By Ghulam Ghaus Siddiqi, New Age Islam
12 November 2018
Muslim clerics are required to clarify the universal message of Islam and the Prophetic models which encourage peaceful coexistence with all communities. They are required to do so in the best way both in words and actions, in order to curb the rising hatred and disorder [Fasad] in the land. Based on the established major maxims of Islamic jurisprudence supported by the Quran and Sunnah, as they learn in their Islamic seminaries, they should step to the fore and help the multi-cultural society live with positive mindset.
The role model that Muslims must follow for developing coexistence is the beloved Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him), as God Almighty says about him in the Quran “There has certainly been for you in the Messenger of Allah an excellent pattern for anyone whose hope is in Allah and the Last Day and [who] remembers Allah often”. (33:21)
Historically analyzing we find that the beloved Prophet has left Muslims with four significant models of developing coexistence with non-Muslims whether they live in minority or majority, in or out of Islamic country. We find the first model in the Makki period where patience and coexistence were characterized as the major rules of conduct. The model of Abyssinia is the second model where loyalty was the dominant value. The third model can be seen in the first stage of Medinian period which featured pluralism and peaceful coexistence. The fourth exemplary model is the second stage of Medinian period where justice and intellectual insight were striking features of this model.
These four models are completely ignored in the methodology adopted by the extremist think-tank living in our modern time. Strange as it is that these extremist mindsets take refuge in Non-Muslim countries and enjoy protection, yet they repeatedly stick to using ill words directing to the original natives of such countries. Such extremists make much negative speech and persistently express their hatred and bigotry towards them for not being Muslims. This is the main reason that incites negative feelings of hate, prejudice and bigotry against Muslims and Islam.
Such extremists are actually working against the Quran which asks to follow in the footsteps of the beloved Prophet (peace be upon him), as God Almighty says, “There has certainly been for you in the Messenger of Allah an excellent pattern for anyone whose hope is in Allah and the Last Day and [who] remembers Allah often”. (33:21). This Quranic verse teaches to follow the Prophetic models but sadly enough, the extremists who claim to follow the Quran do not follow the four main models of the beloved Prophet as discussed above.
It is also important for the Muslim clerics and scholars to tell their followers that after the Prophet (peace be upon him) migrated to Medinah, the Muslims not only achieved religious freedom but also ensured that freedom and security for all Medinian communities including Muslims, Jews, Hypocrites and Pagans. They must keep in their mind that the beloved Prophet established what is popularly known as the Meethaq-e-Madina (the Constitution of Medinah). This Constitution focused mainly on four principles; 1) peaceful and secure environment for all regardless of religion, caste, culture etc, 2) protection of religious freedom for all communities, 3) equal opportunity for public participation in the spheres of economy, military and politics, and 4) an affirmation of individual responsibility. This inspired the groundwork for a “social contract” comprising a commitment to equal treatment to all the Medinian citizens.
A regular Columnist with NewAgeIslam.com, Ghulam Ghaus Siddiqi Dehlvi is an Alim and Fazil (Classical Islamic scholar) with a Sufi background and English-Arabic-Urdu Translator.
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The Correct Understanding of the So Called ‘Sword’ Verses
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From the Qu’ran (Part 6): The People of the Book and Jiziya
You asked the
question “Did Akbar become so secular because it was best for expansion of his
I would like to
add what I read somewhere that Jahangeer sought his forgiveness, commanded the
jailer to release Mujaddid Alf Sani. But Alf Sani had placed some conditions
before he was released. Jahangeer readily accepted the conditions, abrogated some
conditions imposed on the Muslims and thus the religion initiated by Akbar came
to an end.
The events as per the Quran, the instructions as per the Quran and every
act of the Prophet (pbuh) is in accordance with the Quran and in violation of
the cited hadith. The cited hadith is therefore a forgery and falsely
attributed to the Prophet (pbuh)
If he was commanded to fight until they accepted Islam, why does
the Quran say: (8:61) “But if the enemy incline towards peace, do
thou (also) incline towards peace”?. This verse makes no exception
based on the enemy - not even if the Muslims feared deception form
them. (8:62) “Should they intend to deceive thee,- verily Allah sufficeth thee: He it
is That hath strengthened thee with His aid and with (the company of) the
In 628 CE, the Prophet signed a 10-year truce called the Treaty of
Hudaybiyah with the Meccans. Why did the Prophet sign the treaty for a
period of 10 years with the people against whom he was commanded to fight until
they accepted Islam? Why is he disobeying the command to keep on fighting and
entering into treaties of peace?
The Meccans broke the treaty and the Prophet conquered Mecca in 629.When
they entered Mecca, Sa’ad ibn Ubada said this is the day of massacre
but the Rasool corrected him and said 'this is a day of mercy and granted
amnesty. Why did he declare amnesty when he was commanded to fight until they
recited the Kalma?
The worst of the
polytheists are those covered by 9:5 on whom is the death penalty. But even
these polytheists are granted a four-month period of amnesty (as per 9:2)
during which they can move around freely and migrate to a neighbouring country
to save their lives and retain their polytheistic faith if they so wish. So,
who are those polytheists against whom the Prophet fought until they accepted
Islam? None. If there was even one such polytheist against whom the prophet
fought until he accepted Islam, the command in verse 2:256 “let there be no
compulsion in religion” is violated. This did not happen.
If the Prophet is
seen to be consistently not following the alleged command contained in the
hadith, but always in accordance with the Quran, what is it except a concoction
of Satan to defame the Prophet (pbuh) and Islam?
“I have been commanded to fight the people [some specific people] until they
say there is no god but Allah” was specifically meant for some specific people.
I am writing
a piece on this subject and insha Allah you will be able to understand it
properly, much in agreement with the Quran which forbid forceful conversion and
ahadith which forbid killing of non-Muslims.
A passage of my article to be
published soon is here for you, “It was stipulated that even during the wartime
if anyone came and uttered ‘there is no god but Allah’, the fighting would not
be waged against him. This stipulation was not primarily or purposely for
forceful conversion, but rather it was because the pagans of Makka had exceeded
in their enmity against Muslims so much that they, being pagans of Makka, could
not tolerate the faith of Muslims. This excessive enmity of the pagans was
properly understood by the Prophet (peace be upon him) and he knew that these
specific pagans would not refrain from attacking him and his followers living
as civilians of Madina and that the Quran verse 2:190 had allowed him to fight
back in defence, so he declared, “I have been commanded to fight the people
[specific pagans of Makkah] until they say ‘there is no god but Allah....”
GM sb, You are the one who runs away
from specifics. You have not clarified whether you agree with me when I say based on the Quran that:
1. There is no compulsion in religion is
an eternal principle of Islam. This principle was never compromised by the
Prophet in his prophetic mission.
2. Kafir does not mean non-Muslim in the
Quran. It is a faith neutral term and is also used for the “believers” and
never to refer to all the polytheists.
3. The Quran is not misogynistic in any
of its rulings and there is wisdom behind all its rulings.
4. The Quran does not sanction war
against disbelief. It only allows war against oppression of any kind against
any oppressor to help any oppressed. The religion of the oppressor and the
oppressed is immaterial.