Books and Documents

Islam, Women and Feminism


  • Mr. Ghulam Rasool, 
    Maulana Khalid Saifullah and Maulana Yaseen Akhtar Misbahi both consider that in major Islamic countries three talaqs are still counted as three. 
    Maulana Khalid is reported to have said, 
    " قرآن مجید میں ہرگز یہ بات نہیں کہی گئی ہے کہ ایک ساتھ دی جانے والی تین طلاق ایک ہی طلاق ہوتی ہے،اگر قرآن مجید میں یہ حکم موجود ہوتا تو امت کے درمیان اس مسئلہ میں اختلاف رائے نہیں ہوتا،حالانکہ حقیقی صورت حال یہ ہے کہ فقہاء اور محدثین کی غالب اکثریت کے نزدیک ایک مجلس کی تین طلاقیں تین ہی شمار کی گئی ہیں۔
    یہ کہنا بھی غلط ہے کہ تمام مسلم ممالک میں تین طلاق کے ایک ہونے کو تسلیم کرلیا گیا ہے،بلکہ حقیقت اس کے بر عکس ہے۔ سعودی عرب جس کو حرمین شریفین کی تولیت کا شرف حاصل ہے،وہاں اس مسئلہ کی تحقیق کے لئے کمیشن قائم کیاگیا اوراس میں قرآن وحدیث کے دلائل،صحابہ کے فتاوی اور فقہاء کے اقوال کو سامنے رکھ کر یہی فیصلہ کیا گیا کہ اگرچہ تین طلاق ایک ساتھ دینا گناہ ہے،لیکن اگر دے دی جائے تو واقع ہوجاتی ہے۔

    اسی طرح عالم اسلام کے مؤقر ادارہ جامع ازھر مصر کا بھی یہی فتوی ہے،اس لئے ہمیں اس مسئلہ پر بحث کرنے کے بجائے کہ ایک مجلس کی تین طلاق ایک ہوتی ہے یا تین؟اس بات کی کوشش کرنی چاہئے کہ سماج میں شعور پیدا ہو،مسلمانوں کو یہ بات سمجھائی جائے کہ ایک ساتھ تین طلاق دینا غلط ہے اور اس طریقہ کے غلط ہونے میں کوئی اختلاف نہیں ہے ،نہ یہ کہ مسئلہ کو ایسے طریقے پر پیش کیا جائے کہ اس سے مسلمانوں میں مسلکی اختلاف پیدا ہو اور عدلیہ کو قانون شریعت میں دخل اندازی کا موقع فراہم ہوجائے..."
    Maulana Yaseen Akhtar Misbahi says the same thing. You say something else. The divorce laws of these major countries differ from one another. 

    By Ghulam Ghaus Siddiqi غلام غوث الصديقي - 4/21/2017 4:44:20 AM

  • Mr. Ghulam Rasool,

    You say, “In Sudan, which is also home to a sizeable population of the Sunni-Hanafi Muslims, the divorce law was reformed in 1935. According to the Article 3, Shariah Circular No. 41/1935 of Sudan, all the divorces by a husband are revocable except the third one and the divorce before the marriage consummation”.

    From this text, it appears there is no difference between Sudanese Law and AIMPLB law. According to Sudan, after third pronouncement of divorce, the divorce turns irrevocable; the same law does exist in India’s Muslim personal law board.

    Do you wanted to say more in your text? If yes, then please say it now.  

    By Ghulam Ghaus Siddiqi غلام غوث الصديقي - 4/20/2017 11:50:27 PM

  • Mr. Ghulam Rasool,

    You have given very short information about the amended laws of Muslim countries. Since the subject is very vast, it needs explanation. Are these Muslim countries democratic?  Do the citizens of these countries count three talaqs as only one? Or the rulers of these countries have forcefully imposed their own maslak upon the citizens. I find contradictions in the reformatory process of these countries. All these major countries are not at platform of one agreed idea. To what extent do they differ in their reformatory process? Do all these countries count three talaqs as only one? To prove the pronouncement of talaq, do the citizens of some of these countries not need two witnesses? If two witnesses say the husband has given three talaqs, do the courts of these countries still count three talaqs as only one? Should Indian Muslim laws follow these major Muslim countries? Then, why in only counting three talaqs as only one? Why not in all cases? Hundreds of questions are rolling in mind and i want you to answer me

    But first tell me about your own standpoint?   Do you too think three talaqs pronounced in one sitting as only one talaq? 

    By Ghulam Ghaus Siddiqi غلام غوث الصديقي - 4/20/2017 11:29:19 PM

  • Mr. Ghulam Rasool,

    You say, “Even the traditionalist Ulema who were vehemently opposed to the amendments in the "Shariah of Talaq" are now happy to consider three Talaqs in one sitting as only one”.

    What do you mean by “traditionalist Ulema”? This word is common to ulema of every sect of Muslim Ummah. Do traditionalist ulema of all the Muslim sects count three talaqs as only one? Please explain it.

    As far as i know, the history of counting three talaqs as only one starts from the era of Ibn Taymiyyah followed by Ibn ul Qayyum. Ibn Taymiyyah is the founder of counting three talaqs as one. Those who follow Ibn Taymiyyah call themselves ghair-muqallid.

    Do you want to refer to ghair-muqallid traditionalist ulema? Or more than that? Please explain it.  

    By Ghulam Ghaus Siddiqi غلام غوث الصديقي - 4/20/2017 11:02:13 PM

  • Mr. Ghulam Rasool,

    You say, “Since the Shafae'e Madhab (school) is the most prevalent in Egypt, if a husband says to his wife, "I Divorce you 100 times", it will count as only one”.

    This is very confusing. Could you please explain what you want to say in this sentence?

    As far as i know, according to the Shafaee Madhhab, three divorces are counted as three. But have you got any newly created information about the Shafaee Madhhab? Please explain.  

    By Ghulam Ghaus Siddiqi غلام غوث الصديقي - 4/20/2017 10:42:29 PM

  • Very well argued and informative piece.

    By Ghulam Mohiyuddin - 4/15/2017 12:56:28 PM