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Islamic Ideology

The Divine Gnosis and the Words of Great Sufis - Concluding Part
Ghulam Ghaus Siddiqi, New Age Islam

The first stage is Shariat where a believer studies the Quran and Sunnah and if he takes the right message out of his study, he can then be described as one travelling on the path known as Tariqat. Similarly Tariqat takes the Salik (traveller on the path of Sufism) to the Haqiqat and then to the fourth that is Marifat (gnosis). When a believer attains perfection in all these four stages, it is said he has become a Sufi or Wali (saint) and thereby acquiring the blessing of Allah Almighty.

It is intelligible now that the relation between Shariat and Tariqat is as deeper as between the body and the spirit. The believers attain perfection by comprehending both Shariat and Haqiqat and act according to them. This is the essential education to which the Sufi saints and Friends of Allah [Auliya] guide.

Related Article:

The Interrelationship between Shariat, Tariqat and Haqiqat

Mercy to the Worlds: Just As a Lamp Dispels Darkness, Through His Prophet, Allah Seeks To Illuminate the Souls of Mankind
Qasim A. Moini

Emulation doesn’t mean literally and ritualistically adopting the ways of the seventh century; rather it means living as per the requirements of the age, but with a firm moral anchor that can help one differentiate between right and wrong. Beyond words, beyond loud protestations of faith and beyond rhetoric, it is strength of character that is needed to build society and the self. And as the verses from the Quran have illustrated here, the guiding light of the spirit is the sacred personality of the Holy Prophet. ...

 

Thus the birth of the Holy Prophet (PBUH) was the most significant and the most remarkable event in human history. Had there been room in Islamic teachings for the celebration of birthdays or anniversaries, the birthday of the Holy Prophet (PBUH) would have undoubtedly deserved it more than the birthday of any other person. But that is against the nature of Islamic teachings. That is why, unlike Judaism, Christianity, and Hinduism, there are very few festivals in Islam, which provides for only two Eids (Eid ul-Fitr and Eid ul-Azha) during the whole year....

 

The Divine Gnosis (Marifa’) and the Words of Great Sufis - Part-1
Ghulam Ghaus Siddiqi, New Age Islam

Succinctly defining ‘gnosis, the Sufi master Abul Qasim al-Qushayri said, “As per the Islamic scholars (Ulema), ‘gnosis’ (Ma’rifa) means knowledge (‘Ilm). Hence all knowledge is gnosis and all gnosis is knowledge. Every person who is cognizant of Allah (‘Arif) is a knower (‘Alim). However, according to the Sufi Masters, ‘Ma’rifa is the attribute of the person who is cognizant of Allah Almighty, His names and attributes. It is he who then puts his trust in Allah Almighty in his everyday behaviour and gets rid of his bad morals and transgressions. He then proceeds to reside at the door [of Allah’s mercy] with his heart striving constantly for the nearness of Allah, whereby he becomes beloved of Allah Almighty and trusts Him in everything he experiences in his entire life....

In the Islamic month of Rabi’ al-Awwal and just one week before the Milad-un-Nabawi (celebration of Prophet Muhammad’s birthday), a deadly terrorist attack targeting a North Sinai mosque during Friday prayers has resulted in the death of more than 300 innocent worshippers, horrifying Egyptians and people throughout the world – something anathema to the very essence of Islam. While those who have carried out this attack and others like it – whether on mosques, churches or security forces – claim to do so in the name of Islam, it is among the most sacred of Islam’s tenants that they in fact transgress.....

 

Who Are Sufi Muslims and Why Do Some Extremists Hate Them?
Megan Specia

Sufism has shaped literature and art for centuries, and is associated with many of the most resonant pieces of Islam’s “golden age,” lasting from roughly the eighth through 13th centuries, including the poetry of Rumi. While some Muslims view Sufis as quirky, even eccentric, some fundamentalists and extremists see Sufism as a threat and its adherents as heretics or apostates....

      For the Greatest Master of Islamic Tradition all love is essentially holy or divine because it is really (though many are not conscious of this) directed towards God who alone is and who is the only Beloved smiling in every form. He is for progressive Platonisation of love; he is for moving from phenomena to the One which manifests yet hides in them....

 

The Sharia, then, endorses rational consideration of everything in existence, deducing what was unknown from what is known. In other words, our consideration of reality should proceed by means of what the logicians call rational syllogisms. Of the various types of syllogism, the Sharia would clearly advocate the evidential syllogism. This should be considered the most productive type because it starts from a premise certain in itself (evidence) and thus leads to conclusions that cannot be untrue….

 
Islamic Rationalism – Part One
Dr Imadaldin Al-Jubouri

In Basra, Wasil ibn Ata (699-749) founded a ‘rationalist’ school to represent Mutazilite thought and to teach Muslims new methods of thinking. He asserted that the intellect is a way to faith, to know God, a way to distinguish between good and evil, and the only criterion to understand the Sharia (Islamic law). Hence, Mutazilites said that “intellect is before quotation,” and they praised the intellect considerably. They contended with other Muslim schools, particularly the Hashawaites and Dhahirites, who believed that the intellect had no role in the Sharia. Truly, it was hard work for Mutazilite thinkers to free Muslim minds from the shackles of dogma and formal teaching methods....

 

National Seminar at Jamia Millia Islamia on Islamic Humanism
Naseer Ahmed, New Age Islam

Professor Wasey’s key message was that the Muslims believe in the Quran but do not follow it – “Quran Ko To Maante Hain, Lekin Quran Ki Nahin Sunte” and the fact that while the Prophet formed an Ummat-e-Wahida with people of all faiths in a common cause, the Muslims of later times failed to do so. Professor Pant said that the Hindus remember their history only from the days of partition and have forgotten earlier history. He said that Islamic influence has permeated all aspects of the life of Hindus from their food and the Halwa which has become the standard offering to the deity and distributed as “Prasad”, the dress, the language, the architecture, the classical music in which many of the forms are kept alive by the Muslim artists, the arts, poetry and the culture….

Deobandis in South Asia — I
Mubashir Akram

The Deobandi version of Islam in Pakistan is hardly what it started out to be in 1867 in India as a revivalist movement. The seven giants of the Islamic Jurisprudence of that time who established Dar-al Uloom Deoband included names like Rashid Ahmed Gangohi, Zulfiqar Ali, Shah Rafiuddin, Muhammad Yaqub and Muhammad Qasim Nanotvi. This religious seminary was once the second largest after Egypt’s Jamia Al-Azhar, and took on the tasks of spreading education, awareness and political reformation among the Muslims. This school, and school of thought gave birth to Jamiat-e-Ulmae Hind (JUH) in 1919.

 

Islam, Nationhood and the Indian Ulema
Ammar Anwer

Both Maulana Azad and Maulana Husain Ahmed Madani presented strong theological arguments to support the modern concept of nation-states. The idea that all Muslims are like one nation has brought Muslims nothing but destruction. It is also very impractical. I strongly believe that it is time that Muslims from all around the world should stop believing in this unfeasible concept and protect and safeguard the interests of their own respective states.

Current Western conceptions of soulmates popularise the Yin and Yang of Taoism or ancient Chinese Philosophy Shiva and Parvati of Hinduism’s mention Ardhanarishvara, a “represent[ation of] a synthesis of masculine and feminine energies of the universe,“[5] and Aristotle’s saying “Love is composed of a single soul inhabiting two bodies” [6] are also prominent modern depictions of soulmates. The Quran and Prophetic Tradition, however, is full of context for soulmates by the mere meaning of the term Zawj (Quran 4:1, 6:98, 7:189, 39:6)....

Food for Thought in the Month of Ramadhan
Rashid Samnakay, New Age Islam

However an intriguing aspect of the month of Ramadhan needs to be solved with open mind. The Arabic dictionary meaning of Ramadha is given as ‘intense heat’ and therefore Ramadhan as the name suggests, must be the month that always falls in midsummer.

The historic reference of the battle of Badar fought between the Madinan force of believers and the invading Makkan forces was during Ramadhan, that is, in the intense heat of summer (Ramadha), and is often quoted as an example of endurance of the Believers; as to how the small force of Prophet Muhammad’s followers defeated the disproportionately large Makkan force of non-believers….

“The angels and the Spirit descend therein, by the permission of their Lord, with all decrees. (That Night is) peace until the dawn.” A-Qadr (97:4-5) Far beyond a mere religion, Islam is a broad discipline of sciences aimed at stirring spiritual capabilities. Quran is a document of these sciences. In other words, a syllabus of spiritual sciences and formulas of creation of the universe, and to enter into the world of the Unseen....

The Philosophy of Hunger in Islamic Thought
Z Hussain

Now imagine prostrating to God in the state of hunger. It is at this moment the veils between Creator and creation are at its thinnest. Hunger may sap you of your physical energy but it does nothing but boost your spiritual energy. Moses was physically tired and hungry but his spiritual energy was at a maximum when absorbing the secrets of God’s knowledge through His chosen servant....

 

This Is What the Quran Actually Says About Blasphemy

But they won’t, because blasphemy laws don’t exist to protect God: they exist to protect the fragile egos of corrupt clerics. Indonesia is the world’s largest Muslim nation and has long stood as a beacon of hope. But Governor Ahok’s conviction, along with the ongoing violent persecution of Indonesia’s Ahmadi Muslims, threatens this thriving democracy’s future.....

This casual attitude must be contrasted with that of the Companions. They not only knew the language of the Quran better than anyone else, they were witnesses to its very revelation. Yet, they did not dare interpret it without first learning it, verse by verse, from the Prophet (PBUH) himself. And even then they exercised extreme caution in making comments about the Quran. Sayyidna Abu Bakr (RA), said:”Which land will give me protection and which sky will give me cover if I say something in interpreting the Quran without knowledge.”...

Grounding Religion in Mysticism
Dr Muhammad Maroof Shah

Metaphysics/mysticism is the Sun that illuminates the moon called religion. Mysticism is the fragrance and fruit of a flower called religion. The inner religion of moral, intellectual and spiritual elite is called mysticism. Religion is marriage and mysticism is love that makes it a joy. Metaphysics is the fire of the burning bush and the Sun of truth that burns the weaker mortals who need screened filtered soothing light of religion. Religion is the veil of a Houri or bride called mysticism....

 

Tolerant Islam already has broad acceptance in the Muslim world. In Morocco, for example, the constitution recognizes Islam as the state religion, but also protects other religions. Morocco teaches tolerance in all its schools, especially those training clergy. In a first in the Arab world, Morocco trained and appointed hundreds of women preachers and gave women equal rights in the household. We also find tolerant Islam in Turkey and Indonesia, where secularism is enshrined in their constitutions....

The message of egalitarianism in the Quran was an impetus for the progress of women during the period of revelation and immediately thereafter. The Quran’s re-positioning of women’s status was radical for seventh century Arabia and the principle of equality was meant to be a seed that would grow and inspire and transform society by according women their due status....

Everyone is a Traveller towards Death
Maulana Wahiduddin Khan for New Age Islam

Everyone is a Traveller towards Death
Maulana Wahiduddin Khan for New Age Islam

Death is to leap from the known world into an unknown one. It is to leave ‘one’s own’ world and enter ‘someone else’s’. How utterly astounding this happening is! And yet man’s heedlessness is so utterly strange that even though he sees people dying all around him, he does not get astounded by it! Every person’s death is a loud announcement to other people, calling out to them: “The fate that befell me will befall you, too!” But, yet, people remain completely unmindful of their impending death, of the day when, in a state of utter helplessness, they will have to give themselves up to the angels....

 

Is Polygamy Constitutionally Valid? Is It Un-Quranic?
Javed Anand

The patriarchs of Islam forget to remind their flock of two other relevant verses of the Quran which read: “You will not be able to treat all women equally even if you wish to do so” (4:129), or, “Allah has not made for any man two hearts” (33.4). It has been left to women (some men too) scholars of Islam such as Amina Wadud, Asma Barlas and others to point out that the continued justification of polygamy is not a Quranic licence but a convenient male construct.....

The Interrelationship between Shariat, Tariqat and Haqiqat
Ghulam Ghaus Siddiqi, New Age Islam

The interrelationship of Shariat, Tariqat and Haqiqat can be well understood in the following way. Shariat is the law for living made by Allah Almighty and guided by the Sunnah of the prophet peace be upon him. Tariqat is the path to realization also guided by the Sunnah; this path discloses the true meaning or interpretation of Shariat and leads to Haqiqat of everything. Haqiqat is the process of realization achieved only by those who walk on the path of Tariqat with holding Shariat tightly and next to this is the Marifat that is the actual realization of Allah Almighty....

A Guide to Islamic Da’wah
Moin Qazi, New Age Islam

A Guide to Islamic Da’wah
Moin Qazi, New Age Islam

In contrast to the renunciation of the world and physical self denial, the Islamic concept of spirituality lays stress on being in the midst of life, facing all the difficulties and hardships, and performing all the activities with the sole objective of seeking the pleasure of God. Man is God’s vicegerent and must fulfil the specified duties and obligations.  Far from proselytising and inducing others to change their religion or way of life against their free will, Islam does permit use of coercive, aggressive or violent efforts even while exhorting people to the common good of whole mankind….

 
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NEW COMMENTS

  • Dear Ghulam Ghaus Saheb, you seem to be overreacting to what I wrote to Naseer Saheb. You told me something like that reading too much ...
    ( By SultanShahin )
  • To Naseer sahib and Sultan Shahin sahib, I do not think myself a scholar. I am a student. I read both classical and modern presentation ...
    ( By Ghulam Ghaus Siddiqi غلام غوث الصديقي )
  • Sultan shahin sahib, in your comment you say to me, “However, Ghulam Ghaus Saheb says no verse in Quran asks kafirs to be killed, the order ...
    ( By Ghulam Ghaus Siddiqi غلام غوث الصديقي )
  • Though almost correct, the following needed to have been added, in bold: “What Trump has done will have terrible consequences on the region for years to ...
    ( By Rashid Samnakay )
  • Mulims r always thinking backwards - similar examples can be given in Israel and Palestine conflict. Lot is misses....
    ( By Raman )
  • Dear Naseer Saheb, as I have said before, my heart is with you and I wish this to be established: " The Quran permits war ...
    ( By Sultan Shahin )
  • Naseer sab's post is full of "I", "I", "I". His tafsir is in fact nothing but an ego trip. The fact that he has not ...
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • The Indian Penal Code requires that the bridegroom and his family be arrested by the order of a magistrate....
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • Hindu Man Raised £3,500 After Video of Him 'Murdering a Muslim Man' Went Viral" The fact that someone....
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • Excellent article! Instead of taking positions that cater to the community's emotionalism our leaders should think....
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • Out of curiosity, I was just scanning through the various Tafsirs on Surah 98 Al-Bayyinah. Raza Ahmad Khan Barelvi....
    ( By Naseer Ahmed )
  • The Quran permits war against only the oppressors. It also allows alliances with all likeminded people irrespective of their faith, to put up a united ...
    ( By Naseer Ahmed )
  • Shahin sb, The following ...
    ( By Naseer Ahmed )
  • As far as I know, a carpenter has to create idol based on the "mantra" and other specifications mentioned in Tantra vidhi ....
    ( By A Hindu )
  • As far as I know, a carpenter has to create idol based on the "mantra" and other specifications mentioned in Tantra vidhi or Agama shastra ...
    ( By A Hindu )
  • سیدنا سعید بن جبیر شاگرد عبد اللہ بن عباس رضی اللہ عنہم کو راستہ میں ایک بد مذہب ملا ،....
    ( By Ghulam Ghaus Siddiqi غلام غوث الصديقي )
  • Allah the Most High says, “And O listener (followers of this Prophet) when you see those who argue in Our verses, turn away from ...
    ( By Ghulam Ghaus Siddiqi غلام غوث الصديقي )
  • Ghaus Sb is repeatedly quoting verses like: “So the clear proof and guidance and mercy have come to you, from your Lord; so who ....
    ( By Naseer Ahmed )
  • Mr. Sultan Shahin, You say to me, “Then you say Muslims follow Quran and will continue to follow Quran, no matter what. You ....
    ( By Ghulam Ghaus Siddiqi غلام غوث الصديقي )
  • Shahin sb, The context of verse 3:151 is the battle of Uhud. Casting terror into the hearts is relevant only for the enemy who stands ...
    ( By Naseer Ahmed )
  • Sultan Shahin sahib, You say to me, “Dear Ghulam Ghaus Saheb, You quote verses from Quran 7:37, 6:157, and 39:32 in an attempt to prove ...
    ( By Ghulam Ghaus Siddiqi غلام غوث الصديقي )
  • 1) I am surprised to see that Qunatity of the Muslims is presented as miracle. 2) A single word of Quran is not changed. Story behind this ...
    ( By Aayina )
  • We should be neither text-centered nor shrine-centered. Our approach to text and....
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • Dear Ghulam Ghaus Saheb, You quote verses from Quran 7:37, 6:157, and 39:32 in an attempt to prove that mushriks are kafir in Quranic terminology ...
    ( By Sultan Shahin )
  • Dear Naseer Saheb, let me try and understand this better. Wherefrom do you get the idea of kafir being religious persecutor in the following example. ...
    ( By Sultan Shahin )
  • हमें ही क़त्ल करते और हमें ही दहशत गर्द कहते है, बेगुनाह का क़त्ल कर क़ातिल खुद को मर्द कहते हैं...
    ( By Abidi Zafar )
  • Sultan Shahin shab thank you very much. If time permits me I shall write.
    ( By Shahnawaz Warsi )
  • Welcome Shahnawaz Warsi, to this forum and the comments section. Instead of just summarising and expressing...
    ( By Sultan Shahin )
  • I have spent a lengthy time over Islamic scholarship. A few days ago I discovered the debate on this website. I have ....
    ( By Shahnawaz Warsi )
  • English Translation of the earlier quoted Arabic Excerpt from the Mutazilite Tafsir “Al-Kashaf” on the verse 98:1 "The kuffar had two groups, (1) the people ...
    ( By Ghulam Ghaus Siddiqi غلام غوث الصديقي )
  • In my comment yesterday, I said that to say “The Mushrikun are Kafirun” is an oxymoron and therefore, you will not find such a verse ...
    ( By Naseer Ahmed )
  • Dear Sultan Shahin sahib, If we study the Rumiya and Dabiq magazines of ISIS, we find their ideologues also use terms, “tawaghit” (plural of taghut, ...
    ( By Ghulam Ghaus Siddiqi غلام غوث الصديقي )
  • Their 'major response' will be in Arabic language spoken with forked tongue!'
    ( By Skepticles )
  • Shahin sb says : But the idea of extirpating shirk is always there. So much so that in some of the last verses to be ...
    ( By Naseer Ahmed )
  • Dear Ghulam Ghaus Saheb, I do not use words like Kafir and Mushrik in a pejorative sense, if at all I ever use them. I ...
    ( By Sultan Shahin )
  • Dear Sultan Shahin sahib, The terrorist kharijites of ISIS and their like-minded groups kill the mushrik, kafir, Muslims, especially .....
    ( By Ghulam Ghaus Siddiqi غلام غوث الصديقي )
  • A misleading article. “According to UK law, Nikah on its own is not enough, and a civil ceremony is a requirement...
    ( By Rashid Samnakay )
  • Sultan Shahin sahib, Whatever Sufis may have done I do not subscribe to the ideology of offensive Jihad for the sake of establishing Islam’s domination ...
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • Ghaus sab, I agree with you that there should not be fighting over these terms. Moreover I believe that we should discard these terms and proclaim ...
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • Ghulam Mohiyuddin So Arabs are planning a major response to Trump's
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )