is the nuance for female Muslim characters? (Picture: Netflix)
of Female Political Prisons on Rise in Bahrain: Rights Groups
Needs To Stop ’Empowering’ Muslim Women By Removing Their Hijabs
Kuwaiti Women Are Increasingly Turning To Egg Freezing
Court Finds Saudi Princess Complicit In Violence against Workman, Gives Jail
Workers Return Scarred From Saudi Arabia
Finds Modest Gains in Support for Arab Women’s Rights
Women’s Economic Participation Up By 23.2% In Q2
experts: UAE forces sexually abuse inmates in Yemen
by New Age Islam News Bureau
In UP Denied Entry to Some Girl Students for Wearing Islamic Hijab or Burqa
SRK College in Firzoabad denied entry to some girl students allegedly because
they were wearing Burqa.
the College administration said that the attire has been forbidden because it
is not a part of the uniform.
is an old rule that students have to come in Uniform and with ID cards. Since
admissions were going on, this was not followed strictly. Now it has been
completed. So after 11th September, entry without uniform and ID Card is not
being allowed. Burqa doesn't come under dress code. Only the uniform which has
been decided by the College will be allowed," College Principal,
Prabhaskar Rai said.
who came wearing Burqas were not allowed entry into the College premises.
know why they are not allowing it. I did try to get inside but they refused
permission for it," a girl said.
students said this was not the case earlier. "No, it did not happen like
this before," another student said.
Magistrate Chandra Vijay Singh termed the issue as an internal matter of
incident has come to my knowledge. This is an internal matter of College. Some
of the girls were told that they need to come in uniform and that entry would
not be allowed without uniform and ID," he said.
also refuted allegations that they were pressurised to remove Burqas.
they were not forced to remove their Burqas. They were told to come in
Uniforms. Students should follow the rules decided by the College," Singh
rights organizations blow the lid off widespread torture and abuse against
female political prisoners in Bahrain, implicating the US and the UK in the
Manama regime’s human rights violations.
a report on Wednesday, Americans for Democracy & Human Rights in Bahrain
(ADHRB) and the Bahrain Institute for Rights and Democracy (BIRD) said that
human rights violations against female activists and human rights defenders
have increased since 2017, when Bahrain’s domestic spy service, the National
Security Agency, was reinstated.
135-page report — titled Breaking the Silence: Bahraini Women Political
Prisoners Expose Systemic Abuses — revealed that female political prisoners in
Bahrain have been subjected to abuse at every stage of the criminal procedure,
including illegal arrests, physical, sexual and psychological torture to
extract confessions, sham trials and inhuman prison conditions.
early 2017, the groups have been conducting interviews with nine women, their
relatives or their lawyers, and when available, have analyzed their legal
experts from organizations including Amnesty International, Human Rights Watch
and the World Organization Against Torture, have provided commentary throughout
female activists said that, following unlawful arrests – including three cases
of enforced disappearance – they endured coercive interrogations without legal
representation. According to the report, coerced confessions were used to
convict at least six of the women in sham trials.
all the women said that throughout the process, officials threatened them with
rape or death. Half of them said they
were physically assaulted with beatings, kicks and punches.
report said that the political prisoners were subjected to other forms of
ill-treatment, including prolonged solitary confinement, forced standing, and
being held in cold or dark rooms in painful.
torture started from the first moment in the car by masked, armed,
civilian-clothed men,” said Medina Ali, one of the women.
was blindfolded and tortured with violent beatings aimed at the face and
hitting my head against the wall violently,” she said.
report exposes the complicity of the UK and US governments, which continue to
supply arms, training and political support to the Bahraini regime in flagrant
disregard of international human rights concerns.
abuses continue uninvestigated as oversight bodies trained with funding from
the UK and US governments are complicit and fail to hold the perpetrators
accountable, said the report.
and BIRD called on the Al Khalifah regime to allow access to the Special
Rapporteur on torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or
punishment, as well as the Special Rapporteur on violence against women.
said that Bahraini authorities need to conduct a “timely, transparent and
thorough investigation into allegations of arbitrary arrests, coercive
interrogation tactics and physical and sexual assault, ensuring that all
responsible officers are held accountable.”
of anti-regime protesters have held demonstrations in Bahrain on an almost
daily basis ever since a popular uprising began in the country in mid-February
are demanding that the Al Khalifah regime relinquish power and allow a just
system representing all Bahrainis to be established.
has gone to great lengths to clamp down on any sign of dissent. On March 14,
2011, troops from Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates were deployed to
assist Bahrain in its crackdown.
of people have lost their lives and hundreds of others sustained injuries or
got arrested as a result of the Al Khalifah regime’s crackdown.
March 5, 2017, Bahrain’s parliament approved the trial of civilians at military
tribunals in a measure blasted by human rights campaigners as being tantamount
to imposition of an undeclared martial law countrywide.
King Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifah ratified the constitutional amendment on April 3
week season two of Elite, the juicy drama following three working class teens
entering private school in Spain, arrived on Netflix. The very binge-watchable
show is like a Spanish-language cross between Gossip Girl and Pretty Little
Liars. Nadia Shano, played by Mina El Hammani, is an intelligent and focused
scholarship student. In season one, Nadia wears hijab. When she’s threatened
with expulsion if she doesn’t remove her hijab on the first day of school, she
begins to only wear hijab to and from school, but not at school itself. In a
key scene in season two, we see Nadia walk into a bar, looking undeniably
fierce as she crosses the floor of the club. She’t not wearing her hijab. She
goes on to drink alcohol, and finally, she has the courage to get with the rich
boy – the Chuck Bass of the show – and white saviour, Guzman. The message seems
to be that suddenly, after removing her hijab, Nadia is free. Free from
supposed oppression and being submissive. As a Muslim woman viewer, I wanted to
give this show the benefit of doubt and root for Nadia. I thought she could
have a salacious storyline just like the other teens, without the backdrop of oppression
or emancipation at the cost of her rejecting her identity or being saved by a
white boy lover. But now, I feel like that famous Tyra Banks moment from
America’s Next Top Model, where Tyra is shouting: ‘I was rooting for you, we
were all rooting for you!’
not really that I’m frustrated with the character, or the actress. My main
source of frustration is the writers – none of whom are Muslim women. I want to
know when the stereotypes around Muslim women on TV will end. When they’re
depicted onscreen, there’s always either oppression or terrorism involved. The
BBC’s Bodyguard, which had audiences gripped, ended with the reveal of the
Muslim hijabi character being a jihadi terrorist. In Homeland, Muslim
characters were either terrorists or US assets in some way. I’m sure that Elite
would be yet another series to fail The Riz Test – The Bechdel test for Muslim
representation, based on a speech given by Riz Ahmed, that checks whether
Muslims are being portrayed as either threatening or culturally backwards. In
season one of Elite, one of the characters tells Nadia that is must be ‘hard to
think… with that scarf wrapped around your head’. As a disclaimer, it’s
important to note that some Muslim women may be forced to wear hijab. I’m not
arguing that those narratives shouldn’t be portrayed or discussed. What I am
saying is that this is all the media ever portray when it comes to the
representation of Muslim women. Believe it or not, many Muslim women are out
here living their best lives.
is the nuance for female Muslim characters? When and how are we going to dig
ourselves out of these stereotypes that deny Muslim women their extraordinary
successes and ordinary lives? When and how will anyone believe that Muslim
women have agency, and the ability to make their own choices, if stereotypes
like this consistently dominate every cultural space Muslim woman are a part
of? Not all representation is good representation. And not all Muslims wear
hijabs. Most Muslim women don’t base their entire identity and independence on
a hijab. I often feel like the imagination of writers and directors is simply
stunted when they think of Muslim women. It’s frustrating that someone can be
in a position of such influence, such as writing a popular TV show, and yet
they persistently refuse to accurately research authentic narratives outside of
what they know. It’s sheer laziness, and it’s insulting.
have come to realise that Muslim women being portrayed in this way is a
malicious patriarchal technique that is employed to control Muslim women.
Because if we aren’t perceived as oppressed, then we have the possibility to be
what we want to be. With the rising Islamophobia in the West, I don’t think
anyone wants to see Muslim women succeed in this way. It seems it is simply too
complex to consider that a Muslim woman who wears hijab may have an identity
outside of oppression or terrorism – and yet so many millions of us do. If
shows like Elite continue to erase us, I worry about how portrayals like this
may hold back young Muslim women for a long time to come.
City: Increasing numbers of Kuwaiti women are turning to freeze their eggs to
preserve their reproductive potential, experts have said.
is interest from unmarried women aged over 40 in the technique amid growing
awareness that reproduction is related to the age factor,” Dr Hazem Al Rumheih,
a gynecology and obstetrics consultant, told Kuwaiti newspaper Al Rai.
added that the procedure is also used by female cancer patients who undergo
freezing does not contradict the Islamic Sharia,” he said.
Mai Kamel, a reproductive health specialist, explains reasons that prompt women
to have their eggs frozen.
include suffering from genetic diseases, late marriage or the desire to
postpone pregnancy due to social or employment reasons,” she told the same
majority of women turning to this operation are aged above 30, who have gone
beyond the marriage age or wish to postpone pregnancy. The procedure is simple
and its risk percentage is low,” Dr Mai added.
freezing, scientifically known as oocyte cryopreservation, is a procedure in
which a woman’s eggs are extracted and stored for later pregnancy.
married women in Kuwait have also favoured the procedure, according to Dr Al
Rumeih who did not give specific figures.
married women [in Kuwait], the husband’s approval is a condition for conducting
the egg freezing operation,” he said.
procedure costs around 5,000 Kuwaiti dinars.
court in France has sentenced the daughter of Saudi King Salman bin Abdulaziz
to several months in prison after finding her complicit in violence with the
threat of a weapon and complicit in abduction.
in Paris on Thursday handed down a 10-month suspended prison sentence to
43-year-old Hassa bint Salman, sister of Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman,
after accusing her of ordering a bodyguard to beat up a plumber, Ashraf Eid, in
her luxury flat in the French capital in September 2016.
who was tried in absentia, was also ordered by the Paris court to pay a
10,000-euro fine. She had never shown up at the trial, which got underway in
July, and has so far denied any wrongdoing.
to Eid, King Salman’s daughter told her bodyguard, Rani Saidi, to bind his
hands, punched and kicked him and forced him to kiss the princess’ feet after
she accused him of filming her on his cell phone.
was also sentenced to an eight-month suspended prison term and to pay a
said he had only taken pictures of a damaged wash basin at the fifth floor of
the luxury apartment block owned by the Saudi royals on Avenue Foch, claiming
he needed the pictures to carry out his work of repairing the basin.
was infuriated after her reflection was caught in a mirror on camera and
ordered her bodyguard to beat Eid, the plumber added.
the past, the Saudi royalty has faced other legal problems in France. Back in
2013, a French court ordered assets of Saudi Princess Maha al-Sudairi, wife of
the former interior minister Prince Nayef bin Abdul Aziz, to be seized,
accusing her of not paying bills at a luxury hotel totaling almost six million
women workers from Bangladesh continue to be mistreated by their employers in
Saudi Arabia. Other than having to adjust with the new environment and food,
they are also often physically beaten by their employers.
women recently returning from Saudi Arabia, shared their traumatic experiences
with Prothom Alo.
Nahar emerged from the airport, limping with her right foot in a bandage. This
middle-aged woman from Maulvibazar went to Saudi Arabia six months ago, hoping
to earn enough to help her family. Instead she returned with a fractured foot.
Hosne Ara of Chandpur also returned home with bitter experience in Saudi
Arabia. She found it hard to adjust to her new surroundings and food habits.
She was also often beaten up by her employer. She was forced to cut short her
two-year contract to return home in just five months.
total 18 such female migrant workers returned from Saudi Arabia along with
these two women, arriving in Dhaka by an Emirates flight on Thursday morning.
of these oppressed women had taken shelter at the Bangladesh embassy’s safe
home in Saudi Arabia. Upon return to Bangladesh, they related their tales of
trauma to Prothom Alo.
non-government development organisation BRAC runs a programme for the
rehabilitation of women migrant workers returning from abroad. According to
BRAC, 850 women returned back home over the last eight and half months, after
being tortured by their employers. Last month alone, 109 women returned, many
of them victims of mental and physical torture as well as sexual abuse. Prior
to that, 1353 women returned, many of them also having faced sexual abuse.
secretary general of the Bangladesh Association of International Recruitment
Agencies (BAIRA) Shameem Ahmed Chowdhury said that not all of the allegations
brought about by the returning women are true. Speaking to Prothom Alo, he said
if an investigation was carried out, the actual picture would emerge.
a letter sent by the Bangladesh embassy in Saudi Arabia to the ministry of
expatriates welfare and overseas employment, it was said that from January last
year to March this year, 2222 women domestic workers had returned to
to Prothom Alo over mobile phone on Thursday night, labour counsellor of the
Bangladesh embassy in Saudi Arabia, Aminul Islam, said that the women workers
actually returned home as they could not take the work pressure or adjust to
the food, climate, language and environment. They ran away from their
workplaces and took shelter at the embassy’s safe home. However, this tendency
had lessened in recent times.
Indonesia and Philippines stopped sending housemaids to Saudi Arabia due to
allegations or torture, the country signed an agreement with Bangladesh in
2015. Since then till July this year, around 300,000 women workers have gone to
Saudi Arabia. The women go on a two-year contract for a monthly salary of 800
riyals, equivalent to around Tk 17,000. These housemaids do not have to pay
their passage to Saudi Arabia.
(employment) of the bureau of manpower, employment and training, DM Atiqur
Rahman, said that they immediately take measures to bring the women back home
when allegations of torture arise. He said, 260 women who returned this year
due to oppression and other reasons, were provided with compensation of around
Tk 8 million to Tk 8.5 million from the relevant agencies. He said that
vigilance was being stepped up to ensure that women migrant workers going to
Saudi Arabia did not face any sort of problems.
involved in the migration sector said that there was compulsory one-month
training in language, work methods and climate adjustment before going to Saudi
Arabia., but that was not followed. They felt the women could be sent to other
sectors of employment rather than as housemaids.
director of the Bangladesh Women Workers Centre, Sumaiya Islam, told Prothom
Alo that women should not be sent to Saudi Arabia or any other country without
ensuring their safety and protection. She said that the government must
regularly monitor the working conditions of women migrant workers.
majority of Arabs would accept a woman head of state, yet only one-third think
it is permissible for women to travel alone. At the same time, Arab young
people are so disillusioned with their prospects in their own countries that
large numbers want to emigrate.
are a few of the latest findings from the Arab Barometer, a research network
that has conducted surveys of public opinion across the Arab region since 2006.
The nonpartisan, nonprofit initiative, run out of Princeton University,
conducted its fifth and largest wave of surveys in 12 Arab countries between
September 2018 and June 2019.
survey’s questions deal, among other things, with governance and political
affairs, personal and national economic circumstances, religion, and
international relations. The Barometer has begun releasing parts of the
results, a process that will continue until the end of the year. It recently
released reports concerning the status of women, and attitudes among youth.
reports are based on responses collected by local partners who conducted
45-minute, face-to-face interviews with over 25,000 citizens in their homes.
There were about 2,400 respondents in each of the 12 countries surveyed:
Algeria, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Kuwait, Morocco, Palestine,
Sudan, Tunisia and Yemen. The Barometer has been trying to expand to other Arab
countries, including Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates, but the
initiative’s organizers say they have been unable to get guarantees of “free
and fair access” to the population, without which they will not include a
country in the exercise.
its report on attitudes toward women, “Women’s Rights in the Middle East and
North Africa,” the survey found modest but mixed support for greater rights,
with positions largely unchanged since the start of polling a dozen years ago.
On many questions, the greatest support for women’s rights came from people in
Lebanon, Morocco, and Tunisia.
become very impatient with the Arab countries because they are not changing
faster, but we forget how slow change has been in the U.S. and Europe,” says
Marina Ottaway, a fellow at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for
Scholars. “It has been a century since women got the right to vote in the U.S.,
but there still has been no woman president.”
Views on Women in Politics
60 percent of respondents think a woman can be the head of state of a Muslim
country. (By country, the proportion of respondents agreeing with that
statement ranges from 77 percent in Lebanon to 37 percent in Algeria.) Yet 66
percent feel that men are, in general, better political leaders.
the same time, there is support for greater women’s political involvement. Over
two-thirds of people support the idea of quotas that would reserve a certain
number of seats in elected bodies, like parliaments, for women. Several Arab
countries have such quotas, though experts say it’s hard to keep track since
the rules change often.
of women’s rights in the social domain are also mixed. Only 20 percent of
people think a university education is more important for men than for women,
and most people think women who want to work outside the home should be allowed
to. Moreover, 71 percent of Arabs polled believe women should have equal rights
to men to get a divorce.
60 percent believe husbands should have the final say in family matters,
ranging from 74 percent in Sudan to 46 percent in Morocco. Not surprisingly,
this view is held more by men (70 percent across the region) than by women (50
August, Saudi Arabia began allowing women to travel abroad without the consent
of a male guardian. Yet in the region as a whole, only 30 percent of those
polled said they think women should be allowed to travel on their own. By
country, responses supporting that view ranged from 76 percent in Lebanon down
to 22 percent in Palestine. And only 21 percent think women should have an
equal share of inheritances.
for the region’s youth, the Barometer released a report in August, “Youth in
Middle East and North Africa,” that found them deeply dissatisfied. The Middle
East has a very young population—47 percent are below 25 years old. The region
has the highest youth unemployment rates of any part of the world—29 percent in
North Africa and 25 percent in the rest of the region, with rates at least 10
percentage points higher for young women.
than half of young people feel they have the right to express themselves freely
or join peaceful political demonstrations. That number has decreased by 20
percentage points since 2011, the year of the Arab Spring uprisings.
mass demonstrations of the Arab Spring were, naturally enough, filled with
young people. But “when people left the streets they were just sidelined,” says
Ottaway. “So there is a lot of disillusionment.” (See a related article, “Arab
Citizens Are Disenchanted with Politics.”)
than one-third of young people say they are interested in politics, and many
feel that the most recent parliamentary elections in their country were unfair.
While young people may have cultural differences with their elders, “all of
society tends to be very frustrated” with their governments and their country’s
economic situation, says Michael Robbins, a research specialist at Princeton
University and director of the Arab Barometer.
result is that many young people say they want to emigrate—in six of the
countries surveyed half or more express this desire. The most coveted
destination for French-speaking North Africans is Europe; youth in the rest of
the region want to go to the wealthy Arab Gulf states, with North America as
the next choice.
asked about which world power they would like their country to have closer ties
with, the clear favorite is China. “They don’t have much experience with
China,” says Robbins, “but it is seen as a possible new hope.”
region is also seeing an increase in the portion of youth saying they are “not
religious,” a position not easy to hold openly in a region where religion is
such a strong force and where atheism is illegal in some countries. The number
expressing this point of view across the region has increased from 11 percent
in 2013 to 18 percent today.
Internet use is extremely high—over 90 percent of the young people surveyed use
it via computer or cellphone. The highest rates are in Lebanon (99 percent),
followed by Jordan (96 percent), Palestine (95 percent), Algeria (93 percent),
and Morocco (93 percent). Even in Yemen, where a disastrous civil war has been
raging for over four years, 77 percent of young people manage to get online
with some frequency. (See a related article, “Study of Arab Media Use: Facebook
Down. Podcasts Up. But Don’t Criticize the Government.”)
media is widely used by the region’s youth, for whom it is generally the
primary source of news and information. Facebook is the most widely used
service in all countries with the exception of Yemen, where WhatsApp is
— There has been an increase of 23.2 percent in the economic participation of
Saudi women in the second quarter of 2019 while compared to 20.5 percent in the
overall economic participation of Saudis (males and females aged 15 years and
above) reached 45 percent in the second quarter compared to 42.3 percent in the
information was contained in the employment market bulletin issued on Thursday
by the General Authority for Statistics (GASTA) for the second quarter of 2019,
the Saudi Press Agency reported.
to the estimates of the workforce survey, the unemployment rate of the total
population (15 years and above) fell to 5.6 percent in the second quarter,
compared to six percent for the first quarter of the year.
for the unemployment rate of Saudis, there has been a decrease in the total
number, reaching 12.3 percent in second quarter, compared to 12.5 percent in
the first quarter of 2019.
to the administrative records data, the total number of Saudi employees has
decreased to 3,090,248 in the second quarter compared to 3,112,029 in the first
data in the administrative records in the Kingdom showed that total number of
Saudi jobseekers during the second quarter reached 1,002,855.
GASTA clarified job seekers as Saudi men and women registered in the government
in search of job with the Jadara and Saaed portals of the Ministry of Civil
Service and the Taqat portal of Human Resources Development Fund.
data was collected from the administrative records of the relevant authorities
such as the Ministry of Labor and Social Development, Ministry of Civil
Service, the General Organization for Social Insurance, the Human Resources
Development Fund and the National Information Center.
chairman of a UN body of experts on Yemen has confirmed the involvement of UAE
forces in the sexual abuse of detainees held in secret prisons in the country’s
a television interview with Al Jazeera, Kamel Jandoubi exposed the detention
and use of girls and women held as hostages in the Yemen war.
said the UN’s Group of Regional and International Eminent Experts on Yemen
documented 37 cases of sexual violence committed by the UAE-backed security
belt and Emirati personnel.
have 600 testimonies and huge documents and reports of international
institutions to indicate violations in Yemen,” he explained.
UN High Commissioner for Human Rights established the group on 4 December 2017,
appointing Tunisian Jandoubi as chairman, following Resolution 36/31 of the
Human Rights Council. It was mandated to carry out a comprehensive investigation
into the alleged violations and abuses of human rights, perpetrated by all
parties in the conflict.
group of experts visited several Yemeni governorates including Aden, Sanaa,
Saadah and Hudaydah but due to security constraints, were unable to visit all,
most notably Taiz.
findings also implicated the Yemeni government, the coalition and the Houthi
alliance with late President Ali Abdullah Saleh of recruiting child soldiers.
Reports have revealed that children as young as eight have been forced to take
up arms in the conflict.
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