By Khalid Baig
May 18, 2018
RAMAZAN is the most important month of our
calendar. It is a tremendous gift from Allah in so many ways. In our current
state of being down and out, it can uplift us, empower us, and turn around our
situation individually and collectively.
It is the spring season for the garden of
Islam when dry grass can come back to life and flowers bloom. But these
benefits are not promised for lifeless and thoughtless rituals alone. They will
be ours if our actions are informed by the message of Ramazan. The most
important message of Ramazan is that we are not just body. We are body and
soul. And that what makes us human beings and that determines our value as
human beings is the soul and not the body.
During Ramazan we deprive the body to
uplift the soul. This is all simple and familiar. But we can understand its
significance if we remember that the materialistic message has engulfed every
Muslim land today — just like the rest of the world— is exactly the opposite.
It says that body is everything. That the materialistic world is all that
counts. That the greatest happiness — if not virtue— is in filling the
appetites of the body.
This message produces endless appetites and
consequently endless wars to fill those endless appetites through endless
exploitation. It produces endless frustrations since the gap between desires
and achievements can never be filled. It produces endless chaos and endless
oppression. Yet this trash comes in such beautiful and enticing packages that
we can hardly resist it. We equate this slavery with freedom. We consider this
march to disaster as progress. And with every movement, we get further and
deeper into mire.
Ramazan is here to liberate us from all
this. Here is a powerful message that it is soul over body. Take a break from
the pop culture. Turn off the music and TV. Say goodbye to the endless and
futile pursuit of happiness in sensory pleasures. Rediscover your inner self
that has been buried deep under it. Reorient yourself. Devote your time to the
reading of the Qur’an, to voluntary worship, to prayers and conversations with
Allah. Reflect on the direction of your life and your priorities. Reflect on
and strengthen your relationship with your Creator. On the last day of one
Sha’ban, the Holy Prophet (PBUH) gave a Khutbah about the upcoming month of
Ramazan. It is a very important Khutbah that we should carefully read before
every Ramazan to prepare ourselves mentally for the sacred month. It begins:
“Oh people! A great month is coming to you. A
blessed month. A month in which there is one night that is better than a
thousand months. A month in which Allah has made it compulsory upon you to fast
by day, and voluntary to pray by night. Whoever draws nearer to Allah by
performing any of the voluntary good deeds in this month shall receive the same
reward as is there for performing an obligatory deed at any other time. And whoever
discharges an obligatory deed in this month shall receive the reward of
performing seventy obligations at any other time. It is the month of Sabr
(patience), and the reward for Sabr is Heaven. It is the month of kindness and
charity. It is a month in which a believer’s sustenance is increased. Whoever
gives food to a fasting person to break his fast, shall have his sins forgiven,
and he will be saved from the Fire of Hell, and he shall have the same reward
as the fasting person, without the latter’s reward being diminished at all.”
The Hadith continues and contains many
other very important messages. However let us take the time to highlight two of
the statements contained above.
First, that Ramazan is the month of Sabr.
The English translation is patience but that word has a very narrow meaning
compared to Sabr. Sabr means not only patience and perseverance in the face of
difficulties, it also means being steadfast in avoiding sin in the face of
temptations and being persistent in performing virtues when that is not easy.
Overcoming hunger and thirst during fasting is part of it. But protecting our
eyes, ears, minds, tongues, and hands, etc. from all sins is also part of it.
So is being persistent in doing good deeds as much as possible despite external
or internal obstacles.
Ramazan requires Sabr in its fullest sense
and provides a training ground for that very important quality to be developed
and nurtured. Here is a recipe for the complete overhaul of our life, not just
a small adjustment in meal times.
The highest point of Ramazan is Itikaf, an
act of worship in which a person secludes himself in a Masjid to devote his
time entirely to worshipping and remembering Allah. Some in every Muslim
community must take a break and go to the Masjid for the entire last ten days
of Ramazan. Others should imbibe the spirit and do whatever they can. But we
must differentiate between worldly pleasures and worldly responsibilities. We
take a break from the former and not the latter.
Syedna Abdullah ibn Abbas (RA) was performing
Itikaf, when a person came and sat down silently. Sensing his distressed
condition Ibn Abbas enquired about his situation, learnt that he needed help,
and proceeded to leave the Masjid to go out and help him. Now this action does
nullify the Itikaf, making a makeup obligatory. So the person, though grateful,
was curious. Explaining his action, Ibn Abbas related a Hadith that when a
person makes efforts to help his brother, he earns the reward for performing
Itikaf for ten years.
This brings us to the second statement to
consider: that Ramazan is the month of kindness and charity. With those in
distress in the millions in the world today, the need for remembering this
message of Ramazan cannot be overstated. Unfortunately, today Ramazan has become
the month of celebrations, shopping; fancy Iftars at posh restaurants,
entertainment and gossip. People stay up at night but not for worship; they
waste that time watching TV or wandering in the bazaar.