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Islamic Ideology

Advocacy of Ibn Arabi is not an advocacy of his unique unprecedented opinions (Tafarudat) or belittling the tradition of internal criticism of some of his views. From his disciples like Qaysari and other contemporaries who approached him with caution and had some reservations on certain points, down to Sirhindi to Allama Kashmiri one finds great tradition of internal criticism of some of his individual opinions and exegetical moves. Ibn Arabi is not to be identified with this or that view but should be seen as an attempt to unearth the view of no-view or view from nowhere and everywhere or truth in all the partial or limiting views and thus liberating graces of what is considered the deepest –...

Related Article

Why do we need to Read Ibn Arabi?

Why do we need to Read Ibn Arabi?
Dr Muhammad Maroof Shah

Ibn Arabi matters because he is amongst the thinkers or sages whose meditations on key questions, we all face, are arguably amongst the most comprehensive and profound. In physical, moral, spiritual and intellectual distress one seeks relevant healers and one doesn’t ask about the colour or race of the doctor. I find everyone, regardless of creed or IQ in some distress crying for help that Ibn Arabi can offer.

Although religion is not the cause of violence, the people who chose to advance its narrative for violent ends must be convinced or offered other more effective and peaceful alternatives. This goes for political discourse even when that person is well-meaning or is the president of the United States.                                                                            

 

An interview of young Middle Eastern men was uploaded on Facebook some months ago, with the aim to assess their views on their wives and sisters. It was tragic but not surprising to hear that they were willing to kill them if they ever ventured out of their homes to earn a living. A girl who posted her traumatic experience of being harassed on the road in front of her brother was trolled: Why was she out anyway?...

 

Despite all our prejudices against one another, I think most of us would agree we would be better off if we were less divided and jumped to fewer negative conclusions about others. Our country – our world! – would be a happier, more friendly, more enjoyable place if we could only we were more empathetic, kind, and compassionate with one another....

 

Islam is the perfect way of life that ensures every member of society — Muslim or non- Muslin, the rich or the poor, male or female —gets equal treatment and justice since it promotes peace and pluralism. When a person goes astray, he is given the rare opportunity putting himself back on the right track. Repentance is the easiest step Allah has given to the believers. The doors of Allah are open for every one for repentance with three main conditions....

 

When we speak of human values and good manners in Islam, we simply mean following the guidance of God the Most High. Doing things that are pleasing to Him is useful for us as this leads to salvation and great bounty….

Hell is obviously a bad place or state to find oneself in. But the story doesn’t end here.  There arise many questions regarding it, that cry for answers. One such important question is about God’s mercy if so many people end up in hell...

Allah is the sole source of all knowledge of what is right and what is wrong or what is moral and what is immoral. If we wish to master this knowledge perfectly, it is essential that we orient ourselves perfectly to receive this knowledge. The orientation is by gaining a perfect understanding of the nature of Allah or of all His attributes. Misunderstanding of any attribute leads to a wrong understanding of His Book, of right and wrong, and this is the way Satan misleads and deprives us of becoming perfect Muslim....

A number of scholars and exegetes misinterpreted those verses enjoining good behaviour with non-Muslims as abrogated though the Quran does not have any list of abrogated verses within the text of the Quran. There are a number of verses that prevent Muslims from committing violence against non-Muslims and ask them to convey the message of the Quran peacefully and by engaging with them in dialogue....

Some politically take out the inappropriate meaning of “elevating the Divine Word”, thinking that this elevation can be done by forcibly converting people to Islam, while this stand is clear violation of Islamic teachings. People can love Islam only when its followers (Muslims) practically abide by the human values and good manners enshrined in Islamic teachings…..

Therefore, there should be a paradigm shift from logical based approach to nature-based approach for understanding Sufism and their philosophy which has its roots in religion. We need to reexamine the religious texts of Sufis and Rishis. And, we need to make our faith very strong enough by understanding the metaphysical outlook of different religions which Sufism and Rishiyat had to come across in its path of growth and development...

If we interpret this Hadith, as the terrorist groups are doing today, to mean that an aggressive war is commanded against the people until they accept Islam, this will contradict the Quranic verses which, as we will show, do not give any injunction to propagate Islam by a war of aggression. ....

Another finding in the Qur’an I marvelled over is the reference to the land and sea. The word ‘land’ appears 13 times in the Qur’an and the word ‘sea’ 32 times, giving a total of 45 references. The number of total references to land and sea, 45, divided by the number of references to the sea in the Qur’an, 32, and multiplied by 100 is 71.1%. Extraordinarily, these figures represent the exact proportions of land and sea on the Earth....

The Prophet himself was very practical and realistic in his approach. Once the Prophet saw a wretched, ugly man with torn clothes, he asked the man the reason for his pitiable state. The man replied: “O Messenger of God, I prefer giving all in charity, contenting myself with this shabby dress.” The Prophet exclaimed in disapproval: “Not like that; God likes to see the traces of his benefit on his slave!”

It is known in fact that the Prophet always resisted any tendency toward religious excessiveness. He emphasized, “And beware of going to extremes in religious matters for those who came before you were destroyed because of going to extremes in religious matters." (Sunan an-Nasa'i Vol. 3, Book 24, Hadith 3059)...

For Islam is an ideology that stands apart from its adherents in the same way that capitalism is a social system which stands apart from those who commit crimes it its name. Islam is a pro- market religion with a pro-capitalism ideology. The principles and spirit of capitalism took root in Islamic civilization long before the seeds were even planted in Europe. Long before there was Adam Smith there was the father of modern economics, Ibn Khaldun. And long before there was John Locke there was Ibn Tufyl, who is said to have heralded in the scientific revolution....

In Muslim societies, Sharia has come to be equated with rules and procedures while guidance in ethics and morality has been lost somewhere. Many Muslim scholars justify economic misdeeds, greed, exploitation, marrying many women, slavery, depriving women of their inheritance, beating wives based upon verses that were never meant to do any of these. They spend their efforts in resisting any movements that advocate educating women and laws against domestic violence and supporting feudal systems that uphold economic exploitation of the poor....

The Quran seeks to establish peace that results from transcending ideological noise and opinions of all kinds. Truth is not an opinion or a view but what is self attesting, what remains after we have seen limitations of all views. The Quran states God’s (not human exegete’s) omniscience and that implies God’s viewpoint which is not a human viewpoint and that in turn embraces all legitimate viewpoints or (partial) truth in all viewpoints. The Quran announces itself as making all things clear because all things higher leave their reflections on the purified non-judgmental heart that Tazkiyah brings out and express in wisdom that itself is a great bounty that translates itself in terms of felicity....

 

The Holy Qur’an in the above mentioned Verses has disclosed a historical truth in connection with the evolutionary process of mankind. A pretty long time must have passed before appearance of the man on the stage of history which confirms that man is the product of historical evolution not in the sense of Darwinian Theory of evolution based on the process of natural selection and doctrine of Survival of the fittest with forward movement of time but in the sense of Qur’anic concept of development that upholds infinite possibility of development....

In this series meant for common readers, we will study human values and good manners mentioned in the Quran. We the believers should memorize these values and good manners to apply them in our spiritual walk of life and become good human beings....

It is often asked which Tafsir one must read, what the Quran really means, or its viewpoint on a host of issues, and who has the authority to legislate/exclude in the name of the Quran. Sects and schools remain bitterly divided on certain issues. Theologians, jurists and philosophers differ although they all invoke the same text. Salafis and Hanafis-Sufis, Deobandis and Barelvis, Islamists and their Muslim critics, Islamic and Muslim Feminists are all claiming respective positions in the name of certain standard reading of the Quran.....

 
Aasia Bibi: Why Pakistan Needs to Confront Its Ideological Origins
Arshad Alam, New Age Islam
Aasia Bibi: Why Pakistan Needs to Confront Its Ideological Origins
Arshad Alam, New Age Islam

The roots of intolerance towards other religious traditions go very deep in its history and we must start at the time when this ‘nation of the pure’ was supposedly constructed as the new Medina. It was Jinnah and Muslim League’s articulation that they could no longer live with the Hindus which started a seemingly new narrative for the Muslims of the subcontinent. Jinnah’s obstinacy flew in the face of history: India being one of the few places where religious pluralism was a fact of everyday life rather than just a mere academic construct. In making Islam as an exclusivist religion, Jinnah wrenched the Muslims of this country of centuries pluralism and coexistence....

When I asked him what he hoped the translation of the Quran will accomplish, he replied, “I wish Muslims become serious readers of the Quran and go beyond just parrot-fashioned reading. Our age is the age of materialism and consumerism… the Quran constantly challenges, rejects and argues against that worldview… our society is in dire need of an antidote.”....

Organ Donation Is What Is Called Sadqa Jariyah, Continuous Charity, in Islam
Maulana Wahiduddin Khan, New Age Islam
Organ Donation Is What Is Called Sadqa Jariyah, Continuous Charity, in Islam
Maulana Wahiduddin Khan

Some Muslims may argue that organ donation is like ‘Muthla’ or disfigurement, and Muthla is unlawful in Islam. But drawing this parallel is completely wrong. ....

Was Allah Unjust in Creating Adam and Favouring His Progeny Over All His Creation?
Naseer Ahmed, New Age Islam
Was Allah Unjust in Creating Adam and Favouring His Progeny Over All His Creation?
Naseer Ahmed, New Age Islam

Man is the only creation that has moral agency, capable of both good and evil. Every other creation follows the nature given to it and is therefore not subject to Allah's judgment. We know from our history that the modern man with cognitive abilities did not appear on the earth until 70,000 years ago. There were other progenitors of human beings besides Adam, who appeared about 250,000 years ago. Every other species of humans besides the progeny of Adam is long extinct. Humans were like any other animal and lived like animals without guidance from Allah, without religion and without culture.  “The most important thing to know about prehistoric humans is that they were insignificant animals with no more impact on their environment than gorillas, fireflies or jellyfish” (Harari).The Quran says of such people:

 (76:1)” Has there not been over Man a long period of Time, when he was nothing - (not even) mentioned? “

Related Articles:

The Quran, Islamic Theology, Philosophy And The Sciences - What Is God And How Do We Go About Trying To Know God Better? (Part 1)

The Quran, Islamic Theology, Philosophy and the Sciences – On Soul and the Creation of Man (Part 2)

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