June 3 2016
appalling how much fear the government and society have in this supposedly
multicultural and multi-religious nation. Following the wave of homophobic and
anti-transgender attacks on members of the LGBTQ (lesbian, gay, bisexual,
transgender and queer) community, fears have been raised again over anything
and everything “communist”.
Minister Ryamizard Ryacudu is among those trumpeting such fears. Some
Indonesian Muslims zealously defend the officials who made flippant remarks
about the “threat of the hammer and sickle”, while others are sick with the
fear of symbolism, perhaps invoked by officials and politicians to silence the
of fear does not have a place in Islamic teachings because of two main reasons.
Firstly, Islam itself originated in seventh century Mecca as “the alienated
other” of that time. Prophet Muhammad was an orphan who, by the age of 6, had
lost his father and mother. His clan, the Quraysh, was a ruling tribe of Mecca
at that time, but his immediate family were very poor and not part of the
is said to have been built on the foundation of questioning and criticizing the
Mecca elites who vested their political and economic interests in the
continuation of the polytheistic practices and oppression of women and the
Was Thus A Revolutionary Figure Who Spoke Truth To Power.
at the heart of Islamic teachings are the principles of social justice (‘adl)
and goodness and beauty (Ihsan). The two principles are supposed to influence
every single act undertaken by a Muslim in their day-to-day lives. The Koran
mentions that Muslims must aim for justice for all, even when it means that
they should stand against their own family. The Koran also exhorts Muslims
against following misleading paths, even if it means that they need to stand
against their fathers. Islam is an inherently egalitarian faith that upholds
critical thinking and attainment of justice as its core teachings.
Thus it is
very hard to imagine that the fear of the other arises from Islamic teachings
as zealots say when justifying propaganda and violence against, for instance,
many Muslims fall to divisive propaganda without questioning the power play
behind it. Support from Muslims to ban “leftist” books is especially sad;
instead of upholding Islamic values they are emulating the destruction of the
House of Wisdom in Baghdad in 1258 AD. They are crippling one of the most
important principles in Islam, the preservation and distribution of knowledge.
this hatred, if we are serious about doing something in the name of Islam, we
should pick the side of the oppressed, rather than that of the oppressors. We
should pick the side that supports the struggle of the “Mothers of Kendeng”
against the construction of cement factories, for example, rather than the side
of those who block their struggle, the corporations and the government.
regardless of the issue, we should always question the power play and vested
interests that has led to so much violence.
If you are a Muslim and drifting through the
issue of anti-communism, at least ask yourself whether you completely
understand what communism is.
Islam is a
religion that yearns for justice and does not stand with those who have and
abuse power. Since its very inception it has been rife with an egalitarian
spirit and concerns for giving back a voice to the voiceless. The Koran does
not reference a preferred form of government, nor political ideologies. So, the
next time you are asked to stand against communism in the name of Islam,
remember that Islam only stands for one “ideology” — the shared dignity of
Lailatul Fitriyah is Nostra Aetate Fellow ‘16 at
the Pontifical Gregorian University, Rome.