Books and Documents

Spiritual Meditations


  • I am grateful to Mr Swaraj for the information on Upanishads. I would like him to shed some light on the Vedas as a whole. What was the time of the origin of the Vedas? Was it written by some priest or is a divine revelation like the Quran.? Is the name of any prophet mentioned in it? Muslims believe that the Vedas are also divine revelation lik the Bible and the Quran. Muslims believe in a prophet called Nooh (AS) and Hindus believe that Manu was the first man on earth. The Quran has the mention of the great Deluge in the time of Hadhrat Nuh and the Hindus believe in the Jal Parlayawan. Does any of the Vedas have any hint about Hadhrat Nuh or any other Prophet?

    By Ahmad -

  • Dear New Age Islam readers, I am delighted to have come across this article on your website. May I share some more information with you from the internet? According to P.R.Ramachander: “The term "Upanishad" literally means the inner or mystic teaching. It is derived from upa (near), ni (down) and s(h)ad (to sit), i.e., sitting down near, which refers to groups of pupils sitting near their teacher to learn from him the secret doctrine. In the serenity of forest hermitages, the Upanishad thinkers pondered on the problems of deepest concerns and communicated their knowledge to the capable pupils that sat near them.

     “Samkara derives the word Upanishad as a substitute from the root sad, 'to loosen,' 'to reach' or 'to destroy' with Upa and ni as prefixes and kvip as termination. If this determination is accepted, Upanishad means brahma-knowledge by which ignorance is loosened or destroyed. The Upanishads are found in the concluding sections of the Vedas and are classified as Vedanta, or the end of the Vedas.

     There are five Vedas and each of these five books has several Saaakas (Branches). Each Saaka has a Karma Khanda dealing with the actions to be performed and is made up of Mantras and Brahmanaas. The latter deals with Upasana or meditation and has Aranyakas inside them for the benefit of those who have resorted to the quiet habitat of the forest to pursue their spiritual quest. 

    “The Upanishads are found mostly in the Aranyaka section of the Vedas. The five Vedas have 1180 Saaakas and thus there should be 1180 Upanishads. Of these, what exists today is a collection of 108 Upanishads. The list of these 108 Upanishads is given in the Mukthikopanishad.

     “Out of the 108 Upanishads, only 10 have been commented upon by several Acharyas like Adi Shankaracharya. These are Ishavasya, Kena, Katha, Aithreya, Brihadaranyaka, Prashna, Mandukya, Taittireeya, Chandogya and Mundaka. These have also been popularized by many savants like Swami Vivekananda, Swami Chinmayananda etc. They all deal with highest category of philosophy and metaphysics. Because of this, there is a general impression that all Upanishads are texts of Hindu Philosophy. This is not true. There are Upanishads which even tell you how to wear the sacred ash, how to worship a particular God and so on. But the majority of them deal with methods of Yoga and Renunciation (Sanyasa).”

    By Swaraj -

  • Mr.Jabali, the certainty of your assertions is interesting. The only point I shall make is that Will Durant does not have much of a standing either as a historian or as a thinker.

    By Ghulam Mohiyuddin -

  • Only the life after this life is immortal.

    Can u give us tangible proof of this? How about those who are enjoying this "after life" sending us pictures of Heaven, Hell etc?


    By atheist jabali -

  • @Azmat Sidiquee

    "Brahma meaning the Supreme Power is actually derived from the Persian expression Bar hamah meaning 'above everything'"

    It is actually the other way round. The Persian word is derived from the Sanskrit word. What u are saying is akin to saying that son came first and father next.

    Persian is not a Muslim language. Persian existed before Muhammad and Islam. Likewise Arabic also pre-existed Muhammad and Islam. There is nothing Islamic or Muslim about these languages.

    Sanskrit is the most ancient of languages and mother of Persian, English, French etc etc.  Will Durant in his book on World History has acknowledged that.

    "India was the motherland of our race, and Sanskrit the mother of Europe's languages: She was the mother of our philosophy; mother, through the Arabs, of much of our mathematics; mother, through the Buddha, of the ideals embodied in Christianity; mother, through the village community, of self-government and democracy. Mother India is in many ways the mother of us all." 

    Ok my dear Persian brother Siddiqui, This is the fact.

    By atheist jabali -

  • Shyamal Chattopadhyay's article is very enriching. Upanishads guide us to a spiritually fulfilling life and leads the human beings to the knowledge of the Supreme Being.
    By Gobind Dixit -

  • The philosophy of Upanishads is very much in synch with Islamic concept of God, the Supreme Power or the Almighty, Brahma meaning the Supreme Power is actually derived from the Persian expression Bar hamah meaning 'above everything'."The Ishopanishad says not to avoid one’s worldly duties and obligations; ensure only that you are never attached to it." sounds very much like Islamic teaching which tells us not to escape your duties as a human being, as a member of the society but at the same time tells us not to hanker after the worldly luxuries and material wealth as the world is mortal. Only the life after this life is immortal.
    By Azmat Siddiquee -

  • Syamal K Chattopadhyay's article gives an insight into the core message of the Upanishads. It was interesting to know that during Akbar's period an Upanishad was also written in the name of Allah. Is the Upanishad still in vogue among the Hindus? The article does not elaborate.
    By Shahid Perwez -