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Islam and Spiritualism (09 Dec 2017 NewAgeIslam.Com)

Why, 600 Years after Death, Saint Of Kashmiri Syncretism Lives On


By Sameer Arshad Khatlani

December 6, 2017

On one of his trips to Srinagar, Sir Mark Tully heard an unusual, rhythmically rising and falling chanting coming from a white marble mosque on the banks of the Dal Lake at sunrise. The chanting from the revered mosque in Hazratbal, which houses a relic of the Prophet, he wrote, sounded “not unlike Hindu Bhajans”. The veteran BBC journalist wasn’t entirely off the mark.

The faithful have been chanting the Aurad-ul-Fatiha in Kashmir’s mosques since the 14th century saint Mir Syed Ali Hamdani, who popularised Islam among the masses, introduced the practice. The converts, Tully wrote in India In Slow Motion, missed “their temple worship with its occasional singing and dancing”, so Hamdani collected an anthology of Quranic verses and the Prophet’s sayings for them to chant in mosques. This was a departure from the Muslim practice of silent worship.

Hamdani also introduced the Dua-e-Subah (Morning Prayer), whose chanting, according to Saleem Beigh of the Indian National Trust for Art and Cultural Heritage (INTACH), has “100 per cent semblance to the morning Buddhist chant”. These practices, seen as abiding examples of Kashmir’s famed syncretic tradition, were alluded to by Chief Minister Mehbooba Mufti who cancelled all appointments and rushed to Hamdani’s hospice — the Khanqah-e-Moula on the banks of the Jhelum — in Srinagar from Jammu on November 15, after an overnight fire damaged the shrine’s spire.

The Chief Minister was accompanied by several Ministers and top officials. Her arch-rival and former Chief Minister Farooq Abdullah followed, and echoed her message that the shrine symbolised Kashmir’s pluralistic ethos and was its source of spiritual solace. Separatist leaders Mirwaiz Umar Farooq and Yasin Malik visited, and hundreds of wailing women and men thronged the damaged shrine. Separatist hardliner Syed Ali Shah Geelani issued a statement paying rich tributes to Hamdani and sent a delegation to the shrine. J&K Governor N N Vohra recalled his many visits to the hospice and asked the government “not to lose any time” in repairing the damage.

The architecture of the Khanqah-e-Moula is similar to that of Srinagar’s Jamia Masjid, which was built under the guidance of Hamdani’s son, Mir Muhammad, about a kilometre away at Nowhatta in the old city. The courtyard of the mosque, Tully wrote, “unusually for India, isn’t paved, it’s a garden. The customary domes are lacking too; instead the roofs are reminiscent of a pagoda and the dragons jutting out like gargoyles from the roofs are evidence of Buddhist influence.” For Tully, this unusual “building symbolises the particular form of Islam” practiced in Kashmir.

Hamdani, a descendant of the Prophet, was born in Hamadan in modern-day Iran in 1314, and lies buried over 1,300 km from Srinagar at Kulob in the Khatlon province of Tajikistan. He visited Kashmir for the third and last time a year before his death in 1384, coinciding with the Turco-Mongol conqueror Timur’s overrunning of his native land. He brought some 700 people with him, including artisans, craftsmen, painters, calligraphers and scholars. Hamdani, whom Kashmiris know as Amir-i-Kabir (the great leader), is credited with promoting crafts including shawl weaving, which has become a symbol of Kashmir globally. He was himself an expert needle worker who rejected the idea of holy men living off their followers, and sewed caps to earn a living.

Hamdani was also a man of letters whom journalist and Union Minister M J Akbar described as a great scholar and missionary in “the Renaissance mould” (Kashmir: Behind The Vale). Hamdani authored over 100 books “ranging from religion to jurisprudence to politics, physiognomy and philosophical poetry”. His “lifestyle of self-abnegation, simplicity and rejection of material world… struck an immediate chord,” Akbar wrote. Hamdani’s Dhakhirat al-Muluk was a guide to rulers on how to treat their subjects, and called for “equitable justice, irrespective of religious differences”.

Hamdani established a network of Khanqahs (hospices), where people could eat and pray together — path-breaking social change in a rigidly hierarchical society. His teachings inspired Kashmir’s indigenous Rishi Sufi movement — the father of the founder of the Rishi movement, Shaikh Nuruddin Nurani, converted to Islam under the influence of Hamdani’s followers. One of the leading lights of the ethos that Shaikh Nuruddin — also known as Nund Rishi — represented, was the woman mystic Lalleshwari, popularly known as Lal Ded, who pleaded against differentiating between a Hindu and a Muslim. “If you have understanding, then realise your own self. In truth, this is the means to realise God.”

Source: indianexpress.com/article/explained/why-600-yrs-after-death-saint-of-kashmiri-syncretism-lives-on-4969757/

URL: http://www.newageislam.com/islam-and-spiritualism/sameer-arshad-khatlani/why,-600-years-after-death,-saint-of-kashmiri-syncretism-lives-on/d/113507


  • If someone following both tents , Islam and Hinduisium. Than Mr writer can you tell,me how can you tell that Nund Rushi was converted. May be Nund was trying to seeking truth,which is called Taswoof, so do not try to count feathers in your Muslims camp. People like you have conversion enjoyment had stopped to developed something new in this sub-continents. You Muslims have became sick of counting convertes. Himalay was always place of seekers not followers. Read book of Swami Rama, who talks all kind of traditions were Muslim seeks the knowledge of God from Hindu yogis /Christian monk/ Buddhist monk and so on and vice versa. This people were not having conversion business and counting the numbers.
    By Aayina - 12/9/2017 9:19:05 PM

  • To Writer
    We Hindus of India had now known this Fusion confusion technique.
    1) Step one of conversion:
    To gain the convert, reject the local belife but accept the patters and local similar words than people feel it is same and then lure them.
    This technique is used by all Abhrahmic faith except Jews. The so called chrsitian missionaries, they created aarties of Jesues in India now and calling their chapters Adhya and calling God Iswar to gain and confuse Hindus.
    2) Second step of conversion: 
    Muslim: Use Tablige Jammata and Sufis to make more true Muslims, now this Jamat start to say how you are wrong Muslims and not true Muslims, this are all shrink and has mushriken( read here hindu)roots and so on, and we will tell you how to became true Muslims, so you will see suddenly your Muslim friend will start to have different Arabic look cloths, long bearded and so on, and women in hijab and Niqab.
    Well Muslims women is more harreshed by their cousins than Hindus, their are enough Mullas to brainwash Muslims young boys how to seek your cousins sister.
    Christians:They sent another wave of missonires to make them more Christians and gave up everything that was used in confusion period to gain convert.
    It is so surprising that so called Muslims telling everyone Kafir but how they themselves use lie and decisive techqinques.
    Two biggest lies and stolen culture:
    Muslims: Hijack the concept of  Hajj that was done by all Pagan Arab irrespective of Tuaheed or idol worship, not only hijack the concept but place as well.
    Christians: Replace the Christmas timing from around September to Decmeber so people get confused and gain more convert, December was used by Pagan Europe as their festival.

    Well Muslims and Chrstians who talk of one and real God is not going to forget for disturbing harmony and respect that was  among the pagan or mushrikin, they were blood thirstiest like you calling true people and believer of God.

    By Aayina - 12/9/2017 9:08:16 PM

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