Shajarizadeh posted on her personal website that she had been jailed for
“opposing the compulsory hijab”. (Twitter)
Women with Notarization License Accept New Work Challenge
Muslim Fined for Marrying 11-Year-Old Thai Girl
Outraged Over Arrest of Teenage Girl for Instagram Dancing Clips
Arabia’s Ministry of Justice Grants 12 Women ‘Verification’ License
Women to Drive Will Create 50,000 Jobs in Saudi Arabia
Chief Accuses Minority Groups of 'Entitlement' In Hijab Row
man arrested in first case of harassment against women drivers
Rate among Saudi Women to Fall By 12.7%
3 Million Women Heads of Household in Iran Are Unemployed
by New Age Islam News Bureau
Sentence for Iranian Woman, Shaparak Shajarizadeh , Who Protested Headscarf
Iranian woman who removed her headscarf out of protest in December says she has
been sentenced to 20 years in prison.
Shajarizadeh posted on her personal website that she had been jailed for
“opposing the compulsory hijab” and “waving a white flag of peace in the
street.” There was no immediate comment from Iranian officials.
in Iran arrested 29 people in February for removing their headscarves as part
of a campaign known as “White Wednesdays.” Nasrin Sotoudeh, a prominent human
rights lawyer who represented Shajarizadeh and other women, was arrested last
42, was released on bail in late April. Her current whereabouts were unknown.
In Iran, women showing their hair in public face penalties ranging from a $25
fine to prison time.
women with notarization license accept new work challenge
women are obtaining notarization licenses to work in private notary departments
at the ministry of justice.
this is the first time women pursue and accept this profession, we are excited
about this new challenge and willing to show our hard work and commitment,” a
recently licensed woman at a private notary said.
are the first to join this busy profession, but we expect many women to join us
soon… There is so much to learn, issuing and canceling power of attorneys,
notarizing documents and other legal services we offer help us learn and
understand the legal system,” she added.
to the ministry of justice, private notaries can issue and cancel powers of
attorney (PoAs), and notarize corporate charters and property conveyances.
Their private offices work in the mornings and evenings, seven days a week,
using an integrated digital system.
private notaries total more than 13,000, and the ministry of justice announced
its plans to continue granting licenses while observing the quality of services
provided, the ministry said.
statistics published by ministry of justice show that private notaries have
issued around 30,000 PoAs, canceled 272 PoAs, and certified around 3,000
corporate charters since the service was launched in February, 2017.
PoAs and corporate charters certified by private notaries are accepted by all
government departments and judicial entities, the ministry said.
private notarization service is one of the ministry’s NTP 2020 initiatives,
aiming at enhancing notarial efficiency for individuals and companies by
involving the private sector. This will bring about more privatization of
justice services and boost the national economy in accordance with Saudi Vision
2030,” the ministry explained.
sharia court in Malaysia’s Kelantan state fined a local man 1,800 ringgit (U.S.
$446) after he pleaded guilty to two charges stemming from his recent Islamic
marriage in neighboring Thailand to an 11-year-old Thai girl, local media
41-year-old man was charged with solemnizing a marriage and polygamy without
obtaining the court’s permission under the Kelantan Islamic Family Law Enactment
No. 6 of 2002, Malaysian online media outlet Harian Metro reported. The charges
carry maximum fines of 1,000 ringgit each, or two months in prison.
of the marriage in Narathiwat, a province just across the border in
predominantly Muslim southern Thailand, angered people in both countries after
it surfaced online in a Facebook post from the man’s second wife.
Thailand, a government official said there was little it could do to annul the
marriage because the couple wed under Islamic law by a local imam.
cannot immediately intervene because Islamic law, applied in southern
provinces, allows this marriage with the parents’ consent, but Thai law
doesn’t,” Kotrimah Hajiahrun, an official at the ministry of social development
and human security, told BenarNews.
from Thailand’s Department of Children and Youth, the Southern Border Province
Administration Center and representatives from the Narathiwat Islamic Committee
convened last week to discuss the case, Kotrimah said.
department “met with parties involved to see how we can intervene or help this
family. We need to make things clear. At this moment we don’t know exactly what
we can do,” Kotrimah added.
committees in Narathiwat and other provinces of Thailand’s Deep South oversee
matters of Islamic jurisprudence, issue marriage and divorce certificates as
well as certify halal products, among other duties, but imams of local mosques
operate independently of the committees, sources said.
Jeha, president of the Islamic committee in Narathiwat, said the girls’ parents
played a major role in allowing the marriage to go forth.
law allows youths age 15 and up to marry but they can be younger with parents’
consent. They can have ceremony anywhere with and Imam,” Safiri told BenarNews.
“In the case of the 11-year-old girl, who had wedding at Sungai Golok, they
followed the Islamic teaching and Islamic law enacted in Yala, Pattani,
Narathiwat and Satun.”
July 3, the provincial committee met to discuss the case and determined that
the imam who solemnized the wedding between the Malaysian man and 11-year-old
girl had not violated Islamic law, he said.
be consummated later: Groom
has a civil legal system and a separate Islamic (sharia) legal system. Sharia
law, specifically, the Islamic Family Law (Federal Territory) Act of 1984, sets
the legal age for marriage at 16 for girls and 18 for boys, allowing for
exceptions with court permission. The civil law sets 18 as the minimum marriage
age for both boys and girls.
the age issue, Islamic family law requires a Malaysian who marries someone in
another country to register the wedding with the Registrar of Muslim Marriages
within six months.
Islamic law, a man can have four wives as long as he can provide for and
maintain each of his families equally.
groom in question defended the marriage in an online video, claiming it
occurred under “nikah gantung,” a Malay term meaning that a couple is married
with the understanding that it will be consummated at a later date, in this
case after the girl turns 16.
will be under the care of her parents. Until she comes of age, we will not be
together,” he said in the video.
media identified the man as Che Abdul Karim Che Hamid.
exploitation of children’
human rights commission, meanwhile, has challenged the marriage.
National Human Rights Commission is concerned that underage marriage (under 18
years of age) of a woman, a deprival of education and chance to development
into adulthood, is inconsistent with the United Nations Convention on the
Rights of the Child and the Children Protection Act,” the commission said in a
statement late last week.
human rights commissioner called for the Thai government to change the law.
should pass a law to ban underage marriage in all cases. Underage marriage of
the poor is an exploitation of children by the adult husband. It is multiple
violations of children,” Angkhana Neelapaijit told BenarNews.
Thai civil law, a woman can marry at 20 years old without parental consent. She
can also marry at age 17 provide she has her parents’ approval, as well as at
age 15 through a court order, according to legal experts.
case of the marriage of the 11-year-old Thai also led Malaysia’s deputy prime
minister to call for the man and the girl to be separated, saying she had
consulted with a sharia judge on the matter.
Azizah Wan Ismail, who also holds a portfolio as minister of women, family and
community development in Malaysia’s new government, said the marriage hastened
the need for action to increase the legal marriage age to 18.
Pakatan Harapan (PH) coalition that defeated the Barisan Nasional coalition in
the May 9 general election, included the age increase for marriage in its party
Azizah said the change was needed to protect children and avoid issues of
pedophilia, child exploitation and child pornography.
Turkey: Iranians on social media mocked clerical rulers on Monday after the
hard-line judiciary arrested a teenage girl for posting on Instagram videos of
herself dancing in her room.
of the arrest of gymnast Maedeh Hojabri, 18, used the hashtag
#Dancingisnotacrime and Iranian women posted videos of themselves dancing in
will be laughed at if you tell people anywhere in the world that 17 and 18-year-old
girls are arrested for their dance, happiness and beauty on charges of
spreading indecency, while child rapists and others are free,” wrote Iranian
blogger and political dissident Hossein Ronaghi-Maleki.
state TV aired a video in which she apologized for “breaking moral norms” but
said any breach was not her intention. Some Iranian news websites reported
three other people had been arrested on similar charges in the past weeks. The
reports said they were released on bail.
had no bad intentions ... I did not want to encourage others to do the same ...
I did not work with a network,” a crying Hojabri told TV on Friday.
her account was blocked by Iranian authorities, Hojabri had posted around 300
videos on her Instagram account – in which she appeared without wearing the
compulsory Islamic headscarf.
Iran’s Islamic Sharia law, women are required to wear headscarves and modest
clothing in public and are banned from dancing in public.
potential charges against Hojabri were not specified, but she is likely to be
accused of running afoul of Islamic codes of behavior that call for modesty in
attire and behavior.
is the language of the soul, highest of the hopes, not a crime, said Twitter
user @samzglam. Sharing her own dancing clip, @Marun_1 said :“usually I don’t
share pictures and videos but today is an important day.”
to many social media sites, including Facebook, Twitter, YouTube and the
Telegram messaging app are blocked in Iran. Iranian officials said last week
the judiciary was considering blocking access to Instagram.
many Iranians evade the filtering through the use of VPN software, which
provides encrypted links directly to private networks abroad, and can allow a
computer to behave as if it is based in another country.
April, the judiciary arrested a senior Iranian official after a video posted
online that showed young boys and girls dancing in public in the northeastern
holy Shiite city of Mashhad for undermining public decency.”
2014, a group of Pharrell Williams fans arrested for sharing videos of
themselves dancing to the song Happy on the rooftops of Tehran and got
suspended sentences of imprisonment and lashes.
The Ministry of Justice has revealed that 12 women have been granted
“verification” licenses, which allow them to do some of the services of
notaries for the first time in the Ministry’s history.
Ministry explained that the terms of reference granted to male and female
“verifiers” include issuing and revoking mandates, and documenting the
contracts of the establishment of companies, and that the verifiers should work
morning and evening hours throughout the week according to an integrated
Ministry noted that the total number of verification licensees has reached
1,313 for male and female verifiers and confirmed that it continues to grant
licenses while ensuring the quality of services provided to beneficiaries.
Verified documents through this service are approved by all government
Minister of Justice, Dr. Waleed Al-Sama’ani, launched the verification service
last year as part of the Ministry’s initiatives in the National Transformation
2020 Program aimed at increasing the efficiency of the verification work for
individuals and companies through the involvement of the private sector in a
way that expands the privatization of justice services and supports the
national economy in line with the objectives of Vision 2030.
verification service, which can be accessed through its portal
(https://mwathiq.sa), is one of the main services of the Ministry of Justice
assigned to the private sector to facilitate verification procedures for
beneficiaries as well as to support the national economy and Vision 2030.
A two-day forum targeting 20,000 women and bringing together under one roof all
the services related to women driving began on Sunday.
at the forum expect that lifting the ban on women driving will create more than
50,000 jobs after a year.
event, titled “You Take the Lead,” was inaugurated at Leylaty Hall by Prince
Khalid bin Sultan Abdullah Al-Faisal, chairman of the Saudi Arabian Motor
bodies related to women’s driving services and facilitation are participating,
including the Ministry of Interior and the Ministry of Media, with the
strategic partnership of Traffic Management, the Saudi Committee of Traffic
Safety and the Standardization Committee, in addition to automobile dealers,
banks, insurance companies and logistical service providers.
program of the first day of the event included seminars by distinguished
speakers discussing the economic effects of Saudi women driving, penalties for
obstructing women from driving, how lifting the ban on women driving will
create new jobs for women, the negative aspects of depending on expat drivers,
and finally the success story of the first Saudi female rally driver.
prince said that the decisions taken by the Saudi government aim to achieve
social justice by enhancing the role of women as they represent half of the
community, and are a main component to achieve economic growth according to the
strategies set out in Vision 2030.
called on Saudi women to invest in the great transformations society is
witnessing, through active participation and taking advantage of the series of
historic decisions issued by the government to support Saudi women. The prince
expected that the leadership of women will contribute to providing a large
number of job opportunities and help women enter the labor market, achieving
one of the pillars of Vision 2030, with is to raise the participation rate of
women from 22 to 30 percent.
of the forum’s organizing company Suhail Al-Tayyar stressed that they work
through the forum to raise awareness of the role of women in the country’s
economic, social and cultural development, in addition to providing quality
services, creating job opportunities, and making the best conditions for women.
He also revealed the requirements of women’s leadership as a key partner in the
community and the role of car dealers in the provision of facilities and
technology in vehicles and accessories for women, as well as the banking and
insurance sector services.
managing editor of Al-Bilad newspaper and Aqra’a magazine, Manal Al-Sherif,
spoke about the economic and social disadvantages of depending on expat
drivers, and how to deal with them.
Rasha Imam, the first Saudi rally driver, spoke about her experience and
success, she said she was thrilled with the lifting the ban on women driving as
she will be able to represent her country in many competitions.
plans to move forward to participate in Arab and global races, noting that she
received a degree in business administration from King Abdul Aziz University in
Jeddah and works in the field of marketing and public relations. She has
benefited from traveling abroad with her family to learn to drive and master a
lot of leadership skills.
Khazneh, driving trainer and one of the invited guests at the forum, told Arab
News: “When I first came to Saudi Arabia 22 years ago I was shocked that women
were not able to drive, and now I am very happy that my dream came true and I
can finally drive in Saudi Arabia.
already have public and private vehicle driving licenses, and also an
international driving license, and I would be very glad to have the chance to
train Saudi women.”
Basha, 34, an attendee at the forum, told Arab News: “I am here to look at the
offers car dealers are providing for us. I cannot wait to get my license and
have waited too long,” she added.
head of Ofsted has again stepped into the debate over the wearing of the hijab
by primary school pupils, accusing minority groups with a “sense of religious
or cultural entitlement” of attempting to exert an outsize influence on school
a speech on Monday evening, Amanda Spielman urged school leaders to resist
pressure on issues such as what children should wear or what is taught to
highlighted a “worrying” trend in schools where headteachers were being lobbied
by groups seeking to influence school policy “whether or not members of that
group constitute the majority of a school’s intake”.
importance of teaching British values in schools has become a familiar theme in
the 18 months since Spielman . In her latest intervention, she urged
headteachers to step up their efforts so children learn about democracy and
civil society, rather than leaving a vacuum that can be filled by extremist
has previously attracted criticism for her comments about the wearing of the
headscarf by Muslim girls as young as five. Last year, she announced Ofsted
inspectors had been told to wearing a
hijab, warning that expecting pupils to wear the headscarf “could be
interpreted as sexualisation of young girls”.
also came under fire for her intervention in the case of St Stephen’s, a state primary
school in east London, where the pupils
from wearing the hijab in class after an outcry from parents and others.
Spielman vociferously argued it was up to headteachers to set uniform rules.
her speech to the Policy Exchange thinktank in London, she said for some
children “school may be the only time in their lives that they spend time every
day with people from outside their immediate ethnic or religious group, or at
least where the values of people outside their own group can be explained and openly
said: “Islamist extremists, particularly fuelled by the online propaganda of
Daesh [Islamic State] and others, prey on a sense of isolation and alienation
in some minority communities.”
this year, teachers at the annual conference of the National Education Union
accused Spielman of to girls wearing the
hijab and said her remarks had gone beyond the remit of the schools’ watchdog.
her latest foray, the chief inspector of schools in England took a defiant
stance, insisting that Ofsted had a vital role in making sure that schools
promote British values and vowing to continue to call out poor practice.
many people, the things I have been talking about today are too sensitive and
too difficult for them to want to risk giving offence. They are easy things to
skirt, yet the risk of doing so is great,” she said. “If we leave these topics
to the likes of the English Defence League and British National party on the
one hand and Islamists on the other, then the mission of integration will
said too many pupils were being taught British values such as tolerance and
democracy in a “piecemeal” fashion, with wall displays and assemblies. Instead
they should be taught as part of a strong academic curriculum that would help
pupils identify “fake news and siren voices”.
a long and detailed speech, the chief inspector said the problems were confined
to a small number of state schools, as well as some independent schools and
denied that Ofsted was biased against faith schools and said Muslim state
schools were almost three times as likely to be judged outstanding by Ofsted
than the national average, and Jewish and Christian state schools were more
likely to be good or outstanding than their secular counterparts.
also flagged up the dangers of the far right in response to a growing
disenchantment with the status quo. “That disenchantment can so easily be
exploited by extremists, who promise a better tomorrow by scapegoating and
blaming minorities today. This is why it is right that the Prevent duty also
focuses on tackling the growth of the far right.”
to the speech, the Muslim Council of Britain expressed concern about a
“top-down, mono-nationalist and establishment British values approach” which
put the “moral onus on ethnic minorities for the supposed failures of
MCB called on Spielman to tackle Islamophobia in schools with the same sort of
gusto as she advocated British values and added: “The hijab is a religious
right, and just as no one should be obligated to wear, nor must people alienate
and vilify those who choose to adopt this practice.”
Bousted, the National Education Union joint general secretary, accused Ofsted
of being out of touch with schools on the issues of values. “The speech does
nothing to help schools develop a culturally inclusive curriculum.
seem oblivious to the levels of racism faced by BME children and teenagers, and
faced by BME professionals in education. Schools work tirelessly to support
children to develop positive values – to both think for themselves and act for
others. Ofsted should be supporting this work instead of making it harder.”
— Saudi police on Sunday recorded the first incident of harassment against a
female driver in the country since the ban on women driving in the Kingdom was
lifted under a royal decision on June 24. However, the harasser was pardoned at
the behest of the victim.
Khan, dean of the College of Business at Effat University in Jeddah, reported
the harasser to the police. Khan complained that a man in his 20s started
bothering her and endangering her as she was driving to work on Sunday.
identified the man from his car's plate number and summoned him to the police
station. The man complied and arrived at the police station accompanied by his
young confessed and expressed regret for his action. He said he did not realize
the amount of danger he was causing to the woman driver.
came to the police station to identify her harasser. The harasser and his
brother apologized to the woman.
believe I taught the harasser a lesson that he won’t forget. I demanded that he
respect women everywhere. I felt sorry when his older brother lowered his head
and began crying. His father and mother were also crying. I decided to forgive
the harasser to spare his family from the humiliation,” said Khan.
all women in the country, she said they should not hesitate from fighting for
police were very cooperative with me and they caught him within hours. I don’t
have the right to publicize the harasser’s name or his picture,” said Khan.
and legal consultant Mohammad Al-Tuwairqi said harassment cases involve a
public right and a private right.
the victim of the harassment decides to forgive the harasser, the harasser is
only absolved of the infringement of private right. But he still has to face
the public rights violation. Harassment penalties include imprisonment for no
more than two years and a fine that reaches up to SR100,000. The penalty is
more severe for repeat offenders,” said Al-Tuwairqi.
— The lifting of the ban on women driving in the country is expected to reduce
unemployment among Saudi females to 20 percent from the current rate of 32.7
percent, the Arabic daily Al-Madina reported quoting market sources.
said the drop in unemployment rate among women is expected to become remarkably
visible in a year or two.
number of employed Saudi women at present is about 560,000, representing about
22 percent of the entire Saudi manpower.
Kingdom's Vision 2030 stipulates that unemployment among women should not
exceed 30 percent.
Al-Maimani, head of the department of human resources at the faculty of
economics at King Abdulaziz University in Jeddah, expected the decision to
allow women to drive to take down the unemployment rate among them to between
20-30 percent in the coming two years.
issue of transport had been a major problem for the employment of women in the
private sector," he said.
said the decision to allow women to drive would expand their areas of
employment and enable them to invest in new fields such as car showrooms, spare
parts, insurance, and financing.
country will save billions of riyals spent on foreign drivers annually,"
Radwan, chairman of the constituent assembly of the union of the labor
committees, said the historic decision would boost women's contribution to
economic and social development.
will now be able to work in various fields all over the Kingdom as they can
reach their work places and return home in their own private cars," he
said the number of expatriate drivers would decrease gradually and as a result
remittances abroad would go down drastically.
also expected the number of traffic accidents to drop as women are known to be
careful drivers who are strongly committed to the traffic rules and
to a report covering the labor market during the third quarter of 2017, the
rate of unemployment in the Kingdom was 12.8 percent.
said the joblessness among Saudi men was 7.4 percent while it was 32.7 percent
were 13.7 million employed people in the Kingdom including Saudis and
expatriates while there were 1.2 million Saudi job seekers.
many as 120,000 Saudi women have applied to obtain driving licenses.
3 million women heads of household in Iran are unemployed. This was revealed by
Massoumeh Ebetkar on Saturday, July 7, 2018, in a meeting of women members of
the city and village councils in Semnan Province.
also confessed, "We see that unemployment is more rampant among talented
women of our country who comprise half of the population... The number of
unemployed women with higher education is two to three time unemployed men with
also acknowledged that young girls also have a larger share of school drop outs
compared to boys. "The number of unemployed educated girls is on the rise
and this is considered a serious challenged that we face." (The state-run
ISNA news agency - July 7, 2018)
regime's officials had earlier confessed that unemployment is the greatest
challenge for Iran's economy and that the situation is worse with regards to
the employment of women, female university graduates, and women heads of
3 million women heads of household is exactly 3.5 million wome, only 18 per
cent of whom receive a meager aid from the Welfare Organization which is only
10 per cent of the poverty line. As a result, over 3 million women heads of
household in Iran have to resort to unconventional means such as sale of their
body parts in order to earn their family's living.
the same time, because of limited employment opportunities for women, a large
number of women heads of household have to accept just any job in small
workshops with very low income, without enjoying any of their legal benefits
including insurance, and without any government or legal support.
addition to the over 3 million women heads of household, educated girls with
higher education have to work in small manufacturing units and engage in jobs
that have nothing to do with their fields of study. At the same time, due to
the economic conditions in Iran, these young women are the first ones to be
laid off or fired.
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