verses that mentions the exemptions for fasting does not exempt a menstruating
(Fasting) for a fixed number of days; but if any of you is ill, or on a journey, the prescribed number (Should be made up)
from days later. For those who can do it (With hardship), is a ransom, the
feeding of one that is indigent. But he that will give more, of his own free
will,- it is better for him. And it is better for you that ye fast, if ye only
Ramadhan is the (month) in which was sent down the Qur´an, as a guide to
mankind, also clear (Signs) for guidance and judgment (Between right and
wrong). So every one of you who is present (at his home) during that month
should spend it in fasting, but if any
one is ill, or on a journey, the prescribed period (Should be made up) by
days later. Allah intends every facility for you; He does not want to put to
difficulties. (He wants you) to complete the prescribed period, and to glorify
Him in that He has guided you; and perchance ye shall be grateful.
does not say “… but if any of you is ill, or on a journey, or menstruating, the
prescribed number (Should be made up) from days later……”
verse that describes the condition under which a person may not approach salat,
does not include a menstruating woman.
O ye who believe! Approach not prayers
with a mind befogged, until ye can understand all that ye say,- nor in a state
of ceremonial impurity (junuban) (Except when travelling on the road),
until after washing your whole body. If ye are ill, or on a journey, or one of
you cometh from offices of nature, or ye have been in contact with women, and
ye find no water, then take for yourselves clean sand or earth, and rub
therewith your faces and hands. For Allah doth blot out sins and forgive again
is a menstruating woman considered to be in a state of janabah. See also 5:6
God proclaims directly in the Holy Quran that it is fully
detailed (6:114, 7:52, 10:37) and that we shall follow no other “hadith” except
the Quran (7:185. 31:6, 45:6, 77:50).
أَفَغَيْرَ اللَّهِ أَبْتَغِي حَكَمًا وَهُوَ
الَّذِي أَنزَلَ إِلَيْكُمُ الْكِتَابَ مُفَصَّلًا ۚ وَالَّذِينَ آتَيْنَاهُمُ
الْكِتَابَ يَعْلَمُونَ أَنَّهُ مُنَزَّلٌ مِّن رَّبِّكَ بِالْحَقِّ ۖ فَلَا
تَكُونَنَّ مِنَ الْمُمْتَرِينَ
(6:114) Say: "Shall I seek for judge
other than Allah? - when He it is Who hath sent unto you the Book, explained in
detail." They know full well, to whom We have given the Book, that it hath
been sent down from thy Lord in truth. Never be then of those who doubt.
وَلَقَدْ جِئْنَاهُم بِكِتَابٍ فَصَّلْنَاهُ
عَلَىٰ عِلْمٍ هُدًى وَرَحْمَةً لِّقَوْمٍ يُؤْمِنُونَ
(7:52) For We had certainly sent unto them a
Book, based on knowledge, which We explained in detail,- a guide and a mercy to
all who believe.
وَمَا كَانَ هَٰذَا الْقُرْآنُ أَن يُفْتَرَىٰ
مِن دُونِ اللَّهِ وَلَٰكِن تَصْدِيقَ الَّذِي بَيْنَ يَدَيْهِ وَتَفْصِيلَ
الْكِتَابِ لَا رَيْبَ فِيهِ مِن رَّبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ
(10:37) This Qur´an is not such as can be
produced by other than Allah; on the contrary it is a confirmation of
(revelations) that went before it, and a fuller explanation of the Book -
wherein there is no doubt - from the Lord of the worlds.
أَوَلَمْ يَنظُرُوا فِي مَلَكُوتِ
السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ وَمَا خَلَقَ اللَّهُ مِن شَيْءٍ وَأَنْ عَسَىٰ أَن يَكُونَ
قَدِ اقْتَرَبَ أَجَلُهُمْ ۖ فَبِأَيِّ حَدِيثٍ بَعْدَهُ يُؤْمِنُونَ
(7:185) Do they see nothing in the government
of the heavens and the earth and all that Allah hath created? (Do they not see)
that it may well be that their terms is nigh drawing to an end? In what message
(hadith) after this will they then believe?
وَمِنَ النَّاسِ مَن يَشْتَرِي لَهْوَ
الْحَدِيثِ لِيُضِلَّ عَن سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ بِغَيْرِ عِلْمٍ وَيَتَّخِذَهَا هُزُوًا
ۚ أُولَٰئِكَ لَهُمْ عَذَابٌ مُّهِينٌ
(31:6) But there are, among men, those who
purchase idle tales (hadiths), without knowledge (or meaning), to mislead (men)
from the Path of Allah and throw ridicule (on the Path): for such there will be
a Humiliating Penalty.
تِلْكَ آيَاتُ اللَّهِ نَتْلُوهَا عَلَيْكَ
بِالْحَقِّ ۖ فَبِأَيِّ حَدِيثٍ بَعْدَ اللَّهِ وَآيَاتِهِ يُؤْمِنُونَ
(45:6) Such are the Signs of Allah, which We
rehearse to thee in Truth; then in what exposition (hadith) will they believe
after (rejecting) Allah and His Signs?
فَبِأَيِّ حَدِيثٍ بَعْدَهُ يُؤْمِنُونَ
(77:50) Then what Message (hadith), after
that, will they believe in?
Allah also says in verse 5:3 of the Quran
that He has both perfected and completed the Deen in the Quran
So, when the detailed instructions in the Quran containing the completed and perfected Deen do not prohibit a menstruating woman from performing salat or fasting, these are man-made rules.
So, when the detailed instructions in the Quran containing the completed and perfected Deen do not prohibit a menstruating woman from performing salat or fasting, these are
Can a menstruating woman recite the Surahs of
the Quran she has memorized? The answer is an obvious yes. Can she prostrate
and in that position recite praises of Allah? The answer is an obvious yes.
Then what prevents her from offering salat privately and in the comfort of her
There are many such rules that are
religiously followed and based on the practices of the “People of the Book”.
Some of these Sunnats are the Sunnats of the previous prophets and not of
Muhammad (pbuh). For example, the practice of circumcision is a sunnat of the
previous prophets but not of Muhammad (pbuh) nor is this prescribed in the
Quran. The practice of circumcision is found in Ancient Egypt and among African
tribes and very little is known about its origins. It is apparently mentioned
in scores of verses in the previous Books but not even once in the Quran.
It is also widely accepted that when we rise
on the Day of Judgment, we will be in our natural uncircumcised state nor would
we be later circumcised. This is another man-made custom given religious
What we must remember is that the Quran
itself is compendium of the approved Sunnats, hadiths, qisas, nabas and misaal,
of the previous people and prophets and if something is not found in the Quran,
then it does not have the sanction/approval of Allah. There is no need to go
and look out for any Sunnat that is not mentioned in the Quran.
We however take the Quran lightly and take every other doubtful source most seriously. While Allah has guarded the text of the Quran from corruption, Satan has succeeded in misguiding the Muslims and making them follow every other doubtful source even when these contradict the Quran.
Whatever Allah asks us to do, or forbid us from doing, has a reason
beyond earning rewards in the Hereafter, and the benefit is directly in this
life itself, about which the Quran does not inform us simply because this was
beyond the knowledge and understanding of the people in the 7th Century.
Any question must be examined with reference to the explicit or the
implicit principles or Arkan, and anything that violates the principles are
prohibited and anything that does not is permissible.
What is prohibited during dry fasting is ingesting anything that
nourishes the body or slakes the thirst. This is a simple principle to
understand and follow.
What are the health benefits of dry fasting? Read: https://www.tigerfitness.com/blogs/health/dry-fasting-cancer
There are numerous health benefits of dry fasting.The Nobel Prize
winners for medicine in 2018, James Allison and Dr. Honjo, recommend dry
fasting for at least 10 hours per day for 20 days in a year, which they say
significantly increases one’s T Cells power to combat cancerous cells.
So, would Allah deprive an asthmatic patient of the
Spiritual and Health benefits of fasting in Ramadhan merely because of his/her
dependence on inhaler? The answer is a clear no.
Most office going people do have a problem about living
with bad breath during fasting. Should they be deprived of the benefits of
fasting by denying them the means to keep their mouths free from odour causing
bacteria during fasting? The clear answer is no.
In principle therefore, under what conditions is it
preferable to forego fasting? When the harm caused by fasting is greater than
the benefit. For example, loss of blood when wounded may require immediate
nourishment and therefore loss of blood for any reason is a cause for breaking
the fast. A diabetic person also needs to eat frequently.
Every question can be answered based on the above
principle. For example:
Should a menstruating woman forego fasting?
What about a pregnant woman? I think she should
avoid fasting although Mufti’s lacking medical knowledge, advise otherwise.
And how about a woman who is nursing a child? I
think she should also avoid fasting although Mufti’s lacking medical knowledge,
How about a blood test? No harm
How about blood donation? Certainly not while
The knowledge that is required to answer the
question is medical, and in every case, if the health benefit is greater than
the harm, then one must fast, or else pay hadiya instead or fast later to make
Miswak the teeth cleaning twig made from the Salvadora persica tree (known as arak in Arabic) is commonly used even by those fasting. The alternatives are twigs from the Neem tree or the Olive tree. The extracts of these twigs have low antimicrobial and antibacterial activity compared to the chemicals such as triclosan and chlorhexidine gluconate used in toothpastes and mouthwashes.In principle, if Miswak can be used, so can we use tooth-paste but the Miswak is preferred because it is relatively tasteless and therefore, psychologically, you do not get the feeling of having ingested something while toothpaste has a stronger taste which makes us feel that we have consumed a part of it since the taste lingers.Twigs from the Neem tree and the Olive have stronger taste and smell. Neem powder can be used as well although it is bitter in taste and leaves a strong after taste.In principle, there is little difference between using Miswak and toothpaste/manjan and therefore, if you can use Miswak, you can use toothpaste/manjan as well.The intention is to clean the mouth and avoid bad odour and not to nourish the body. None of these nourish the body or slake thirst.I find neem powder the best alternative which I apply with my finger. It cleans the mouth as well as kills any odour and has a long lasting effect.The Muftis while recommending Miswak, discourage use of tooth-paste, but this resistance is not very different from banning the use of the printing press for making copies of the Quran for several centuries, debating whether dry cleaning of clothes make them pure etc.A far more relevant question would be whether it is alright to be in an air conditioned environment while fasting. Of course it is alright although it prevents dehydration and when compared to the non-air conditioned environment, it is the equivalent of avoiding losing two to three glasses of water. Is it alright to breathe the heavily polluted air during fasting that causes respiratory problems? Of course it is alright and therefore breathing in from an inhaler to address respiratory problems should be less objectionable.Use of inhaler by an asthma patient will not invalidate his/her fast. Breathing is permitted during fasting and the inhaler merely facilitates breathing freely. It does not nourish the body or slake thirst. Why would Allah reward an asthmatic patient less for fasting simply because he used an inhaler occasionally and as medically necessary?Use of medicine to stop periods is medically inadvisable and therefore must be avoided. Why interfere with normal bodily functions?
A person who
suffers from serious illness may avail himself of the concession granted by
Almighty Allah. Such a person does not need fast during his or her serious
illness. Similarly an asthmatic using inhaler for breathing in serious case
does not need fast. Concession is granted to him and he should not fast. Instead
he should pay fidya.
The use of
manjan or toothpaste in its essence does not invalidate the fast. But if you
swallow toothpaste or manjan while fasting, it will invalidate the fast. Therefore,
to be on the safe side, after the fast begins one should avoid it and hence using
toothpaste or any other manjan during the fast is makrooh (disliked).
for stopping period during the month of Ramazan in order to complete the fast
is not forbidden in Islam, provided this does not harm the health of the women.
To complete the fast this way is valid.