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Books and Documents

Islamic Society

How Teaching Philosophy in Tunisia Protected the State
Fahad Suleiman Shoqiran
How Teaching Philosophy in Tunisia Protected the State
Fahad Suleiman Shoqiran

He states: “For a purely individual characteristic of Kant’s mind is a remarkable love of symmetry, which delights in a varied multiplicity, so that it may reduce it to order, and repeat this order in subordinate orders, and so on indefinitely, just as happens in Gothic churches.” Thus, choosing this text in the secondary curriculum of philosophy is a boost to sharpen and awaken the mind....

 

Even in the most revolutionary thinkers, you will find the uncannily familiar. Sigmund Freud was no exception. Arabs recognised in Freud’s body of thought ideas from classical Islamic thinkers. In the 1940s and ’50s, when intellectuals translated Freud’s work into Arabic, they reached out to Ibn Arabi, the great 12th-13th-century Sufi mystic philosopher. The Egyptian playwright and novelist Tawfiq al-Hakim dates the impulse to blend traditions as far back as Alexander’s conquest of Syria and the eventual translation of philosophical works from Greek to Syriac....

Shariah experts say Adhan is neither a basic condition for Salah nor one of its principles or pillars. Adhan is Fard Kifaya or a legal obligation discharged by the Muslim community. Unfortunately, some people who do not know the difference between Fard Kifaya and Fard Ain and the difference between condition and pillar give strange opinion creating confusion among the faithful....

In the same year, the Lord in His infinite wisdom revealed to Prophet Muhammad what is now commemorated as the Night Journey, when on the 27th of Rajab, in the seventh month of the lunar calendar; the Archangel Jibrael visited him at night and took him on Al Burraq (the name of an angel). They travelled from Makkah to Jerusalem, to the furthest mosque today called Al Aqsa. There, he met with all previous Prophets who had struggled with their peoples to deliver the same message of submission. He led them in prayer:...

 

Already, in the middle-class-dominated markets of Lahore, many shops say “Ahmadis not allowed”. The community is under siege and is trying to flee the country before being subjected to collective violence. The judge is a fundamentalist Muslim dreaming of winning paradise by making Pakistan a “Muslim first” state. Malaysia-based Islamic scholar Javed Ghamidi — who thinks Pakistan is a nation-state and not a Khilafat and is therefore committed to treating all its citizens equally — can no longer live in Pakistan after being attacked in Lahore....

Is Saudi Arabia Turning Against Wahhabism?
Eleanor Beever
Is Saudi Arabia Turning Against Wahhabism?
Eleanor Beever

Some resistance to religious reform is inevitable. But the best friend of liberalization, however gradual, is its own practice. Whilst the House of Saud is unlikely to be brought down by jihadist attacks in the near future, it should learn the lessons of history if it wants to avoid empowering the very force it claims to be fighting....

Countdown to the Opening of Cinemas in Saudi Arabia
Mohammed Al Shaikh
Countdown to the Opening of Cinemas in Saudi Arabia
Mohammed Al Shaikh

When we call for openness and for dealing with the issue of what is allowed and what is forbidden with free minds without accusing people of infidelity or heresy, i.e. when we accept pluralism, we’d be setting our foot on the first path of reform and civilization. We must also admit that our country has several components with different orientations, some of which have contradicting jurisprudential orientations....

 

The focus needs to shift to the Islamic mandate of the creation of an egalitarian society based on forgiveness. The focus should go back to the bigger jihad, the struggle against evil within and to dissuasion from fighting (Qital or Harb) that features in the Quran 70 times against the reference to jihad (41 times). This spirit underlined by the Quranic verse calling the killing of an innocent akin to slaying all of humanity has to prevail to rid the world of destabilising scourge of terrorism and Islamophobia....

 

Admittedly, there’s no way to verify all of ex-Muslims’ accounts or the real scale of the phenomenon, but even allowing for exaggeration, it doesn’t make a pretty picture. Attracting extremists while losing educated and liberal followers, threatens to exacerbate Islam’s already serious existential crisis in the absence of any serious effort to halt the slide.

Moderation means to adopt a middle path between two extremes in all walks of life. Islam stresses moderation and balance in all aspects of life; in beliefs, worship, conduct, relationships, ideas, customs, transactions, daily activities and human desires. Principled moderation has been reiterated in the Quran whether explicitly or implicitly as a good character in Islam.

Allah Almighty said: “Thus, We have made you a justly balanced community” (2:143)....

Humility is one of the requirements of being an Islamic scholar. It is absolutely essential to be able to express doubt or lack of one’s own clarity about a particular issue, and not appear to know everything there is to know about religion or even the Quran. There are innumerable Mufassirs (exegetes) who have written interpretations of the Quran, but rare is the one who may have referred to an interpretation differing from his or who may have suggested that a particular verse could possess more than the meaning s/he is inclined to see....

Removing Hate from Sermons
Rafia Zakaria
Removing Hate from Sermons
Rafia Zakaria

The involvement of Nacta illustrates this — in hundreds, possibly even thousands, of mosques, clerics urge support for extremist thought, even violence, whilst ignoring the reality that thousands of Pakistanis have died as a result of violent tactics. For too long, hate-filled clerics have remained above the law, able to operate with impunity.....

Delhi’s Jama Masjid is the pulsating heart of the city. It is always full of devotees who come to pray and tourists who come to admire Shah Jahan’s architectural perfection. Outside its lofty gateways are markets teeming with people shopping for clothes, utensils and books, or digging into delicious street food and drinking cool sherbets to beat the heat. To the right of the eastern gateway is an often-missed Dargah. This belongs to a man who long ago came to buy goods in India but instead got ‘sold’ in the bazaar of love....

 

The upshot of the above discussion is that the Shari’ah has not prescribed any specific way to observe the month of Rajab or to perform a specific mode of worship or a ritual in any one of its dates. However, being a prologue to the month of Ramazan, it should be availed of for preparing oneself for Ramazan and one should pray Allah to make him reach the blessed month and to benefit from its unique merits....

 

Saudi Arabia has been key to the discussion of particular types of Salafism, because of the way it provides financial backing for their dissemination throughout the world. That kind of educational propagation, which is often contrary to the indigenous form of mainstream Islamic thought in Muslim-majority countries where this propagation continues to occur, has had a decisive effect on the cultural formation of Muslim communities worldwide, including among Western Muslim communities....

 

He then told the accused that had he not returned, there was nothing that could be done about it since nobody knew where to find him. The man said: “O Amirul Momineen, the matter was not between you and me, it was an undertaking with Allah as the witness, so here I am. I have left my family at the mercy of the Almighty. I could not break my pledge, thus, creating the impression that Muslims had lowered themselves to the point of breaking a pledge.”...

 
Sufism in the Simplest Terms
Rana Safvi
Sufism in the Simplest Terms
Rana Safvi

If Amir Khusrau captured Hazrat Nizamuddin Auliya’s teachings in his songs and poetry, Amir Sijzi did the same in the famous compilation titled Fawa’id-al-Fu’ad, which contains the literary discourses of Hazrat Nizamuddin Auliya. Unlike Amir Khusrau who became his disciple when he was around eight years old, Amir Sijzi became Auliya’s disciple quite late in life, when he was already an established poet and called the Saadi-e-Hind....

 
The Preacher’s Pulpit Needs to Be Cleansed from Profanity
Basil Hijazi, New Age Islam
The Preacher’s Pulpit Needs to Be Cleansed from Profanity
Basil Hijazi, New Age Islam

There is no place for arrogance in Islam. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) always prayed for guidance of his opponents. It is mentioned in the books of Sirah themselves that even after the people of Ta'if attacked the Prophet by throwing rocks and stones at him, the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said, “Oh, Allah! Guide Thaqeef” and also “Oh, Allah! Guide the tribe of Daus”. Removing the discrimination between Muslims and non-Muslims on the occasion of Hajjatul Wida’ the Prophet said “O people, undoubtedly your Lord is one”. He could have said “O believers” but he cared for depth of harmony and coexistence....

The Common Principles of the Sufi Way
Kaniz Fatma, New Age Islam

If there is one thing that distinguishes Sufis, it is their sense of high morality. They are known for their love for humanity. They take exceptional care not to hurt anyone’s feelings. They are not limited only to certain religious dogmas. They aim at attaining the pleasure of Allah Almighty in its true essence....

Amir Khusrau’s Qawwali is an ecstatic jubilation of the colour and aura of his master Hazrat Nizamuddin’s presence. It comes from the ecumenical Chishti tradition that has always advocated generosity to all, irrespective of their religion. Both are hallmarks of the syncretic inheritance of India....

 

This is the door that seems to be opening in the kingdom — toward a more modern, more entrepreneurial, less-hidebound and more youth-oriented society. It’s a top-down, authoritarian process, for now. But it seems to be gaining momentum....

 
The Changing Face of Sufism in South Asia
Ayesha Siddiqa
The Changing Face of Sufism in South Asia
Ayesha Siddiqa

Why hadn’t Hallaj been presented as the saviour of the poor and a revolutionary character? It fell on deaf ears that the novel was not about what was happening around him but what mattered to him within. It was about discovering the vast mystery of ‘Ana l’Haq’. What was it that made him so restless not to be able to contain his great secret? He was brutalised and tortured by the Caliph, al-Muqtadir, not for standing up for a worldly cause or being an ancient Marxist or Leninist, but for the fear that it would completely destroy the neat order of religion and religious teaching. ...

Last year, the Barelvi Beast came out as Tehreek Labbaik Ya Rasool Allah (“Here I am O Holy Prophet!”) and paraded an abusive scoundrel, Khadim Hussain Rizvi, as the millennial defender of the Prophet PBUH who would bring the government down, which he didn’t, but got to cause a rift between the all-powerful army and the elected government crippled by the Supreme Court for not being Sadiq (truthful) and Ameen (honest) like the Prophet PBUH under Article 62 of the Constitution....

 
Can Madrasas Help Improve the Society?
Syed Mohammad Ali
Can Madrasas Help Improve the Society?
Syed Mohammad Ali

There is a rich tradition of Islamic knowledge which is acceptable to different schools of religious thought, which may be infused into the existing religious curriculum to help expand the worldview of madrasa students, to draw links between Islam and environmentalism, or to ensure protection of gender rights....

 

We must find a way to collectively fight back against these sterilizing forces, of creating new forces and institutions that are free from these dangers, and learn to orient our lives and ambitions toward the service of Allah and all of His creation – and if we can accomplish that, undoubtedly our future descendants will surely come upon a time, God-Willing, where decent men and women all over the world from Haiti to China will smile freely,...

 


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    ( By zuma )
  • Dogma can't do any good.
    ( By Sanjay narain saigal )
  • SAHIH INTERNATIONAL And when the sacred months have passed, then kill the...
    ( By Sanjay narain saigal )
  • Totally wrong pre ISLAMIC Arabia had much better women rights....
    ( By Sanjay narain saigal )
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    ( By zuma )
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  • To Nasser Ahmed. Do not blame Pagan....
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  • Naseer sb.'s using the Quran to perpetuate his stagnant and regressive....
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  • Wala haul bala khuwat.....
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • It is good to use rationalism to moderate religious exuberance...
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  • "The greatest challenge we face is Muslims trying....
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    ( By Aquina )
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    ( By zuma )
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