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Islam and Pluralism (16 Oct 2019 NewAgeIslam.Com)



Quran and Hadith Accord Equal Status to All Prophets


By S. Arshad, New Age Islam

16 October 2019

All prophets were beloved slaves of God. God made them Superior to men in respect of knowledge and attributes. Though they were from among human beings, they were given miracles to make them distinguished among human beings. The purpose behind bestowing miracles and special attributes to them was that ordinary human beings should be able to recognize them and accept them as prophets because the disbelievers would often say to the prophets that since they were also human beings, looked like them, and ate and went around in market, they would not accept them as prophets.

However, all the prophets were not given the same miracles and attributes but were endowed with different miracles and attributes and were made distinct from one another. For example:

God gave Prophet Noah a.s. the knowledge of building a huge arc not built before.

God gave Prophet David excellent voice and knowledge of making weapons and goods of iron.

God gave prophet Solomon a.s. the power to fly in the air at will and gave him control over human beings, animals and djinns.

God gave prophet Khidhr a.s. the secret of immortality.

God spoke directly to Prophet Moses a.s. and gave him nine miracles.

God gave Jesus a.s. miracles to cure lepers and bringing the dead alive.

God gave Prophet Mohammad pbuh ascension (Meraj).

The prophets were endowed with the above-mentioned miracles and qualities so that their community should not consider them ordinary human beings like them. The Quran also mentions the special attributes and blessings bestowed on the prophets:

"The Messengers ___some of them we caused to exceed others. Among them were those to whom Allah spoke, and he raised some of them in degree. And we have Jesus son of Mary clear proofs and we supported him with Pure Spirit. (Al Baqarah: 253)

"We have made some of the Prophets exceed others and to David we gave Zabur."((Bani Israil: 55).

The above quoted verses do not indicate that prophet Moses a.s. is superior to Prophet Jesus a.s. or vice versa. Both the prophets are great in their own right and distinct from one another. The verse of Surah Bani Israil also does not mean that prophet David is superior to other prophets. The verses only mean that all the Prophets were made distinct from one another by dint of miracles and attributes. For example, among ordinary human beings someone is a good footballer while someone is a good cricketer; someone is good at mathematics while someone is good at physics; someone is a good guitarist while someone is a good singer. No one among them can be considered superior to others. They are all distinguished in their respective fields. Therefore, when the Quran says that God has made some prophets exceed others, it only means that it has made prophets distinct from others. Every prophet was given knowledge, miracles and attributes so that he could guide his community and deal with the opponents according to the challenges of the age. Therefore, the Quran asks Muslims to give all the prophets equal respect and not to discriminate among them.

"The messenger believed in what was revealed to him from his Lord and (so have) the believers. All of them have believed in Allah and his angels and his books and his Messengers, (saying), we make no distinction between any of his Messengers."(Al-Baqarah-285)

Another verse reiterates the same stance:

"We make no distinction among them all"(Al Baqarah: 136)

The above quoted verses make it clear that believers do not make any distinction among the prophets. They respect all the prophets equally. Some Muslim scholars cite the example of the Jews and the Christians who according to them considered their respective prophets superior to all the other prophets. So Muslims should also consider their prophet superior to all the other prophets. But Quran repudiates the arguments of these scholars in the following verse:

"The Jews said, Uzair is the son of God and the Christians said Jesus was the son of God; but those are merely the words of their mouth that they utter imitating the saying of those who disbelieved before. May Allah destroy them, how deluded they are "(9:30?)

That the Quran accords equal status to all the prophets is also corroborated from the verses which say 'Salam' to some previous prophets. In one verse the Quran exhorts Muslims to send 'Salam' to their prophet Mohammad pbuh but it also sends 'Salam' to other prophets as well. And millions of Muslims who recite those verses daily send 'Salam' millions of times to other prophets as well.

"Salamun Ala Nuhun Fil Alameen"(As Saffat: 79)

"Salamun ala Ibrahim":(As-Saffat:109)

"Salamun ala Musa wa Harun":( As Saffat: 120)

"Salamun ala Il Yasin" As Saffat: 130)

The wisdom behind these verses is that Muslims should express reverence to other prophets as well.

The root cause of the belief of superiority of some prophets over others or of one prophet over all lies in the translation (or mistranslation) of the verse "Fazzalna Ba'dhahum Ala Ba'dh". It has been translated as "We caused some of them to exceed others". "Fazzalna" may also be translated as "We blessed". So the sentence may also be translated as:

"We blessed them and made some of them (prophets) distinct from others." Therefore, we can say that God blessed Prophet Moses and spoke to him; God blessed Jesus a.s. and gave him clear miracles; God blessed prophet David a.s. and gave him Zabur; God blessed Prophet Mohammad pbuh and granted him Ascension. This way He made all the prophets distinct from one another. While translating this verse we should keep the fact in mind that in Arabic language one word may have as many as twenty meanings and we should not take that particular meaning which contradicts the meaning of the verses of the same purport elsewhere. The meaning of the verse Al Baqarah:253 contradicts the meanings of the verses Al Baqarah:285 and 136 because the word "Fazzalna" has been translated without taking the latter two verses into consideration.

The stance of that Quran has also been reiterated by two Hadiths:

"Abu Sayid Khudri reported, the Messenger of Allah pbuh said, Do not make prophets better than one another."

There is another Hadith:

"The prophet pbuh said, "Do not say that anyone is better than Jonah son of Maya a.s.(Sahih Bukhari 2281; Sahih Muslim:2374)

From the above discussion it becomes clear that the holy Quran and Hadith Accord equal respect and status to all the prophets and asks Muslims to make no distinction among the prophets.

S. Arshad is a regular columnist for NewAgeIslam.com

URL: http://www.newageislam.com/islam-and-pluralism/s-arshad,-new-age-islam/quran-and-hadith-accord-equal-status-to-all-prophets/d/120008

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TOTAL COMMENTS:-   21


  • I am waiting for a scholarly articles on the topic.
    By Arshad - 10/20/2019 9:20:54 PM



  • Refer to the website, en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gautama_Buddha    , Gautama Buddha existed between the period c 563/480 - c 483/400 prior to the birth of Prophet Muhammad.

    By zuma - 10/20/2019 2:28:25 AM



  • Quran mentions the same that it contains all revelations from God.

    Al-Baqara (The Cow) - 2:231  [read in context] 
    وَإِذَا طَلَّقْتُمُ النَّسَاء فَبَلَغْنَ أَجَلَهُنَّ فَأَمْسِكُوهُنَّ بِمَعْرُوفٍ أَوْ سَرِّحُوهُنَّ بِمَعْرُوفٍ وَلاَ تُمْسِكُوهُنَّ ضِرَارًا لَّتَعْتَدُواْ وَمَن يَفْعَلْ ذَلِكَ فَقَدْ ظَلَمَ نَفْسَهُ وَلاَ تَتَّخِذُوَاْ آيَاتِ اللّهِ هُزُوًا وَاذْكُرُواْ نِعْمَتَ اللّهِ عَلَيْكُمْ وَمَا أَنزَلَ عَلَيْكُمْ مِّنَ الْكِتَابِ وَالْحِكْمَةِ يَعِظُكُم بِهِ وَاتَّقُواْ اللّهَ وَاعْلَمُواْ أَنَّ اللّهَ بِكُلِّ شَيْءٍ عَلِيمٌ (2:231)

    Basit -   Hussari -   Minshawi -  f

    Waitha tallaqtumu alnnisaa fabalaghna ajalahunna faamsikoohunna bimaAAroofin aw sarrihoohunna bimaAAroofin wala tumsikoohunna diraran litaAAtadoo waman yafAAal thalika faqad thalama nafsahu wala tattakhithoo ayati Allahi huzuwan waothkuroo niAAmata Allahi AAalaykum wama anzala AAalaykum mina alkitabi waalhikmati yaAAithukum bihi waittaqoo Allaha waiAAlamoo anna Allaha bikulli shayin AAaleemun

    Topics discussed in this Verse:
    [Allah's grace to humanity] [Allah's signs:not to be treated as a jest or falsehood] [Divorce] [Iddah] [Qur'an:revelation of] [Remembrance of Allah's favours:Remembrance of Allah's favours and grace _ commanded] [Wisdom]

    And so, when you divorce women and they are about to reach the end of their waiting-term, then either retain them in a fair manner or let them go in a fair manner. But do not retain them against their will in order to hurt [them]: for he who does so sins indeed against himself. And do not take [these] messages of God in a frivolous spirit; and remember the blessings with which God has graced you, and all the revelation and the wisdom which He has bestowed on you from on high in order to admonish you thereby; and remain conscious of God, and know that God has full knowledge of everything. - 2:231 (Asad) - 

    The phrase, all the revelation and the wisdom which He has bestowed on you, in Quran 2:231 implies all the revelation Allah has bestowed you when Quran is written.  As that is so, there should not be any new revelation in the future to be added in the book of Quran.


    By zuma - 10/19/2019 5:13:57 PM



  • Hadith does mention when was the last Sura be listed out.

    Narrated Al-Bara:

    The last Sura which was revealed in full was Baraa (i.e. Sura-at-Tauba), and the last Sura (i.e. part of a Sura) which was revealed was the last Verses of Sura-an-Nisa':-- "They ask you for a legal decision. Say: Allah directs (thus) About those who have No descendants or ascendants As heirs." (4.177)

    حَدَّثَنِي عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ رَجَاءٍ، حَدَّثَنَا إِسْرَائِيلُ، عَنْ أَبِي إِسْحَاقَ، عَنِ الْبَرَاءِ ـ رضى الله عنه ـ قَالَ آخِرُ سُورَةٍ نَزَلَتْ كَامِلَةً بَرَاءَةٌ، وَآخِرُ سُورَةٍ نَزَلَتْ خَاتِمَةُ سُورَةِ النِّسَاءِ ‏{‏يَسْتَفْتُونَكَ قُلِ اللَّهُ يُفْتِيكُمْ فِي الْكَلاَلَةِ‏}
    The extract above is from Sahih al-Bukhari 4364, in-book reference: book 64, hadith 390, USC-MSA web (English) reference: vol 5, book 59, hadith 650.
    The same is in the extracts below:

    Abu Ishaq said that he heard al-Bara' b. 'Azib (Allah be pleased with him say:

    The last verse revealed (in the Holy Quran) is that pertaining to Kalala, and the last sura revealed is Sura al-Bara'at.
    حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ الْمُثَنَّى، وَابْنُ، بَشَّارٍ قَالاَ حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ جَعْفَرٍ، حَدَّثَنَا شُعْبَةُ، عَنْ أَبِي إِسْحَاقَ، قَالَ سَمِعْتُ الْبَرَاءَ بْنَ عَازِبٍ، يَقُولُ آخِرُ آيَةٍ أُنْزِلَتْ آيَةُ الْكَلاَلَةِ وَآخِرُ سُورَةٍ أُنْزِلَتْ بَرَاءَةُ ‏.‏
    The extract above is from Sahih Muslim 1618 b, in-book reference: book 23, hadith 14, USC-MSA web (English) reference: book 11, hadith 3940.

    Abu Ishaq said that he heard al-Bara' b. 'Azib (Allah be pleased with him) say:

    The last complete sura revealed (in the Holy Qur'an) is Sura Tauba (i e. al-Bara'at, ix.), and the last verse revealed is that pertaining to Kalala.
    حَدَّثَنَا إِسْحَاقُ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ الْحَنْظَلِيُّ، أَخْبَرَنَا عِيسَى، - وَهُوَ ابْنُ يُونُسَ - حَدَّثَنَا زَكَرِيَّاءُ، عَنْ أَبِي إِسْحَاقَ، عَنِ الْبَرَاءِ، أَنَّ آخِرَ، سُورَةٍ أُنْزِلَتْ تَامَّةً سُورَةُ التَّوْبَةِ وَأَنَّ آخِرَ آيَةٍ أُنْزِلَتْ آيَةُ الْكَلاَلَةِ ‏.‏
    The extract above is from Sahih Muslim 1618 c, in-book reference: book 23, hadith 15, USC-MSA web (English) reference: book 11, hadith 3941.
    Aba Ishaq reported this hadith on the authority of al-Bara' (Allah be pleased with him) with a slight variation of words, viz. the last sura that was revealed complete.
    حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو كُرَيْبٍ، حَدَّثَنَا يَحْيَى، - يَعْنِي ابْنَ آدَمَ - حَدَّثَنَا عَمَّارٌ، - وَهُوَ ابْنُ رُزَيْقٍ - عَنْ أَبِي إِسْحَاقَ، عَنِ الْبَرَاءِ، بِمِثْلِهِ غَيْرَ أَنَّهُ قَالَ آخِرُ سُورَةٍ أُنْزِلَتْ كَامِلَةً ‏.‏
    The extract above is from Sahih Muslim 1618 d, in-book reference: book 23, hadith 16, USC-MSA web (English) reference: book 11, hadith 3942.
    As all the extracts above mention the Sura that is given is last and that the last Sura that is given is complete, it implies that even if some would assume there would be prophets in the future, none could add any to the words of Sura, since it is complete and final, nothing new has to be added in it.  If some would say there would have new revelation to be added to this Sura, that piece of information should not be the words of Allah, since the Sura in Quran is complete and it is a final piece from Allah.

    By zuma - 10/19/2019 4:54:16 PM



  • Evolution is going on in all departments and  walks of life. In social ,cultural and spiritual side Gauthama buddha  removed stagnation and  brought off a evolution in India. Indian society-religion  is being reformed by many luminaries.This will go on. Swami Vivekananda this evolution will go on uninterruppted until all human being becomes brahmins-
    Relying on Pro.Mohammed only   is stagnation. A stagnated water is useless.Pro.Mohammed is the last Prophet is highly non sense.

    By Dr.A.Anburaj - 10/19/2019 7:31:03 AM



  • Arshad sb.,
    All religions, including Buddhism and Islam, were impacted by religions that came before, but saying that Buddhism is an outgrowth (or revival) of Hinduism is just a canard created by Hindutvawadis.


    By Ghulam Mohiyuddin - 10/18/2019 9:53:51 AM



  • They have nothing to do with Quran. They have their own beliefs 
    By Arshad - 10/18/2019 6:51:49 AM



  • More dumb reasoning from Hats Off!


    By Ghulam Mohiyuddin - 10/17/2019 11:34:48 PM



  • Quran seems to imply all prophets are the same even though some feel certain prophets are higher than another.  The following are the extracts:
    Al-Baqara (The Cow) - 2:213  [read in context]
    كَانَ النَّاسُ أُمَّةً وَاحِدَةً فَبَعَثَ اللّهُ النَّبِيِّينَ مُبَشِّرِينَ وَمُنذِرِينَ وَأَنزَلَ مَعَهُمُ الْكِتَابَ بِالْحَقِّ لِيَحْكُمَ بَيْنَ النَّاسِ فِيمَا اخْتَلَفُواْ فِيهِ وَمَا اخْتَلَفَ فِيهِ إِلاَّ الَّذِينَ أُوتُوهُ مِن بَعْدِ مَا جَاءتْهُمُ الْبَيِّنَاتُ بَغْيًا بَيْنَهُمْ فَهَدَى اللّهُ الَّذِينَ آمَنُواْ لِمَا اخْتَلَفُواْ فِيهِ مِنَ الْحَقِّ بِإِذْنِهِ وَاللّهُ يَهْدِي مَن يَشَاء إِلَى صِرَاطٍ مُّسْتَقِيمٍ (2:213)
    Basit -   Hussari -   Minshawi -  f
    Kana alnnasu ommatan wahidatan fabaAAatha Allahu alnnabiyyeena mubashshireena wamunthireena waanzala maAAahumu alkitaba bialhaqqi liyahkuma bayna alnnasi feema ikhtalafoo feehi wama ikhtalafa feehi illa allatheena ootoohu min baAAdi ma jaathumu albayyinatu baghyan baynahum fahada Allahu allatheena amanoo lima ikhtalafoo feehi mina alhaqqi biithnihi waAllahu yahdee man yashao ila siratin mustaqeemin
    Topics discussed in this Verse:
    [Allah:guides whom He will] [Allah's help] [Mankind:unity of] [Messengers] [People of the Book:differed among themselves] [Qur'an:revelation of] [Straight way (or path)]
    ALL MANKIND were once one single community; [then they began to differ - ] whereupon God raised up the prophets as heralds of glad tidings and as warners, and through them bestowed revelation from on high, setting forth the truth, so that it might decide between people with regard to all on which they had come to hold divergent views. [197] Yet none other than the selfsame people who had been granted this [revelation] began, out of mutual jealousy, to disagree about its meaning after all evidence of the truth had come unto them. But God guided the believers unto the truth about which, by His leave, they had disagreed: for God guides onto a straight way him that wills [to be guided]. [198] - 2:213 (Asad) -
    The phrase, God raised up the prophets, here implies God was the one who chose prophets for himself.  The subsequent phrase, none other than the selfsame people who had been granted this revelation, here implies all prophets should be the same.  If one prophet is higher than another, why should the phrase, selfsame people, be mentioned here?
    Quran 2:272 mentions the prophet is not the one to direct people to do things, but God himself.  The following is the extract:
    Al-Baqara (The Cow) - 2:272  [read in context]
    لَّيْسَ عَلَيْكَ هُدَاهُمْ وَلَـكِنَّ اللّهَ يَهْدِي مَن يَشَاء وَمَا تُنفِقُواْ مِنْ خَيْرٍ فَلأنفُسِكُمْ وَمَا تُنفِقُونَ إِلاَّ ابْتِغَاء وَجْهِ اللّهِ وَمَا تُنفِقُواْ مِنْ خَيْرٍ يُوَفَّ إِلَيْكُمْ وَأَنتُمْ لاَ تُظْلَمُونَ (2:272)
    Basit -   Hussari -   Minshawi -  f
    Laysa AAalayka hudahum walakinna Allaha yahdee man yashao wama tunfiqoo min khayrin falianfusikum wama tunfiqoona illa ibtighaa wajhi Allahi wama tunfiqoo min khayrin yuwaffa ilaykum waantum la tuthlamoona
    Topics discussed in this Verse:
    [Allah:guides whom He will] [Allah's Face] [Charity [zakah]] [Face of God] [Spending in the cause of Allah]
    It is not for thee [O prophet] to make people follow the right path, [260] since it is God [alone] who guides whom He wills. And whatever good you may spend on others is for your own good, provided that you spend only out of a longing for God's countenance: for, whatever good you may spend will be repaid unto you in full, and you shall not be wronged. - 2:272 (Asad) -
    The phrase, It is not for thee o prophet to make people to follow the right path since it is God alone who guides whom He wills, here implies the prophets are not vested with authority to do what they like, but that it is God alone who guides them whoever he wills to do things what he commands.  Here, it seems to be that God does not vest so much power to the prophets.  If God would vest so much power to them, they can do what they like to ignore his direction and guidance.
    Quran 3:84 seems to imply all prophets are the same.
    Al-Imran (The Family of Imran) - 3:84  [read in context]
    قُلْ آمَنَّا بِاللّهِ وَمَا أُنزِلَ عَلَيْنَا وَمَا أُنزِلَ عَلَى إِبْرَاهِيمَ وَإِسْمَاعِيلَ وَإِسْحَقَ وَيَعْقُوبَ وَالأَسْبَاطِ وَمَا أُوتِيَ مُوسَى وَعِيسَى وَالنَّبِيُّونَ مِن رَّبِّهِمْ لاَ نُفَرِّقُ بَيْنَ أَحَدٍ مِّنْهُمْ وَنَحْنُ لَهُ مُسْلِمُونَ (3:84)
    Basit -   Hussari -   Minshawi -  f
    Qul amanna biAllahi wama onzila AAalayna wama onzila AAala ibraheema waismaAAeela waishaqa wayaAAqooba waalasbati wama ootiya moosa waAAeesa waalnnabiyyoona min rabbihim la nufarriqu bayna ahadin minhum wanahnu lahu muslimoona
    Topics discussed in this Verse:
    [Abraham] [Isaac] [Islam] [Ismail] [Jacob] [Jesus:given the revelation] [Moses:given the revelation] [Muslims] [Prophets] [Tribes]
    Say: "We believe in God, and in that which has been bestowed from on high upon us, and that which has been bestowed upon Abraham and Ishmael and Isaac and Jacob and their descendants, and that which has been vouchsafed by their Sustainer unto Moses and Jesus and all the [other] prophets: we make no distinction between any of them. [68] And unto Him do we surrender ourselves." - 3:84 (Asad) -  
    If the prophets are with different ranks that one is higher than another, why should the phrase, Moses and Jesus and all the other prophets we make no distinction between any of them, be mentioned here?  If their ranks differ, there should be distinction instead of no distinction between them.
    Quran seems to imply prophets are just messengers to God to bring message what he intends people to know.  The following is the extract:
    Yunus (Jonah) - 10:49  [read in context]
    قُل لاَّ أَمْلِكُ لِنَفْسِي ضَرًّا وَلاَ نَفْعًا إِلاَّ مَا شَاء اللّهُ لِكُلِّ أُمَّةٍ أَجَلٌ إِذَا جَاء أَجَلُهُمْ فَلاَ يَسْتَأْخِرُونَ سَاعَةً وَلاَ يَسْتَقْدِمُونَ (10:49)
    Basit -   Hussari -   Minshawi -  f
    Qul la amliku linafsee darran wala nafAAan illa ma shaa Allahu likulli ommatin ajalun itha jaa ajaluhum fala yastakhiroona saAAatan wala yastaqdimoona
    Topics discussed in this Verse:
    [Day of judgment:appointed time of the Hour] [Muhammad:has no power except as Allah wills]
    Say [O prophet]: "It is not within my power to avert harm from, or bring benefit to, myself, except as God may please. [69] For all people a term has been set: when the end of their term approaches, they can neither delay it by a single moment, nor hasten it." [70] - 10:49 (Asad) -  
    The phrase, Say O prophet It is not within my power to, here seems to imply God does not vest so much power to prophets.  The phrase, It is not within my power..except as God may please, here implies prophets are just messenger can only deliver message what he intends people to know.
    If Hadith treats all prophets to be in different ranks, why should the verse below call Muslims not to prefer some prophets than others.
    Narrated Abu Sa`id:
    The Prophet (ﷺ) said, "Do not prefer some prophets to others."
    حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو نُعَيْمٍ، حَدَّثَنَا سُفْيَانُ، عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ يَحْيَى، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، عَنْ أَبِي سَعِيدٍ، عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏ "‏ لاَ تُخَيِّرُوا بَيْنَ الأَنْبِيَاءِ ‏"‏‏.‏
    The extract above is from Sahih al-Bukhari 6916, book 87, hadith 54, vol 9, book 83, hadith 51.
    If hadith supports people should treat prophets with one higher rank than another, why should the phrase, The Prophet said..Do not prefer some prophets to others, be mentioned here?  Instead, the Prophet should say they should prefer me, Prophet Muhammad, than other prophets, if hadith intends to treat different prophets in different ranks..
    All the verses above have placed doubts whether it is right to place prophets to be in different ranks.


    By zuma - 10/17/2019 10:16:31 PM



  • Buddha did not bring a new religion, he revived Vedic religion which was hijacked by clergy and had injected many impurities into it.
    By Arshad - 10/17/2019 8:14:19 PM



  • Hats off, Deen is one, and it has to be revived after a certain period for two reasons: one, to remove the impurities from it which enter it due to misinterpretations and innovative deviations, two, to update it according to the advancement of civilisation to deal with the new issues if the age and make life comfortable followers. It is another matter that the clergy has always made life difficult with the radical interpretation of religion.
    By Arshad - 10/17/2019 8:12:15 PM



  • if all prophets are equal, why are hypocrites doing dawah every day and converting people who follow other prophets?
    moderate muslim is  just a synonym for a pathological liar.

    By hats off! - 10/17/2019 6:17:29 PM



  • To say that we are totally dependent on the Quran to shape our thoughts and have no faith in human intelligence is a dubious proposition.


    By Ghulam Mohiyuddin - 10/17/2019 12:33:25 PM



  • Whatever you claim please give reference in support of you belief. GGS is also at New Age Islam to earn money. He is not here for free service. He does not believe in what he writes . I am not a mullah. You people are mullahs with scant knowledge of Quran and so are a threat to Islam. You promote ideas and beliefs for which you can't give proof from Quran and Hadith. At least I believe in what I write. You are working at New Age Islam only to make a livelihood under compulsion.
    By Arshad - 10/17/2019 10:30:34 AM



  • All sects of Muslims – deobandis, barelvis, sufis, shias, qadyanis, mutazelites, -- all equally believe that the last prophet is greater in rank. All have done studies of the Quran.

    Qadyanis who though denied the finality of the Lat prophet but held him in higher rank.

    Arashad sb did not do hard to study but just went to see Maariful Quran by Shafei sb who too held that the final prophet is greater in rank. He quoted some Ahadith but does not know how these Ahadith were interpreted by the narrators themselves.

    Neem hakim khatra jaan

    And

    Neem Mulla khatra-e-Iman

    I would suggest him to study with proper knowledge and then write anything. He is professional and perhaps to increase his payment he writes without doing hard work.


    By Abid - 10/17/2019 4:46:43 AM



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