of finality – access to the Absolute – for which prophets are the means, we can, across religions, identify the ground of superiority and resolve conflicting claims. Today we note Schuon’s (Shaykh Isa Nuruddin’s) clarification of the logic underlying finality....

Abrogation of Verses: Declaring Verses of the Quran Abrogated Does Not Have Any Justification in Quran or Hadith
S. Arshad, New Age Islam

...those verses that are included in the Quran cannot be said to have been abrogated because the abrogated verses have already been removed by another verses according to the principle of the Quran. The verses should be considered in their right contexts. The abrogated verses were left out when the Quran was compiled in the book form. Declaring some specific verses only on the basis of interpretation of particular school of thought or on the basis of extremist point of view is illogical and unacceptable....

Israel Contemplates a Future without Netanyahu
Ruth Margalit

The “news from Israel” that the reporter asked Netanyahu about as he met with the Trump were reports that the Prime Minister’s former spokesman, Nir Hefetz, had agreed to become the third former aide to coöperate with investigators and turn over recordings of Netanyahu and his wife in exchange for not standing trial. Hefetz’s coöperation could be the most significant development yet in the corruption cases surrounding Netanyahu....

 

Misinterpretations of Quran: Is There Any Ground For Abrogation Of Verses Of Quran That Teach Peace, Pluralism And Brotherhood Of All Groups?
Basil Hijazi, New Age Islam

It is the responsibility of all the schools of thought that they should work without ideological and cultural preoccupations to know its truth and to reveal its truth to the world, not because this book belongs to the Muslims but because it has played a very important role in shaping the world.

There is a need of a total rethinking of the Quran’s views on war and peace without any prejudice because this issue is not only very important  but also because a misconception  has spread far and wide on this issue which has been causing Muslim as well as non-Muslim world huge damage....

True Meaning of the Phrase ‘Ma Malakat Aymanukum’: Does It Mean Only Male Or Female Slaves?
S. Arshad, New Age Islam

The phrase “Ma Malakat Aymanukum” is not used to mean only male or female slaves but all the poor and needy persons, male or female, dependent on the wealthy and well to do people. This verse also hints at the system of distribution of Zakat because the purpose of Zakat is to distribute a portion of the income or wealth of a well to do person to needy people around him. Thus all the needy people around a well to do person are ‘Ma Malakat Aymanuhum” according to this verse. The Quran envisages a society where the wealthy will always take care of the needy people around them and will strive to reduce poverty in his area by parting with a portion of their wealth with the poor and the needy. Therefore, all the needy and the destitute under a wealthy person’s purview are his “right hand possession” or “Ma Malakat Aymanuhum” or dependents in terms of financial position and it is his religious duty to take care of them. So, even a beggar, an orphan or a destitute person comes under the phrase ‘Ma Malakat Aymanukum’....

“Elements of Islamic laws and codes have become inconsistent not just with the contemporary era, but also with the very principles and values of Islam that such laws and codes are supposed to uphold.” From triple Talaq to rulings on hijab and banks and to interfaith marriages to choosing diverse careers we have a range of opinions to debate and choose from without being guilty of defying Islam or what Asad calls “true Shariah.” What is wrong with legalism may be understood by taking a look at its history – Chinese, Judaic, Christian and other traditions that fought war against it. ...

God in the Quran Speaks To the People through ‘Symbols’
Jan-e-Alam Khaki

This could be one more reason why Iqbal says, “free (Aazad Kar) the intellect (Khirad) from bondage (Ghulami) and make the young teachers of the old”. Could he mean that the new ideas be given space to enrich our societies through multiple ways of looking at the symbols, metaphors and allusions used in the sacred texts and complex literature to enlighten our paths in a global village?...

The Regress of Knowledge: Understanding the Concept of Salafism in Traditional Sunnism
Adis Duderija

One aspect of this struggle for religious legitimacy among the post-righteous generations of Muslims (as-Salaf as-Salih), chronologically speaking was by linking one's theological, political or legal views to that of the As-Salaf As-Salih. This would, in turn, imbue these competing factions with the sense of normativity, credibility and authority. As a corollary, the concept of Salafism - or what I also term a Salafi worldview - can be conceptualized in terms of the idea of the "emulation-worthiness" of the first century religious and political authorities who were perceived as having remained faithful to the teachings of the Qur'an and the example of the Prophet in relation to 'Aqidah (beliefs), Manhaj (methodology) and 'Ibadah (worship) in contrast to those who are deemed( from a perspective of a particular group of Muslims) to have deviated.....

What God Is Not and Why, In The Light Of the Quran?
Hasan Aftab Saeed

God is not a theorem that can be proved by starting from more basic assumptions. Any ‘logical’ argument that proposes to do so ends up proving the opposite, in the process undoing itself. That’s because He is the Absolute (the most Basic), which means he depends on nothing while everything else depends on Him (112:2). Over the centuries, philosophers have repeatedly demonstrated the errors in the ontological, cosmological, and the teleological arguments that claim to ‘prove’ the ‘existence’ of God....

 

So it is the job of the Holy Prophet (PBUH), to explain the Qur’an. And it is the job of the believers to obey him.”He who obeys the Messenger obeys Allah indeed” (Nisa 4:80). And even more emphatically it says: “And obey Allah and obey His Messenger.”(Al-Taghabun 64:12). It is to be noted that here the Qur’an did not say “Obey Allah and His Messenger.” By using the command, “obey” independently the fact has been firmly established that the status of an order given by the Holy Prophet (PBUH) is the same as that given by Allah....

Rescuing Islamic Law from Legalism
Dr Muhammad Maroof Shah

Beyond the period of the Companions the history of Islam doesn’t furnish a single instance of a real Ijma, either in the sense of an agreement among all Muslim scholars or even among those of a particular period.’’ From 3rd or 4thcentury A.H the Law was conceived as a "combination of the Nass ordinances plus a legislation arrived at through deduction. Instead of the original Two sources or roots (Usul) of the Law – the Quran and the Sunnah, the Muslims were presented with four roots: the Quran, Sunnah, Ijma and Qiyas; and only a small minority of scholars continued to oppose this arbitrary addition.’’....

Khatam-e-Nabuwwat and Its Significance - Part One: How a Muslim Came To Be Defined
Tahir Kamran

Until the early modern period of Muslim intellectual history of South Asia, Muslim rule was in existence; therefore question like the definition of a Muslim never arose. The religious culture revolved around the empire and Dargah (Sufi Shrine), the influence of which had been articulated in the social plurality. Both of these institutions allowed certain space for the co-existence of multiple socio-cultural identities. ...

Put an End to the Vilification of Islam
Tariq A. Al-Maeena

To summarize some of the ridiculous Fatwas of the past supposedly based on the sayings of Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) would take many pages, but here are a few examples. In May 2007, a fatwa was issued by an Islamic cleric in Egypt, which said that a female worker should breastfeed a male colleague to establish a maternal bond between them, in order to overcome the Islamic law against the illegal private seclusion of men and women. The cleric based his fatwa on a flawed interpretation of a Hadith by Prophet Muhammad (pbuh).....

He accepts traditionally widely understood and properly delimited meaning of wisdom and sage for Hikmah and Hakeem and thus requires us to take seriously illumined philosophies across cultures. He notes that the method of knowledge from the Unseen (Ghayeb) include Wahi, Tehdees, Tafheem, Zoaq, Marifat, Ilmi Ludni, Kashf etc. He reminds us of a Prophetic tradition stating that “Anyone who spares 40 days only for God springs of Hikmah will be on his tongue.”....

 

The Mufassirin Who Render the Quran A Book of Foolish Nonsense
Naseer Ahmed, New Age Islam

Who are these Kafaru who are the worst of creatures? Irrespective of how they have translated the verses, every commentator has treated all of the People of the Book and all of the Mushrikin as Kafir and the worst of creatures. In their translations, some of them vary, and consider only some among the People of the Book among the Kafaru but almost all of them consider all the Mushrikin as among the Kafaru. The expression “The Kafaru among the People of the Book and among the Mushrikin” is interpreted by these Mufassirin as merely identifying the Kafaru from different faiths. By implication, for them all non-Muslims are Kafir and these verses merely exclude Kafir from other faiths such as the Buddhists, the Zoroastrians, etc....

Mercy to the Worlds: Just As a Lamp Dispels Darkness, Through His Prophet, Allah Seeks To Illuminate the Souls of Mankind
Qasim A. Moini

Emulation doesn’t mean literally and ritualistically adopting the ways of the seventh century; rather it means living as per the requirements of the age, but with a firm moral anchor that can help one differentiate between right and wrong. Beyond words, beyond loud protestations of faith and beyond rhetoric, it is strength of character that is needed to build society and the self. And as the verses from the Quran have illustrated here, the guiding light of the spirit is the sacred personality of the Holy Prophet. ...

 

Thus the birth of the Holy Prophet (PBUH) was the most significant and the most remarkable event in human history. Had there been room in Islamic teachings for the celebration of birthdays or anniversaries, the birthday of the Holy Prophet (PBUH) would have undoubtedly deserved it more than the birthday of any other person. But that is against the nature of Islamic teachings. That is why, unlike Judaism, Christianity, and Hinduism, there are very few festivals in Islam, which provides for only two Eids (Eid ul-Fitr and Eid ul-Azha) during the whole year....

 

In the Islamic month of Rabi’ al-Awwal and just one week before the Milad-un-Nabawi (celebration of Prophet Muhammad’s birthday), a deadly terrorist attack targeting a North Sinai mosque during Friday prayers has resulted in the death of more than 300 innocent worshippers, horrifying Egyptians and people throughout the world – something anathema to the very essence of Islam. While those who have carried out this attack and others like it – whether on mosques, churches or security forces – claim to do so in the name of Islam, it is among the most sacred of Islam’s tenants that they in fact transgress.....

 

Who Are Sufi Muslims and Why Do Some Extremists Hate Them?
Megan Specia

Sufism has shaped literature and art for centuries, and is associated with many of the most resonant pieces of Islam’s “golden age,” lasting from roughly the eighth through 13th centuries, including the poetry of Rumi. While some Muslims view Sufis as quirky, even eccentric, some fundamentalists and extremists see Sufism as a threat and its adherents as heretics or apostates....

      For the Greatest Master of Islamic Tradition all love is essentially holy or divine because it is really (though many are not conscious of this) directed towards God who alone is and who is the only Beloved smiling in every form. He is for progressive Platonisation of love; he is for moving from phenomena to the One which manifests yet hides in them....

 

The Sharia, then, endorses rational consideration of everything in existence, deducing what was unknown from what is known. In other words, our consideration of reality should proceed by means of what the logicians call rational syllogisms. Of the various types of syllogism, the Sharia would clearly advocate the evidential syllogism. This should be considered the most productive type because it starts from a premise certain in itself (evidence) and thus leads to conclusions that cannot be untrue….

 
Islamic Rationalism – Part One
Dr Imadaldin Al-Jubouri

In Basra, Wasil ibn Ata (699-749) founded a ‘rationalist’ school to represent Mutazilite thought and to teach Muslims new methods of thinking. He asserted that the intellect is a way to faith, to know God, a way to distinguish between good and evil, and the only criterion to understand the Sharia (Islamic law). Hence, Mutazilites said that “intellect is before quotation,” and they praised the intellect considerably. They contended with other Muslim schools, particularly the Hashawaites and Dhahirites, who believed that the intellect had no role in the Sharia. Truly, it was hard work for Mutazilite thinkers to free Muslim minds from the shackles of dogma and formal teaching methods....

 

National Seminar at Jamia Millia Islamia on Islamic Humanism
Naseer Ahmed, New Age Islam

Professor Wasey’s key message was that the Muslims believe in the Quran but do not follow it – “Quran Ko To Maante Hain, Lekin Quran Ki Nahin Sunte” and the fact that while the Prophet formed an Ummat-e-Wahida with people of all faiths in a common cause, the Muslims of later times failed to do so. Professor Pant said that the Hindus remember their history only from the days of partition and have forgotten earlier history. He said that Islamic influence has permeated all aspects of the life of Hindus from their food and the Halwa which has become the standard offering to the deity and distributed as “Prasad”, the dress, the language, the architecture, the classical music in which many of the forms are kept alive by the Muslim artists, the arts, poetry and the culture….

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NEW COMMENTS

  • “If Islam is disturbed, if the [Malay] race is disturbed, if our rights are disturbed, then we will rise to defend our rights,”what a ...
    ( By hats off! )
  • "Muslim Intellectuals Reach Out To Akhada Parishad with Wish to Join Kumbh"a welcome move and hindus need to respond positively.this is a golden opprtunity.
    ( By hats off! )
  • Naseer sb.,Let me put it this way: let us redouble our efforts to respect the dignity of others irrespective of their faith or gender, ...
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • It is silly of Hats Off to say that Scandinavians do not celebrate Christmas because it offends Muslims! Muting Christmas celebrations is usually attributed ...
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • While the percentage  of atheists may be rising, the number of atheists who go to religious websites to insult the religions of others remains ...
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • hatred of the "decadent" west, contempt for the trinitarian christian gone astray and anti-semitism are very common among the muslims in europe. much more ...
    ( By hats off! )
  • What GM sb is saying in effect is that irrespective of what I have said, he believes that the Quran: 1. Uses undignified terms such as Kafir ...
    ( By Naseer Ahmed )
  • What GM sb is saying in effect is that irrespective of what I have said, he believes that the Quran: 1. Uses undignified terms such as Kafir ...
    ( By Naseer Ahmed )
  • Naseer sb.,The position of progressive Muslims on the questions you ask is, as far as I understand it,  as follows:(1) Words like kafir are ...
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • Hats Off's is stuck with jizya and sex slavery, things that progressive Muslims like Prof. Moosa and I have never supported. We do support ...
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • Only a very malicious liar would call me a " trecherous stealth jihadi who wants to underming the value systems of the very country ...
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • There is more Ganga-Jamuna spirit in India than Hats Off thinks. There are several Muslims performing priestly functions in Hindu temples. The taboo against ...
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • Islam was not born blaming other religions. It started blaming other religions when it found itself in deadly conflict with them. Hats Off has ...
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • All religions are to begin with the result of pure divine revelations/inspiration which over a period get contaminated. The Quran is a culmination of ...
    ( By Naseer Ahmed )
  • So, what are you and prof Moosa trying to prove with your "interpretations"?1. That Kafir means non-Muslim?2. A woman's testimony is worth half that ...
    ( By Naseer Ahmed )
  • there is a barely concealed denigration of zoroastrian concepts, its validity and its truth.the author is an implicit supremacist islamist trying to bail out ...
    ( By hats off! )
  • if human dignity were at the core of islam then why jizya and sex slavery and polygamy?
    ( By hats off! )
  • better to be a smart aleck than be a trecherous stealth jihadi who wants to underming the value systems of the very country that ...
    ( By hats off! )
  • "...Pilgrims of the Sabarimala Temple Visit a Mosque and Church as Part of the Annual Mandalam-Makaravilakku Pilgrimage"you will rarely see this attitude among muslims.hindus ...
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  • islam is a religion that defines itself by blaming other religions, traditions, cultures, languages, the past and people.blaming the jews is the central theme ...
    ( By hats off! )
  • Zoroastianism is not being degraded in this article. Misuse of Zoroastrian concepts is blamed, and correctly so. does Hats Off understand anything at all ...
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • The "clear meaning" is only in Naseer sb.'s mind and it has been refuted often enough already in these discussions.Naseer sb. has already been ...
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • Questions of smart-aleck teenagers elicit laughter, not answers.
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • Avery and Krieger are too sane for our insane world.
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • if you cannot answer "teenager" questions, you better stick to the kindergarten ones.you will stand first in the class.
    ( By hats off! )
  • it is a pity if any religion has to justify itself (every time) by denigrating some other thing, place, event, period, language, tradition, culture ...
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  • "Emotions aren’t meant to rule over you – we have to learn the best way to manage them. But at the same time, emotions ...
    ( By Ghulam Ghaus Siddiqi غلام غوث الصديقي )
  • DK: "I believe that a nuclear war, no matter how it would start, poses the greatest danger confronting humankind, and can only be prevented ...
    ( By Ghulam Ghaus Siddiqi غلام غوث الصديقي )
  • “Human dignity is at the core of all Islam's messages. And if knowledge does not deliver on human dignity, then that knowledge really is questionable. So ...
    ( By Naseer Ahmed )
  • Religion is not plasticine that can be shaped any which way as one pleases. It is what it is and made clear by Allah. It ...
    ( By Naseer Ahmed )
  • If Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) came back today, he would find  that his religion is completely taken over by the hypocrites and transformed beyond recognition.Among ...
    ( By Naseer Ahmed )
  • Naseer sb. insists that his interpretation is the only correct interpretation but claim that it is not interpretation at all but the exact meaning ...
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • It is better for women to study teachings of Hazrat Nizamuddin (aka Mahboobe Ilahi) and then fight for entering the shrines.
    ( By Kaniz Fatma )
  • If Zoroastrian concepts were used to mis-translate the Quran, that was not the fault of Zoroastrians but of Muslim translators. Hats Off's comment is ...
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • "The War is actually between Religionists and Atheists"Is this true?
    ( By Ali Murtuza )
  • Our purpose is to eliminate hate. Hate can’t be eliminated but by way of love, tolerance and friendly manner.Sometimes it is seen that people ...
    ( By Ghulam Ghaus Siddiqi غلام غوث الصديقي )
  • What a dumb and hateful remark from Hats Off! Most people are convinced that Trump is a racist. Nobody that I know of has ...
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • It is so easy to vilify people, even those who are bedrocks of world morality. Perhaps Hats Off thinks doing so makes him look ...
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • For Hats Off, all occasions are just opportunities to "rub it in"! Does he think things will be less bloody with non-religious people? For ...
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • Prayer, fasting, Hajj, zakat, belief in Allah and the Day Of Judgment are the hygiene factors.The pillars of Islam or what sustains Islam are ...
    ( By Naseer Ahmed )