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Books and Documents

Islamic Ideology

Deobandis in South Asia — I
Mubashir Akram

The Deobandi version of Islam in Pakistan is hardly what it started out to be in 1867 in India as a revivalist movement. The seven giants of the Islamic Jurisprudence of that time who established Dar-al Uloom Deoband included names like Rashid Ahmed Gangohi, Zulfiqar Ali, Shah Rafiuddin, Muhammad Yaqub and Muhammad Qasim Nanotvi. This religious seminary was once the second largest after Egypt’s Jamia Al-Azhar, and took on the tasks of spreading education, awareness and political reformation among the Muslims. This school, and school of thought gave birth to Jamiat-e-Ulmae Hind (JUH) in 1919.

 

Islam, Nationhood and the Indian Ulema
Ammar Anwer

Both Maulana Azad and Maulana Husain Ahmed Madani presented strong theological arguments to support the modern concept of nation-states. The idea that all Muslims are like one nation has brought Muslims nothing but destruction. It is also very impractical. I strongly believe that it is time that Muslims from all around the world should stop believing in this unfeasible concept and protect and safeguard the interests of their own respective states.

Current Western conceptions of soulmates popularise the Yin and Yang of Taoism or ancient Chinese Philosophy Shiva and Parvati of Hinduism’s mention Ardhanarishvara, a “represent[ation of] a synthesis of masculine and feminine energies of the universe,“[5] and Aristotle’s saying “Love is composed of a single soul inhabiting two bodies” [6] are also prominent modern depictions of soulmates. The Quran and Prophetic Tradition, however, is full of context for soulmates by the mere meaning of the term Zawj (Quran 4:1, 6:98, 7:189, 39:6)....

Food for Thought in the Month of Ramadhan
Rashid Samnakay, New Age Islam

However an intriguing aspect of the month of Ramadhan needs to be solved with open mind. The Arabic dictionary meaning of Ramadha is given as ‘intense heat’ and therefore Ramadhan as the name suggests, must be the month that always falls in midsummer.

The historic reference of the battle of Badar fought between the Madinan force of believers and the invading Makkan forces was during Ramadhan, that is, in the intense heat of summer (Ramadha), and is often quoted as an example of endurance of the Believers; as to how the small force of Prophet Muhammad’s followers defeated the disproportionately large Makkan force of non-believers….

“The angels and the Spirit descend therein, by the permission of their Lord, with all decrees. (That Night is) peace until the dawn.” A-Qadr (97:4-5) Far beyond a mere religion, Islam is a broad discipline of sciences aimed at stirring spiritual capabilities. Quran is a document of these sciences. In other words, a syllabus of spiritual sciences and formulas of creation of the universe, and to enter into the world of the Unseen....

The Philosophy of Hunger in Islamic Thought
Z Hussain

Now imagine prostrating to God in the state of hunger. It is at this moment the veils between Creator and creation are at its thinnest. Hunger may sap you of your physical energy but it does nothing but boost your spiritual energy. Moses was physically tired and hungry but his spiritual energy was at a maximum when absorbing the secrets of God’s knowledge through His chosen servant....

 

This Is What the Quran Actually Says About Blasphemy

But they won’t, because blasphemy laws don’t exist to protect God: they exist to protect the fragile egos of corrupt clerics. Indonesia is the world’s largest Muslim nation and has long stood as a beacon of hope. But Governor Ahok’s conviction, along with the ongoing violent persecution of Indonesia’s Ahmadi Muslims, threatens this thriving democracy’s future.....

This casual attitude must be contrasted with that of the Companions. They not only knew the language of the Quran better than anyone else, they were witnesses to its very revelation. Yet, they did not dare interpret it without first learning it, verse by verse, from the Prophet (PBUH) himself. And even then they exercised extreme caution in making comments about the Quran. Sayyidna Abu Bakr (RA), said:”Which land will give me protection and which sky will give me cover if I say something in interpreting the Quran without knowledge.”...

Grounding Religion in Mysticism
Dr Muhammad Maroof Shah

Metaphysics/mysticism is the Sun that illuminates the moon called religion. Mysticism is the fragrance and fruit of a flower called religion. The inner religion of moral, intellectual and spiritual elite is called mysticism. Religion is marriage and mysticism is love that makes it a joy. Metaphysics is the fire of the burning bush and the Sun of truth that burns the weaker mortals who need screened filtered soothing light of religion. Religion is the veil of a Houri or bride called mysticism....

 

Tolerant Islam already has broad acceptance in the Muslim world. In Morocco, for example, the constitution recognizes Islam as the state religion, but also protects other religions. Morocco teaches tolerance in all its schools, especially those training clergy. In a first in the Arab world, Morocco trained and appointed hundreds of women preachers and gave women equal rights in the household. We also find tolerant Islam in Turkey and Indonesia, where secularism is enshrined in their constitutions....

The message of egalitarianism in the Quran was an impetus for the progress of women during the period of revelation and immediately thereafter. The Quran’s re-positioning of women’s status was radical for seventh century Arabia and the principle of equality was meant to be a seed that would grow and inspire and transform society by according women their due status....

Everyone is a Traveller towards Death
Maulana Wahiduddin Khan for New Age Islam

Everyone is a Traveller towards Death
Maulana Wahiduddin Khan for New Age Islam

Death is to leap from the known world into an unknown one. It is to leave ‘one’s own’ world and enter ‘someone else’s’. How utterly astounding this happening is! And yet man’s heedlessness is so utterly strange that even though he sees people dying all around him, he does not get astounded by it! Every person’s death is a loud announcement to other people, calling out to them: “The fate that befell me will befall you, too!” But, yet, people remain completely unmindful of their impending death, of the day when, in a state of utter helplessness, they will have to give themselves up to the angels....

 

Is Polygamy Constitutionally Valid? Is It Un-Quranic?
Javed Anand

The patriarchs of Islam forget to remind their flock of two other relevant verses of the Quran which read: “You will not be able to treat all women equally even if you wish to do so” (4:129), or, “Allah has not made for any man two hearts” (33.4). It has been left to women (some men too) scholars of Islam such as Amina Wadud, Asma Barlas and others to point out that the continued justification of polygamy is not a Quranic licence but a convenient male construct.....

A Guide to Islamic Da’wah
Moin Qazi, New Age Islam

A Guide to Islamic Da’wah
Moin Qazi, New Age Islam

In contrast to the renunciation of the world and physical self denial, the Islamic concept of spirituality lays stress on being in the midst of life, facing all the difficulties and hardships, and performing all the activities with the sole objective of seeking the pleasure of God. Man is God’s vicegerent and must fulfil the specified duties and obligations.  Far from proselytising and inducing others to change their religion or way of life against their free will, Islam does permit use of coercive, aggressive or violent efforts even while exhorting people to the common good of whole mankind….

 
Justice: The Epitome of Islam
Moin Qazi, New Age Islam

Justice: The Epitome of Islam
Moin Qazi, New Age Islam

Justice is one word that captures the essence of all Islamic laws and all Islamic teachings;   that describes the overriding value that permeates all Islamic values. The Quran says: “We sent aforetime our messengers with clear Signs and sent down with them the Book and the Balance that men may stand forth in Justice.” [Q 57:25] The primary purpose of sending the prophets was to establish Justice in the world and end injustice.  Justice is the cardinal value of any civilized society and has been the cornerstone and bedrock of all great civilizations….

This study is an attempt at understanding the phrase The Right Religion [الدِّينُالْقَيِّمُ] in its usage across the Quran, in the context of the Creator God’s absolute right to decree and command; and through His guidance, understand the reason why there should be no change in Allah’s creation, especially in human nature....

 

Anyone Who Says the Quran Advocates Terrorism Obviously Hasn't Read Its Lessons on Violence
Qasim Rashid

The Quran requires that you read it in full. No “cafeteria Quran” here. As Quran 3:8 says, “We believe in it, the whole is from our Lord.” Isis and Islamophobes instead cherry pick. Quran 3:8 pre-emptively calls out people who cherry pick as “perverse” people, declaring, “…those in whose hearts is perversity seek discord and wrong interpretation of [the Quran].”....

In various Islamic discourses, the term ‘Ilm appears very frequently both in the Qur’ān and the Hadith. ‘Ilm derived from the root word ‘-l-m means the cognitive understanding of a particular thing and thereafter its acquisition. The terms like ‘Ilm, Hikmah, Ma‘rifah, Fiqh etc―and their verbs and verbal derivatives―time and again find their representation in Qur’ān and Ḥadi̇̄th that further adds to the characteristic beauty of ‘Ilm.....

 

In fact, every organ in one’s body has levels of faith which one needs to obtain. Allah has prescribed faith to each organ that is distinct from each other. One organ may have faith whilst the other may not. For example one may not commit the sin of back biting on his tongue, but his mind if full of suspicions and doubts. Interestingly,  It is said that the ‘Aql (intellect) is the prince of your organs, which means if one wants to conquer his body, he must strive to control and make the mind and heart submissive first....

 

Feud in Ajmer Dargah: Is It An 'Apostasy' To Speak For The Ban On Cow Slaughter And Triple Talaq?
Ghulam Rasool Dehlvi, New Age Islam

As a matter of fact, much like the Bhakti tradition in Hinduism, Sufism in Islam has always been a glue for harmony and social affinity in India. As long as Hindus and Muslims followed the universal values and the essential ideals of Sufism or Bhaktimat, religious discord did not prevail in the country. But both seem to have lost their spiritual paths under the influence of the political motives.....

Related Article:

Is Eating Meat an Obligatory Act in Islam?

Faith (Iman) begins with the recognition of the truth in the heart (Qalb). Faith (Iman) is linked with the spiritual, inner dimensions, particularly the heart. It is when the knowledge obtained has been tied to ones existence (Wujood). It also explains why matters which require faith, in Islam are called عقاءد Aqaid.....

The Myths about Islamic Polygamy
Moin Qazi, New Age Islam

The Myths about Islamic Polygamy
Moin Qazi, New Age Islam

The Qur’anic institution of polygamy is a piece of social legislation which  was designed not to gratify the male sexual appetite and lust , but was intended  to correct the injustices done to widows, orphans, and other female dependants, who are  especially vulnerable. It ensured that unprotected women were decently married, and   old loose, irresponsible liaisons of men were abolished and morality was restored and upheld. The Qur’an permitted polygamy as a solution to the pressing social welfare problems during the time of revelation, roughly 1,400 years ago. The reasons behind polygamy had nothing to do with satiating men’s sexual appetites or curbing their wandering eyes.  ….

One point is amply clear to those who observe and study the strategies employed by rightwing religio-political groups and also terrorist groups: use religion and religious sentiments and constantly push that narrative to suppress rational voices. Religio-political groups do not indulge in violence directly, but the narrative gives space to violence-prone groups and also to individuals and lynch mobs. The victims are the very voices the state needs if it wants to turn the situation around, develop a counter-narrative and stem the rising tide of extremism, extremist action, and violence.....


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An Open Letter to Islamist Extremists, from the Other Muslims of the World
Furqan Shaikh

You have discarded the majority of Quranic passages as abrogated, disregarded a thousand years of learned majority opinion, declared war without legitimate authority, transgressed all bounds regarding the proper conduct of war, failed to discriminate between combatants and innocent civilians, used the forbidden act of suicide as a military tactic, forced conversion upon non-Muslims, declared Takfir against Muslims, expelled millions from their homes, violated international treaties, belied the very name of the religion, smeared the reputation of its followers around the globe, and plunged the Islamic world into its dark ages. In each one of these, you have directly contravened the message of the Quran....

This Masjid is that of Ahl-e-Sunnat?
Paighambar Naugawanvi, Tr. New Age Islam

This Masjid is that of Ahl-e-Sunnat?
Paighambar Naugawanvi

When I finished praying, a person—possibly the imam of the mosque, who was engaged in conversation with some other people in the courtyard of the mosque—called and said to me, “Where have you come from?” I replied, “From Naugawan Sadat”. That person said, “This mosque belongs to Ahle Sunnat Wal Jama’at with Maslak-e-Ala Hazrat Barelvi. Muslims from other sects are not allowed to enter this mosque. I have informed you so that later you cannot blame me for insulting. Do not come to this mosque.” ...

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  • “If Islam is disturbed, if the [Malay] race is disturbed, if our rights are disturbed, then we will rise to defend our rights,”what a ...
    ( By hats off! )
  • "Muslim Intellectuals Reach Out To Akhada Parishad with Wish to Join Kumbh"a welcome move and hindus need to respond positively.this is a golden opprtunity.
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  • Naseer sb.,Let me put it this way: let us redouble our efforts to respect the dignity of others irrespective of their faith or gender, ...
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • It is silly of Hats Off to say that Scandinavians do not celebrate Christmas because it offends Muslims! Muting Christmas celebrations is usually attributed ...
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • While the percentage  of atheists may be rising, the number of atheists who go to religious websites to insult the religions of others remains ...
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • hatred of the "decadent" west, contempt for the trinitarian christian gone astray and anti-semitism are very common among the muslims in europe. much more ...
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  • What GM sb is saying in effect is that irrespective of what I have said, he believes that the Quran: 1. Uses undignified terms such as Kafir ...
    ( By Naseer Ahmed )
  • What GM sb is saying in effect is that irrespective of what I have said, he believes that the Quran: 1. Uses undignified terms such as Kafir ...
    ( By Naseer Ahmed )
  • Naseer sb.,The position of progressive Muslims on the questions you ask is, as far as I understand it,  as follows:(1) Words like kafir are ...
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • Hats Off's is stuck with jizya and sex slavery, things that progressive Muslims like Prof. Moosa and I have never supported. We do support ...
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • Only a very malicious liar would call me a " trecherous stealth jihadi who wants to underming the value systems of the very country ...
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • There is more Ganga-Jamuna spirit in India than Hats Off thinks. There are several Muslims performing priestly functions in Hindu temples. The taboo against ...
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • Islam was not born blaming other religions. It started blaming other religions when it found itself in deadly conflict with them. Hats Off has ...
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • All religions are to begin with the result of pure divine revelations/inspiration which over a period get contaminated. The Quran is a culmination of ...
    ( By Naseer Ahmed )
  • So, what are you and prof Moosa trying to prove with your "interpretations"?1. That Kafir means non-Muslim?2. A woman's testimony is worth half that ...
    ( By Naseer Ahmed )
  • there is a barely concealed denigration of zoroastrian concepts, its validity and its truth.the author is an implicit supremacist islamist trying to bail out ...
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  • if human dignity were at the core of islam then why jizya and sex slavery and polygamy?
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  • better to be a smart aleck than be a trecherous stealth jihadi who wants to underming the value systems of the very country that ...
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  • "...Pilgrims of the Sabarimala Temple Visit a Mosque and Church as Part of the Annual Mandalam-Makaravilakku Pilgrimage"you will rarely see this attitude among muslims.hindus ...
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  • islam is a religion that defines itself by blaming other religions, traditions, cultures, languages, the past and people.blaming the jews is the central theme ...
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  • Zoroastianism is not being degraded in this article. Misuse of Zoroastrian concepts is blamed, and correctly so. does Hats Off understand anything at all ...
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • The "clear meaning" is only in Naseer sb.'s mind and it has been refuted often enough already in these discussions.Naseer sb. has already been ...
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • Questions of smart-aleck teenagers elicit laughter, not answers.
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • Avery and Krieger are too sane for our insane world.
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • if you cannot answer "teenager" questions, you better stick to the kindergarten ones.you will stand first in the class.
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  • it is a pity if any religion has to justify itself (every time) by denigrating some other thing, place, event, period, language, tradition, culture ...
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  • "Emotions aren’t meant to rule over you – we have to learn the best way to manage them. But at the same time, emotions ...
    ( By Ghulam Ghaus Siddiqi غلام غوث الصديقي )
  • DK: "I believe that a nuclear war, no matter how it would start, poses the greatest danger confronting humankind, and can only be prevented ...
    ( By Ghulam Ghaus Siddiqi غلام غوث الصديقي )
  • “Human dignity is at the core of all Islam's messages. And if knowledge does not deliver on human dignity, then that knowledge really is questionable. So ...
    ( By Naseer Ahmed )
  • Religion is not plasticine that can be shaped any which way as one pleases. It is what it is and made clear by Allah. It ...
    ( By Naseer Ahmed )
  • If Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) came back today, he would find  that his religion is completely taken over by the hypocrites and transformed beyond recognition.Among ...
    ( By Naseer Ahmed )
  • Naseer sb. insists that his interpretation is the only correct interpretation but claim that it is not interpretation at all but the exact meaning ...
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • It is better for women to study teachings of Hazrat Nizamuddin (aka Mahboobe Ilahi) and then fight for entering the shrines.
    ( By Kaniz Fatma )
  • If Zoroastrian concepts were used to mis-translate the Quran, that was not the fault of Zoroastrians but of Muslim translators. Hats Off's comment is ...
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • "The War is actually between Religionists and Atheists"Is this true?
    ( By Ali Murtuza )
  • Our purpose is to eliminate hate. Hate can’t be eliminated but by way of love, tolerance and friendly manner.Sometimes it is seen that people ...
    ( By Ghulam Ghaus Siddiqi غلام غوث الصديقي )
  • What a dumb and hateful remark from Hats Off! Most people are convinced that Trump is a racist. Nobody that I know of has ...
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • It is so easy to vilify people, even those who are bedrocks of world morality. Perhaps Hats Off thinks doing so makes him look ...
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  • For Hats Off, all occasions are just opportunities to "rub it in"! Does he think things will be less bloody with non-religious people? For ...
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • Prayer, fasting, Hajj, zakat, belief in Allah and the Day Of Judgment are the hygiene factors.The pillars of Islam or what sustains Islam are ...
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