(28:66) Then the
(whole) story that Day will seem obscure to them and they will not be able (even) to question
(67) But any that (in
this life) had repented, believed, and worked righteousness, will have hopes to
be among those who achieve salvation.
(68) Thy Lord does
create and choose as He pleases: no choice have they (in the matter): Glory to
Allah! and far is He above the partners they ascribe (to Him)!
(69) And thy Lord
knows all that their hearts conceal and all that they reveal.
(70) And He is Allah:
There is no god but He. To Him be praise, at the first and at the last: for Him
is the Command, and to Him shall ye (all) be brought back.
On the Day of Judgment, let alone questioning Allah, there
will be no need to question each other. All matters will be clear. Whatever
doubts we entertained in our life about Allah, will disappear or the arguments that
we gathered to dispute with Allah, will no longer make any sense or seem
obscure. While in this life, what Allah does may seem obscure, on the Day of
Judgment, we will know what was it that was in our hearts that blinded us to
the truth and we will stand accused by our own self.
So, try to make peace with Allah in this world itself by
repenting, believing and working righteousness. Discover what is it in your
hearts that blinds you to Allah’s wisdom.
Dear Ghulam Mohiuddin Saheb, While there are
reports in Hadith from Sahaba (companions of the Prophet) of verses having
disappeared from Quran, there is not one claim at all of verses having been
concocted, fabricated and added. Surah Ahzab, for instance, is reported in Hadith to have been originally
double or more its present size of 73 verses. Sahaba remember it as being almost the same
size as Surah Baqra (286 verses). And so on. Quran was established in the
memory as well as written by companions as well as the katibeen
(writers) specially appointed for this purpose, immediately after
the revelations. Maybe it is difficult for a human mind to fathom
God's sense of Justice. For instance, a human may think that God should
specially guide the unjust, but God says He doesn't do that. Why? Is that just?
Perhaps, the real question is: is it for us humans to judge God? Since we do
not and cannot understand the uniqueness of God, we may better leave these
issues to be decided on the Day of Judgement. When we meet God, we can ask him.
Since the demise of the Prophet, the door of communication is closed. Had the
Sahaba put these questions through the Prophet, God may have answered. Maybe He
has and we only need to study Quran in greater depth to get an answer to these
questions. For, in Quran we find God explaining his actions and instructions as
well, though as the Master of the Universe, He doesn't have to. Before
questioning God, we should understand our own puniness in relation to the
Almighty. In my judgement, Quran's verses are not concocted or fabricated. If
we don't understand something, we should first read the whole of Quran more
closely, and if we still don't understand, we should wait for the Day of
There are three clear phases in the Prophetic mission of Muhammad
1. The early pre-migration stage of preaching which consisted of
defining Islam, nature of prophetic missions, warnings from the stories of
previous prophets, description of Heaven and Hell, what constitutes success. There was violent opposition by the leaders of
Unfaith and therefore there are verses about a few of these violent enemies of
Allah. The major part is repetitive telling of stories of previous prophets
which resulted in destruction of the disbelievers by an act of Allah at the end
of the mission. This is as a warning to the people of Mecca of what they could
expect if they resisted the Prophet. Since the Prophet was not a ruler and not
in a position to legislate laws and enforce them, this period is without a
single legislative verse. Since there were very few people of the Book in Mecca
(if at all), there are no verses concerning them.
2. The post migration phase covers armed struggle and the actualizing of
the warnings in the earlier phase. In this period, since the Prophet was also
the ruler, all the legislative verses are in this phase. The war related verses
are in this phase. The verses regarding the People of the Book are also in this
phase since Medina had Jewish and Christian communities. The stories of
reformer prophets (other than those whose missions did not end in destruction
of the disbelievers) are also in this phase since reformer prophets were sent
to the Jews and their stories are relevant to them.
3. The post victory phase is covered by the first 30 verse of Surah
Taubah. This phase covers the judgment on the vanquished enemy and terms for
assimilating the population under the political sovereignty of the Prophet. The
verses are transactional or of one-time application on the people in that
region. The general principles that can be derived, are however eternal.
If these phases and the nature of the struggle are kept in
mind, the verses easily fall into their proper chronological order. I do not
need any secondary source to say for example, that Surah 98 Al-Bayinnah, is an early
Medinian, pre-battle-of-Badar Surah. I am not even sure if any secondary source
is so precise in placing this surah exactly. Likewise, that surah Al-Kafirun is
an early Meccan Surah. Or that verse 22:39 has to be the first verse regarding
the command to fight and not verse 2:190 which most probably precedes Surah 48 or
in 6 AH. Or to say without referring back to the Quran that there is no Makki
verse that says “do not fight”, or to detect even the slightest mistake in
translation or attribution. The test of how well you understand the Quran is
how well you can place a verse without any help from secondary sources.
The prophetic mission in chronological order is presented in
series of my articles:
Story of the Prophetic mission of Muhammad (pbuh) from the Qu’ran (part 1): The
Story of the Prophetic Mission of Muhammad (pbuh) From the Qu’ran (Part 2): The
Clear Warning to the Meccan Pagans
Story of the Prophetic Mission of Muhammad (Pbuh) In the Qu’ran (Part 3):
Important Pointers from the Stories of the Prophets
Story of the Prophetic Mission of Muhammad (Pbuh) In the Qu’ran (Part 4): The
Story of the Prophetic Mission of Muhammad (pbuh) in the Qu’ran (Concluding
The Story of the Prophetic Mission of Muhammad (pbuh)
From the Qu’ran (Part 6): The People of the Book and Jiziya
The articles make clear not only the Prophet’s mission in
particular, but the Divine Plan of Allah through the ages, which makes it easy to
identify the eternal never changing laws of Allah and therefore, detect any
error in interpreting any verse/hadith relating to the prophetic mission. The
study is extremely systematic.