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Islam and the West (15 Dec 2018 NewAgeIslam.Com)

The United States Should Declare the Crimes against Rohingya to Be Genocide and Crimes against Humanity


By Matthew Smith

December 13, 2018

Last week in Brussels, Secretary of State Mike Pompeo questioned the effectiveness of the United Nations. “Does it continue to serve its mission faithfully?” he asked rhetorically.

He has a point. At least one organ of the U.N. — the Security Council — has roundly failed to serve its mission to maintain international peace and security.

Case in point: Myanmar. Last year the Myanmar military led horrific attacks against Rohingya civilians in response to a dozen killings by militants. Building off similar attacks one year prior, soldiers, police, and civilians razed hundreds of villages and shot, slashed, and in some cases burned men, women and children alive. Soldiers gang-raped women and girls in plain view, killing at least several thousand civilians in the first two weeks of their self-described “clearance operations.” More than 700,000 Rohingya fled to Bangladesh.

An independent U.N. Fact Finding Mission, my own organization Fortify Rights, the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum and others have documented and published evidence of genocide against the Rohingya.

The closest the Security Council came to action was sending a mission to meet Rohingya refugees in April.

For the past several years, my colleagues and I have supported Rohingya survivors to navigate the halls of governments and the U.N., where they’ve advocated for the Security Council to refer the situation in Myanmar to the International Criminal Court (ICC). Diplomats and officials have often cited China and the United States as two unmovable obstacles to international justice.

But our meetings with senior Trump appointees suggest otherwise.

Many in the Trump administration as well as members of Congress on both sides of the aisle are horrified by the crimes against Rohingya and want to see justice served. They know what’s at stake for Myanmar and the world if we let those who are responsible for genocide live out their lives with impunity.

Nevertheless, fierce opposition to the ICC remains in the Trump administration, championed by national security adviser John Bolton. In September, Bolton publicly denounced the ICC as “illegitimate” and threatened to impose sanctions if it attempted to prosecute U.S. nationals for any alleged crimes in Afghanistan. Bolton’s view of the court isn’t new — it goes back to the court’s founding in 2002 and hinges on an opposition to the idea that the ICC would ever have jurisdiction over U.S. nationals and officials.

Despite Bolton’s famous ire for the court, the United States could still help ensure international justice for the Rohingya. In 2005, President George W. Bush assented to the Security Council’s referral of the situation in Sudan to the ICC, despite the fact that Bolton had effectively pulled the United States out of the ICC three years earlier on Bush’s behalf.

There are other options as well. Pompeo could activate the United States’ unmatched political and economic leverage to ensure the Security Council exercises its authority under Chapter VII to establish a separate tribunal, as it has on multiple occasions, to investigate and try the crimes committed against the Rohingya. This would be consistent with recommendations by the independent U.N. Fact-Finding Mission on Myanmar as well as Rohingya advocates, and it would go a long way to addressing Pompeo’s concern that the U.N. is not serving its mission “faithfully.”

The United States and other sympathetic governments would have to incentivize China and Russia and other would-be spoilers to let justice run its course, which is not unthinkable. In the past, China and Russia stepped aside to allow referrals to the ICC and the creation of tribunals.

An ICC referral or the creation of an international tribunal to prosecute atrocity crimes in Myanmar would send helpful shock waves through the country and could deter the next round of mass killing. Sources tell us senior generals in Myanmar are worried about international justice, and as well they should be.

Critics will say the international justice system is slow and expensive, often taking decades and tens of millions of dollars to secure a single conviction. They’re correct. That’s precisely why the United States and others should work to improve it. Accepting impunity for genocide is not an option.

Nevertheless, legal accountability is not a silver bullet, which is why Pompeo should also urgently pursue other policy options on Myanmar. He should declare the crimes against Rohingya to be genocide and crimes against humanity, and then establish benchmarks for progress with the Myanmar authorities coupled with tactical support. Benchmarks could draw on 88 recommendations by a commission led by the late Kofi Annan and include targets for the restoration of full citizenship rights for Rohingya, freedom of movement, and free and unfettered access for aid groups, human rights monitors and the media. If Myanmar fails to show progress over a specified period of time, the U.S. government should consider additional sanctions.

It’s one thing to question the effectiveness of the U.N. It’s another to stand by and watch another genocide unfold — and do nothing.

Matthew Smith is co-founder and CEO of Fortify Rights, the 2018 recipient of the Roger E. Joseph Prize.

Source; washingtonpost.com/opinions/2018/12/13/united-states-has-chance-help-victims-genocide-myanmar/?utm

URL: http://www.newageislam.com/islam-and-the-west/matthew-smith/the-united-states-should-declare-the-crimes-against-rohingya-to-be-genocide-and-crimes-against-humanity/d/117162



  •  As far as I know he(Sultan Shahin) puts articles of Muslims festivals and Chrstian festivals on its merits and goodness, for Hindu festivals no he does not do.

    Type one He puts about  Hindus, in which Mohmmad paigamber or Islam is groryfied by some Hindus.

    Type two he puts is how Hindu should be seen under the binocular of Islam lenses.

    Either he subconsciously doing what every Muslim(or even Hindu) will do or just he is equal munafiq as other Muslims are who want political hegemony of Muslims and use the technique of decisiveness.

    Remember his wife is Hindu, it should have opened his mind toward Hindu relgion as well, but I doubt his intentions.

    The only Thing I can appreciate him is not stopping my comment from publishing, but he knows people like me will have very little impact.

    I my allegations were wrong he would have given me list of articles written on Hindu festivals like as it is and it's universal application.

    Biased and hypocrates cannot prove it.

    By Aayina - 12/24/2018 11:12:47 PM

  • If I am not wrong he writes for all human rights regardless of religion.

    I have got an article old but with rejoinder welcomed by Mr. Sultan Shahin

    Are Hindus Ahl-E-Kitab? Farid Chaudhari's Rejoinder To Sultan Shahin’s Essay: 'Muslim Ulema Urgently Need To Introspect'


    By Kaniz Fatma - 12/23/2018 9:31:34 PM

  • To Rumish
    My calling of sultan Shahin shameless and biased is not wrong I am following this website since long time, and have not seen articles on  Hindu and Jews festivals, but he will never forget to put on Christians and Muslims.
    This is pure promotion and propogation of your own relgion.
    There is another patten which we Hindus are abserving is those Muslims who are having Hindu wife but accuse Hindus and plays victimhood card, for instance Aamirkhan, Shrukh khan, Nassiruddin, and sultan Shahin.
    This is enough to tell the how Muslims hate Hindus and talk of fake universality.
    Rumish it's special mindset, and arrogance of Middle East relgions who always ignores eastern relgions.

    By Aayina - 12/23/2018 9:28:40 AM

  • Too much debate is about burqa, beard, kurta, pyjama, fundamentalism, tolerance for other people,

    Can anyone please talk about whether people of this 21 century are relevant to be tolerant towards islam, muslims, their sharia, their living life style, their creeds of tauheed, their disagreement with shirk and kufr, their devotion to love for their one God and His prophets?

    By Huzaifa - 12/16/2018 12:16:24 AM

  • sULTAN SHAIN   IS trying  to make islam relevant to 21 st century. He is trying to desalinate Islam. Muslims  are always Muslims. Self-centred mentality .If anyone send a write-up on Kashmir Pandits/ Buddhists in Tibet Myanmar ,Hindus  and christians in West Pakistan Bangaladesh , I am sure he would publish it. Hindus must come forward  to support of cause of Hindus who are suppressed by .........
    By dr.A.Anburaj - 12/15/2018 11:47:57 PM

  • Aayina
    Aap bhi article likh sakte ho
    Kashmiri pandist k bare m likhna h likho. 
    Lekin jo likh rahe hai burma par wo bhi theek hain...
    Unko fake aur Shahin sb ko shameless kahna achchi baat nahi
    Aap bhi humanits ban sakte hi

    By Rumish - 12/15/2018 8:43:05 PM

  • Due you know genocide of Buddist in Tebet, Kshmiri pandits in Kshamir. Biased Matthew smith a fake humunist, shameless sultan Shahin has not put single article for cause of Kashmiri pandits.
    By Aayina - 12/15/2018 4:31:17 PM

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