the Middle East’s home-grown online marketplace, caught up with Saudi Arabia’s
first female running collective, the Riyadh Urban Runners (RUR), as part of the
noon | women series, which continues to shed light on extraordinary women from
History: First Arab Woman Appointed Dean at Hebrew University
At least four Gujarat, Mandi Bahauddin Women to Get Reserved Seats
Woman Likely To Be Nominated By PTI for Reserved Seat
Minor Bride Girl Killed By Her Husband in Badghis Province of Afghanistan
Shoura Members Propose Compensation for Divorcees
Attacked for Talking to Muslim Woman near Mangaluru, India
Danish Muslims to Defy Face Veil Ban
Kidnaps 36 Women, Children after Attacks in Syria’s Suwayda: Report
Haram: Teenage Girl Rescued From Terrorists’ Camp
Percent of Mobile App Developers in Iran Are Women
Women Hope to Form Country’s First Parkour Team
Court Of India Slams FGM Practice in Dawoodi Bohra Muslim Community
Indonesia Sign MOU on Women’s Empowerment
by New Age Islam News Bureau
Supports Saudi Arabia’s First Female Collective Running
the Middle East’s home-grown online marketplace, caught up with Saudi Arabia’s
first female running collective, the Riyadh Urban Runners (RUR), as part of the
noon | women series, which continues to shed light on extraordinary women from
this region. RUR are a group of women who have taken hanging out with their
besties to a whole new level. At their weekly meet-ups in the Kingdom’s capital
city, RUR spend time getting their minds and bodies healthy through group
at least once or twice a week all year round, RUR takes to the streets later in
the evening in the hotter months, to avoid the scorching daytime temperatures.
During cooler climes, the ladies raise their heart rates during the daytime,
taking in the sights of their capital city as they pound the pavement.
up for a big run is easier for these ladies than hitting a local gym, since
they just add trainers, RUR belts, Nike hijabs and wireless headphones to their
traditional abayas and go.
reaction to the collective has been resoundingly positive from both men and
women. Ladies have been encouraged to join the weekly meet-ups, while gents
often encourage them with words like, “keep going!” to the pack of runners. The
team are looking to expand into other cities in KSA over the coming year and
will also welcome a male-RUR group to Riyadh soon.
noon | women series has been developed to shed light on the incredible female
talent driving change across our region, by telling the stories of these unsung
a customer-focused and Arabic-first e-commerce platform, noon brings a growing
product assortment thanks to connections with the local retail community. noon
presents a compelling alternative retail choice through its website or
dedicated iOS and Android apps. — SG
Greer Fay Cashman
THE midst of the controversy over the Nation-State Law and the demotion of
Arabic from official language status, Prof. Mona Khoury-Kassabri has been
appointed dean of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem’s School of Social Work.
She is the first Arab woman to be appointed dean at the Hebrew University, and
may well be the only Arab woman to serve as dean at any university in Israel.
Christian Arab, Khoury-Kassabri has made history in more ways than one. Not
only is she the first female Arab dean at the university, but she was born to
illiterate parents and raised in one of the poorest crimeand drug-infested
neighborhoods in Haifa. Not every youngster there was a juvenile delinquent,
and she wasn’t, either. More than that, she was born with ambition, a factor
that took her beyond high school to an academic education and career, which
together with other Arab women who have succeeded in academia, albeit not quite
to the same extent, makes her a role model for other young Arab women who are
striving to realize their potential and are aiming for new horizons.
OF the most difficult things for newly observant Jewish women and those who
have undergone Orthodox conversions to Judaism is that they can no longer sing
in mixed gatherings. For those who were professional dancers or actresses, it’s
even more difficult, because all that they strived for in their previous
existence is going to waste. Well, that used to be the case, but it isn’t
exactly so any more. All over the country, talented, religiously observant
women who are exponents of the performing arts are getting together to form
theater groups and to stage productions. Many of these women, including some
born into religiously observant families, are extremely gifted, and their
productions are of such a high standard that they are big box-office hits, even
though it’s only other women who come to see them.
in tandem with some of these productions, are revelations by some of the
performers that they are descendants of converso families who left Spain in
1492. In Yiddish, there is an expression, “dos pintele Yid,” which translates
as that miniscule dot of Jew and applies to people most distant from their
spiritual heritage who unexpectedly do or say something that points to that
iota of Jewish identity. This is a common thread not only among descendants of
conversos, but among the hidden Jews of Eastern Europe, whose families, even if
Jewish on both sides, hid this fact from their children, first during the Nazi
occupation, and later under Communist rule.
of these people are aware of their Jewish genes, but other than curiosity, have
no interest in being part of the Jewish people. Others somehow have a special
need to belong. Among them is Ninoska Ravid, who was born in Honduras, was
taken by her family to New York when she was six, and discovered her
spirituality when she was 12 while studying Greek and Roman history at school
and wondering how anyone could really believe in idols. Then she began to
wonder what she believed in. It was a process that took time. She began reading
books about different religions and always came back to Judaism. She was
vaguely aware that she was Jewish but it was a subject not talked about in her
certain parts of Latin America, people are still scared to be openly Jewish,
she says. Even now, her mother is still frightened to admit to being Jewish.
The last person in the family who was traditionally Jewish was Ravid’s great
despite the lack of religion in the household, there were certain customs that
were practiced but never explained. Meat and milk were never eaten together,
and before meat was cooked it was soaked and salted in a special dish, even though
the meat itself was not kosher.
took her journey to Judaism without the involvement of her family.
knew she had Jewish ancestry.
only after she was already observant, did she discover that she not only had
Jewish ancestors on both sides, but that she was actually Jewish halachically –
according to Jewish religious law – and there was no need for her to convert.
She was already observant when she met her Israeli husband in New York. She was
under the naïve impression that nearly all Israeli Jews were observant, and was
shocked to learn that her husband knew almost nothing about Judaism. Today, he
too is observant and they have four children who were raised in an observant
is executive producer and CEO of the Women in Theater, which goes by the
appropriate acronym of WIT, is headquartered in Modi’in and was founded in 2008
by Pnina Fredman-Schechter, who has been directing professionally for more than
20 years, and Tamar Krantman-Weiss.
was one of the speakers this week at the OU Center in Jerusalem at an event
hosted by the Women’s Performance Community of Jerusalem in advance of their
upcoming November production of Hidden, a musicale about the secret Jews of
Spain based on the book The Family Aguilar by Marcus Lehman. In addition to
presentations by Ravid and Hannah Finkel, a Mexican- born actress and
descendant of secret Jews – who said she and her twin brother used to laugh at
her grandmother whose Spanish was imperfect because it was actually Ladino –
there was also a preview of the production with the Kolot Etzion Choir directed
by Gayle Berman. Some of the women had extraordinarily fine voices, worthy of
international concert stages. But women performing for women in many parts of
country are attracting full houses, as was the case on this occasion. The
enthusiastic applause said it all.
WISDOM has it that the world belongs to the young.
used to be the case when life spans were much shorter than they are now. But
with increasing longevity and greater encouragement for senior citizens to
remain active instead of vegetating, the world is being reclaimed by people of
the third age. Veteran broadcaster and Israel Prize laureate Ya’akov Ahimeir
celebrated his 80th birthday on July 21 and continues to host Seeing the World
on Kan 11. Sometimes he appears as a panelist on the channel’s news and current
affairs programs, can be heard on radio, and writes opinion pieces in the
Hebrew press. But Ahimeir is far from being the oldest working journalist in Israel.
honor belongs to Walter Bingham, 94, whose radio program Walter’s World can be
heard on Arutz 7. Bingham, who walks without a cane, shows up at press
conferences all over the place, and continues to walk at a relatively brisk
always manages to be where the action is. Former foreign minister and defense
ministerMoshe Arens, 92, writes regular op-ed pieces in Haaretz, and among
performing artists, actress Lea Koenig, 88, continues to appear in leading
roles on stage and screen. Likewise, Rivka Michaeli, who recently turned 80, is
currently appearing in a new television series aptly named It’s Never Too Late.
are just a few examples of a growing trend in which retirement is becoming
passé. Additionally, the long-held beliefs that you can’t teach an old dog new
tricks or that a leopard can’t change its spots, also bear re-thinking.
Ahimeir, who was famous for his objectivity, but who was known to have
right-of-center views, was nonetheless respected by his left-leaning
colleagues, who he said in an interview with another veteran broadcaster,
Shalom Kital, who still has a little way to go before he turns 80, that even
though his colleagues were generally known as leftists, they were above all
Kital commented on the fact that Ahimeir is no longer objective and makes his
views public, Ahimeir conceded that times have changed, and said if all his
colleagues could give expression to their political opinions, there was no
reason for him to be any different.
THE guests at the opening last week of the “Freud of the Rings” exhibition at
the Israel Museum, was Carol Siegel, the director of the Sigmund Freud Museum
at 20 Maresfield Gardens in London’s Hampstead neighborhood. This was the house
in which Freud lived when he escaped from Austria to England in the last year
of his life.
daughter, Anna, a noted psychoanalyst in her own right, continued to live
there, and the house remained in the family until Anna Freud’s death in 1982,
when it was turned into a museum by Freud devotees who continue to run it.
to Siegel, it contains 2000 items that were in Freud’s home in Vienna.
Curiously enough, practically nothing that belonged to Freud remains in the
Freud Museum at 19 Berggasse in Vienna, which is where he lived before moving
visitors say one can feel his spirit in the house. Siegel said she was very
pleased with the way in which the Freud exhibition had been curated in
Jerusalem, and she was glad to have been able to cooperate by making exhibits
of the guests took advantage of the opportunity to also tour the stunning
“Decoding Israeli Dress” exhibition, which is not only a tribute to Israeli
creativity, but also provides proof that there are fashions which remain
timeless, especially those of Finy Leitersdorf and Lola Beer Ebner, whose
designs are as modern as tomorrow, even though the two are long dead.
At least four women politicians from Gujarat and Mandi Bahauddin are likely to
be selected as national and provincial lawmakers on reserved seats.
former MPA, PML-Q’s Khadija Umer Farooqi, is likely to become MPA for the
fourth time, while her sister Rabia Farooqi may get selected for the provincial
assembly from the PML-N’s platform.
sisters are first cousins of senior PML-N leader Khawaja Ahmed Hassaan. Their
mother, late Shahana Naseem Farooqi, had served as an MPA in 1988.
who lives with her family in Lahore, has been an MPA from the PML-Q in 2002,
2008 as well as in 2014 – after a seat got vacated -- due to her mother’s
strong affiliation with the Chaudhrys of PML-Q. Her younger sister Rabia, who
is also in Lahore, was once elected as union council Nazim from Gujrat city as
a PML-Q candidate, but for the last many years was an active part of Lahore
chapter of the PML-N women’s wing besides being the party’s member in Lahore
Safdar Marala from Kharian, who is the granddaughter of former president Fazal
Elahi Chaudhry, is likely to become an MNA from the PTI’s quota of women on
MPA Safia Javed Chaudhry takes the second spot on the list of PML-Q’s reserved
seats for women in the National Assembly (NA). Her name follows the party’s
women’s wing President Farah Khan. However, Ms Safia’s chances of being given a
seat in the assembly appear bleak as the party has only four directly elected
MNAs and the number is likely to decrease to three after Chaudhry Pervaiz Elahi
vacates one of his two NA seats – NA-65 Chakwal and NA-69 Gujrat.
MNA Samina Fakhar Pagganwala is on the list of PPP’s candidates for reserved
women’s seats in the NA from Punjab, but her number is on 10th position. PPP’s
Gujrat women’s wing President Wazirunnissa Chaudhry, who contested against Mr
Elahi for NA-69, is on the fourth spot on the list of party’s reserved seats
candidates in the Punjab Assembly and may not be able to get an MPA’s seat.
MPA Basima Riaz Chaudhry from Mandi Bahauddin, who is the niece of Chaudhry
Shujaat Hussain, is on the top of PML-Q’s list of women’s reserved seats in the
Punjab Assembly and has bright chances of getting a seat in the House.
MPA Faiza Mushtaq Dewan, the daughter of former PML-N MPA Dewan Mushtaq, is
also likely to be selected as an MPA from PML-N’s quota of reserved seats for
Faiza had been selected as an MPA in 2015 when she was accommodated to pacify
her father, who was annoyed with the party earlier. He was roped back into the
party before by-polls in NA-108 (now NA-85) after he had defected to the PTI.
Dewan family strived hard in the elections to get a provincial seat of Mandi
Bahauddin city for PML-N candidate Hameeda Waheeduddin.
Lower Dir is likely to get another seat in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Assembly as
Dr Sumera Shams has been placed on number five in the priority list of 15 women
candidates submitted to the Election Commission of Pakistan by the PTI for the
women reserved seats in the province.
total number of women reserved seats in the provincial assembly is 21 and as
the PTI has won majority of the general seats it is expected that all women in
the list, if not changed, would become members of the parliament.
Sumera, who graduated from the Jinnah Medical College, is the daughter of late
Shams ul Qamar who was a staunch activist of Awami National Party but quitted
passed away due to cardiac arrest on Feb 18, 2018, on the polling day when he
was running for NA and PA seats from Lower Dir as an independent candidate.
Shams, the eldest daughter of late Shams ul Qamar, joined the PTI after the
death of her father and became a district councillor on a reserved seat in
Lower Dir in 2015.
Sumeera has completed her MBBS degree and is doing a house job.
to her sister Saira, she was an active member of Insaf Students Federation
during her studies and later became youth speaker of the National Youth
third sister, Naurena Shams is a sports girl and representing Pakistan in
to Dawn on Monday, Ms Saira said all the credit went to her mother who not only
educated her children, four daughters and two sons, but also took control of
construction business of her husband.
believe in honesty and hard work,” Saira who is physically challenged, said,
adding her family had no links with the PTI leadership.
Saira has worked for making women aware of their right to vote.
may be recalled here that the PTI has won four provincial and two national
assembly seats in Lower Dir while the addition of Dr Sumera as an MPA on
reserved seats would take the toll to seven.
minor girl who was married to a man has been killed due to unknown reasons in
northwestern Badghis province of Afghanistan, the local officials said.
police spokesman Naqibullah Amini confirmed the incident and said the victim
was a 7-year-old minor girl.
further added that the incident has taken place in the vicinity of Qads
district in Joz Aqa area.
to Amini, the minor girl was killed by her husband due to unknown reasons and
an investigation is underway in this regard.
also added that the father of the minor girl has also been arrested by the
the meantime, a security official said the girl was 9-year-old and was forced
into child marriage by her father when she was 7-year-old only.
official further added that the father of the victim had forced her daughter
into marriage against one million Afghanis.
has been among the relatively calm provinces in north-western parts of
Afghanistan but the security situation of the province has deteriorated in the
province during the recent years and reports of domestic violence often emerge
together with the reports of security related incidents from the province.
comes as a 14-year-old girl was hanged to death by unknown men in central
Daikundi province of Afghanistan.
incident in Daikundi has taken place in the vicinity of Sango Bandar district
with the main reason behind the brutal killing of the girl yet to be
governor’s spokesman Ali Akbar Nateqi confirmed the incident and said the girl
was first beaten by the men and was then hanged from a tree.
— A number of Shoura Council members have proposed monetary compensation to be
paid to divorced women.
members Iqbal Darandari, Sultanah Al-Badawi and Ahlam Al-Hikmi submitted a
proposal to the Ministry of Justice in this regard. The council will discuss
the proposal after the Eid vacation.
proposal was drafted after a rising number of women were found to be suffering
from financial difficulties after divorce. Saudi women normally receive
financial support from their husbands during their marriage but once they are
divorced and their husbands get married to other women, they deny their
ex-wives any kind of aid.
the wife is not the one who owns the property deeds of the family. Once she is
divorced, the husband keeps the property and the wife is left with no place to
stay. A housewife dedicates her entire time to her house and children and that
is considered an investment.
developed countries entitle the woman a share of her husband’s income
throughout the years of marriage and gives her a right of inheritance even
member Darandari supported the proposal with a recommendation to the ministry
to cease accepting complaints against women who run away or disobey their
families because such complaints are used to portray a demonizing and
dishonorable image of them in divorce suits.
added that many families and husbands use that legal leverage to threaten women
and curb them from seeking divorce in court. "The Kingdom must work on
improving its international image and its human rights status. Effective
solutions must be found," said Darandari.
Delhi, Jul 30: In another case of moral
policing, a group of eight people attacked a man for talking to a woman from another
community, police said on Monday. The incident took place near Mangaluru in
said the man identified as Suresh was on his way to Mangaluru from Bantwal when
he met the burqa-clad woman and exchanged pleasantries. When he was proceeding
in his car, the group attacked him and hurled abuses at him.
further said that the man was injured in the attack and provided treatment at a
government hospital. Suresh also lodged a complaint and a case has been
registered at the Bantwal rural police station.
cases of moral policing have been reported in the communally sensitive Dakshina
Kannada district in the last few years.
On August 1, when face veils are banned in Denmark, Sabina will not be leaving
her niqab at home. Instead, she will be defying the law and taking to the
street in protest.
May, the Danish parliament banned the wearing of face veils in public, joining
France and some other European countries to uphold what some politicians say
are secular and democratic values.
Sabina, 21, who is studying to be a teacher, has joined forces with other
Muslim women who wear the veil to form Kvinder I Dialog (Women In Dialogue) to
protest and raise awareness about why women should be allowed to express their
identity in that way.
won’t take my niqab off. If I must take it off I want to do it because it is a
reflection of my own choice,” she said.
the other women interviewed for this article, Sabina did not wish to have her
surname published for fear of harassment.
niqab wearers who plan to protest on August 1 will be joined by non-niqab wearing
Muslim women and also non-Muslim Danes, most of whom plan to wear face
coverings at the rally.
wants to define what Danish values are,” said Meryem, 20, who was born in
Denmark to Turkish parents and has been wearing the niqab since before meeting
her husband, who supports her right to wear it but feels life could be easier
believe that you have to integrate yourself in society, that you should get an
education and so forth. But I don’t think wearing a niqab means you can’t engage
yourself in Danish values,” Meryem, who has a place to study molecular medicine
at Aarhus University, said.
Sabina, Meryem plans to defy the law, keep her niqab on and protest against the
the law, police will be able to instruct women to remove their veils or order
them to leave public areas. Justice Minister Soren Pape Poulsen said officers
would fine them and tell them to go home.
will range from US$160 (1,000 Danish crowns) for a first offence to 10,000
crowns for a fourth violation.
feel this law legitimises acts of hatred but, on the other hand, I feel people
have become more aware of what is going on. I get more smiles on the street and
people are asking me more questions,” said Ayah, 37.
Vidas Olsen, who makes reproductions of Viking age jewellery, is supporting the
campaign by making special bracelets and giving the proceeds to Kvinder I
not for or against the niqab,” the 29-year-old Copenhagen man said.
for the right of the people to wear whatever they want whether they be a Muslim
or a punk.
see this as the government reaching in to places they don’t belong and as a
cheap hit on an already stigmatised group to score cheap political points.”
Daesh Takfiri terrorist group has been holding dozens of Druze women and
children hostage since it abducted them from their village in Syria's southern
province of Suwayda last week, a monitor says.
women and 16 children were kidnapped by” Daesh terrorists “on July 25,” said
Rami Abdel-Rahman, the head of the so-called Syrian Observatory for Human Rights,
in a report published on Monday, adding that four of the abductees had already
managed to escape from the grips of terrorists to Druze areas.
of the kidnapped civilians also lost their lives and “30 others are still in
captivity,” further said the head of the UK-based group.
than 250 people were killed on Wednesday when Daesh terrorists, who lost all of
their urban bastions in the Arab country late last year, launched a brutal
attack against civilians in rural areas inhabited by the Druze minority.
to the monitor, at least 36 women and children were kidnapped by terrorists
during the attacks. Abdel-Rahman further said that another 17 men from the
attacked areas were still unaccounted for, but added that it was unclear
whether they had also been abducted.
reports say that the abductees were all from the village of al-Shabki, in the
eastern hinterlands of the province.
terror group has not yet claimed the kidnappings and no details on the
abductees could be found on its propaganda channels.
which is largely under the control of the Syrian government troops, is home to
the Druze minority. The province has been relatively insulated from Syria’s
seven-year bloody war launched by foreign-backed militants and terror group
week’s attacks were the bloodiest ever seen in the province, as well as some of
the deadliest launched by Daesh in the war-torn country.
has been gripped by foreign-backed militancy since March 2011. The Syrian
government says the Israeli regime and its Western and regional allies are
aiding Takfiri terrorist groups wreaking havoc in the country.
Nigerian Army on Sunday rescued a 15-year-old girl, Zainab Mohammed, who
escaped from the captivity of the Boko Haram insurgents.
spokesman for the Army, Brig-Gen. Texas Chukwu disclosed this in a statement
made available to journalists in Borno.
statement read, “The teenager was intercepted by troops of 28 Task Force
Brigade deployed in operation Lafiya Dole on July 29, 2018, at Gubla after she
escaped from one of the terrorists’ camps.
hostage will be handed over to the appropriate authority on completion of the
also revealed that troops repelled an attack by Boko Haram terrorists, and
recovered one AK 47 rifle, and one magazine containing four rounds of 7.62 mm
percent of mobile app developers in Iran are women
fundamental role in society has been proven all through history, the minister
told a congress on Women’s Empowerment through ICT, Mehr reported.
said women have always been playing a key in resolving problems faced by human
women make up a great number of entrepreneurs and politicians, the minister said,
emphasizing that women’s role cannot be ignored because women are the caring
leaders of the society.
Jahromi said currently a number of 10 women are serving as senior managers in
his ministry, adding in today's world “no single engine” can lead to progress.
Jahromi put emphasis on gender equality, noting that gender equality is for all
people and dividing the society into men and women is “nonsense”.
is our duty to fulfill gender equality and the ICT technology has provided the
capacity for women to interact with others all around the world through social
networks,” Azari Jahromi, the youngest Iranian cabinet minister, specified.
general contribution to information technology will help counter many social
harms, the minister noted, adding presence of women in society is an
opportunity rather than a threat.
can play key role to solve cultural and social problems, he concluded.
a week, a group of Egyptian women gather at a forgotten park outside of Cairo.
There, they begin to run, jump and climb over walls and objects.
women are enjoying the sport of parkour. But the activity is very unusual for
women in the socially conservative country.
sport of parkour started in France in the 1980s. Its name comes from the French
word ‘parcours’ (course or route). It involves moving through a city setting as
fast as possible by running, climbing and jumping over, around or under any
barrier in a path.
women have met every week for the past six months. Together, they hope to form
Egypt’s first professional parkour team.
women took part in a recent training that centered on building upper body
strength. They also learned different methods of dealing with surroundings.
crowd often forms to watch the women train. Egyptians are not used to seeing
women playing sports in such an open, public area. Sometimes people take
pictures or videos.
Helal is one of the parkour players. She told the Reuters news agency, “It is
natural that people did not accept it because they were not used to it. They
did not accept the idea that girls could play sports, let alone on the street.”
is not common for women to play such sports on the streets in Egypt. A 2017
Thomson Reuters Foundation study on how women are treated in the world’s
biggest cities rated Cairo as the world’s most dangerous “megacity” for women.
Omran guides the women in the training. They train hard on climbing barriers,
landing correctly after jumps, and noticing possibilities in the buildings
are now training and more women are starting to come,” Omran said. “As the
sport spreads, the acceptance of women training increases and it is not unusual
for women to have a team and train,” he added.
is not a common sport in Egypt. It has no governing group. But Parkour Egypt, a
group made up of women and men, has grown quickly after starting off with just
a few players.
said, “It needs more time to evolve and the sport needs to spread more so that
people would learn about it.”
year, Britain became the first country to officially recognize parkour as a
Supreme Court today questioned the prevalent practice of female genital
mutilation (FGM) of minor girls in the Dawoodi Bohra Muslim community, saying
the women cannot be "subjugated" to the level where they have to
"please" their husbands only.
bench headed by Chief Justice Dipak Misra, which was hearing a plea seeking a
ban on the practice, also referred to fundamental rights including Article 15
(prohibition of discrimination on grounds like caste, creed and sex) under the
Constitution and said a person has the right to "have control over her body".
bench wondered and said, "when you are thinking of women (then) how can
you go into the reverse gear".
General K K Venugopal, appearing for the Centre, said that the government
supported the plea against the practice of FGM.
of how it (FGM) is performed, the issue is that it violates fundamental rights
and more particularly Article 15," the bench, also comprising justices A M
Khanwilkar and D Y Chandrachud, said.
is essential to your control over your genitalia. This is essential to ensure
your control over your body," the bench said, adding that women have been
subjected to a practice which subjugated them to such a level where they have
to "please their husbands" only.
bench then referred to Article 25 and said that it provided "public order,
morality and health" as grounds for restraining a person or religious body
from practising a religious practice.
advocate Indira Jaising, appearing for Masooma Ranalvi, a lawyer who herself
has been a victim of the FGM, said the practice of "removal of the
clitoral hood" for non-medical purposes of a minor constituted an offence
under the IPC and the Protection of Children from Sexual Offences Act (POCSO
which has been declared illegal and criminal by the law cannot the essential
practice of religion. This constituted an offence under the IPC and the POCSO
Act," she said.
said that even the guardians of minor girls cannot give their consent to the
FGM for "non-medical purposes" and moreover, Islam says that the laws
of the country have to be respected.
with the locus of Ranalvi to intervene, Jaising said she has been the victim of
FGM and has been "ex-communicated" from Dawoodi Bohra Muslim
community for raising her voice against the "dehumanising practice".
said her plea was restricted to FGM and would not go into male genital
circumcision or 'khatna' when Justice Chandracud said that there was some
scientific belief on "male genital circumcision".
may be permissible, but over-inclusion cannot be permitted," the bench
said when it was pointed out that the issue of male genital circumcision was
not part of the petition.
in her plea, said that she was subjected to the FGM and "all the women in
her family, at least 28 of them, have been subject to FGM/Khafz. The intervenor
has founded an organization of women, most of whom are survivors of FGM/Khafz
called 'WeSpeakOut' which is actively involved in creating awareness on this
and her family have been socially boycotted by the Head of the Dawoodi Bohra
Community. That her father was excommunicated in the late seventies for having
joined the Reform movement," the plea said.
also referred to the definition of FGM, given by the World Health Organization
and said that should be adopted here and the practice be made an offence under
the IPC and the POCSO act.
appropriate law/guidelines for prevention of FGM, procedure of complaining
about FGM/ cutting and protection of the survivors of FGM/cutting...," it
said, adding "Any person who aids, abets, counsels or procures any
girl/woman to carry out such procedure should also be penalised."
the outset, senior advocate Rakesh Khanna, appearing for PIL petitioner Sunita
Tiwari, said the practice be declared "unconstitutional".
bench would resume hearing tomorrow.
court had on May 8 agreed to examine the issues raised by Delhi-based lawyer
Sunita Tiwari by saying that the practice of female genital mutilation was
"extremely important and sensitive".
had issued notices and sought replies from four Union ministries, including the
Woman and Child Development, besides Maharashtra, Gujarat, Rajasthan and Delhi
where Dawoodi Bohras, who are Shia Muslims, predominantly reside.
in her plea, has sought a direction to the Centre and the states to
"impose a complete ban on the inhuman practice" of 'khatna' or
"female genital mutilation" (FGM) throughout the country.
plea has sought a direction to make FGM an offence on which the law enforcement
agencies can take cognisance on their own. It has also sought to make the
offence "non-compoundable and non-bailable" with provision for harsh
MOU was signed by Iranian Vice President for Women and Family Affairs, Masoumeh
Ebtekar and the Indonesian Minister of Women’s Empowerment and Children
Protection Yohana Susana Yembise.
is aimed at empowering women, supporting children and promoting the resilience
of family based on equality, respect and mutual benefit, IRNA reported.
MOU includes 9 clauses with the purpose of developing women’s role in
policymaking and supporting women and children against violence.
also follows the aim of increasing women’s role in business and technology,
especially information technology, promoting women’s economic empowerment in
the family and exchange of experiences about women and children.
MOU is valid for two years and can be extended for the same period.
make up half of the 80 million population of Iran.
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