12 marks the World Day Against Child Labor. At least a quarter of Iran’s
students are forced to quit school every year with a large number of them
joining the estimated 3 to 7 million child laborers in Iran
Rise of Female Sharia Judges (Qazis) in India
Women of Karnataka Pray To Hanuman Seeking Good Rain
Arabia Opens Applications For Recruitment Of Female Soldiers, Immigration
Women Say Islamophobia Worse after Christchurch Mosque Attack
Is a Dip in Oral Triple Talaq Complaints: Bhartiya Muslim Mahila Andolan
Reiterates Calls to Eliminate FGM Locally, Protect Women
Administration Cans Meeting With Women's Wing of HTI and 'Indonesia without
to Oppose Bill on Triple Talaq; Raises Fundamental Points
Students and Other Strata Of Women In Iran Continue Their Protests
by New Age Islam News Bureau
Child Labourers among the Most Innocent Victims of Mullahs in Iran
12 marks the World Day against Child Labour. At least a quarter of Iran’s
students are forced to quit school every year with a large number of them
joining the estimated 3 to 7 million child labourers in Iran. This is mainly
because of pervasive poverty and lack of social support for destitute families
in Iran while education is neither free nor mandatory. A large number of
these children are girl child laborers.
recent video clip produced in February 2019 on the situation of child laborers
featured interviews with these children who spoke of being abused in various
ways by municipality agents.
girl child labourer said, “Me and my two brothers were doing our homework and at
the same time selling walnuts when municipal agents came and caught my two
brothers. I told them, ‘what do you want to do with them?’ Then they caught me,
too… They took off my older brother’s clothes and started beating him by
sticks. My younger brother started crying. Simultaneously, they told me to
polish their shoes, I said I won’t. Then they rubbed black polish on my face.”
social worker said the girl child labourers are sexually abused in addition to
being brutalized. “Two of the girl child labourer who work on the intersection,
were forced into a car by municipal agents. One of the agents told one of the
girls to unbutton her clothes. This girl even told us that when she was taken
to the police station, she was separated from other kids and forced to take off
girl child labourer talked about sexual abuse of her friend by municipal
agents. She said, “One day, when I saw Sara, I asked her, ‘Why are you upset?’
She said municipal agents caught me and mistreated me… They pulled my scarf,
and touched me. When I screamed, they stepped away. But when I went to the
office of the municipality and told my story, they did not believe me. They
said I was making up the story so that they would let me go.”
girl child laborer by the name of Maryam recounted, “I don’t remember the exact
location, but it was me and my cousin. We were selling walnuts. Then all of
sudden a municipality agent came and took my hand. He didn’t want me, but he
caught my cousin. He beat him so hard. Then he asked me, “How much money have
you earned?” I said, “We earned nothing.” Then he said, “I must check your
purse.” I didn’t give him my purse. Then he hit me in the back with a stick and
punched me in the arm. Then he snatched my purse, and I ran away from him…”
in November 2017, following a research done on 400 child laborers, it was
revealed by an official of Social Services in Tehran’s Municipality that some
90% of child laborers are sexually abused. “We are going to prove that 90 per
cent of child laborers get raped.”
state-run Salamatnews.com published a report run by the official Iran newspaper
which included some painful examples of sexual assault on deprived girl
children and child laborers. The same story was also reported by the state-run
report narrated the stories of girl child laborers who are assaulted and raped
since very young age due to poverty and addiction of their parents.
of the characters in this report was Rana, 19, who had been engaged in
dangerous and harmful jobs such as making spare parts for cars and working with
acid since she was 11. Rana’s father is an addict and used to sexually assault
her four daughters. The girls were also victimized by other men in the
Fakhari, member of Tehran’s City Council, was cited in the report as saying
that “sexual abuse is the greatest ailment among young scavenger children.”
children in Iran are the most innocent victims of the mullahs’ medieval regime.
March 17, 2019, on the eve of the New Persian Year, a girl child laborer died
under the rubble of her home in South Tehran, in the farmlands near Shahr-e
9-year-old girl child laborer by the name of Sadouri and her brother, Rashid,
11, died under the debris when their home was destroyed under heavy rain. The
11-year-old Rashid used to farm as his sister, Sadouri, was a girl child
laborer peddling on the streets to help their family earn their living.
the heavy rain, their home collapsed. Their mother and siblings ran out, but
the girl child laborer, Sadouri, and her brother remained under the rubbles.
than 200 families live in the desert-like area surrounding these farmlands for
over 30 years. The houses built in this area are made of mud and wood and are
not resistant to rain and snow. The children who live in these homes are
essentially child laborers and earn living by pan handling or peddling on the
Iranian regime’s officials have admitted that at least 42 million of the
80-million strong population of Iran live below the poverty line and 30 million
are hungry. 80 per cent of wage earners live under the poverty line. The
growing number of child laborers, prostitution and addiction, as well as sexual
abuse of children are but part of the consequences of the policies of the
mullahs’ religious dictatorship that spends Iranian people’s wealth on domestic
suppression and on belligerence and meddling in other countries.
Nahid Tajeddin, member of the board of directors of the Social Commission of
the Majlis, the state-run Salamat news, September 27, 2017
Ali Bagherzadeh, deputy Minister of Education and head of the Literacy Movement
Organization, the state-run Salamatnews.com, April 25, 2018
The executive director of the Organization of Social Services in Tehran’s
Municipality, the state-run Salamatnews.com – November 8, 2017
The state-run ROKNA news agency – March 18, 2019
India - Earlier this year, Maya Rachel McManus, a British Muslim, walked down
the aisle in Kolkata on her wedding day and exchanged garlands with her partner
in a traditional Hindu ceremony.
her marriage was solemnised by female Qazis, or judges, who govern Islamic law.
my multicultural wedding would have been frowned upon if the Qazis were
men," McManus told Al Jazeera.
ones my husband and I had spoken to had problems with some of my basic rights;
like keeping my maiden name and my British passport after marriage."
insisted that women perform her wedding rites.
was the first time one of our qazis solemnised a marriage," said Noorjehan
Safia Niwaz, cofounder of Bhartiya Mahila Muslim Andolan (BMMA), an
organisation that launched in 2007 in India advocating for secular rights.
2016, BMMA began training Muslim women to become qazis, a role traditionally
held by men.
McManus, and many of India's millions of Muslims, the recent rise of female
qazis means fewer compromises and a chance at more justice for women.
is common between all versions of Sharia or Islamic law that is followed today
is that it is extremely patriarchal," said Niwaz, who is also a Qazi.
continue to suffer. They become victims of Nikah Halala (a practise in Islam
where a woman once divorced by her husband must consummate her marriage with
another man if she wants to remarry her first husband), polygamous marriages
and unilateral divorces."
replace what Niwas describes as a "misogynistic syllabus" designed
for male qazis, BMMA drafted its own curriculum in which women study the Quran
from a feminist perspective and examine the Indian constitution so they can make
decisions, keeping in mind the law of the land.
practice of female [qazis] is novel in India, but the idea is not novel,"
says Ebrahim Moosa, a professor of Islamic studies at Indiana's University of
Notre Dame. "Muslims in North India followed the Hanafi School of law for
centuries that allows women to be judges."
to BMMA, which is funded by private donors and charities, there are 15 female
qazis spread across India including West Bengal, Maharashtra, Karnataka,
Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, and Orissa.
have over 150 cases in our centre alone," said 47-year-old Hina Siddiqui,
a qazi from Bandra, a western Mumbai suburb. "Though unlike male qazis, in
each case we summon both the man and the woman involved. We don't hear just one
side of the story."
triple Talaq, or instant divorce, led by Muslim men was criminalised in India,
carrying a possible jail sentence, Siddiqui and her colleagues have seen an
increase in the number of distressed women in their offices.
men are now scared to give triple Talaq," said 60-year-old Zubeda Khatoon,
another qazi in Bandra.
they abuse their wives both physically and emotionally, hoping that the woman
will leave them instead. Another way this works in the man's favour is that
according to Sharia law if a woman asks for a divorce, her husband owes her no
is where female qazis step in and attempt to ensure that women receive their
legal rights during including receiving her mehr - a sum of money given to the
bride on her wedding day, alimony and the belongings she contributed to the
home after marriage.
couples who wish to be married by a female qazi, there is a rigorous process.
a period of one month, the judges verify the bride and groom's details -
including their identity, economic status, marital status and even their marzi,
or personal reasons for wedlock. This is to reduce the rate of fraudulent
[the female qazis] explained the various aspects of the nikah [wedding]
procedure to me. They were extremely helpful," said McManus. "This
kind of support was not forthcoming from the male qazis I had approached
such thing as women qazis'
not everybody agrees that female qazis can better safeguard the interests of
is no such thing as women qazis in Islam. It is just a new-age thing,"
Muslim leader Syed Moinuddin Ashraf, from Sunni Jama Mosque in Mumbai, told The
the professor in Indiana, said while some schools of Islamic thought such as
Shafiʿi, Ahl-e Hadis, and Salafi, prevent women from becoming qazis,
it remains religiously permissible.
are no teachings in either the Quran or the prophetic tradition that prohibits
women from being qazis," he said. "Even the wife of the Prophet Muhammad,
known as Sayyida Aisha, performed and solemnised the nikah of several
the two years that Siddiqui and Khatoon have been practising as qazis in
Mumbai, they have presided over only one mutually consenting divorce.
that case, we were able to get the woman two lakhs ($2,874) as maintenance from
her husband," said Khatoon. "But most people still prefer to have
their divorce issued on the letterhead of male qazis."
to Niwaz, 30 more women eager to enrol in the second batch of qazi training by
wedding [McManus's] went through without any objections," she says.
"We haven't had any fatwas issued for the work we [female qazis] are
doing. We exist. That in itself is a positive thing."
Residents of Ron in Gadag district are known to perform a wide variety of
rituals to please the rain Gods each summer to quench their thirst. This year,
a group of Muslim women in Srinagar locality performed anointment rituals for
the Hanuman idol at the Maruti Temple to appease the rain Gods.
event happened last week, but it came to the light after the photo became viral
on social media three days later. The residents of Srinagar came to Maruti
temple on Saturday saying that they have come to worship God for better rain in
the coming days. Other residents welcomed their move and joined them in the
Badin, a resident said, “We have not received good rains for the last 4-5
years. Earlier, people used to live in harmony and they had respect for each
others’ rituals and traditions. Now, the generation is moving away from these
traditions. If we maintain communal harmony, God will bless us ... so we
visited Maruti temple and performed poojas.”
resident, Katunabhi Mugali said, “We also want to give a message that all Gods
are same and we are here to perform rituals not only to the idol but also to
the whole temple premises.”Another resident Meenakshi Shivashimpi said, “When
they expressed their wish to worship in the Hanuman temple, we were happy and
took them to the temple and performed a special pooja. Such new steps will be a
catalyst for the betterment of society and now we are happy that the news has
The Saudi Interior Ministry’s undersecretariat for military affairs opened the
application window for the recruitment of female soldiers, to ensure the
security of female civil status offices across the Kingdom, on Thursday.
noted that applications would be received through the website www.jobs.sa from
10 a.m. on June 17 to 10 a.m. on June 20.
ministry also announced the opening of the registration process for female jobs
at the Passports Directorate. New recruits will be given military ranks and
will be assigned to serve at airports and land border checks.
added that the women can now enlist at the rank of private at the Women’s
Security Training Institute at King Fahd Security College.
must be born and raised in Saudi Arabia, except for those who grew up with
their father while serving the state outside the Kingdom. They should have a
good reputation and character, with no criminal convictions.
women at a trans-Tasman conference in Auckland on Friday say Islamophobia is
worse now than it was before the Christchurch terror attack.
conference, titled 'Let's deal with it', is a frank discussion about the
experience of some minority groups in our country.
were outside the conference, still guarding Muslims from threats to organisers
three months after the March 15 attack.
inside people were coming together to find a way to fight against racism and
discrimination, which they say is a breeding ground for terrorism.
just feel 50 lives should not be lost. If we honour their life, we all need to
come together... we need to learn to start the dialogue," said Farida
Sultana, founder of Shakti New Zealand.
Rasheed from the Khadija Leadership is a leader in the Muslim community said
she had faced several difficult situations.
that has stood out for me over the years is someone spitting on my face, a
complete stranger but to me that really goes down the level of de-humanisation
Rasheed also says she's shocked that in the wake of the mosque attacks, there's
not less hate directed at Muslims - there's more.
know there was that moment of solidarity we had as a country, but unfortunately
it's dissipated as quickly as it started, so we feel that fear and that anxiety
is even heightened now."
the attacks, one young Muslim woman told Newshub her story of being sworn at
and told to go back to her own country at an Auckland train station.
Friday, she said she's saddened other Muslims are still experiencing similar
abuse and it seems that very little has changed.
of the conference plan to launch a nation-wide anti-discrimination
campaign. They're calling on charities,
Government, councils and businesses to join them.
though the gunman thought he can just divide us, but he didn't. I think he
brought New Zealand together," said Sultana.
DELHI: The number of complaints against oral triple Talaq has come down
substantially, according to Muslim women’s groups which had played a pivotal
role in the campaigns against the practice.
to The Indian Express reports, Bhartiya Muslim Mahila Andolan, there is
evidence that the number of instances of triple Talaq complaints has dip
has been a dip in the number of women who have come to us complaining that they
have been given triple Talaq. In that way the law seems to have been effective
in putting a rein on this practice. However there are still a lot of lacunae in
the existing law which need to be addressed on a priority basis for it to be
more effective,” BMMA co-founder Noorjehan Safia Naiz said.
Mumbai received number of complaints on oral triple Talaq
to senior Maharashtra Police officials, the number of cases registered under
the new rule public would not be more than 30 in the past two year.
a landmark judgment in August 2017, the Supreme Court by a 3-2 decision struck
down the centuries-old practice of instant triple Talaq among Indian Muslims as
unconstitutional, manifestly arbitrary and void in law.
other three judges disagreed.
Modi government had then brought three ordinances against triple Talaq practice
to make it an offence punishable with imprisonment of up to three years and
Union cabinet on Wednesday, 13 June 2019 approved the Muslim Women (Protection
of Rights on Marriage) Bill, 2019. The government will introduce a Bill in the
coming session of Parliament.
Bill will replace the ordinance promulgated in February this year.
to reporters here, Information and Broadcasting Minister Prakash Javadekar said
that the bill could not be passed in the Rajya Sabha earlier and an ordinance
had to be brought every time. He hoped it will get the necessary support in the
Upper House also.
Bill proposes to declare the practice of triple Talaq as void and illegal and
provides for payment of subsistence allowance to married Muslim women and
Bill also proposes to make the offence cognizable, if information relating to
the commission of an offence is given to an officer in charge of a police
station by the married Muslim woman upon whom Talaq is pronounced or by any
person related to her by blood or marriage.
offence is made compoundable with the permission of the Magistrate at the
instance of the married Muslim woman upon whom Talaq is pronounced.
Bill further provides for hearing the married Muslim woman upon whom Talaq is
pronounced, before the accused is released on bail by the Magistrate.
– 13 June 2019: On the National Anti-FGM Day, we recall the images of our
girls: Bodour, Iman, Soheir, and Mayar, who lost their lives because of the
circumcision, along with other girls who we do not known their names, but
indeed know their pain and suffering, Maya Morsy, head of the National Council
for Women said.
comes as the National Committee of the Eradication of FGM has launched an
awareness campaign against female circumcision, on the occasion of the National
Anti-FGM Day which falls on June 14.
National Committee is committed to working as a team that complements each
other, focuses on the goal of protecting our girls, and mobilizes all efforts
and experiences to achieve the interest of our daughters, Morsy said.
consider ourselves today more fortunate in facing all forms of violence and
discrimination against the female child and the woman, thanks to the continuous
support of the political leadership and President Abdel Fatah al-Sisi to the protection
and empowerment of the Egyptian female child and woman women, and the
government's commitment to enforce national legislations and international
commitments, in accordance with Egypt's strategic vision," she said.
said that although the committee is already working within the framework of
adequate legislation and a system of existing and effective protection
mechanisms. However, "we feel that we are in need to heavy and influential
awareness at all levels for every father and mother, for young men and women,
and for children themselves to get freed from the captivity of female genital
mutilation, which is not [endorsed by] any religious, or medical or legal
Moushira Khattab, former chair of the UN Committee on the Rights of the Child,
and former candidate for the post of UNESCO director-general attended the
referred to Egypt's efforts to help other countries including France and Italy
against such act that is carried out by some of the refugees in these countries,
adding that Egypt helped some African countries to enact legislations against
we have a historic opportunity to finally eliminate this crime, which is not
appropriate for the status of Egypt, where women have assumed the presidency of
the state and the leadership of armies since thousands of years ago, Khattab
Ashmawy, secretary general of the National Council for Childhood and Motherhood
(NCCM), said "it is no longer acceptable to waste the humanity of a girl …
by forcing her to be subjected to this harsh experience."
is painful that this is done under inherited social customs that are not based
on religion and have no true health or social justification," Ashmawy
said. "Despite the achievements that have been made, this crime is still
very widespread," she added.
call upon all partners to further intensify prevention, protection and care
mechanisms for the eradication of female genital mutilation," she said.
is carried out by some people especially in some countries in Africa, Asia and
the Middle East, through cutting or removing some or all of the external female
statements on Wednesday, Ashmawi said the campaign is entitled "Budour
Month" after the name of a 11-year-old girl who died of complications of a
circumcision surgery in a private clinic in the Egyptian village of Mughagha,
Minya governorate, in 2007. She asserted
that NCCM has been working over the past few years on several programs to
counter such practices through the various mass media means.
also said that in 2016, the government toughened the punishment against those
involved in such practice and established the anti-FGM national committee under
the chairmanship of the NCCM.
imposed a complete ban on female genital cutting — also known as female genital
mutilation or circumcision — in June 2007 after Budour Shaker died of an
excessive dose of anesthesia while being cut at the private clinic in Upper
Grand Mufti, the government’s official arbiter of Islamic law, decreed during
the same year that female genital cutting was forbidden by Islam, in his
strongest statement yet against the practice.
was criminalized by Egyptian parliament in June 2008, thus creating a paradigm
shift by moving the practice from social norm to crime.
The Jakarta administration's agency for child protection, empowerment and
population control has come under fire for inviting the women's wing of the
banned Hizbut Tahrir Indonesia – a hardline Islamic organization that calls for
the establishment of a global Islamic caliphate based on shariah – to a meeting
scheduled for Friday.
HTI has been outlawed since July 2017, after the government officially
disbanded it by presidential decree.
agency also planned to invite the controversial anti-feminist group Indonesia
Tanpa Feminis (Indonesia Without Feminists) to the meeting.
meeting was eventually canceled after a wave of protests.
to criticism of the two organizations we had invited, we have decided to cancel
the meeting," Taufan Basri, head of the Jakarta administration's national
and political unity division, said on Thursday.
said the meeting was canceled after communicating with the organizer, the Child
Empowerment and Protection and Population Control Agency.
agency initially planned to invite child protection and women's empowerment
organizations to discuss the content of a poster calling for an end to violence
against women and children displayed on the Jakarta MRT, which many claim is
admit there was a mistake," agency head Tuty Kusumawati said in a
statement on Thursday.
said she did not study the list of invitees in detail when she signed the
invitation letter, because she assumed that her staff had already done so.
will also carry out an internal investigation to determine the severity of the
error and the sanctions against those involved in drawing up the invitation.
Those involved will be suspended during the investigation," Tuty said.
Delhi: The Congress on Thursday said it will oppose the triple Talaq Bill in
Parliament, saying a debate was needed on some of its provisions.
Rajya Sabha member and spokesperson Abhishek Manu Singhvi said: “On triple
Talaq, we have raised some fundamental points. The government has agreed on
lot of time would have been saved if the government had agreed on our points
one or two points are left… and debates are required on those points and we
shall oppose it (Bill),” Singhvi added.
remarks came a day after the government said it will introduce a Bill in the
coming session of Parliament against triple Talaq to make it an offence
punishable with imprisonment for up to three years with a fine.
Union Cabinet on Wednesday approved the Muslim Women (Protection of Rights on
Marriage) Bill, 2019. It will replace the ordinance promulgated in February.
government says the Bill would ensure gender equality and gender justice. It
would also help in protecting the rights of married Muslim women and prevent
divorce by ‘Talaq-e-biddat’.
Bill proposes to declare the practice of triple Talaq as illegal and provides
for payment of subsistence allowance to Muslim women and dependent children.
students of Zeinabiyeh High School in Kamyaran went on strike in protest to the
school’s demand that they pay the price of their exam sheets.
Sunday, June 9, 2019, before the exam starts, Zeinabiyeh High School’s deputy
principal lined up the girl students and told them that they have to pay 50,000
tomans each for the price of their exam sheets. But the girl students resisted
and went on strike, something that forced the city’s governor and the director
of the Department of Education to take back their word. It was only after this
retreat that the girl students went to the class and took their exams. Kamyaran
is located in the western Iranian province of Kermanshah.
investors have also held a number of protests over the past few days where
women actively participated in all of them.
clients of Azim Khodro held a protest gathering outside the Judiciary’s
building in Tehran on Wednesday, June 12, 2019.
Tuesday, June 11, 2019, a group of defrauded investors of Talay-e Samen held a
protest to receive their unanswered demands.
Monday, June 10, 2019, a group of defrauded investors of Caspian financial
institute and Turk activists including a large number of women held a protest
gathering in support of Abbas Lessani, the Turk activist who is imprisoned in
Ardabil Prison, and demanded his release.
Monday, June 10, 2019, a group of residents of Toulian village held a protest
against repeated disruption of drinking water pumping to their village. They
also protested the government’s water and sewage policies and their management
of water distribution to the villages in the central part of the province. They
held their protests outside the governor’s building in Dehdasht, capital of the
city of Kohgiluyeh. Toulian is located 7 kms away from Dehdasht. (The state-run
Tasnim news agency – June 10, 2019)
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