leave Grande mosquée de Paris after Friday prayers, 1 September 2017.
ABDELKAFI / AFP
Saudi Arabia On The Road To Ending Child Marriage?
Travel Expeditions Take Off In Middle East
Necessity or Design, Iraqi Women Launch Mosul Firms
Congresswomen Pave Way for Future Generation
Asks Governor to Act against Muslim Girl’s Rapists
Kazemi Taken To Jail, Sama Nazifi Dismissed From College
by New Age Islam News Bureau
Muslim Women Push For 'Inclusive' Mosque in Paris
Muslim organisations in France have launched projects to create "inclusive"
mosques: spaces where women and men can pray together, and where female imams
would be able to lead Friday ...
Bahloul conducts her prayers at home, in her living room. She decided to stop
going to the mosque five years ago after she was refused access to the main
went to the mosque with a group of male and female friends. It was a religious
festival commemorating the birth of the Prophet, so it was very
important," she tells RFI.
men were told to go in, but we women were told ‘cross the road and you’ll find
a room’. It was a garage in fact. So there I was in this garage. The sound
system was terrible and the atmosphere was not at all spiritual. Women were
cooking and kids were playing. I was extremely disappointed, shocked
says the separation of men and women in the main prayer does not make sense.
together everywhere in everyday life, and then suddenly, when it's prayer time,
you can't even look at one another. It's as if we've been reduced to sexual
objects and nothing else."
need for an inclusive space
has a doctorate in Islamic studies and is of the more mystical branch of Islam
known as Sufism. Following the terror attacks in November 2015 she founded a
discussion group and youtube forum, Parle moi d'Islam (talk to me about Islam).
with philosohy professor Faker Korchane, she has now set up an association with
the aim of opening a Fatima mosque, an "inclusive” modern space where men
and women can pray together.
mosque will welcome men and women in the same room, women on one side, men on
the other, but both on the same level," she explained.
does not wear a veil and does not believe the Koran imposes it, so there will
be no dress code.
other crucial feature is that a woman imam will lead Friday prayers every other
would like to be the first woman in France to lead Friday prayers, but
recognises that even though France has Europe's largest Muslim population
(estimated between four to five million people), she is swimming against a very
surprising that in France, considering there’s such a large Muslim community,
that there’s also a deeply conservative tradition," she said. "The
traditional currents such as Salafism and the Muslim brotherhood have a strong
schools of Islamic jurisprudence like the Mālikī school – the most common in
the Maghreb – forbid women imams entirely. Other schools accept women imams,
but they’re allowed to hold prayers only in front of women, or there’s a
physical separation in the hall so you can’t see the women imam."
readings of the Koran
Janadin is another French muslim woman with big hopes of creating a place
embodying the reformist current of Islam.
with Anne-Sophie Monsinay, she plans to open the Simorgh Mosque, also mixed,
with female imams and an open dress code. Prayers would be in French.
would like to use the critical-historical discourse around Islam that has
developed within universities," she tells RFI. "To try and make it
more accessible to a wider public and bring it into the religious domain.
other words we want to draw concrete lessons on how you can lead a spiritual
life in today’s world, following all the new readings of the Koran, new
religious concepts and so on."
groups are looking for funds and premises for the mosques which would, ideally,
be in the French capital.
attempts in Europe
is some support for women imams in Britain and Spain, but so far Germany and
Denmark are the only European countries that have more progressive mosques
where women and men can pray side by side.
Mariam mosque, which opened in Copenhagen in early 2016, welcomes worshippers
of both sexes; Friday prayers are reserved for women.
Ibn Rushd-Goethe 'liberal' mosque opened in June 2017. Prayers are held in
German in a building belonging to the Protestant community.
positive media coverage the Berlin mosque has only a few dozen regular
worshippers. And its female imam, Seyran Ates, a well-known lawyer and human
rights militant, has suffered ongoing threats and lives under police
Jan 10 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - Saudi Arabia is trying to ban child
marriage through new regulations, but loopholes are leaving young girls in the
deeply conservative kingdom unprotected, campaigners said on Thursday.
Shura Council, a top advisory body to the government, approved regulations on
Wednesday to prohibit marriage for girls and boys under 15, and those under 18
will need approval from a specialised court, according to council member Lina
the conservative Muslim country does not have a minimum legal age for marriage,
and women live under a guardianship system where they must have permission from
a male relative to marry, work and travel.
said the approval by the council, which does not have legislative powers but
can propose laws to the king and the cabinet, is a "great
accomplishment" for the kingdom in protecting its young citizens.
were no marriage limitations before, so for this to be passed and prohibit
marriage for a child under 15 is a huge accomplishment because you will be
protecting young boys and girls," she told the Thomson Reuters Foundation
12 million girls marry before age 18 every year, according to Girls Not Brides,
a coalition working to end child marriage.
United Nations regards the practice as a human rights violation.
Hamilton, deputy director of Girls Not Brides, said it is
"encouraging" that the kingdom is setting age limits for marriage,
but the rules are a "far cry" from protecting children under 18, who
can still marry with court approval.
are still at risk of being forced into marriage if their parents can persuade a
court to agree," she said in an emailed statement.
know that even in countries like the U.S. and U.K., courts offer little
protection to girls who don't want to marry but risk alienation or retribution
from their families if they tell court officials their real feelings."
marriage - defined internationally as marriage under 18 - remains legal in
Britain. In England, Wales and Northern Ireland, teenagers can wed at 16 with
parental consent. In Scotland, they do not need consent.
majority of U.S. states do not lay out a minimum age for marriage if statutory
exceptions are met, such as parental or judicial consent or in case of pregnancy.
say children married young are more likely to leave school, get divorced,
experience domestic abuse and mental health problems and live in poverty than
those who marry later.
explore the world independently, meet locals in new and unfamiliar places, or
simply to stretch the limits of one’s comfort zone—there are myriad reasons for
a growing trend in tourism: namely, all-women expeditions. For a woman, hitting
the road alone often seems daunting enough and perhaps more so when considering
a trip to conservative countries in the Middle East and North Africa.
are therefore increasingly taking advantage of all-female options—and dozens of
tour companies are rushing to meet the demand. Among the most popular
destinations for westerners are Morocco, Iran, Egypt and Jordan.
less common, Middle Eastern Muslim women are also beginning to seek out these
travel experiences; this, even though many Islamic leaders hold that it is
impermissible for Muslim women to travel alone without a mahram, a legal male
escort that accompanies her during overnight journeys. Yet entrepreneurs have
started to buck religious and social norms by offering female travel
enthusiasts the opportunity to experience the world in a new way.
Al Ameri, a Qatari businesswoman who in 2014 founded the Doha-based Tartebkum
Holidays, organizes excursions strictly for women and children. She has also
called for the establishment of tourist facilities in Qatar that are expressly
designed for females.
idea began in my mind ten years ago but I waited for the right time to
implement it,” Al Ameri related to The Media Line. “I started to organize
tourist trips limited in scale, in cooperation with [government] bodies such as
the Ministry of Culture and the Tourism Authority.”
Ameri's first tour was to Turkey and included only two women—a Qatari and a
Saudi. Since then, the concept has taken off and now dozens of women from
various Arab states participate in each outing.
tourism outfits continue to face obstacles.
in our country and in the Gulf have different requirements,” Al Ameri stressed.
"They need special trips that are safer and catered to them. Because our
customs and traditions forbid women from traveling alone they are denied the
pleasure. My company aims to overcome this barrier and take women everywhere in
I communicate directly with the husband or brother of the woman who wants to
participate to convince him to allow her to go and dispel any fears," she
expounded. "There is certainly a big responsibility but I decided to go
ahead with the project because I am convinced that it’s what we need.”
To Solo Female Travelers
capitalize on the burgeoning movement, Intrepid Travel recently announced the
creation of women-only holidays to Morocco, Jordan and Iran, among other
tour was designed to uncover the customs, food, challenges and lives of the
local women in each country, all the while encouraging female empowerment and
showcasing the traditions and routines unique to each culture,” Jenny Gray,
Regional Product Manager for the Middle East at Intrepid Travel, told The Media
of the advantages of embarking on women-only tours, Gray notes, is the ability
to visit local establishments generally inaccessible to mixed-gender groups.
For instance, in the Moroccan city of Marrakech travelers frequent an artist’s
cooperative that supports female rug-weavers as well as a traditional hammam,
or bathhouse, that is open only to women. In Jordan, participants learn about
henna art from Bedouin women, whereas in Iran—infamous for its strict
gender-segregation rules—they tour a female-only park and meet with women
itineraries, each guided by women, break the barriers of customary tourism in
these locales, offering a deeper understanding of female culture in each Middle
Eastern nation,” Gray affirmed. “The trips expose female travelers to a range
of fascinating local women—young, old, religious, conservative, rural, modern
and liberal—while respecting traditional cultural values.”
latest offerings, many of which coincide with International Women’s Day in March,
are increasingly being sought out and there currently are several itineraries
already scheduled in 2019 and 2020. The trips to Iran, for example, retail
anywhere from $2,310 for a 9-day jaunt (none of the pricing includes airfare)
to $4,550 for a 16-day cycling adventure throughout the country.
majority of Intrepid’s clients are based in Australia, the United States,
Canada and the United Kingdom. The goal, Gray explains, is not only to provide
female travelers with the opportunity to venture into previously unseen
territory but also to empower local women.
All Women: The Quest For Adventure
are many reasons women are choosing to set off on these unique adventures.
don’t like the idea of accommodating men,” Nevena Barrett, a retired
schoolteacher living in Australia, affirmed to The Media Line. “I have been on
mixed trips before and I’m more comfortable going strictly with women. I just
want to go for the enjoyment of the travel and the enrichment that provides,
rather than being distracted by the possibility of romantic relationships. In a
small setting like that, sometimes guys want to make a move and you just want
to focus on the trip without distraction.”
68, embarked on her first such trip with company Venus Adventures to Morocco
nearly a decade ago. Since then, she has taken numerous similar vacations, most
recently to Oman.
you’re strictly with women, you’re able to share things that you wouldn’t
necessarily be able to discuss with men because the subjects or topics are
unique to a women’s perspective,” she elaborated. “Because of that, connections
and conversations are freer and you don't feel as inhibited as you would if the
opposite sex were present.”
Adventures created the marketplace for women-only travel groups several years
ago after noticing a gap in the industry. Its pricing varies depending on the
destination and length of stay, ranging from roughly $3,300 for a 15-day
odyssey through Morocco to an 11-day journey in Egypt for $3,900.
[put] an emphasis on meeting the locals and mingling with them as much as
possible to get to know the culture,” Julie Paterson, Managing Director at
Venus Adventures, conveyed to The Media Line, adding that the majority of the
company's clients are mature women from English-speaking countries whose
friends are unavailable to travel.
50 and over demographic that partakes in women-only trips may be
married/divorced/single, or often we have women whose husbands have recently
passed away and they are traveling for the first time alone,” Paterson
explained. “Women feel safer and more comfortable in a group of like-minded
people. Without men around they don't have to compete with them when doing
activities or for their attention.”
Stephanie, a 56-year-old woman from Canada, the decision to go on an all-women
excursion was less about being surrounded by members of the same sex and more
about the trip aligning with her personal interests. She recently went to Egypt
on a tour arranged by Wild Women Expeditions, a global agency focusing on
outdoor adventure travel and which currently offers trips to nearly 30
countries. A 12-day vacation to Egypt, including accommodations, a tour guide,
in-country travel and full board costs $5,495. “I wanted to go to Egypt and had
traveled with this tour operator before,” Stephanie, who is divorced, recounted
to The Media Line. “It came down to a choice between two options: a trip
through an educational institute in the United States and this one. After
looking at the itineraries, costs and length of trip, the final deciding factor
wasn’t so much that it was a group of women but that it was a women-focused
interest in such travel continues to rise, one of the problems agencies are
dealing with is recruiting enough female tour guides. For its part, Intrepid
has attempted to overcome this challenge by advertising specifically to females
and launching targeted social media campaigns.
a study published last year, the United Nations World Tourism Organization
(UNWTO) found that travel-related policies can be tailored to promote
leadership qualities among women. According to the UNWTO, the tourism sector
employs up to 10 percent of the global workforce and is thus ideally positioned
to contribute to fostering gender equality.
the lack of women in managerial or senior roles in the industry, the world body
nevertheless highlighted that “there are almost twice as many women
entrepreneurs [51%] in tourism than in any other [field].”
the thumb of jihadist rule they were deemed minors – unable to do anything
without permission from a father or husband – but today women are establishing
businesses in Iraq’s Mosul.
red letters “Umm Mustafa and sons” looms large over a modest grocery, standing
out in a sea of shop facades daubed with male proprietors’ names.
just 27 she is already a widow – her husband was executed by the Islamic State
group during its brutal three-year occupation of the city.
jihadists seized control of Mosul in 2014, and the ruined metropolis was only
wrested back by Iraq’s internationally-backed military a year and a half ago
after months of some of the most brutal urban combat seen anywhere since World
in the working class district of Al-Faruq, Umm Mustafa needs the shop’s income
to feed her sons, who are six and four.
self-proclaimed caliphate had relegated Umm Mustafa and her female peers to the
shadows – forbidden from even leaving home in the Nineveh province capital,
never mind speaking in public places.
signage such as Umm Mustafa’s could never have been erected as they have today.
two-thirds of young people in Iraq say they support the right of women to work,
compared to only 42 percent of older people, according to a U.N. survey.
unemployment, while officially at 10.8 percent nationally, is higher in Nineveh
and other provinces that were until recently plagued by fighting or under the
control of ISIS.
bloody conflicts that have ravaged the country for nearly four decades –
beginning with the 1980-88 Iran-Iraq war – have killed and disabled hundreds of
thousands of people, and also triggered numerous divorces.
a result, one in ten Iraqi households is headed by a woman nowadays, according
to the U.N.
Mustafa’s self-reliance should be an example,” said Adel Zaki, a neighbor who
comes to her shop regularly to buy chocolates or a bottle of fruit juice.
Mosul native Dania Salem did not have a pressing need to earn money.
after fleeing home with her family to escape the advancing jihadists, she
discovered her passion in Arbil, the capital of Iraqi Kurdistan.
23-year-old economics graduate worked at a florist there, where she learned to
arrange fresh bouquets and create wreaths of synthetic flowers.
returning home to Mosul, in August 2018 she opened a flower stall that is now
in full bloom.
me, it was something of a challenge – a way to improve women’s place in
society, which has been changing a lot,” she told AFP.
the jihadists were defeated in Mosul – long a Middle East trade hub -the city
has undergone a cultural boom.
and more women are feeling their way into the public sphere, whether by finding
work alongside male counterparts or by setting up their own firms.
shop is a first step and I have other plans for later,” Salem said, before
returning to arranging her flowers.
women’s rights activist Rim Mohammed, it is crucial that the state supports
other women setting up their own businesses.
social rights must be assured, employment created and their place in cultural
and political life guaranteed,” she told AFP.
al-Hadidi, who runs Nineveh province’s planning department, said he takes this
message on board.
said micro-credits of between five and 10 million dinars ($4,200 to $8,400,
3,700 to 7,300 euros) will be granted to women, boys, and girls as a priority.
promised this would happen as soon as the province receives the $1 billion
dollars allocated by Iraq’s federal budget, without specifying when that might
congresswomen pave way for future generation
elections of congresswomen Rashida Tlaib and Ilhan Omar set a path for other
Muslim women to be able to pursue careers in American politics, the two said
at a reception hosted by the Council of American Islamic Relations, the
congresswomen discussed how their elections changed the narrative of Muslims in
now feel in many ways that we belong here and this is our country just like anyone
else," said Tlaib.
and Omar, who are both Democrats, won their races while campaigning on a
progressive platform of increasing the minimum wage, environmental advocacy and
healthcare coverage for all.
there have been Muslims in Congress prior to their elections, the two made
history by becoming the first Muslim women to hold the office.
seek to tell a different story about Muslim women here in the United States of
America," Omar said.
young women are now believing that their place is on the House floor,"
legislators also discussed their faith, mentioning that while they were proud
Muslims, they were not perfect.
will never be your perfect Muslimah," Tlaib said. "But mashallah, I
believe so much in our faith, and it gives me so much strength every day."
representative was referring to an incident where she used profane language
aimed at President Donald Trump, calling for his impeachment.
ask Allah to give me strength to get up every single day, because Trump is in
my community, and I think to myself 'I'm exposing my faith in such a profound
way,’" Tlaib said after shedding tears.
— Peoples Democratic Party president Mehbooba Mufti Thursday urged Jammu and
Kashmir Governor Satya Pal Malik to ensure that the culprits in the rape of a
13-year-old Muslim girl in Ramban district of the state are punished.
can be more blood curdling & disturbing than a case where a 13-year-old
minor girl was gangraped in Ramsoo and is now 3 months into her pregnancy. But
instead of public outrage, questions will swirl about the caste and religion
of this innocent child and her rapists," Mehbooba said in a tweet.
an apparent reference to Kathua rape and murder case, the PDP president said
the present atmosphere in the country had emboldened culprits to carry out
such acts which are then justified on the basis of religion.
we know it will assume communal understones & leaders who enjoy political
patronage will be out on a limb to defend the rapists. Current atmosphere in
our country has sadly emboldended such acts which are justified on basis of
religion & to teach the minority a lesson," she said. "Is this
what we have come to as a nation? Urge the @jandkgovernor to ensure culprits
are punished," she added.
Wednesday massive protests erupted at Ramsoo on Srinagar-Jammu highway against
the rape of Muslim girl. Leaders of religious organizations, social activists
and members of several NGOs held separate protests in the district office
complex against the rape of the girl. The girl who is three months into her
pregnancy is currently undergoing treatment at a hospital in Jammu, said a
protester. He said the matter came to light after the girl became sick a few
days ago. "She was shifted to a hospital where doctors told the parents
about her pregnancy."
from Jammu and Kashmir Peoples’ Alliance (JKPA) also held a protest
demonstration against Ramsoo rape here at Press Colony. Scores of youth
including females from JKPA raised slogans against RSS and BJP alleging that
“backing by such parties has encouraged people to make the minors a prey.”
Kazemi, a female Kurdish woman from Sanandaj, was transferred to the women’s
ward of Sanandaj Prison.
Kazemi was arrested by the Ministry of Intelligence forces at her home in
August 2018, and was temporarily released on November 24, 2018.
Kazemi was arrested again on Sunday, December 2, 2018, after going to the
Justice Department of Sanandaj. Sahar Kazemi’s husband, Madeh Fat’hi, was
arrested last autumn and held for three months in a solitary cell in the
detention center of the Department of Intelligence of Sanandaj.
Sama Nazifi, a student of architecture at Azad University’s Shahriar Branch,
was dismissed from school on Monday, January 7, 2019, due to her Baha’i
undergraduate student of architecture received an honorary student title last
year. But this year, she cannot continue her studies because of being a Baha’i.
to reports, until November 19, 2018, fifty-eight Baha’i students were deprived
of their education at the university competitive examinations, and at least 11
Baha’i students were expelled from their universities because of their beliefs.
another report, Baha’i woman Neda Shabani is still being held in uncertain
status over 40 days after her arrest in Karaj.
security forces of Karaj arrested Neda Shabani on November 29, 2018, and
transferred her to an unknown location. Ms. Shabani has only been able to
contact her family once a week, and despite repeated attempts by her family,
they have not yet been fully informed about the status of her case. They have
only been informed of Neda Shabani’s extended detention.
in Isfahan, several women were sentenced to imprisonment on December 25, 2018,
because of their Baha’i conviction. Baha’i women Bahareh Zaini (Sobhaniyan),
Fujhan Rashidi and Sepideh Rouhani were each sentenced to 4 years’ imprisonment
and Anosh Rayeneh to 6 years in jail.
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