By Dr Muhammad Khan
November 20, 2017
There has been no serious studies to ascertain as who is the net beneficiary and the net loser of the global campaign against terrorism. So much so, there is no universally agreed definition of the term terrorism, despite hectic efforts were made to properly frame it, after the sad incident of Twin Towers on September 11, 2001. Analysts of counter terrorism believe that, a single definition of terrorism will restrict the major powers in pursuit of their strategic and political objectives world-wide, thus, they tacitly agreed not to frame it as one unified and agreed definition. However, as generally perceived, the term terrorism denotes wilful use of violence or threat of violence in the pursuit of; political, religious, or ideological objectives.
Terrorism as a phenomenon, happening since 2001, has been branded with Islam and Muslims. True, the perpetrators in most of the cases were Muslims and Islamic countries were the places of its origin in majority of the cases. But, this is yet another reality that, sufferers in almost 90% cases were Muslims and Islamic world. The global wave of terrorism has caused millions of human casualties (deaths and injured). As an estimate; Iraq lost more than 480,000 people; Syrian losses are over 500,000 persons, Libya over 30,000 personnel, Pakistan over 73,000 people, Afghanistan more than 43000 people, Yemen more than 33000 and similarly human losses of other Muslim countries are extremely high.
These are estimated figures, the actual human losses are much more than these and countries like Syria, Iraq and Afghanistan, where there has been direct foreign invasion, the exact figures could only be ascertained after a complete peace and stability is restored there. The economic losses to all these countries have been numerous, indeed, in trillions of USDs. The socio-cultural segment of all these terrorist’s hit countries have been severely affected. Besides, there have been partial or total devastation of communication infrastructure, civic facilities, the educational sector, hospitals and institutions in these countries. Iraq, Libya, Afghanistan, Yemen and Syria are some of the examples. Even upon restoration of peace, it would require decades to reconstruct these basic facilities for the masses of the terrorist hit countries.
Contrary to the terrorist’s hit countries in Muslim world, the few incidents occurred in US and west have provided them two excuses: one; to further strengthen their homeland security and two; to invade the Muslim world, apparently to hunt these terrorists. Invasion in Afghanistan was to hunt the Osama Bin Ladan (OBL), once a blue boy of WashingtThis explains as who is the beneficiary of war on terror and who is the loser in this unending war; the long war. Let’s look for a futuristic leadership in Muslim world, who could devise a clear line of action for over 1.5 billion Muslims.on and his organization, Al-Qaeda. After, killing OBL, Al Qaeda is almost immaterial. It is said that, once, this organization (Al-Qaeda) was the leading terrorist organization of the world, but after killing of OBL, Dr Ayman al-Zawahiri, its new leader failed to keep all the knots tight of the organization, resulting in popping-up of the most violent terrorist organization of the history, named as ISIS (Daesh). Abu Bakr Al-Baghdadi, who was working under the command of Al-Qaeda before, claimed Caliphate under the flag of ISIS and opens the mouth of hell, all against the Muslims. His proclamation is purely aimed at self-glorifications.
The reign of terror and the atrocities, committed by Baghdadi and his ISIS have been disastrous for Muslims all over the world and is purely inhuman and against the teaching of Islam. Both Al-Qaeda and ISIS have been wrongfully declaring terrorism as Jihad, creating a misperception about Islam and Muslims. Misuse of Jihad is common denominator for almost all extremist ideologies in the Muslim world. The sole purpose of terrorism is to cause severe impairment, pain and sufferings to others by making them feel frightened and apprehensive and it is against the basic essence of teachings of Holy Quran and Sunnah of Holy Prophet about the concept of Jihad. Besides, the information cell of ISIS is also spreading disinformation that democracy is against the basic rules of Islam, which is untrue and provides an excuse to some of the global powers to use this weapon for posing their form of democracy or else their imperialistic designs.
Analysing the creation of terrorist organizations, one would learn that, they were directly or indirectly created with some specific objectives by those countries, which later used them for implementation of their political, economic and strategic objectives. Al-Qaeda and ISIS are two prominent terrorists’ organizations within Muslim world, whose origin, development and later their activities enabled United States and its strategic allies to advance their set goals. OBL, the head of Al-Qaeda was once Washington’s blue boy enabled US to invade Afghanistan and pursue its objectives in South and Central Asia including China and Russia. The creation of ISIS (from the ashes of Al-Qaeda) was/is meant for US domination in Middle East and to sheltered Israel.
Today, almost all Muslim countries are fighting against radicals, extremists and terrorists by making use of their forces and finances to secure themselves. The expertise, the weapons to combat, the surveillance equipment, the IT equipment and above all the intelligence sharing is done by US. This explains as who is the beneficiary of war on terror and who is the loser in this unending war; the long war. Let’s look for a futuristic leadership in Muslim world, who could devise a clear line of action for over 1.5 billion Muslims.
Dr Muhammad Khan, Professor of Politics and International Relations, is based in Islamabad.