Photo, According to new data released by Eurostat, women constitute 45 percent
of scientists in Turkey operating in the fields of research, technology,
health, engineering and R&D – exceeding the EU average of 41 percent.
Outpaces EU in Percentage of Female Scientists
University Unveils Country's First Sports Hijab to Encourage Muslim Women To
Triple Talaq Bill Unlikely to Get Parliament Nod
Still Remain Before Achieving Gender Balance: Mona Al Marri
Abducted Yazidi Women, Children Freed In Northern Iraq
by New Age Islam News Bureau
Women A Seat At Taliban Talks Is A Huge Mistake
September 11, the United States justified deep engagement in Afghanistan in
part due to the Taliban's harsh repression of women. Now, after sustaining
2,351 deaths and more than 20,000 injuries, and spending north of a trillion
dollars, the United States is negotiating peace with the draconian regime it
ISIS in the Middle East and al-Shabaab in Africa, the Taliban often uses
ultra-conservative interpretations of the Quran to force women into cruel
marriages with huge age differences where wives may be abused. Worse yet, women
are barred from working outside the home, learning to read, or appearing in
public without head-to-toe coverings. Defiance means public flogging or even
US negotiators to turn their attention to the voices of extremists, while
ignoring the voices of women, is not only wrong -- it is wrongheaded.
women and human rights advocates fear that hard-earned progress will be
reversed under Taliban influence. But why might that happen? According to the
Women and Peace Studies Organization in Kabul, it's because women are being
sidelined from the negotiations.
women a seat at the table and they will protect their own rights.
research supports this idea. Half of peace agreements fail within five years,
but more than a third last at least 15 years when women are significantly
involved in negotiations. In general terms, women work across allegiances, are
less threatening, wield maternal influence, are perceived to be less corrupt,
and have their fingers on the pulse of communities where the agreement must be
look at a few examples.
were key to rebuilding Rwanda in 1994, as an ethnic cataclysm erupted leaving
800,000 dead and millions of survivors suffering unspeakable trauma. They
immediately assumed critical positions -- mayor of Kigali, constitutional
commissioners, chief justice of the Supreme Court, and chair of the Commission
on Unity and Reconciliation. Rwandan women created a local justice system that
allowed for reconciliation, not revenge. Today, though not without problems,
Rwanda has the world's highest percentage of women in Parliament and one of the
fastest growing economies in Africa.
contrast, men brokering the 1995 Dayton Peace Accords to settle the war in
Bosnia-Herzegovina invited only hardliners, which shut out women from the
delegation. The final agreement gave those who fled horrifying atrocities the
"right of return" to their homes. But the guarantee was empty. Rights
aside, they could not return to places from which people were still fleeing
across ethnic and social lines say that if they had been included, they would
have first required the arrest of perpetrators, many of whom were still public
officials. Instead, many women sold their homes to raise families in regions to
which they had escaped, fulfilling the false stereotype of a despairingly
divided society. Today, local and international experts agree that tensions are
entrenched, while the country's economy stagnates.
will be Afghanistan's fate? To succeed, the peace agreement must go beyond
broad promises of doing right by women. Those promises must be backed by
measurable indicators ensuring access to mobility, health, justice and more.
For example, they must guarantee that girls will be allowed education -- but at
what kind of schools? And how much education will they be provided? They must
insist on unfettered political participation -- not only to vote, but also to
hold office, with regulations maintaining the quota of 27% of parliamentarian
seats going to women.
participation in negotiations is not a Western-imposed violation of monolithic
"cultural norms." It is what the Afghan Women's Network, an
affiliation of 125 women's organizations devoted to bettering the position of
Afghan women in society, is demanding. Urban and rural, across ethnicities and social
strata, these women have used the #AfghanWomenWillNotGoBack during the peace
talks, where they have been virtually excluded. The hashtag, however, has been
used to reach political groups meeting in Moscow to negotiate, gain attention
from US Senators, and organize demonstrations in Afghanistan.
have also shared their six-point agenda, which opens with the declaration that
Afghan women historically have been and continue to be on the right side of
history, supporting democracy and social progress. That manifesto then spans
cessation of hostilities, law and order, economic growth, natural disaster and
political theory. These are not simply lofty ideas. They are the nuts and bolts
of a secure society, which is more stable because of women's advancement.
support from the US and others, large numbers of women are taking the risk to
speak their minds. Negotiators must immediately pull more chairs up to the
table. Amplifying the voices of those who have repressed half the population is
a strategy for failure.
irony is dizzying. Women's rights will not be guaranteed by men who deny them
the right to be at the table where women's rights need to be guaranteed.
has a better record than most European Union countries – including Germany,
France and the U.K. – in terms of the percentage of women working in the fields
of research, technology, health, engineering and R&D, recent data released
by Eurostat shows.
to 2017 education data released by Eurostat on EU members and partner
countries, the proportion of female scientists and engineers in Turkey was 45
percent, exceeding the EU average of 41 percent and outpacing Germany, France
and the U.K.
member countries had a total of 7.1 million women operating in the fields of
science and engineering in 2017, according to Eurostat.
five EU member states had a female majority among scientists and engineers –
Lithuania with 57 percent, Bulgaria and Latvia both with 53 percent, Portugal
with 51 percent and Denmark with just over 50 percent.
than one third of scientists and engineers were women in Hungary and Luxembourg
– both with 25 percent – in Finland, with 29 percent, and in Germany, with 33
on the report, European Women Rectors Association President Gülsün Sağlamer
told Hürriyet newspaper that Turkey, since the founding of the Republic, has given
special attention to the participation of women in the fields of science and
engineering, propelling it into its position today.
cautioned, however that Turkey should not allow its achievements to develop
is aware of the deficit and tries to close it with great incentives. Turkey
must work to increase the proportion of female researchers and engineers. As
European countries take big steps to close the gap, Turkey should not wait in
its current position," she said, noting that the proportion of women in
decision-making positions remains low.
university in London has become the first to roll out its own sports hijab for
female Muslim students.
University, which is only one of four in the UK to offer a free sports
programme, spotted a gap in the number of women taking part – and in particular
those wearing hijabs.
2017 study by Sport England found that just 18 per cent of Muslim women
participate in regular sport, against 30 per cent of the UK’s female population
as a whole.
the hijab, which covers the wearer’s hair and neck, is made from cotton which
can quickly become hot, sodden with sweat and uncomfortable when used for
Brunel’s has been made from materials specifically designed to keep the wearer
cool while also respecting their religious beliefs.
Al Saad, a business management student at the university, said she was “100 per
cent confident” the hijab would encourage more of her peers to get into sport.
great; really lightweight, really easy to wear, really comfortable – it feels
like you’re wearing nothing on your head which is amazing, especially when
doing sports,” said the keen gym-goer.
traditional hijab is basically a cloth you wrap around your head and then pin
down. You can’t really run in it, it’ll literally fly off. The pins come out
and it falls off – it’s not comfortable.
the sports hijab makes it ten times easier, and I genuinely think it’s a
sports giants already have their own hijabs on the market, however at £15 Brunel’s
is about 40 per cent cheaper than the one Nike launched in 2017.
hijab will initially only be available in “Brunel blue” and in two sizes but it
is hoped there will be a wider range of colours if it takes off.
Rathore, president of the Union of Brunel Students, has been a driving force
behind the hijab.
we narrowed it down, we found the main gap to be in BAME female sports
participation – specifically, we found there to be a barrier to Muslim women
taking part in team sport,” he said.
course, they were participating in sports on their own and in private, but they
weren’t really going out to competitions, or using sport as a social tool to
get involved in activities.
are now other unis that want to partner with us, who want to take samples off
us, who want to do their own hijab – which is great news.”
Delhi: The Narendra Modi government is keen to get parliamentary approval for
the triple talaq bill but there is no certainty that it will clear the Rajya
Sabha hurdle in the remaining two days of the budget session and the measure
may again be implemented through an ordinance.
parties and several leaders from the Muslim community are sticking to their
stand against the bill, contending there is no need for it as the instant
triple talaq has been banned by the Supreme Court.
leaders IANS spoke to also opposed the criminalisation of triple talaq and the
provision of three-year jail to the husband.
triple talaq ordinance was re-promulgated in January this year as the revised
triple talaq bill was passed by the Lok Sabha in the last session but could not
be passed in the Rajya Sabha where the government lacks majority.
Paty of India-Marxist leader Brinda Karat said the government should not bring
a matter from civil to criminal law for a particular community.
are in support of the striking down of triple talaq, which is instant and
arbitrary, and which was duly struck down by the Supreme Court. Now the
government wants to criminalise a practice that doesn't exist in law. If a man
does leave the wife, it is desertion and abandonment, which falls in the
purview of civil law. It is not a criminal offence.
the question rises: if the government want to bring a matter from civil law to
the criminal law, why do it selectively for a certain community," Karat
are some very prominent public figures in the country who have deserted their
wives. If there's to be a law it's these persons who should be first arrested
and put in jail," she remarked.
Farooqui, a member of the All India Muslim Personal Law Board, termed the bill
"a political gimmick" that was not needed when the practice of triple
talaq itself has been struck down by the Supreme Court.
is illogical. And it hurts the women as well as the unity of a family. How the
two of them can reconcile when the husband is in the prison. May be (Prime
Minister) Narendra Modi is trying to tell his followers see 'I can create
problems for Muslims in this fashion'," he said.
MP Sushmita Dev has said the Congress would scrap the triple talaq bill if it
comes to power and instead go for an alternative that emerges out of
discussions within the Muslim community.
stand inside and outside Parliament is same. We are opposing criminalisation of
triple talaq and will continue to do it. There are solid legal reasons behind
it. The common man understands it," she had earlier told IANS.
Supreme Court had declared the triple talaq practice
"unconstitutional" in August 2017.
to social activists, Muslim marriage is a civil contract between two adults and
the procedures to be followed on its breakdown should also be of civil nature.
Penal action to discourage the practice of instant triple talaq does not take
into account issues of economic security of women, they add.
government should strengthen the negotiating capacities of women by providing
them support and criminalising instant triple talaq was not the answer.
has also been suggested that the government should provide economic support to
the affected women, children and other dependents if the husband is put behind
bill allows the aggrieved woman as well as those related to her by blood to be
said while there are still challenges to be addressed, some countries are
focusing on implementing equal wages and more job opportunities for women.
gender balance has become a global trend but the movement isn't happening quick
enough. As such, it is the role of governments to define and redefine the role
of women in the public spectrum.
was the main message that came from the 'Achieving Gender Balance: from
policies to impact', session at the World Government Summit 2019 on Monday.
Al Marri, vice president of the UAE Gender Balance Council said while women
today, in most countries, have more opportunities than ever before, gaps still
24 per cent of people represented in parliaments around the world are women.
While that is a small number in comparison to male representation, it's an
increase of more than 50 per cent, compared to just 11 per cent in 1995."
should have the hope that there is good practice coming as a result of this
discussion and fundamental changes are possible and are on the rise as a result
of government legislation."
on the announcement in 2018 by the UAE leadership that the Federal National
Council (FNC) will have a 50/50 split of male and female representation by the
end of 2019, it is a focus on political participation like that, which is
are witnessing this leap in women political participation in the UAE
to the World Bank's latest report looking at women in business across the
globe, "65 countries have implemented 87 reforms in boosting women
participation" in the economy.
good model here in the UAE is that we have more than 23,000 businesswomen with
an investment worth Dh50 million. We have many SMEs that support women and young
entrepreneurs when it comes to education and how they generate funds for
investment," she said.
about the motto of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
(OECD), 'better policies for better lives', Angel Gurria, secretary general of
the OECD said "trend is irreversible, unstoppable", so the fact that
gender balance is a hot topic is great.
question is how fast are countries going regarding successful implementation?
We are very proud and congratulate the UAE in its drive towards more women
being represented in parliament. However, many of these things are not
the UAE, for instance, this 50/50 split in parliament had to be legislated, he
Germany, the drive for 30 per cent women working as boards of directors had to
be legislated too. Sometimes we have to use legislation to force things which
are not happening naturally. And often it doesn't happen without legislation in
place because of cultural mindsets."
the Middle East region, Gurria said there are still big gaps regarding gender
balance, but, interestingly the majority of women here are in universities.
means when they graduate they cannot be incorporated successfully into the job
market, and if they do there is a pay gap. We need policies to change this
agreed that it is important to create an atmosphere where demand is
forward, Al Marri said three focus areas need to be taken into account.
is the support of the government. If communities see the leadership supporting
balance, this will send a clear message to people, but more precisely to women.
It will break stereotypes.
is linking up with global enablers, like the OECD, the UN, the IMF. They drive
the global gender balance agenda across the globe so it is important to have
collaboration with these."
she said there is a need for more international reports focusing on gender
balance and equality, which in turn set benchmarks.
Feb. 11 (Xinhua) -- Iraqi Joint Operations Command announced on Monday to have
freed six Yazidi women and their six children kidnapped by the Islamic State
(IS) militants near Mosul, some 400 km north of Iraq's capital Baghdad.
security forces freed six women and their six children abducted by IS
terrorists from Mosul," Yahya Rasoul, spokesman of the Iraqi Joint
Operations Command, said in a statement.
joint force acted on intelligence reports and launched an operation to free the
abducted women and children, and later escorted them to safety in the Yazidi
town of Sinjar, some 120 km west of Mosul," Rasoul added.
December 2017, Iraq declared full liberation from the IS after the security
forces and the paramilitary Hashd Shaabi units, backed by the anti-IS
international coalition, recaptured all areas once seized by the extremist
IS remnants have since melted in urban areas or resorted to deserts and rugged
areas as safe havens, carrying out guerilla attacks from time to time against
the security forces and civilians.
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