Age of Enlightenment began in the West, dark clouds moved in over Islamic
countries. At first glance, the Enlightenment emerged as an internal struggle
within Western civilization launched against Christian morality, the papacy and
the Inquisition. This age rapidly led to a series of innovations in various
fields, from politics and administration to economics and technology, and
eventually brought about peace and harmony for Western countries.
strengthening of the Western industry and technology gradually led to the
decline of empires, including the Ottoman Empire. In their book
"Overcoming the Two Cultures," Richard E. Lee and Immanuel
Wallerstein ascribe the progress of the Western civilization to the studies
made in the fields of political, economic and administrative sciences, and
emphasize the fact that the Ottoman Empire had not been so much behind in terms
of technology during the age of the Industrial Revolution.
Be that as
it may, Western countries managed to acquire immense wealth and power in the
span of only one century due to Western colonization that was based on the
growth of industry. While Western countries were colonizing the rest of the
world, they reconstructed their civilisational identities and values. By the
end of the process, all values that fall outside hegemonic Western morality had
been downgraded as "superstition" and "sophistry."
By the end
of World War I, almost all Muslim land was occupied by the Western powers.
Nonetheless, rapidly flourishing movements of independence were followed by the
foundation of a number of more or less independent states. Meanwhile,
population growth has begun to lean in favour of Islamic countries.
the "green belt" was founded as a geopolitical strategy against the
spread of communism, the politics of the Cold War contributed to the rise of
Islam in political terms. Today, Islamic countries include significant regional
and international players such as Indonesia, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nigeria,
Turkey, Iran and Egypt. In a similar vein, Muslims in India, China and Russia
constitute significant communities of the world. Likewise, despite the rise of
xenophobia and racism, Europeans must learn to live with Muslims who reside in
Islamic world seems to trouble Western powers with its growing population,
politics and economy. In one sense, it is difficult to refer to such scattered
nations as the Islamic civilization. Nonetheless, we should consider it a
single Ummah, who believes in the same Allah and loves the same prophet,
Muhammad (peace and blessing be upon him), as the last prophet. Therefore, if
one day a great leader emerges in the Islamic world, such an Ummah would act in
solidarity in terms of a geopolitical balance of power.
Turkey occupied a leading position in the Islamic world. In the Syrian civil
war, however, Washington was able to curbe Turkey's political rise by
revitalizing its regional rivalry with Iran. Unfortunately, our administration
handling foreign affairs at the time could not see through the political agenda
of global powers in Turkey's region of influence.
independent countries, Malaysia and Indonesia have succeeded in protecting and
enhancing the economic welfare of their people. Just like Turkey, Indonesia
will particularly become one of the leading economies of the world in 2050.
The former Babur
Empire was divided into three main countries: Pakistan, Bangladesh and India.
The Muslim population in India itself amounts to the populations of Pakistan
and Bangladesh. Unfortunately, we do not have any accurate accounts regarding
the demographic situations of Muslims in China. For some time now, the Uighurs
have been living in tough conditions, which is a research subject in itself.
African continent, considerable populations of Muslims live in Egypt, Morocco,
Sudan, Tunisia, Algeria, Nigeria and Tanzania. Due to hundreds of years of
occupation and exploitation at the hands of savage capitalism, African
populations were unable to develop their own cultural identities. Implying a
comeback, our century is called "the African century" and thus, the
war of political influence between global powers will most probably be realized
controlled and colonized by the United Kingdom, the Middle East region has
mostly been controlled by the U.S. Meanwhile, vast Muslim populations who
reside in Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan and Russia strive to
recover from their subjugation during the Cold War.
Turkey and Iran shall expand the horizon of the Islamic world thanks to their
ancient imperial traditions and their religious and cultural values. Struggling
against religious dissensions and the sophisticated political agendas of the
Western neocolonial powers, the Islamic world will certainly achieve the safety
and prosperity it deserves.