By Tony Duheaume
27 June 2018
After years of causing disruption on the streets
of Egypt, on 30 June 2012, the Muslim Brotherhood’s leader Mohammed Morsi was
sworn in as the country’s first democratically elected president.
As his first year in power dragged on, with
no sign the economy was improving, inflation had doubled, the cost of living
had risen dramatically, and unemployment was fast getting worse, causing
disquiet in the country.
But what eventually brought about Morsi’s
downfall, was the Muslim Brotherhood leader had returned to kind, and moving
away from the democratic reforms that he had promised, he went about setting
into motion the Muslim Brotherhood’s revolutionary principles.
After hurriedly drafting a new
constitution, in which he granted himself broad powers above any court, he
turned himself into a virtual dictator.
Already, in the eyes of the majority of
Egyptians, Morsi’s fledgling government was far too undemocratic, as under his
government, clerics were able to intervene in the law-making process, whilst
stripping away legal protection from minority groups, a pointier towards a
return to the Brotherhood’s style of Nazi rule and policies, favoured by its
On 3 July 2013, with thousands of people
taking to the streets calling for the removal of Morsi, the embattled president
still refused to step aside, and so, the military under General Abdel Fattah
el-Sisi was forced to oust him, suspending the constitution until new elections
could be held.
With Morsi being placed under house arrest,
the people were ecstatic, and celebrations took place, with fireworks being set
off on the streets of Cairo.
Since it was founded in north-eastern Egypt
in 1928 by Hassan al-Banna, the tentacles of the Muslim Brotherhood (MB) have
spread, and over the years, as it grew in popularity, this so-called political
and social revolutionary movement has now extended its reach into Europe and
Born on October 14, 1906, in Al Mahmoudeya,
a rural Nile Delta town in Al-Behaira Governate northwest of Cairo, Hassan
al-Banna was the son of a local imam, who wrote books on Muslim traditions, and
taught at the local Madrass, where Hassan later received his first lessons in
Just like Hamas, al-Qaeda, Islamic Jihad
and ISIS, the Muslim Brotherhood base much of their ideology on the teachings
of several educators and philosophers who were influenced by Adolf Hitler.
Such was al-Banna’s hero worship of the
Nazi leader, he had Hitler’s autobiography and political anthology, Mein Kampf
(My Struggle), translated into Arabic, changing the title to My Jihad.
Al-Banna was so obsessed with the Nazis; he
also had copies of their anti-Semitic newspaper Der Sturmer, a tabloid
published by the infamous Jew hating Julius Streicher, adapted to suit the Arab
world, with its despicable anti-Semitic cartoons.
Throughout his leadership of the Muslim
Brotherhood, al-Banna closely adhered to Hitler’s stance of eliminating all
those that stood in the way of his party’s progression, his belief being that
by removing all liberal opponents, and those wanting to see reform and change,
it would make it easier to unite Arab society.
Along with the Nazi ideals that al-Banna
incorporated into the Muslim Brotherhood, came an intense hatred of Jews, and a
plan to eradicate all Jews in the Middle East.
Another leading member of the Muslim
Brotherhood, who ran its branch in Palestine, was Haj Amin al-Husseini. Born in
Ottoman Jerusalem in 1893, Haj Amin al-Husseini has become known by many as the
father of Arab terrorism.
Through his leadership of the Palestinian
Muslim Brotherhood, his infamous exploits aided in the creation of one of the
most hideous political terror groups ever, one that blended Muslim beliefs with
all of the vile ideologies created by the Nazis, spawning many groups that
followed the same cause.
With al-Husseini having lived in Palestine
during the start of the First World War, he had sworn his allegiance to the
Ottoman Empire, and had become an officer in the Ottoman Turkish army.
It was during this time, he had found
himself assigned to the Forty-Seventh Brigade, which was stationed in the city
of Smyrma, and whilst serving there, he had become a willing participant in the
Armenian genocide, during which one-and-a-half million Christians were
reportedly slaughtered by Turkish troops.
This event had twisted al-Husseini’s
mindset, turning him into a leading advocate of creating an Islamic Caliphate,
which was envisaged by all of his followers, and which they believed could only
come about through the annihilation of all Jews and Christians living in the
The rise of the Palestinian wing of the
Muslim Brotherhood, came about amid the founding of the Balfour Declaration by
the British government, the implementation of which brought about the founding
It was on 3 January 1919, the Zionist
leader Chaim Weizmann and the Arab leader Emir Feisal, son of the King of
Hejaz, came to an agreement over the implementation of the Balfour Declaration,
which came to fruition from the November 1917 British government’s pledge to
bring about “the establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish
people”, with an added proviso that “nothing shall be done which may prejudice
the civil and religious rights of existing non-Jewish communities in
In 1920, in response to the signing of the
agreement, violent rioting took place between Jews and Arabs, and through his
response in organizing opposition to the agreement, al-Husseini became a
leading figure in the nationalist campaign to destabilise the British mandatory
government in Palestine.
With the rioting over, al-Husseini was
charged with incitement over his role in the four-day uprising, which had left
47 Jews dead and dozens more wounded, for which he received a ten-year sentence
in absentia, and to escape imprisonment, had fled the country for Syria.
Then in July 1922, without any form of
consultation with the Palestinian population, the League of Nations approved
the terms of the British Mandate over Palestine, the objective of which was to
secure the establishment of the Jewish national homeland, as laid down in the
It was during 1922, a year after the death
of Haj Amin al-Husseini’s half-brother Kamel, who was the Mufti of Jerusalem,
the British authorities were desperate to restore order, and coming up with the
new title of Grand Mufti of Jerusalem, they bestowed it upon Amin, in the hope
that his new position might quell his violent tendencies.
During the period that al-Husseini held the
position of president of the Supreme Muslim Council, he had the power to
appoint or dismiss judges and other officers connected to the Muslim religious
court, and during his time in office, in the same way that Morsi had later
planned, he imposed a rigid form of Islam in Palestine, which he enforced with
an iron fist.
Throughout al-Husseinis’ tenure, many riots
had taken place in Palestine, which resulted in dozens of deaths, caused by his
associates spreading false rumours about Jewish activity, to incite the Arab
population to revolt.
The Arab Revolt
But it was the aftermath of the riots in
1936, which became known as the Arab Revolt, when al-Husseini recruited armed
militias to attack the Jews, things got completely out of hand. With the Jews
now having fully organized themselves, the riots couldn’t be quelled, and the
British had to use military force.
In late 1937, due to his part in the riots,
al-Husseini was stripped of office, and in fear of arrest, escaped into exile
in Lebanon. Then after moving onto Iraq, which at the time was controlled by a
pro-Axis regime, he eventually headed for Germany, where he assisted the Nazis
in anti-Jewish propaganda, and aided in the recruiting of Muslims for a special
SS division, with most conscripts coming from Bosnia.
Such was al-Husseinis’ intense hatred for
the Jews, with the beginning of Hitler’s Final Solution program coinciding with
his arrival, many observers believe he actively participated in the Holocaust,
and this theory was furthermore enforced through the testimony of Adolf
Eichmann’s deputy, Dieter Wisliceny at his trial in Nuremberg, when he insisted
that al-Husseini was one of the main initiators.
It was also established, while
collaborating with the Nazis, the Mufti of Jerusalem was funded by money
confiscated from detained Jews destined for the concentration camps, and that
the Nazis also paid for his armed militias.
During World War II, the Muslim Brotherhood
in both Egypt and Palestine strongly supported the Nazis, an association that
continued until the fall of the Third Reich. Throughout those years of support,
the Muslim Brotherhood’s leadership would organize mass demonstrations, meting
out extreme violence against the Jewish community.
They marched through the streets calling
out slogans such as: “Down with the Jews”, and it was during this time, the
slogan: “Jews out of Egypt and Palestine” was coined, and another infamous cry:
“The Koran is our constitution, jihad is our way, Martyrdom is our desire”.
It also has to be remembered, Hamas was
created in December 1987 as the Muslim Brotherhood’s armed wing in Palestine,
its leader Shaykh Ahmad Yassin had joined the Brotherhood in the 1960s, and
with him being a great admirer of Hassan al-Banna and other MB members, Hamas’s
covenant mirrors that of its founder party.
So, with al-Qaeda, Islamic Jihad and ISIS
also having come out of Brotherhood’s stable, the question has to be asked:
what future monsters will it spawn?