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Books and Documents

Islamic Personalities

The Long Shadow of a Muslim Sufi and Charismatic Scholar Fethullah Gulen
Fethullah Gulen

As a young cleric, he served at various mosques in Turkey, but soon developed a philosophy of his own that emphasized the synthesis of faith with modernity and secular education. He is believed to have drawn inspiration from the ideas and wisdom of past Sufi scholars, especially Maulana Jalaluddin Rumi (1207-1273), and Bediüzzaman Said Nursi (1877-1960). The latter was a Kurdish theologian, known for his extensive commentaries on the Quran and advocacy of the teaching of modern sciences, technology and secular education in all religious institutions…..

In fact, if efforts are made to study the Prophet’s life with all prejudices set aside, sectarian and doctrinal differences may give way to consensus and a spirit of ecumenism within the world of Islam, enabling Muslims to live in harmony with themselves and with others. Conversely, not studying the Prophet’s life will only add to the differences within the world of Islam, as each group claims its own view constitutes the ‘authentic’ Sunnah....

He lived in an age marked by political and moral crisis following decline of Mughal power. The state of Muslim society was also perilous as a result of intellectual decay among Muslims. Having been educated by his father and at some religious seminaries and being sensitive to what was happening to Islam and Muslims, he started proffering his analysis of the prevailing conditions and suggesting ways and means to revitalize Muslim society and treat the malaise….

 

Attar in his library picked up his wooden soup bowl and turned it upside down on the prayer mat where he sat. The horse neighed in pain as the commander of the Mongol cavalry advance guard pulled sharply on its reins and wheeled it around. He raised his hand in the air to signal his warriors to stop. But they too had drawn rein in fright. They could not believe what had just happened. Before their eyes the entire city, whose minarets and turquoise tiled domes were beginning to shine in the first light of dawn just moments ago, had disappeared into thin air......

 

Role of Iqbal in Philosophy and Religion
Syed Kamran Hashmi

Iqbal is mostly quoted by all the people who have a grudge against the people’s mandate, equal rights, and religious freedom be it a military dictator, Islamic revolutionist or a violent extremist. He is hardly present in the discourse of research-oriented scholars who only look at the data in support of or against their argument instead of relying upon a vague concept that cannot even be defined properly in 100 years…..

 

Muhammad Iqbal: Question Islamism of the Iconic Poet
Tufail Ahmad

Muhammad Iqbal (1877-1938), Pakistan’s national poet whose birthday on November 9 is celebrated by Islamist organisations and Urdu litterateurs across South Asia, is known for promulgating the idea of Pakistan, engendering Islamism among Muslim youth, lauding socialism which he did not follow and ridiculing democracy under which he thought people are counted and not weighed …..

Maulana Abul Kalam Azad: ‘The Great Akbar’ Of Independence Struggle
Mushirul Hasan

Azad’s greatest gift was to postulate an equation between Islam and Indian nationalism on the one hand, and between Islam and the universal principles, on the other. He did so to enlarge our conception of what is possible, enrich our intellectual imagination, and diminish dogmatism which closes the mind to Ijtehad....

Gaddafism: an African Hero’s Legacy Lives On
Late Muammar Gaddafi

His crime was Gaddafism: an ideology advocating for a strong, united Africa, which prioritized the interests of the indigenous masses over the interests of the foreign corporate bourgeoisie. Muammar Gaddafi inherited one of the poorest nations in Africa; however, by the time he was assassinated, Gaddafism had turned Libya into Africa's most prosperous nation. Libya had the highest GDP per capita and highest life expectancy in Africa. Less people lived below the poverty line than in the Netherlands….

 

Emīr ʿAbd al-Qādir: Jihadist Doesn't Equal Psychopath
Emir Abd el-Kader

During his life of warfare, imprisonment and exile, the emir kept at bay the demons of hatred and bitterness. His ability to understand and forgive was harnessed to his unusual capacity to empathize with his adversaries. His disciplined intellect, knowledge and sense of duty to divine law allowed him to distinguish between Christians who attacked his country as invaders and Christians in Damascus he had an obligation to protect as minorities and innocents…..

 
Defending the Prophet: An Introduction (Part IV)
Syed Manzoor Alam, New Age Islam

...the average human is not an expert in sociology, history, ethics etc. He merely thinks that his present civilization is the correct civilization or it is the correct society, with the right cultural norms and values. And these people don’t realise that cultural norms and values change from time to time and place to place. The values of post-Victorian England are radically different from the values of present century England.....

It was the result of the betrayal of the Jews, during the time of war which is high treason in any country. So the punishment given to them were not because they were Jews, it was because they committed treason. This has nothing to do with their ethnicity or religion. Another thing that must be kept in mind that this was not even the judgement of Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) but it was the judgement of the Sad Ibn Muadh, who was chosen to pass a sentence on them. ….

There are multi-faceted responses to such attacks against Islam: economical, political, responding in the media etc but in these articles I wish to present the academic response. I begin by Islamically contextualizing such attacks. These attacks are called ad hominem. It means you are attacking the messenger, instead of the message; you are attacking the persona, rather than what he says.....

Every society, every country has a line that you don’t cross. It just so happens that the honour of Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) does not exist beyond that line for them. They have other issues that are beyond that line.....

Abu’l-Faiz Thauban Ibn Ibrahim: Man of the Fish
Sadia Dehlvi

The controversial doctrine proclaims that all things exist within God and are not separate from Him. Such mystic ideas did not go down well with the orthodox establishments.….

 

The Wisdom of Ali (RA)
Farhan Bokhari

Hazrat Ali’s words of wisdom in the letter to Maalik bin Ashtar went on to dwell upon the criteria for successful leadership:  “Try carefully to realise that a ruler can create goodwill in the minds of his subjects and can make them faithful and sincere to him only when he is kind and considerate to them, when he reduces their troubles, when he does not oppress them and when he never asks for things which are beyond their power. These are the principles you should keep in mind and act upon”....

 

Learning Lessons from Hazrat Khadija’s Life
Nigar Ataulla, New Age Islam

....after the Prophet married Hazrat Khadija, his family life did not come in the way of his meditations.  Often, he would sit in the cave atop Mount Hira, thinking and reflecting on life. Hazrat Khadija would send her little daughters with food and water so that he would not be hungry and thirsty. She gave the Prophet complete spiritual support, too....

Manto’s Human Psyche
Farooq Sulehria

Manto’s Human Psyche
Farooq Sulehria

However, Manto would never write under the influence. He would also avoid “drinking on national holidays like Pakistan Day on 23 March, not for any nationalistic reasons but merely to devote himself to the amusement of the children, whom he helped put up buntings and flags all over the front of the house.” While he appears as an irresponsible family head, he was indeed a loving father and husband. ...

 

His people would ridicule him. They would hurl insults upon him. They would harass Noah and his disciples. They would threaten him with a social boycott. They would abuse him and warn him of dire consequences for negating their idols. But Noah and his followers would stick to their faith. They would not budge an inch for fear of insult, abuse and boycott. Noah would consistently, patiently and peacefully persuade his people to become monotheists and abandon their polytheistic practices. Noah’s wisdom lies in the technique of persuasion when faced with falsehood....

 

Maulana Jalaluddin Rumi and Humanity
Maulana Jalaluddin Rumi

Rumi asserts that understanding each other requires openness and humility. He discourages scholastic vanity which leads to stagnation. Rather, the great sage prefers the disciple to explore commonalities among people. According to Rumi, negative thoughts that lead to hatred, violence, greed, etc hinder the human potential to actualise. Therefore, negative thoughts, considered the darkness of the human heart, need to be removed in order to understand the inner meaning of human life....

 

Shirin Ebadi - The Campaigner Who Has Become an International Figurehead for Women's Rights
Shirin Ebadi

If there is a single face identified with the defence of women’s rights in Iran it is that of Shirin Ebadi. Her influence has spread across the Muslim world, after she became the first Iranian, and the first Muslim woman, to be awarded the Nobel Peace Prize. Since winning the prize in 2003, she has used the power of her global platform to continue to campaign in favour of human rights in Iran, at some considerable risk to herself.....

 

Asghar Ali Engineer’s Islam: the Reformist as Pacifist
Asghar Ali Engineer

“History is full of instances of people who challenged the mighty forces of evil and they were not only fighting a lonely battle but were left alone to die. If somebody asked me about achievement I would have to talk qualitatively because my forces have depleted. So what? People who were swearing by my values finally succumbed. I have been ex-communicated.”...

 

The Mystique of Mai Sahiba
Sadia Dehlvi

The Dargah of Mai Sahiba at Adchini near Mehrauli is one of my favourite Sufi spaces in Delhi. Her Urs, death anniversary, was celebrated last week. Along with hundreds of devotees, I sought blessings at her threshold. Each time I visit her Dargah, I am reminded of Mai Sahiba’s unwavering faith in God through all her trials and tribulations. Bibi Zulekha, popularly called Mai Sahiba, is the mother of Hazrat Nizamuddin Auliya....

 

(I have seen nothing but the grace – of God),” The above phrase is proof enough of the identity of the Great Lady whose birthday we mark on the 5th of Jamadi al-Awwal every year with celebrations for her nurturing Islam back to life after history’s most heartrending tragedy. She expressed this phrase not in a state of ease, comfort, joys, and amenities, but in a state where the weak of heart, mind and soul, would wish death to be a welcome relief….

 

Imam Ghazali The Renowned Islamic Scholar
Sketch of Imam Ghazali

Imam Al-Ghazali is one of the greatest Islamic Jurists, theologians, entitled as Hujjatul Islam, (Ornament of the Faith)," Sharaful A'emma (Honor of the Scholar), Zainuddin "Great Siddîq," absolute Mujtahid, a major, a debater and expert in the principles of doctrine and jurisprudence. Shaykh Yusuf al-Qaradawi, the renowned scholar of our time, states that, like ‘Umar ibn ‘Abd al-‘Aziz and Imam al-Shafi‘i for their respective times, al-Ghazali is unanimously considered as the Renewer (Mujaddid) of the Fifth Islamic Century....

Hazrat Nizamuddin Auliya: The Compassion Master
Sadia Dehlvi

Hazrat Nizamuddin Auliya is also known as Mahboob-e-Elahi, meaning the Beloved of Allah. According to the Islamic calendar, this year the 709th Urs celebrations of this great Chishti Sufi master commence on the eve of February 28. The Dargah is representative of Delhi’s language, poetry, food, music and architecture. Just as in the life of Hazrat Nizamuddin, the Dargah continues to attract people from all sections of society, irrespective of class, creed, gender and faith.....



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  • We are Muslims with the extreme mercy of Allah but not to lose our religious dignity for the sake of coexistence.
    ( By Saifullah Khan )
  • Sultan Shahin You are a bloody idiot person. You want Quran to be edited according to your whims & fancies . Many a times you ...
    ( By Shahid Sayyidain )
  • Quran is not a book. God did not ask prophet to compile the sayings az a book. Later i followers compiled those into a book They did not ...
    ( By Pcs )
  • I fully agree ! I have a question for those who are in business of conversion and who project their faith as Only Gateway to ...
    ( By Umesh Sharma )
  • Sultan Shahin seems to have no belief in Quran and the prophet which is why he makes fun of Islamic teachings and its laws of ...
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  • The problem is not 7th century mindset. The real problem with Muslims is that they do not follow the Quran which is why they appear ...
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  • Thre is only GOD based religion ...that is islam..itz ideal 4 all of us..its a guide to everyhuman being ...and a solution of un solved ...
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  • Very brave of Sultan Shahin to come to the crux of the problem. It is the belief in the immutable underlying doctrine that prevents Islamists ...
    ( By Ranjeet Chordia )
  • @Umesh Sharma Sorry sir.but your interpretation about mindset of seventh century Muslims is wrong.they were very ahead of time who were successful in coexisting from ...
    ( By Neel Fayaz Dar )
  • Quran 18:29 & 10:99 - tht freedom of religion is God given right'
    ( By Umesh Sharma )
  • Harmony and peaceful coexistence of all mankind is only solution; as our Vedas declare.'
    ( By Akhilesh Kumar )
  • @Israr Shah Also read verse, inna deena indallah el Islam, the only rellegion acceptable by Allah is Islam, and what Islam is that practiced by ...
    ( By DrMohammed Farooq Kalas )
  • You are right brother. Nazir Ahmad Bhat.
    ( By Jawed Iqbal )
  • @Israr Shah...i never asked u be interested, iam just responding the politically oriented question than question based on religion..plz keep your commitment and sublime valued ...
    ( By Nazir Ahmad Bhat )
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    ( By Prince Koul )
  • @Nazir Ahmed Bhat Muslim... n I am not intrested in Nazir. Coz I read quran myself. O people of religion.... (not Muslim only) many times ...
    ( By Israr Shah )
  • @Ranjeet Chordia..i already said under the name of religion, you are dragging the religion with your hate motive. in pak or bangla for whom i ...
    ( By Nazir Ahmad Bhat )
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    ( By Neel Fayaz Dar )
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    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
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    ( By Jawed Iqbal )
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    ( By Sachchidanand Paradkar )
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  • @Nazir Ahmad Bhat Two wrongs do not make a right . Let each one live according to his belief and give up the divinely ordained ...
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  • @Umesh Sharma I see even praying as an interference in his will
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  • I fully agree ! I have a question for those who are in business of conversion and who project their faith as Only Gateway to ...
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  • The day Islamists stop multiplying and learn to be grateful to the earth to preserve its resources, the world shall become a heaven.'
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  • Qur'an kaun parhta hai, maulvi sahab jo kahte hain wohi Islam hai.'
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  • Nazir Ahmad Bhat what you have written is a verse delivered before the Hijra . Verses before Hijra advocate peace . But verses delivered after ...
    ( By SN Mishra )
  • Nazir Ahmad Bhat, Thank you for quoting that Sura. But the zealots quote many other verses to justify what they are doing. Extreme views by ...
    ( By Ranjeet Chordia )
  • ..dear bro, ranjeet, hope you will refresh your memories away from any pre-oppression on the issue which by and large is based on political pungent ...
    ( By Nazir Ahmad Bhat )
  • Very brave of Sultan Shahin to come to the crux of the problem. It is the belief in the immutable underlying doctrine that prevents Islamists ...
    ( By Ranjeet Chordia )
  • A thought provoking article which should reach every Muslim household so that they understand what is India and how well they are looked after ! ...
    ( By Umesh Sharma )
  • “There is no way of considering Zakat as a tax, alms or donation; rather, in the Quran, Zakat has been stated as the indisputable right ...
    ( By Rashid Samnakay )
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