Books and Documents

Radical Islamism and Jihad

To contextualise the attacks on the saintly shrines, one must bear in mind the Taliban's drive in Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa to rid Pakistani society of "moral ills." The victims of such puritanical campaigns have been "prostitutes," faith-healers (pirs) and musicians. Several leading actors and singers have given up their professions under the pressure of moral policing by the militants, and female dancers were forced to flee Swat district in droves. It was not merely coincidental that the first beheading which occurred in Peshawar was that of a faith healer, Pir Rafiullah, after his kidnapping from Nowshera. -- Farooq Sulehria


The fundamental flaw in the contemporary discourse on terrorism is to equate it with Islamic doctrine. This plays into the hands of the likes of Osama bin Laden who justify the slaughter of civilians through distortions of Quranic injunctions. In this there is an unmistakable nexus between such extremists and those whose purpose is to demonise Islam. According to the Indian writer A G Noorani, there is an “accord in mendacity” between “the leading professional jihadist Osama bin Laden and K S Sudarshan, the (former) supremo of the virulently anti-Muslim body in India, the Rashtriya Swayam Sevak Sangh (RSS).” Both “interpret verses of the Quran in the same sense, perverted to their respective nefarious ends. Sudarshan’s RSS physically attacks the lives and properties of Muslims of India. Bin Laden’s al Qaeda attacks the soul of Islam.”

Extremists such as Osama bin Laden and Sudharshan rely on two unacceptable methods to distort the Quran’s worldview that is founded on peace and harmony. The first is the doctrine of abrogation, which presumes that the earlier verses of the scripture were abrogated by subsequent ones in the 23 years that the process of revelation lasted, and the second is the textual isolation and de-contextualisation of the passages, which inevitably results in the misinterpretation of its fundamental principles....

Besides exploiting the flawed concept of abrogation, extremists have also extracted individual passages of the Quran to justify suicide bombings and other terrorist acts. For instance, the verses pertaining to the conditional permission to fight only in self-defence are said to have been cancelled by pronouncements such as: “And so, when the sacred months are over, slay those who ascribe divinity to aught beside God wherever you may come upon them, and take them captive, and besiege them, and lie in wait for them at every conceivable place...” (Quran, 9:5).

The killing of “those who ascribe divinity to aught beside God” has been taken out of context to justify violence although the verse pertains to an ongoing war and cannot imply the initiation of hostilities because aggression in any form is prohibited. This passage, which is misconstrued by extremists as authorisation for indiscriminate slaughter, has been described as “the sword verse” although the word ‘sword’ does not appear even once in the Quran. In fact, the very next passage enjoins believers to protect polytheists that have not attacked them and conduct them to a place of safety. -- S Iftikhar Murshed

Geelani and his protégés like Masrat Alam Bhat as well as the teenaged stone- pelters have successfully subverted Kashmiri nationalism and Azaadi.

In fact, the octogenarian Syed Ali Shah Geelani and his protégés like Masrat Alam Bhat as well as the teenaged stone- pelters have successfully subverted Kashmiri nationalism and Azaadi. From the beginning of the insurgency, Geelani and the Jamaat- i- Islami which he has represented for much of his career have criticised Kashmiri nationalism. In fact, he has steadfastly maintained that ethno- nationalism of any kind is antagonistic to Islam. In Geelani’s political worldview, which is determined by the ideas of Jamaat founder Maulana Maududi, Kashmir’s accession to Pakistan accompanied by the Islamisation of Pakistan is a transitory stage for the establishment of an Islamic state worldwide. Time and again Geelani has stated that Kashmiris are Pakistanis as Islam binds them to Pakistan. -- Aditya Menon


Sheikh Abdullah Azzan, an Islamic scholar, wrote, “The life of the Muslim Ummah is solely dependent on the ink of its scholars and the blood of its martyrs.” It sounds profound. But take a close look at the calibre of the scholars of different faiths and what their followers imbibed from their ink when they used it to spread their message.

First examine their role in Islam. By common consent the most widely respected in the Ummah (Muslim Community) is Osama bin Laden from Saudi Arabia. He has followers in all Muslim communities in the world who are known as the Al-Qaida, Taliban and dozens of others, all committed to jihad against infidels and Muslims opposed to bin Laden. His principal target is the Royal House of Saudi Arabia. So he dares not enter his motherland. He now lives in hiding in the hills between Afghanistan and Pakistan. The Americans have made many attempts to kill him. So, would we if we could lay our hands on him because his followers infiltrate into Kashmir with the intention to kill innocent Indians in the name of jihad, spill their own blood to achieve Shahadat — martyrdom. -- Khushwant Singh

Radical Islamists are people who want to impose Sharia (or Islamic law) on the entire world.  In America at Risk, expert after expert describes the Radical Islamists’ determination to impose an extraordinarily different system on us.  These Radical Islamists are profoundly different from moderate Muslims who want to live under the rule of Constitutional Law and have the same freedoms the rest of us cherish. In America at Risk, Dr. Zuhdi Jasser, a courageous moderate Muslim, draws a sharp distinction between Muslims who want to live in America as a free country, and Radical Islamists who seek to destroy America... 

Yet the Obama Administration consistently refuses to face the facts and tell the truth.  If we can’t use the right words to describe who oppose us and openly analyze what they are saying, how can we possibly design a strategy to defeat them? -- Newt & Callista Gingrich

An inconvenient truth

One beautiful September morning when the sky was unbelievably blue, the sunlight eerily ethereal and the air mystically magic, two silver jetliners flew straight into the Twin Towers killing everyone in them and destroying America’s most prized edifice. Hellfire followed. It took weeks, nay months to recover. The words ‘Taliban’ and ‘Al-Qaeda’ were introduced overnight in American diction. The world at large too discovered the term Al-Qaeda which before 9/11 was little known...

Nine years have gone by since 9/11, but the fires of hate, hostility and distrust among Muslims, Jews and Christians remain. They simmer at times; rage at others, but never go out. When one out of five Americans today firmly believes that President Barack Obama is a Muslim and not a Christian because he’s never seen attending church or carrying a Bible ala his predecessors Bill Clinton and George Bush, what is one to say?...

Fox News tells Americans that the Saudi prince is funding Islamic radicalism; it doesn’t want Americans to know that the same ‘guy’ is also funding Fox News! That’s the inconvenient truth. -- Anjum Niaz

Huge billboards, advertising ‘Arab Pardha’ in English and Arabic, now jostle for space along with those advertising jewellery, new apartment blocks and investment schemes. The ‘Arab Pardha’ billboards are illustrated with larger than life images of women clad in head-to-toe burqas: They look shapeless and formless, their identity smothered by black fabric and their eyes barely visible through slits. “Arab Pardha”, declares one billboard, “All pious women should wear it.” The copywriter has it all wrong; it should have read, “All pious women should disappear behind it.” For, that’s what the burqa is meant for — to make women disappear, make them invisible, deny them the right to exist as individuals. Any argument to the contrary is spurious and any religious edict cited in support of this grotesque suppression of individual liberty is specious.

But this is not only about the denial of an individual’s liberty, nor is it about the suppression of human rights in the name of faith. It is about the in-your-face declaration of Islamists that they can have their way without so much as lifting their little finger. It is a laughable sight to watch Malayalees trying to navigate crowded streets in Kochi wearing white Arab gelabayas, the loose kaftan like dress that along with the kafeyah — or ‘Arab rumal’ — has become a symbol of trans-national radical Islam, their ‘Arab Pardha’ clad wives and daughters in tow. But it is not a laughable matter.

Increasingly, we are witnessing a shifting of loyalties from Malabar to Manipur. Faith in India is being transplanted by belief in Arabia. This should alarm those who believe in the Indian nation as a secular entity. – Kanchan Gupta

Sources say it was one of the PFI's Taliban-style 'courts' in Erattupettah in Kottayam district that decided Joseph's fate. There are 13 more across Kerala, discreetly exhorting members of the community to stay away from regular courts which are deemed "un-Islamic". The state police is now taking a fresh look at three murders in Kannur, including that of a police constable. There is some suspicion the killings were ordered by Taliban-style courts.

The policemen who seized the CDs from PFI offices later reported disgust and disbelief at videos showing brutal punishment – such as the severing of limbs – inflicted on "enemies of faith". Some shots had activists slaughtering animals, apparently to harden them. Kerala's descent to terror is not recent nor is it without political backing. For decades, both Congress and the Left have been soft on the more radical sections of the Muslim community leaving the moderates at the mercy of the extremists. -- Ananthakrishnan G

According to a research study, in 1988, 40 percent of doctors and 60 percent of teachers consisted of women in Afghanistan. In the same year, 440,000 female students were enrolled in educational institutions. These reforms, however, were not seen as a positive change but as an ‘atheistic agenda’ by a large number of conservative groups in Afghanistan and the rest of the Muslim world who started to organise militants against the socialist government. In 1979, the newly formed government repeatedly requested the neighbouring socialist Soviet Union to help them. It was supposed to be a peaceful involvement of the Soviets with a mere intention to provide security to the newly formed democratic state and to help them build socialism, but something else had been scripted by the imperialist powers and their Islamist puppets. Their direct involvement and support to religious militants created unrest, bloodshed and civil war for many years — and it still continues.

The US exploited the Soviet involvement in Afghanistan to give the Cold War a climax. The CIA started a programme, known as Operation Cyclone, to arm the mujahideen in every possible way. Here comes the most interesting and tragic part. Pakistan, under Zia’s regime, played the role of a protagonist in making that mission successful and started accepting aid in millions of dollars. The ISI continuously served imperialist powers and trained the militants and supplied them the weapons and funds. This imperialist-Islamist alliance led to countless deaths and destruction in Afghanistan. Brzezinski, the National Security Adviser of former US President Jimmy Carter, said in an interview: “That secret operation was an excellent idea. It had the effect of drawing the Soviets into the Afghan trap. The day that the Soviets officially crossed the border, I wrote to President Carter, ‘We now have the opportunity of giving to the Soviet Union its Vietnam War’.”  —Ammar Aziz


Pakistan's government can start by following up on the review of the 'blasphemy laws' promised last year. We wilfully embrace insanity if we provide impunity for persecution of our minorities, if we pamper militancy on the one hand, and denounce it on the other. If the provincial budget of the Punjab government grants money to banned terrorist outfits, even if it is to their charitable wings, then we are truly embracing insanity. Because this is no political leader using extremist votes to buy power. This is institutionalised support to the same outfits we have banned. -- Sherry Rehman 


The rather naïve report from the Washington-based Brookings Institute think tank that madressahs that promote militancy are limited in number and as such not a “main problem” ignores the fact that even the institutes that do not preach violence encourage a mindset that builds support for the Taliban and other groups. Such views have permeated mainstream education too and seeped into many other places, changing quite markedly the nature of society. -- Kamila Hyat

The ‘non-Muslim’ status of the Ahmedis and the laws that criminalise any reference to their using Muslim religious symbols leads the media in Pakistan to steer clear of controversy. Everyone in public routinely refers to their places of worship as ‘mosque’ or their prayers as ‘namaz’. Failure to do so could earn you three years rigorous imprisonment or a mob lynching. In this age of 24/7 television, I felt almost apologetic confessing that I wasn’t watching the drama unfold on live TV. I was out and about, started getting the news much later. Just as well. Dr Haroon Ahmed, the well known psychiatrist, says he wanted to throw up, watching the gory scenes on TV. That’s another issue – the violence brought into our homes through blow-by-blow accounts on TV and the “oxygen of publicity” (as Bharat Bhushan, editor of Mail Today put it) it gives these murderers. -- Beena Sarwar

Faisal Shahzad’s e-mail to the “peaceful ummah” as published in the New York Times (http://documents.nytimes.com/e-mail-from-faisal-shahzad#text/p1) leaves no doubt about Shahzad’s state of mind. It was his association with Islamic organisations in the West that transformed him into a global jihadist in the classical Qutbian mould. His language, his denunciation of the West and of hypocritical governments in Pakistan, his appeal to “Khilafah” had all the fingerprints of a campus or a local Islamic body, possibly one infiltrated by the Hizb ut-Tahrir and/or global activists of the Jamaat-e-Islami (JI). -- Yasser Latif Hamdani

While much has been written about Shahzad picking up bomb-making skills in Waziristan, he apparently left Pakistan with no bigger aspiration than to make it good in life. From the bits and pieces that were put together by the media before his face with stubble was identified with terrorism, Shahzad was a weights-pumping, pub-hopping youngster. The constant reminders he faced of his Pakistani origin saw him turning to religion and developing hostility towards all things American...

In the words of Rik Coolsaet, the Belgian academic and editor of the Ashgate publication Jihadi Terrorism and the Radicalisation of Europe, the ‘global phenomenon' is “a cloak patched from different sources of local discontent, stitched together by a puritanical and radical interpretation of Islam, and thriving on a global phenomenon”...

It is in ‘Sunday' schools — ironically, a Christian import — attached to mosques and Islamic centres that the ABCD generation learns about Islam as parents find they are ill-equipped to teach their children how to read Arabic and the Koran. Many of these schools, according to Dr. Hussain, do not teach the “kinder and gentler” version of Islam. Though the Muslim-Americans — especially of Pakistani origin — are trying to take back their mosques and the Sunday schools, “petro-dollar Islam” is too well-funded to be fought. “The U.S. government will have to do that, but as long as the U.S. depends on Mid-East oil, it is difficult for them to come down too hard on it”...

That the U.S. administration ought to do something to undercut radicalisation is a view also held by Richard A. Clark, national coordinator for security and counter-terrorism in the Clinton White House. Writing in The Washington Post after Shahzad was picked up, he said President Barack Obama should propose greater outreach to the Muslim community to deal with “wannabe terrorists” like Shahzad and ‘Jihad Jane’...

“In the raw aftermath of a successful attack, it will be very hard for an American President to shift the debate in a more productive and honest direction.” The near-miss, Mr. Clark argues, should be turned into an opportunity to refine tactics of countering terrorism, one of which is the “time-consuming and less glamorous work of defeating radical Islamist ideology in the battle of ideas.”-- Anita Joshua


Just as the sudden rise of certain crackpots (via TV) in Pakistan was keenly followed and supported by a chunk of young, urban Pakistanis, various cranks are happily catering to the already confused religious and ideological bearings of Muslim Pakistanis living abroad. Much has been written about men in Pakistan who cleverly represent (and glorify) the increasingly chauvinistic mindset of the current generation of young, urban Pakistanis. The situation is equally distressing in the West.

A recent book on Muslim scholar Farhat Hashmi’s organisation, Al-Huda, (written by Sadaf Ahmad, a Pakistani woman), accuses her of spreading hatred against Christians, Hindus and Jews among Pakistani women living in Canada. Recently, in the wake of the Faisal Shahzad episode in New York, the Muslim Canadian Congress (MCC), a group of liberal Muslims living in Canada, accused American Islamic organisations of refusing to distance themselves from the doctrine of armed jihad.

The MCC goes on to state that many young Pakistanis living in the US and Canada regard Pakistan as a safe haven for their preparation and training for waging wars against the West. Organisations like the MCC have also come down hard on outfits such as Al-Huda, ridiculing their claim that they are on a mission to convert Westerners to Islam.

A few weeks ago I got an email from a reader about a Pakistani in the US who (on Facebook) accused me of being a “Zionist-backed agent of secularism”. When someone asked the gentleman that, if he hated the US so much why was he living there, he conveniently (and without any hint of irony) claimed that his mission was to convert as many Christians and Jews in the US as possible. Imagine what might have happened to a Christian in Pakistan if his/her “mission” was to convert Muslims to Christianity...

Saying that such young people are wilfully delusional and dangerously hypocritical would be an understatement. -- Nadeem F. Paracha

The Pakistani state and its ruling elites are unfortunately anchored in “political” and “ ideological” Islam from the day the Objectives Resolution was constitutionalised in the 1980s. This state has been characterised by a civil- military imbalance that has fed upon the country by spawning non- state Islamic “ warriors”. These monsters have now turned upon their creators.

But the state doesn’t know if it is a Pakistani state (a national concept) or an Islamic state (a global concept) and how to deal with them. This identity confusion and global rage has bottled up in the minds and breasts of at least three generations of young brainwashed Pakistanis regardless of class. That is why, all other things being equal, a young Pakistani at home or abroad is more likely to be seduced by “ global Islamist” outrage against imperialist and “ state- terrorist” America than a young Muslim originating from India or Africa or South East Asia.--Najam Sethi

Madrassas are jealously guarded by Pakistan's countless politico-religious extremists.

Government edicts on curriculum reform are ignored with impunity. Free meals and an "education" are the principal attraction for the overwhelming majority of Muslim Pakistan's 175 million people, who subsist on $2 or $3 a day. The government cannot afford a modern public school system for the poor as the military absorbs most of the budget. And Pakistan cannot return to the ranks of strong, peace-loving nations until madrassas are replaced by normal high schools. Those are still a decade or two away.

The miserable conditions under which a majority of Pakistan's poor eke out subsistence living (electricity frequently is unavailable for 12 hours a day, shutting down fans and naked bulbs in 100-degree heat) are likely to continue for the foreseeable future. The game-changer is the Pakistani army, whose volunteers came principally from the ranks of the poor. But the officers, if not the rank and file, now understand that religious extremists are no longer their allies.

With 3,500 killed by terrorists in a year and more than 10,000 injured and many small businesses closed, coupled with the government's neglect of their plight for lack of funds, and U.S. aid spread thin over a multitude of unrelated projects, those who cherry-pick suicide targets to make matters worse are faced with an embarrassment of riches. -- Arnaud de Borchgrave


The suicide blast in Peshawar on April 19 that claimed 23 lives was a little different, in the sense that instead of targeting the ANP, as usual, the suicide bomber chose a Jamaat-e-Islami demonstration to detonate himself.

The Naib Amir of the Jamaat, Sirajul Haq, was quick to blame the government that had failed to protect people's lives while another leader of the Jamaat, Hafiz Hashmat, accused Blackwater. Not a word was uttered by any of the Jamaat's leaders about the Taliban, who are usually blamed for such incidents. Last year, when the Swat videos shook the entire country, the Jamaat's did not condemn the Taliban. -- Farooq Sulehria


Recently religious programming on TV channels has come under scrutiny for various reasons. One of the biggest concerns is how some of these programmes have gone on to advocate violence against so-called minority sects and religions, and the way they use obscure traditions and biased interpretations of the scriptures to deride certain events and personalities. 
Though both sides of the main sectarian divide (the ‘Barelvi’ and the Salafi/Deobandi) are given equal space on the channels, unfortunately, the preachers and TV hosts of both the sides have usually taken extreme positions on various issues. This includes exhibiting animated armchair radicalism by indirectly siding with monsters such as the Taliban and scoffing at the concept of democracy and liberal Islam, attacking them as misguided constructs worthy only of ridicule. -- Nadeem F Pracha

Fifteen years ago, a young man named Sarfaraz Nawaz left Pallikera on a journey that would lead, step by step, to the serial bombings in Bangalore in June, 2008. From his story, and that of his associates in south India's Islamist networks, investigators have pieced together a fascinating account of how multiple jihadist cells formed across the region; linked to each other only loosely through leaders, who in turn were connected to Islamist groups in the Gulf and the Lashkar-e-Taiba's commanders in Pakistan.

But the story also demonstrates disturbing gaps in intelligence; gaps that allowed jihadists to mobilise and recruit members, and prepare for attacks. Following last week's bombings at the M. Chinnaswamy stadium in Bangalore, the police in Karnataka have renewed the search for over a dozen individuals linked to Nawaz's networks who eluded arrest after the June 2008 serial bombings in India's information-technology capital. -- Praveen Swami



With the Indonesian police providing the mug shots, Dulmatin's pictures were splashed all over Indonesia's large media. The balding man with a small beard and moustache was believed to be around 40 years old. Unlike in Pakistan where the authorities in most cases are unable to provide evidence, due to a host of reasons, that the targeted militants have indeed been slain, the Indonesians did a good job by providing proof to the media that Dulmatin along with Ridwan and Hasan Noer, believed to be his bodyguards, had been killed. The police also said the DNA test conducted on Dulmatin matched the DNA of his mother. The efficient cops were lucky that no bystander was killed in the high-risk, coordinated public raids, including the internet café in suburban Jakarta where Dulmatin was trapped. -- Rahimullah Yusufzai


Basayev's writings show that the Chechen jihadist movement, like others across the world, was a product of modernity — not traditionalist Islam. His iconic 2004 book, The Book of the Mujahid, was derived bizarrely from the Brazilian pop novelist Paulo Coelho. “In late March of last year,” Basayev wrote in the preface, “I had two weeks of spare time when I got a hold of Warrior of the Light: A Manual. I wanted to derive benefits for the mujahideen from this book and this is why I rewrote most of it, removing some of the excesses and strengthened all of it with Quranic verses, Hadiths and stories from the lives of the disciples [of the Prophet].”

India has lessons to learn from Russia's experience. Its jihadists, like those of the north Caucasus, are intimately entwined with Islamist groups in Pakistan —but, increasingly, are acquiring the capabilities needed to stage major operations independently. Facing up to the new challenges of a globalised jihadist movement will need unprecedented levels of international cooperation. -- Praveen Swami


While the identification of the bombers will no doubt help Russian intelligence agencies to get to the network of terror that operates in the name of Islam, it is of importance for others, too. Three points have emerged from the investigations that are of direct relevance to all nations threatened by the monster of jihadi terror. First, various fatwas issued by theologists of Islam condemning terrorism, particularly suicide bombings, that claim innocent lives, and insisting that Islam does not sanction such violence have failed to convince Islamists of the folly of their fanaticism. At the ground level, such edicts have had no impact and are unlikely to serve any purpose as ‘deterrents’. Second, there is no gender distinction between men and women who have vowed to unleash terror: The terrorist as a rage boy is a myth created by those who have a poor understanding of what motivates the mass murderers. Third, global jihad remains untamed and uncurbed despite the much-publicised US-led war on terror. If anything, US President Barack Obama’s line of least resistance vis-a-vis the Taliban has served to embolden Islamists who see nothing wrong with shedding the blood of innocent people in their pursuit of the chalice of poison. -- An Editorial in The Pioneer, New Delhi

Photo: Dzhennet Abdurakhmanova, who is believed to have carried out one of the Moscow metro bombings, poses with her late husband Umalat Magomedov. Courtesy:  Newsteam/AFP/Getty Images


One of the basic tenets of STRATFOR’s analytical model is that place matters. A country’s physical and cultural geography will force the government of that country to confront certain strategic imperatives no matter what form the government takes. For example, Imperial Russia, the Soviet Union and post-Soviet Russia all have faced the same set of strategic imperatives. Similarly, place can also have a dramatic impact on the formation and operation of a militant group, though obviously not in quite the same way that it affects a government, since militant groups, especially transnational ones, tend to be itinerant and can move from place to place.

From the perspective of a militant group, geography is important but there are other critical factors involved in establishing the suitability of a place. While it is useful to have access to wide swaths of rugged terrain that can provide sanctuary such as mountains, jungles or swamps, for a militant group to conduct large-scale operations, the country in which it is based must have a weak central government — or a government that is cooperative or at least willing to turn a blind eye to the group. A sympathetic population is also a critical factor in whether an area can serve as a sanctuary for a militant group. In places without a favorable mixture of these elements, militants tend to operate more like terrorists, in small urban-based cells. -- Scott Stewart


October 2009 arrest in Chicago of two men charged with plotting attacks in Denmark illustrates Lashkar’s transnational capabilities and the nuanced role they can play in terms of terrorism against India and the West. One of the men arrested was David Headley, (aka Daood Gilani), a Pakistani American who trained with Lashkar during the early part of the decade and changed his name in order to perform surveillance in India. He made multiple extended trips to Mumbai in advance of the 2008 attacks that took place there. During each trip he took pictures and video of various targets, including all of those struck by Lashkar’s fidayeen in November 2008. -- Stephen Tankel

Photo: Headley-Rana

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    ( By hats off! )
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    ( By Shahzeb )
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    ( By Kaniz Fatma )
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    ( By Kaniz Fatma )
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    ( By Naseer Ahmed )
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    ( By Kaniz Fatma )
  • Good. So, you also reject Ibn-Arabi, Shah Wali ullah and all other scholars who either take a differnt view or equivocate? And you also ...
    ( By Naseer Ahmed )
  • Ms Kaniz Fatima,You have quoted Yunus now and Saeed earlier. What Yunus says is the opposite of what Saeed says and i agree with ...
    ( By Naseer Ahmed )
  • The likes of Professor Moosa, Abdullah Saeed and other reformists scholars have never attempted what they prescribe. Is there any example of Professor Moosa ...
    ( By Naseer Ahmed )
  • Mr Muhammd Yunus writes it well, “The Qur’anic paradigms are eternal, free from any addition or alteration since the revelation that was preserved orally as well ...
    ( By Kaniz Fatma )
  • @Ghulam Ghaus Sahab, I am unable to understand one hadith " I have been commanded to fight until they say THERE IS NO GOD BUT ...
    ( By Kaniz Fatma )
  • By the way, I am not saying that the traditionalists are right and Naseer sb. is wrong. I am saying that neither of them ...
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • "The Qur’an was given in a specific context, within the framework of a worldview that was appropriate to first/seventh-century Arabia, and in a language and symbolism that ...
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • Naseer sb.,You have not yet replied to my following post""Let me put it this way: let us redouble our efforts to respect the dignity ...
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • " It was the Babylonians who first conceived of a mark to signify that a number was absent from a column."Whether the decimal system is ...
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • Knowledge and worship are precious gems which enlighten mankind and by which man can be closer to God
    ( By Kaniz Fatma )