of prayer and charity will lead a person to hell fire.
(ask) of the Sinners:
"What led you into Hell Fire?"
will say: "We were not of those who prayed;
"Nor were we of those who fed the indigent;
"But we used to talk vanities with vain talkers;
By the way verses 5:44 to 47 are about the People of the Book who fail
to judge by their Books. The verses that are addressed to the Prophet/Muslims
(5:48) To thee We sent the Scripture in truth, confirming the scripture
that came before it, and guarding it in safety: so judge between them by what
Allah hath revealed, and follow not their vain desires, diverging from the
Truth that hath come to thee. To each among you have we prescribed a law and an
open way. If Allah had so willed, He would have made you a single people, but
(His plan is) to test you in what He hath given you: so strive as in a race in
all virtues. The goal of you all is to Allah; it is He that will show you the
truth of the matters in which ye dispute;
(49) And this (He commands): Judge thou between them by what Allah hath
revealed, and follow not their vain desires, but beware of them lest they
beguile thee from any of that (teaching) which Allah hath sent down to thee.
And if they turn away, be assured that for some of their crime it is Allah´s
purpose to punish them. And truly most men are rebellious.
(50) Do they then seek after a judgment of (the days of) ignorance? But
who, for a people whose faith is assured, can give better judgment than Allah?
We have sent down to thee the Book in truth, that thou mightest judge between
men, as guided by Allah: so be not (used) as an advocate by those who betray
The correct way to say it is "some believers perform namaz and others don't".
A Muslim is by definition one who obeys the commands of Allah and one who disobeys the commands of Allah is by definition a Kafir. Satan is the best example of a perfect believer who is also a perfect Kafir for disobeying the command of Allah and later resolving to rebel against Allah and misguide people.
A Muslim is the opposite of Kafir and a non-Muslim is indeed by definition Kafir.
Belief is a means to an end but not the end itself. Belief in the Quran/Torah/Bible/ the Scriptures helps us to be guided by Allah's revelations and do what Allah commands and avoid what Allah forbids or to become a Muslim.
وَمَا أَنتَ بِهَادِي الْعُمْيِ عَن ضَلَالَتِهِمْ ۖ إِن تُسْمِعُ إِلَّا مَن يُؤْمِنُ بِآيَاتِنَا فَهُم مُّسْلِمُونَ
(27:81) Nor can you be a guide to the blind, (to prevent them) from straying: only those will you get to listen who believe in Our Signs, and are Muslims ( Those who submit to Allah and His commands).
A believer is one who listens or pays heed to guidance and believes in the Ayats of Allah and when the believer acts on the guidance, he becomes a Muslim.
One who disregards the commands of Allah is Kafir/Zalim/Fasiq etc. even if he is a believer. The following verses are about believers who fail to judge by what Allah has revealed. They are Kafir/Zalim/Fasiq.
(5:44) It was We who revealed the law (to Moses): therein was guidance and light. By its standard have been judged the Jews, by the prophets who bowed (aslamu) to Allah´s will, by the rabbis and the doctors of law: for to them was entrusted the protection of Allah´s book, and they were witnesses thereto: therefore fear not men, but fear me, and sell not my signs for a miserable price. If any do fail to judge by (the light of) what Allah has revealed, they are Kafirun.
(45) We ordained therein for them: "Life for life, eye for eye, nose or nose, ear for ear, tooth for tooth, and wounds equal for equal." But if any one remits the retaliation by way of charity, it is an act of atonement for himself. And if any fail to judge by (the light of) what Allah hath revealed, they are Zalimun.
(46) And in their footsteps We sent Jesus the son of Mary, confirming the Law that had come before him: We sent him the Gospel: therein was guidance and light, and confirmation of the Law that had come before him: a guidance and an admonition to the Muttaqin.
(47) Let the people of the Gospel judge by what Allah has revealed therein. If any do fail to judge by (the light of) what Allah has revealed, they are Fasiqun.
There are too many issues mixed up in this article. Can we discuss a
subject without bringing in emotionally charged words and irrelevant
distractions like: Islamist, extremist, Maududi, Syed Qutub, ISIS,
Takfir, killing etc. to confuse a simple issue?
What do you call a
person who acknowledges the truth in his heart but does not practice
it except a hypocrite unless verse 16:106 is applicable to him?
(16:106) Any one
who, after accepting faith in Allah, utters Unbelief,- except under
compulsion, his heart remaining firm in Faith - but such as open
their breast to Unbelief, on them is Wrath from Allah, and theirs
will be a dreadful Penalty.
GGS says " As
for the person who believes in the truth of the revealed law of Allah
in his heart and acknowledges by his tongue that it is the revealed
law of Allah, however he acts against it, he will be regarded as the
believer of what Allah revealed, but he will be known simply as a
non-practicing believer in this case, and it is therefore he will not
be considered a Kafir according to this verse”.
The opposite of
Muslim is Kafir. The opposite of believer is disbeliever but not
kafir. Only the believers acting against their beliefs are kafir.
Non-believers are excused while a believer has no excuse and is
certainly a kafir if he/she deliberately and willfully fails to act on
his beliefs. Deliberate rejecters of the truth are not simple
disbelievers. They are kafir because of their rejection while their
hearts have known the truth. These are those “who will not
A Muslim is one who
acts on his beliefs else he is a kafir. He may be a non-practicing
believer but it is not one's beliefs but practice that make a person
a Muslim or a Kafir.
He may be a kafir,
hypocrite or an apostate but the Quran does not prescribe any
punishment for them. “Let there be no compulsion in religion” is
an overarching principle covering all people.