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Books and Documents

Islamic Ideology

Resurrection: Islamic and Scientific Perspectives
Ibrahim B. Syed, Ph. D

Prevailing Islamic doctrine conceives death as a disengagement of the soul from the body, the outward sign of which is the cessation of breathing. This event marks the end of the predetermined period of mundane life that is to be accounted for at the last judgment, the Day of Judgment (Qiyamah), when the body and soul are again reunited and resurrected for consignment to the splendid gardens of paradise or torturous fires of hell. Between death and resurrection, individuals are subjected to a preliminary trial in the grave by the angels Munkar and Nakir and given a preview of their destiny in the Hereafter...

Peaceful Coexistence in Islam: A Middle Path Between Al-Wala And Al-Bara?
Ghulam Ghaus Siddiqi, New Age Islam

“Muwaalat (bearing Love and affection) is entirely different from Muaamalat (giving consideration and conducting transactions with someone and making peaceful coexistence). The difference between the two is like the distance between the sky and the earth. It is permissible to conduct transactions and have dealings with anyone, except with apostates like Wahhabis and Deobandis (The terms “Wahhabis” and “Deobandis” here do not include all those people in our times who call themselves Wahhabis and Deobandis but they are unfamiliar with their elders, so all Wahhabis in our times cannot be ruled as apostates, Allah knows the best) in worldly matters, and [matters] in which there is no harm for religious obligations.

"The Dhimmi is similar to a Muslim in all such dealings. “They shall have the same rights and obligations as us”- (لهم ما لنا وعليهم ما علينا). It is permissible to conduct transactions even with non-Dhimmis....

In Islam, ‘Moderate Rebels’ Are Extremists
Tahir Nasser

He further explained that as long as Muslims are permitted to pray, they must neither fight their rulers nor disobey them. Here, the prophet did not speak of fasting or other religious practices, but only the most fundamental requirement in Islam: prayer, i.e.: basic freedom of conscience. On the philosophy behind this command, he explained: “Listen to them and obey them, for on them (the rulers) are their responsibilities and on you are your responsibilities.” Even if prayer is forbidden, he advocated migration rather than fighting the ruler, as the Quran teaches.....

 
Invitation to Hearts Journey
Dr Muhammad Maroof Shah

On our return journey to the King we find some signposts that are manned by Lalla, Lao Tzu and Mulla Nasruddin and we can spot most of the great names in the history of  religion and spirituality hovering around in the background lighting up the path. Rumi,of course, is an old companion in the tavern. And the host for us is Gabriel Iqbal who has distilled some choicest wines from the mystic wine shop for us to sip....

 

There Is Nothing Progressive About the Ideology of Jamaat-e-Islami Hind or Jamiat Ahl-e-Hadees Hind
Dr. Lubna Sarwath

It may be pointed out here that such a misogynist interpretation of the gender-just Quran is the result of misunderstanding the Arabic term Wazribuhunna in verse 4:34 which, in the context of the verse, means “explain them” not “beat them”. Without a doubt, the Ahle Hadees clerics quoted above have portrayed a shockingly regressive patriarchal mindset in their commentaries.....

 

Reading Ibn Arabi and Ibn Taymiyyah
Muhammad Maroof Shah

The question of our attitude to Sufism has divided modern Muslims. ISIS, and even some revivalists who don't share ISIS politics, share significant part of their theology, premised on certain negative reading of Sufism. Should we side with Ibn Taymiyyah perceived as staunch opponent of Unitarian Sufism or Ibn Arabi who is perceived to be its greatest exponent? For some analysts Salafis are playing into hands of Imperialists and dividing Ummah. .....

 
Dabbah: a Creature ' or ' a Beast
Mohammad Suleman, New Age Islam

Dabbah: a Creature ' or ' a Beast
Mohammad Suleman, New Age Islam

After reading the above translations, an interesting question came to my mind, that every translator, chose different English words to explain the same Ayah, except the word Dabbah, which every one preferred to translate it almost the same meaning, either ' a Creature ' or ' a Beast '....

 

The Quran and the Golden Rule: ‘Do unto Others as You Would Have Them Do unto You’
Naseer Ahmed, New Age Islam

The Golden Rule differs from the maxim of reciprocity and is a unilateral moral commitment to the well-being of the other without the expectation of anything in return. In the Quran the Golden Rule is presented in its most refined form. We are asked to repel evil with what is good. It is conceivable that when wronged, we may think that the person who has caused us injury, or we ourselves in the same position, will not expect to be treated well, and may act according to such reasoning. The Quran gives no scope for such reasoning and instructs us to repel evil with what is good....

An Exposition of the Verse of Light (Ayat al-Nur)
Naseer Ahmed, New Age Islam

One of the most beautiful and commented verses of the Qur’an is the verse of light (Ayat al-Nur), which exegetes, mystics and philosophers have all discussed, and about which they have offered opinions according to their understanding. The method of communicating something indescribable using the insufficient vocabulary of the language is by the use of allegory, metaphor and simile; the verse above also falls under the category of allegory....

The Forbidden Tree in Paradise (Jannat-Ul-Khuld): Traditional Muslim Belief Debugged By the Quran
T.O. Shanavas, New Age Islam

Almost every Muslim across the world now believe that Adam and Eve were created in Paradise (Jannat-ul-Khuld) but were expelled for eating fruit from the Forbidden Tree in the garden. Unorthodox as it seems for our time, more reasons lead us to believe that the garden was on Earth rather than in Paradise....

Public Policy in Islam: Exploring Synergies between Shari’ah-Oriented Policy and Maqasid of Shariah (Part 3)
Mohammad Hashim Kamali

To illustrate the priority of Farz ‘Ayn over Fard Kifayah, it is reported that when a man came to the Prophet, pbuh, and informed him of his intention to join the jihad, he was asked a question: “is either of your parents alive?” to which the man replied that both of them were. The Prophet then told him: “go back and serve them - that is your jihad.”52 This is because jihad is a collective obligation, which is, in principle, fulfilled if only some members of the community performed it, whereas being good to one’s parents (birr al-Walidayn) is Farz ‘Ayn addressed to everyone without exception, and takes priority over jihad.....

 

The Creation of Adam and Human Species: A New Study
T.O. Shanavas, New Age Islam

God’s speech is never redundant or arbitrary. If anyone claims redundancy in letter and word in the Quran it undermines the divine authority of the book. It is impossible to take away or ignore a single word or to even remove single particle from the text without seriously damaging the integrity of its meaning. Likewise, every attempt to restructure the syntax of the text, for example by ignoring or moving a word forward or backward would significantly alter the meaning substantially. Every letter, word, and its location and the grammatical construction of sentences in the Divine Speech are precise and purposeful....

Reconciling Islamic Ethics and Practices: Though Morality and Ethics May Differ On Many Levels
Faisal Kutty

Sometimes a morally right action may be called ethical, though morality and ethics may differ on many levels, particularly when there is no divine reference point agreed upon. Ethical behaviour is a central theme in both of the primary sources of the Islamic worldview, the Holy Quran and the Sunnah....

 

Differences of opinion are inevitable wherever people have both intellect and honesty. Complete consensus on every issue is possible only when everyone is dumb, so they cannot think of a different idea, or they are dishonest so they willingly agree with a position that they consider wrong. After all religious interpretations are not personal rights that can be sacrificed away....

Public Policy in Islam: Exploring Synergies between SiyÉsah SharÑiyyah and MaqÉÎid al-Shari’ah (Part 2)
Mohammad Hashim Kamali

The general purposes are those that extend to the whole of Shariah in all its parts and they are altogether broad and comprehensive. Realisation of benefit (MaÎlaÍah), prevention of harm and corruption (Ìarar, Mafsadah), building the earth (i’mÉr al-arÌ), administration of justice, and removal of hardship (raf’ al-Íaraj) are examples of the general purposes of Shari’ah....

 

Public Policy in Islam: Exploring Synergies between SiyÉsah SharÑiyyah and MaqÉÎid al-Shari’ah (Part 1)
Mohammad Hashim Kamali

The ÑulamÉ’ have used siyÉsah for different purposes. Literally, it means Shari’ah-oriented policy, or government in accordance with the Shari’ah. This is the widest meaning of siyÉsah in that it is free of the technicality that has developed around this expression in the works of Muslim scholars. SiyÉsah SharÑiyyah thus applies to all government policies, be it in areas where the Shari’ah provides explicit guidance or otherwise....

 

Peace in the Islamic Tradition: One Vision, Multiple Pathways (Concluding Part)
Mohammad Hashim Kamali

Counselling (Nasihah) is a Qur’anic principle that consists of giving sincere advice to another person or persons (including disputing parties) in an effort to resolve differences. It is also a recognised method within the rubric of alternative dispute resolution (ADR), especially in commercial disputes outside the courts' jurisdiction. Yet Nasihah is a broad concept that cannot be confined to any particular context. Indeed, Nasihah characterises Islam itself, as the proclamation found in a renowned Hadith attests: “religion is good advice – Al- Dinu Al-Nasihatu.”...

Peace in the Islamic Tradition: One Vision, Multiple Pathways – (Part 3)
Mohammad Hashim Kamali

Elsewhere the Qur’an speaks of conflicts that may arise between two Muslim groups. In these cases, an attempt must to be made to reconcile them (Fa-Slihu Baynahuma). But, if any such attempt fails due to, for example, one party’s aggression and lawlessness, then the aggressors should be fought until they cease aggression. If they cease aggression then “make peace between them with justice– Fa-Slihu Banahuma Bi’l-‘Adl.”...

Peace in the Islamic Tradition: One Vision, Multiple Pathways (Part 2)
Mohammad Hashim Kamali

Nursi wrote that “Hatred should only be directed to ignorance, poverty and hypocrisy,” and that “our relations with non-Muslims will be in the way of persuasion. It is our duty to present Islam to them as a religion of love.” For Nursi, non-violence was an integral part of Islam, and he argued that the future of civilisation depends on peaceful co-existence...

Peace in the Islamic Tradition: One Vision, Multiple Pathways (Part - 1)
Mohammad Hashim Kamali

Although radical fundamentalists like Osama bin Laden and Abu Bakr al- Baghdadi have been content with a superficial appropriation of discredited symbols from earlier times (Dar Al-Harb, Dar Al-Islam, belligerent jihad and revival of a caliphate), moderate revivalist thinkers have placed emphasis on the need for new ways of thinking about problems of domestic and international peace, as well as of global governance....

Compassionate Islam and Ma Malakat Aymanukum (Right Hand Holds)
T.O. Shanavas, New Age Islam

The phrase “Ma Malakat Aymanukum” in Surat Al-Ma`arij: 30-31 and other verses is translated as “And those who guard their private parts, except from their spouses or those their right hands possess “and most classical exegetes it means slaves.

According to Muhammed Asad, most of the commentators assume unquestioningly that Ma Malakat Aymanukum stands for slaves and it is permissible to have free sex with them. He continues, “This conventional interpretation is, in my opinion, inadmissible inasmuch as it is based on the assumption that sexual intercourse with one's female slave is permitted without marriage.” So, he translates “Ma Malakat Aymanukum “to “those whom they rightfully possess [through wedlock).....

Justice in Islam—a Compulsory Obligation Universally and Categorically Imposed Upon Muslims— Towards Friends and Foes Alike?
Ghulam Ghaus Siddiqi, New Age Islam

Justice is one of the central values of Islam. Any system that is not based on justice is not acceptable to Islam. It is equally applicable for the entire humanity, regardless of religion, caste, culture, country and race. Islam has categorically and universally imposed the obligation of justice upon Muslims in all contexts. The Arabic equivalents for justice are the words ‘Adl and Qist that are more comprehensive, represent two of ninety nine beautiful names of Allah Almighty...

Wahhabi Clerics and ISIS Fanatics Dishonour the Word of the Prophet
Azeem Ibrahim

Wahhabis say they want to emulate the life and times of the Prophet. IS and their “caliph” want to rebuild the original Caliphate to represent the entire Ummah. So why are their teachings and their actions exactly opposing to those of the very first Islamic state of Muhammad (PBUH) in Medina (CE 622)? The Prophet’s Constitution of Medina brought together what Muslim scholars describe as an Ummah Wahidah where all the residents of the state -- Muslims, Jews, Christians, and pagans -- were ensured religious freedom, gave all groups representation, established the security of women, and declared that no weapon can be carried or blood be spilled on the land of the Islamic state....

Ideology and Terrorism
Umair Javed

The role of ideology adds further complexity to the alleged relationship between religion and terrorism. Many in the Muslim community are quick to distance Islam from ideological variants that preach violence. The most common refrain now heard is that terrorism has no religion.

 

Malaysian Hunger for Hudud
Gamal Nkrumah

Malaysian militant Islamist politicians, be they Hanbali or Wahhabi by inclination, will only inflame sectarianism and widen divides in this promising Southeast Asian nation if they continue with their proposals..

 
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NEW COMMENTS

  • Mohammad Yunus Saheb sent me a mail regarding debate on this thread four days ago. But I was able to see that only today. Copy-pasting below: Dear ...
    ( By Sultan Shahin )
  • To say that nobody agrees with my conclusions is factually incorrect and nobody knows that better than GM sb. “You are right ....
    ( By Naseer Ahmed )
  • Poor Naseer sab has no points to make so all he does now is throw derogatory epithets at me, thus further lowering himself. He forgot ...
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • The devious troll that GM sb is he twists again and lies. Can he quote me where I said Shahin sb is in agreement with ...
    ( By Naseer Ahmed )
  • Laden’s call is completely antithetical to Islam. But other than that what can we expect from the kharijite minded leader or its groups or likes?
    ( By Ghulam Ghaus Siddiqi غلام غوث الصديقي )
  • God bless you Henry ji for this beautiful article. The Divine truths explained through and by the Sikh Gurus are the ....
    ( By ji )
  • Sultan Shahin sab said, "if there is a possibility that it (kafir) does not mean un-believer...." Naseer sab takes that to mean...
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • Naseer sab says, "Did you find anything to support the view that Mushrikun.....
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • Naseer sab declares, "What I said prevails." He further corroborates his prophetic assertion by calling me a troll....
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • "Islamophobia and racism are real. Attempts to silence Muslim women “for the sake of the community” are real. But justice...
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • Excellent article!
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • 'Jihad' is widely understood to mean 'holy war'. As such, it ....
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • ". . . before western scientist goes to bed, he studies the Quran, in the morning when he wakes up he reads it again ...
    ( By Asif Merchant )
  • definition of a "logical person" taken from the encylopedia americana: any person who agrees with one mr. naseer ahmed is known as a logical person. ...
    ( By hats off! )
  • Did you find anything to support the view that Mushrikun means Kafirun? Do you know the difference between context and ....
    ( By Naseer Ahmed )
  • The devious troll is GM Sb. What is the approach that Shahin sb is talking about except understanding of the correct meaning of kafir and ...
    ( By Naseer Ahmed )
  • Shahin Sb, On the question of shirk, there is no doubt that considering Jesus as the son of God and believing in the concept of Trinity ...
    ( By Naseer Ahmed )
  • "The Quran explains one verse with the help of another and it is therefore important to take the meaning considering all the verses." If that is ...
    ( By Naseer Ahmed )
  • GM Sb, What I said prevails "Very clearly Shahin Sb endorses my approach and its significance." You are ....
    ( By Naseer Ahmed )
  • Naseer sab says, "I am not aware that Yunus sb is also trying to say that Kafir does not mean un-believer...
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • Atrocities must always be condemned, Whether you are condemning one or several makes no difference except....
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • Very thoughtful reflections from Sultan Shahin saheb. The centrality of peace, kindness, tolerance and common sense...
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • Naseer sab says, "I didn't say that was an endorsement of my view but "endorsement of my....
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • Naseer sab, The simple fact is that the Quran itself does not directly and expressly make a distinction....
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • If that is the case Naseer Saheb, and it makes sense that it should be the case, then why have the original compilers of the ...
    ( By Sultan Shahin )
  • Madarasa must have a syllabus entirely different from one of Pakistan /Saudi Arabia.It...
    ( By dr.A.Anburaj )
  • The problem lies with the Muslim society. A cousin was funding the education of a child for doing hifz or memorizing the Quran. Later on ...
    ( By Naseer Ahmed )
  • See I respect all religions. But I don't thing these things happens in India, according to me all are treated equally, despite of any sort ...
    ( By Amrita )
  • Don't play a victim game!! Need attention!!
    ( By Amrita )
  • Kafir is a neutral term and simply means a person who: Covers up, obliterates, wipes out, removes, rejects. The above ....
    ( By Naseer Ahmed )
  • "if there is a possibility that it does not mean un-believer, it should be explored fully." Shahin sb....
    ( By Naseer Ahmed )
  • no tears for a lot of others too. the yazidis, the bahais, the copts, the armenians, the kurds and the hindus in pakistan....
    ( By hats off! )
  • As far as Kufr in the spiritual dimension is concerned, even the Prophets did not know who was and who wasn't a kafir unless informed ...
    ( By Naseer Ahmed )
  • Naseer sab, If Verses 8:36, 9:2,3 are about religious persecution, they describe what kafirs do but they....
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • GM Sb, You say "With due respect, that was not an endorsement of your view" With due respect I didn't....
    ( By Naseer Ahmed )
  • Naseer sab, What do you mean by "your approach". That approach has been around for a while and is followed in Yunus saheb's book....
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • You are a pervert GM Sb to twist what I said which is: "Very clearly Shahin Sb....
    ( By Naseer Ahmed )
  • 11/18/2017 11:47:11 PM Naseer Ahmed GM Sb, Read my article:Who is a Kafir in the Quran? (Part 4) Defining Kufr dated 25 Feb, 2015 that defines the meaning covering...
    ( By Naseer Ahmed )
  • Mr Khalili did wright as his prophet did, installed the fear and take the political power, that was the Islam and Muslims...
    ( By Aayina )
  • Wow like it, making money by creating legacy of broken Buddha and Islamic supremacy. Pyramid should be next hit of Kafir's monument. In India Muslim already had....
    ( By Aayina )