... This “basic structure” lies embedded in the Upanishadic thought. Its central message is that all life in this universe is divine and individuals are “divine specks” of the same Supreme Divinity, which permeates the inextricably enmeshed cosmic web of human existence. In this metaphysical principle, the notion of equality is in-built. If the same divinity is embodied in different individuals, they cannot but be equal. The Bhavishya Purana says: “Since members of all the four castes are children of God, they all belong to the same caste. All human beings have the same father and children of the same father cannot have different castes”. Because of widespread ignorance about Hinduism and the extensive interpolations and manipulations which it has undergone over the ages, few in India today understand its fundamental principles and propositions. The very soul of Hinduism debunks the caste system. The only source to which the origin of this system could be attributed is the second portion of Purusha-sakta hymn of the Rig Veda, wherein it is stated that the purusha was cut into four parts, the first pertaining to his mouth, the second to his arms, the third to his thighs and the fourth to his feet. An interpretation of this statement was drawn to lay down that the Brahmin came from the highest portion of the Supreme Self and shudra from the lowest. In between came the kshatriyas, the warrior class, and the vaishyas, the traders, agriculturists etc. This interpretation is, clearly, arbitrary and untenable. Nor is there any scriptural authority on the basis of which the caste system could be made either hereditary or water-tight. In his remarkable write-up, titled Un-Hindu Spirit of Caste-Rigidity, Sri Aurobindo has pertinently observed: “The baser ideas underlying the degenerate perversions of the caste system, the mental attitude which bases them on a superiority, depending on the accident of birth of a fixed and intolerant inequality, are inconsistent with the supreme teaching, the basic spirit of Hinduism which sees the one invariable and indivisible Divinity in every individual being”. -- Jagmohan
Sufis have a treasure of stories relating to methods used in replacing unworthy attributes by praiseworthy qualities. One day the bazaars of Baghdad caught fire and Sari Saqti, the ninth century mystic was informed that his shop had burnt down. He later learnt that somehow his shop did not get destroyed in the fire whereas most of the other shops in the street had been destroyed completely. Saqti said he gleefully thanked God, but soon realised his selfishness in not feeling immense pain for fellow shopowners. He admitted to repenting that one sin for over 40 years. Eventually, Saqti gave away the shop and everything he owned to the poor and embraced the Sufi path. -- Sadia Dehlvi
There are wide inter-religious differences in the quality and intensity of repentance depending on what is considered as the origin of evil. In the Christian faith, for example, the source of evil is the tempter Satan. In Sikh theology, God Himself is considered the author of good as well as evil. Surprised by this Sikh concept, a Christian would exclaim, “How can God be the author of evil?” However, a little open-mindedness can resolve the paradox. The omnipotent Christian God could have exterminated the rebellious Satan, if He wanted to. But He didn’t. Isn’t He Himself then responsible for the presence of evil in the world? Apart from blaming Satan for tempting him, a Christian might also blame himself for getting tempted. That often leads to a biting sense of guilt and an excruciating sense of repentance. A Sikh on the other hand would invoke God to divert his mind from evil and blessingly lead him towards salvation. -- J.S. Neki
This is only a body, so don’t get attached. You do know that if we bury you here, you become earth. If we burn you, immediately the results are there for you to see. If we bury you, it takes a little longer. But what happens to you? This needs probing. It definitely needs looking into, isn’t it? Because this man who is here today, so real, tomorrow if he can suddenly evaporate, disappear, it is your business to know what happened, because it is going to happen to you also. Definitely, it is everybody’s business to know, isn’t it? So that’s where the first step is. -- Sadhguru Jaggi Vasudev
Sanatan Kriya is formulated in such an easy manner that one does not have to renounce worldly pleasures and become a hermit to reap the benefits of Ashtanga Yoga. It is very much possible living in a modern setup to practice the kriya and achieve the same results as experienced by people living in ashrams, as nowhere in yoga is one asked to leave one’s surroundings and responsibilities. The practice of this kriya slowly brings you to a level where you are not affected by your surroundings, businesses and prevalent chaos of a modern setup. As one progresses in Sanatan Kriya, subtle changes manifest in the body, elevating the level of consciousness. The connection with the guru, who exists at a much higher level of consciousness, slowly starts reflecting on the follower’s body. The highly potent yogic techniques start to reshape and redefine one’s aura. As the aura gets cleansed of grosser prana, the congestions in the subtle channels called nadis get cleared and the shakti (force) of the guru is channelised in the body. At the physical level it results in ridding the body of imbalances which generally are seen as physical, financial, mental or emotional disturbances. As these disturbances subside, the result is seen as an extraordinary glow, inner and physical strength, and, needless to say, a heightened level of consciousness. -- Yogi Ashwini
جب سے میں نے پڑھا ہے کہ ہندوستان میں ملیشیا کے ملاّ حضرات مسلمانوں کو یوگا کیمپوں سے دور رہنے کا مشورہ دے رہے ہیں ، میں سوچ رہا ہوں کہ یوگا سے کون سا نقصان پہنچنے کا اندیشہ ہے ۔ کیا ہمارا ایمان اتناکمزور ہے کہ اگر ہم یوگا کسرتیں سیکھ لینگے تو ہم مسلمان نہیں رہیں گے جب کہ آج کل ڈاکٹر بھی خاص کر دل کے ڈاکٹر اور سرجن دل کی بائی پاس سرجری کے بعد یا ہائی بلیڈ پریشر میں مبتلا اشخاص کو یوگا کسرتیں کرنے کی صلاح دیتے ہیں؟ در حقیقت یوگا کئی بیماریوں میں مفید ہے اور بہتر ین احتیاتی تدابیر میں شامل ہے ۔ اگر باقاعدہ سے کیے جائیں تو یوگا کی مراقبتی تکنیک انتہائی خوشگوار روحانی تجربے کا باعث بن سکتی ہے۔
Buddhism is depicted with accuracy as the labour of learning to see clearly and wake up to life just as it is: a painful but nonetheless exquisite transitory flux. Rather than securing ourselves against life's evanescence by swimming in a sea of addictive poisons like greed, hatred, and delusion, the Buddha eliminates habitual egoism by cutting out the root of ignorance that binds human beings to samsara: the illusion of self. Released from that falsehood, human beings are free to embrace life in all its fragile interconnectedness with care and compassion.
Suppose viewers become readers and follow up their viewing with a deeper encounter with Buddhist wisdom. What questions come next? Christian viewers of the film will surely be impelled to ask, what does Bodhgaya have to do with Jerusalem? What have the Buddha's teachings to do with the teachings of the Jewish carpenter from Nazareth? -- John Thatamanil
Pandit Mustafa Arif is basically a journalist, Hindi Poet and Author from Ujjain Madhya Pradesh, now permanently residing in Delhi. Currently he is engaged in a major task to write Hamd in Hindi consisting of 10, 000 verses, which will take at least five more years to complete. Working since 4th April 2008, till today he has completed writing of 2, 232 verses in 4 volumes, each volume containing 558 verses. To spread this work among the masses he has founded Quran Literacy Program (QLIP) Foundation in Delhi, which will undertake programs to make adults Quran literate, survey of Quran knowing people and to develop a Quranic Park.
Pandit Mustafa says his work is based on the inspiration derived from the study of the Holy Quran. His mission is to convey the message of Allah to the masses through the Quran. -- Editor
An Urdu tome that I recently chanced upon, Syed Ahmad Uruj Qadri’s Awliya-e-Allah (Friends of God), is a fascinating critique of the traditional Sufi understanding of the awliya of God. Before I turn to this book, a brief account of the traditional Sufi concept of the wali and the hierarchy of the awliya is in order. According to the tradition known in Sufi literature as the hadith (saying) of Abdullah ibn Masud, there are 355 or 356 awliya, ‘upon whom the life and death of all nations depends.’ In popular Sufism, these awliya are considered spiritually exalted creatures, raised far above the level of the common Muslim masses, and ordered in a grand cosmic hierarchy. Various Sufi shaikhs have been taken by their followers to be the qutb or the ‘pole’ or ‘axis’ around which the entire cosmos revolves, around whom are a host of lesser awliya of lesser ranks, such as the nuqaba, awtad, abrar,abdal, akhyar and mijaba. These and other such cosmic hierarchies that the Sufis elaborated upon were believed to be the spiritual power through which the order and the continued existence of the cosmos were assured. Belief in this hierarchy of Sufis reflected the steeply hierarchical feudal system when this belief was evolved or invented. -- Yoginder Sikand
God laws are eternal and unalterable and not separable from God Himself. It is an indispensable condition of His very perfection.
Hence there is great confusion that the Buddha disbelieved in God and simply believed in the moral law.
Because of this confusion about God Himself arose the confusion about the proper understanding of the great word Nirvana. Nirvana is undoubtedly not utter extinction. So far as I understand the central fact of the Buddha’s life, Nirvana is utter extinction of all that is base in us, all that is vicious in us, and all that is corrupt and corruptible in us. Nirvana is not like the black dead peace of the grave, but the living peace, the living happiness of a soul which is conscious of itself and conscious of having found its own abode in the heart of the Eternal...
Non-violence is an intensely active force when properly understood and used. A violent man’s activity is most visible, while it lasts. But it is always transitory ... as transitory as that of Chenghis’s slaughter. But the effects of the Buddha’s non-violent action persist and are likely to grow with age. And the most it is practised, the more effective and inexhaustible it becomes, and ultimately the whole world stands agape and exclaims: ‘a miracle has happened’. -- M K Gandhi
O Lord, it’s hard to be humble when you’re perfect in every way, I can’t wait to look in the mirror ’cause I get better looking each day — these words from Mac Davis’ song are symptomatic of a modern malaise: I-disease. The Bible tells us that Primal Man, Adam, too, suffered from I-disease leading to the “Fall of Man” (Genesis, Chapter 3), which mustn’t be taken as a historical event but as profoundly true in its message: “Pride comes before a fall”.-- Francis Gonsalves
We all think man fears death. But, in reality, he fears himself. The remorses and repentances of life haunt him. One who has no remorse, nor any ground for repentance, has no reason to fear death. Death, the most dreaded evil for many, is not so for those who are spiritually illumined. For them it is of little concern.
Only right living can prepare us for safe or even joyous dying. Let us, then, be of good cheer about death and know this that no evil can happen to a good man either in life or after death. Death, be assured, is no evil. It is impossible that a thing so natural, so necessary, and so universal should ever have been designed by our Creator as an evil to mankind. -- By J.S. Neki
I‘ve got an email with title “your religion is not important”. In this email, a Brazilian theologist of freedom named Leonardo Boff had a dialogue with the Dalai Lama. I like the wise answer from Dalai Lama.
With his interest, he asked Dalai Lama:
“What is the best religion?”
Dalai Lama answered,
“The best religion is the one that gets you closest to God. It is the one that makes you a better person.”
Such a wise answer, Boff asked again:
You have a sacred task of taking a sacred idea into sacred space — you have to be cleansed of impurities to do so. You need writers burning with the desire to put spirituality, humanity and aesthetics in an intriguing and dramatic format. Then you need poets fired by love to create lyrics that will rock the soul. You need composers who can compose with the same ecstatic abandon as such poetry may demand. Singing Sufiana means singing Sufiana and for this you have to see the Sufiana in every form of singing and in every relationship in life. You cannot sing Sufiana if you are ungrateful, if you are petty and jealous, competitive and aggressive. Some can make the connect and in some cases their ego interferes. The audience is not coming to you directly. It is taking the same route as the singer... the divine route. Few understand this as commerce and intellect often comes in between. First you have to receive light from that divine connection to pour out your soul. ...
And in such a journey you find tassawuf (Sufism) in everything and everything in tassawuf. The power of music on the big screen is still untapped. The power of the voice has to rise to meet the challenge of a harsh changing world. Sufi films and music that is waiting to be born on Indian soil very soon, in these music will become the reality of the subject. You can’t pay lip service to tassawuf in cinema. It has be the ethos the film, it has be the ethos of the reality the country is steeped in.
Thus this journey has taken me to a realm when poetry and music, soul and reality, singer and the listener have become one. However, it is here where the challenge lies and needs to be addressed. -- Muzaffar Ali
Tribulations teach compassion, for those who experience tragedy and pain can feel what others go though in similar situations. Commenting on the state of the truly pious of earlier communities, the Prophet said, “By the one whose hand is my soul, they would show joy on the onset of a calamity, as you show joy at time of ease”. Islamic spirituality prepares the soul to be in a continuous state of mutmainah, contentment. It teaches not to be perturbed, anxious and never to prejudge Allah, for He knows best — the Quran informs us that humanity is given only a small amount of knowledge, the explanations of the unseen will unfold in the hereafter. Allah tells us never to despair from His rahmah, mercy, for, “Verily, with every difficulty, there is relief” (96:4). --Sadia Dehlvi
O God! You are Omnipresent, Omnipotent and Almighty.
You are all Light.
You are all Knowledge and Bliss.
You are Destroyer of fear,
You are Creator of this Universe,
You are the Greatest of all.
We bow and meditate upon Your light.
You guide our intellect in the right direction.
The mantra, however, has a great scientific import too, which somehow got lost in the literary tradition. The modern astrophysics and astronomy tell us that our Galaxy called Milky Way or Akash-Ganga contains approximately 100,000 million of stars. Each star is like our sun having its own planet system. We know that the moon moves round the earth and the earth moves round the sun along with the moon. All planets round the sun.
Each of the above bodies revolves round at its own axis as well. Our sun along with its family takes one round of the galactic center in 22.5 crore years.
All galaxies including ours are moving away at a terrific velocity of 20,000 miles per second.
It is true that Scholastics invented what professed to be logical arguments proving the existence of God, and that these arguments, or others of a similar tenor, have been accepted by many eminent philosophers, but the logic to which these traditional arguments appealed is of an antiquated Aristotelian sort which is now rejected by practically all logicians except such as are Catholics. There is one argument that is not purely logical. I mean the argument from design….
It appears to me that some people do not seem to understand Monotheism (One God in a dual state- Creator and Creation as two), and they tend to confuse this with Monism (One God in a single state – Creator and Creation as one). Well these are two different things and it is not difficult to understand the difference with the help of an example. I do not intend hurting the religious sensibility of any one with my example, as this is meant only to explain an otherwise complex and at the same time sacrosanct idea....
A critic and an atheist can still say that he does not see His powers or effects in the world (and so he does not accept His existence) , but a Muslim sees His powers or effects in whatever he sees around, and so he believes in His existence. -- Manzoorul Haque
Why had she made a plea for us to accept her gift? Because, by accepting the kindness of strangers, the recipient gives back the greater gift of trust? Bunny had taken the apple. And by doing so, had perhaps given back something in exchange. A belief in our common humanness, a mutual recognition that the person who receives is also a giver.
A simple thought to remember, particularly when we in India are -- at long last -- preparing to reach out to those of us who all their lives have known only hunger and poverty. Think of what they might be waiting to give us. Not gratitude, never that. But perhaps a mirror -- flat, hard and unsentimental -- in which we see ourselves, as we might have been, as we might be one day. The gift of ourselves for the price of a toffee apple? What better bargain in the world. But why does it take wars, or volcanoes, for us to find that out? -- Jug Suraiya
I am glad that I am fully aware that I will die. Ever since I walked the Road to Santiago, I realised that — as long a life continues, and we are all eternal — there will be an end one day...
The Indians say, “Today is as good a day as any to leave this world.” And a witch once remarked, “That death is always sitting next to you. So, when you need to do important things, it will give you the strength and courage.” I hope you, my reader, have come to be aware not only of statistics, but of your mission on this earth. Yes, all of us will die sooner or later. But accepting it is the best way to be prepared for life. -- Paulo Coelho
God is beyond all religions and no religion can claim to possess absolute truth or make the claim of being the norm for all the others. Truly religious persons cannot be exclusive. They can discern the presence of God in every religion.
Ramakrishna and Sri Satya Sai Baba of Shirdi did not find any contradiction in practising different religions. They exemplify the ideal of finding God in all religions and respecting the faith, symbols and practices of other religions. It is untenable to hold on to a position that God's revelation occurs only in a particular country or culture. God has no "chosen people" for all are God's people. A person with a deep experience of God and rooted in his own faith will not be threatened by other religions, but rather would rejoice in the diversity of religious experiences.
Harmonious relationship between religions is possible when followers of all religions realise that the infinite mystery of God cannot be exhaustively grasped. -- Thomas Chillikulam
Great spiritual leaders, like Jesus, or Mohammad, or Nanak (and scientists and poets such as Einstein and Kalidas), have enhanced and heightened human consciousness and stand at the highest end of the spectrum. Genocidists like Hitler, Stalin and Pol Pot (and terrorists who kill innocent people, and those who violate the bodies and minds of the helpless and the innocent) negate consciousness, to the point of extinction in the most extreme cases, and stand at the lowest part of the spectrum which brackets both saints and sinners, angels and demons. -- Jug Suraiya
What we usually think of when emphasizing the inevitability of freedom is rather an idealistic and impractical mindset about a liberal, unrestricted and limitless society in which the residents, from the grassroots, proletariat and workers to the rhetoricians, journalists, dissidents and scholars are free to act, express and challenge in any way they want to. So, what is the external incarnation of this "free" world where the constraints and chains do not exist and people breathe in the air of "freedom" and "liberty" perfectly? -- Kourosh Ziabari
The path of yoga that he taught was the ancient meditative path of raja yoga. The teachings of raja yoga are the best guide to meditation that I know. They are completely non-sectarian, and can be practised with equal effectiveness by anyone regardless of their religious affiliation. Their goal is super-conscious realisation: the realisation of who and what you are in your highest, spiritual reality. It is, as you can see, a very personal goal for each seeker...
I am aware that some people prefer to omit God from any effort at self-improvement, including the practice of meditation. and yet, without aspiration towards some higher reality, one is left meandering mentally. Whether you call that higher reality God, it is infinitely above your normal waking state of awareness. It is, in fact, your own self, and offers the fulfilment of all your deepest longings. – SWAMI KRIYANANDA
Ananda sangha will hold meditation workshops based in teaching of paramhansa Yogananda on April 4 in Delhi, Gurgaon, and Noida. Please call 9899014209 or (0124)405-9550.
I wonder what that tune is”. I cleverly noticed a sign posted near bandstand so I said to your bhabi, “I’ll go and see”. A little while later I came back and told your bhabi, “It’s the Refrain from Spitting tune”. As we walked around, a janaza came. In London they don’t carry dead body on charpoy with whole mohalla and extanded family walking with it on their shoulders and veiling, crying. -- Jugnu Mohsin
Photo: Nawaz Sharif
It’s the story of the new millennium. Exhausted by the dizzying pace of corporate life, jetizens are trading in fat salaries and fatter waistlines for an improved life as full-time volunteers in spiritual orders. Some have also become monks.
A hospital bed is a fine place for some delayed introspection, discovered Malaysian Jigme Semzang as she lay sick in bed, having been brought in with high blood pressure. Further tests confirmed diabetes, high lipid and early menopause. For the 43-year-old jet-setting executive with a pharmaceutical corporation, it was time for some serious rethink.
That was five years ago. Today, Semzang is a size S, unrecognizable to her friends who remember her as an XXL weighing 135lb.At 49,shes fit, energetic and having a whale of a time as a spiritualist in the 12th Gyalwang Drukpas order (( head of the Drukpa lineage of Tibetan Buddhism). -- Meenakshi Sinha
Photo: Tired with dizzying pace of corporate life, many senior executives are taking short breaks and finding peace in the teachings of Buddhism