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Islamic Ideology (07 May 2015 NewAgeIslam.Com)


The Self-Proclaimed ‘Caliphate’ of Daesh or ‘ISIS’: A Gross Distortion of the Rightly Guided Caliphate and Thus a Neo-Kharijite Organization

 

 

By Ghulam Ghaus Siddiqi, New Age Islam

07 May, 2015

The self-proclaimed ‘caliphate’ of ‘ISIS’ or Daesh- with all its destructive anti-Islamic elements, ideologies and purposes - is a neo-Kharijite organization. Of late, it has conspicuously appeared as a gross distortion of the rightly guided caliphate, by all accounts. As a neo-Kharijite, it is more the matter of concern than how we Muslims and a few others simply call it a distortion of Islam. Feeling the gravity of perplexity, it is better to have an open enemy of Islam than what Daesh claims for Muslims; “a hidden friend of Islam”.

Throughout the globe, some people can be stereotyped on social media as more ridiculous and outrageous to Islam than the traditionally-oriented foes of Islam and Muslims ever. They are openly mocking Islam, rightly-guided caliphs, abusing noble Islamic personalities, debauching the week Muslims in faith with all they can do. This way, they are creating a set of ultra views against Islam and its adherents. Who are responsible for all that? Of course, Daesh and Daesh like Kharijite outfits.

Why like majority Muslims I do not accept Daesh as Islamic is because I never found a single command in Quran and Hadith; at least never one that could conform to crimes of Daesh which is entirely based on Kharijite ways of brutal-killing system, and not on ways of the rightly guided caliphate. This reason can be better understood as follows.

Election and selection of the rightly guided caliphs was conducted in the state of absolute freedom and complete safety. There was no influence of threats and swords. As for the so-called caliphate of Daesh, it is being imposed in the midst of strife, war, in the atmosphere of fear and terror and with the idea of violent domination and coercion.  

The rightly guided caliphate united all Muslims under its loyalty and suzerainty- regardless of majority or minority- and that all Muslims got satisfaction and felt happiness with its principles based on justice. As for Daesh, there is not even a single out of one thousand Muslims to come under its control. So, is everyone living under the control of Daesh satisfied with its self-proclaimed ‘caliphate’? Of course, not, except for few.

The election of the rightly guided caliphs was done after consultation with the people of stature and even with broad participation of common Muslims including men and women, as was done in the election of the third caliph Uthman (May Allah be pleased with him). This was also because that the second caliph Hadhrat Umar (May Allah be pleased with him), as mentioned in Sahih Bukhari, had said, “Remember that whoever gives the pledge of allegiance to anybody among you without consulting the other Muslims, neither that person, nor the person to whom the pledge of allegiance was given, are to be supported, lest they both should be killed”.  As for the leader of Daesh, Al-Baghdadi, we do not know who has given pledge of allegiance to him and who has elected him? What we know is that he is a self-proclaimed ‘caliph’ and supported and accepted only by a bunch of its allies.

Selection of the rightly guided caliphs was based on approval from all Muslims of the era, freedom free from venom of force and violence. But the self-proclaimed ‘caliph’ of Daesh has not yet got sufficient support from Muslims and is having to force the people to accept it. But Muslims around the world know there is nothing like coercion or compulsion in Islam. Imam Malik bin Anas, having researched in the Qur’an and Hadith, used to say and issue his fatwa, “the divorce of the coerced does not take effect, therefore, the allegiance of the coerced and the fearful is invalid”.     

The system of rightly guided caliphate was that of unity, mercy, benignancy, sympathy, grace and justice for all people. It never developed any civil wars among Muslims. But the ‘caliphate’ of Daesh is leading to civil wars, mutual conflict, violence, terrorism and having no sympathy, no mercy and no justice for Muslims and non-Muslims together. Thus, it is totally antithetical to the spirit of the rightly guided caliphate. 

The rightly guided caliphate was basically established for achieving righteous purposes, piousness, implementing true teachings of the Quran and Sunnah; peace and security for every citizen living in the country. On the contrary, the self-proclaimed caliphate of Daesh is based on merely slogans, statements, appearances and titles. It has aimed at killing everyone opposing its so-called ‘caliphate’. They do not mind if they oppose teachings of Quran and Sunnah, but they do mind if someone goes on to say anything against its force-fitted arguments. Command of Allah Almighty that killing a person is equal to killing the entire humanity and Hadith of the prophet peace be upon him “There should be neither harming nor reciprocating harm in Islam” are the most ignored and violated teachings of Islam in the so-called caliphate of Daesh.

Therefore, I must say openly that if the titles “caliphate or caliph” disappear from the life of Muslims forever; it will not decrease their faith, not even as little as possible. But if commands of Allah and his beloved prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) like human rights including justice, peace, tolerance, security, equality and all other pious duties of Islam disappear for one day alone, it will be a major catastrophe. Islam has imposed on us Muslims the duty of upholding justice, peace, security, prosperity equally for every citizen with all possible angles. It has never imposed on us to accept the thing we Muslims are describing as the self-proclaimed “caliphate” or “caliph” of Daesh.

The fact that the biggest terrorists in the era of the rightly guided caliphate were the Kharijites who used Islamic titles, appearances and killed the rightly guided caliphs and Muslims, is also that these neo-Kharijite members of Daesh using Islamic titles, appearances are killing Muslims and non-Muslims living under the treaty of peace like environment. These neo-Kharijites have shattered the true image of Islam, committed heinous crimes against teachings of Islam and distorted the historical fact of the rightly guided caliphate. Therefore, not only a few but we all Muslims must step further ahead to courageously say that the self-proclaimed ‘caliphate’ of Daesh is a neo-Kharijite organization which has no relation with Islam, whatever it may claim and however it may appear. We should also be with the fact that one of the greatest crimes in Islam is to be continually silent over oppression, aggression, barbarism and terrorism of Daesh in Muslim countries, for which we will be accountable to Allah Almighty. It should be taken as our fight against terrorism. We should save our young Muslim fellows, mostly new converts from false dreams of heaven and tell them before it is too late that Heaven can never be achieved by killing innocent lives, bombing public places, committing suicide attacks, distorting teachings of Quran and Hadith and following in the footsteps of neo-Kahrijites.

Allah knows the best. May Allah Almighty save Muslim brothers from terror ideologues and neo-Kharijites!  

(Note: Daesh are happy with the title ‘ISIS’ or ‘ISIL’ or ‘Islamic State’ but unhappy with being called Daesh. Therefore, the writer in this article has stopped describing Daesh as ‘ISIS’.)   

A regular columnist and English-Arabic translator for New Age Islam, Ghulam Ghaus is an Alim and Fazil (Classical Islamic scholar) with a Sufi background. He has completed the classical Islamic sciences from a Delhi-based Sufi Islamic seminary Jamia Hazrat Nizamuddin Aulia Zakir Nagar, New Delhi with specialization in Tafseer, Hadith and Arabic. He completed his Alimiat and Fazilat respectively from Jamia Warsia Arabic College, Lucknow and Jamia Manzar-e-Islam, Bareilly, U.P. He has graduated in Arabic (Hons) and is pursuing his M.A in Arabic from Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi.

URL: http://www.newageislam.com/islamic-ideology/ghulam-ghaus,-new-age-islam/the-self-proclaimed-‘caliphate’-of-daesh-or-‘isis’--a-gross-distortion-of-the-rightly-guided-caliphate-and-thus-a-neo-kharijite-organization/d/102853

 




TOTAL COMMENTS:-   8


  • Dear Muhammad Yunus saheb,

    Thank you very much for your prompt answer to my question, that is well-built on your research.

    By GRD - 1/30/2016 12:11:02 PM



  • Dear GRD, You find a comprehensive report on Saqifa in the link:
    al-islam.org/the-origins-and-early-development-of-shia-islam-sayyid-jafari/chapter-2-saqifa-first-manifestations"
    The issue is with regards to the authenticity of the earliest sources on this most sensitive them.
    As demonstrated in my exeg. jt. publication, "it will be a grievous error to regard the work of Ibn Ishaq as an historical document....The same holds for the works of al-Waqidi (d. 206/822) and Ibn Sa‘d (d. 230/845) In fact, these early biographers have been sharply criticized by many Muslim scholars of their own era.6"
    Hence to reach any conclusion about the details of the Safiqa assembly first reported by Ibn Ishaq and Ibn Sa'd and the rival Shia/ Sunni narratives on the appointment of Abu Bakr, is virtually IMPOSSIBLE.
    I think the Shias and Sunnis must separate politics from faith. The guidance of the Qur'an is preserved in its pages word for word and the Qur'an spells out clear guidelines to comprehending its message. It is time that we benchmark our faith on this universal and immutable divine edict and treat the political developments of early Islam in light with the Sura al-Baqara's pronouncement:
    tilka ummatun qad khalat ....(2:134)
    By muhammad yunus - 1/30/2016 1:04:47 AM



  • Dear Mr Ghulam Ghaus and Mr Muhammad Yunus saheban,

    It’s indeed a weighty work on the subject of “Distortion of the Rightly Guided Caliphate" and The Self-Proclaimed ‘Caliphate’ of Daesh or ‘ISIS’.

    As a classical Islamic scholar, you have done a candid exposition of the ferocious extremist thoughts, colossal and dangerous radical theories of the neo-kharijites like the ISIS. I find myself in complete agreement with you in this regard.

    However, so far, very few Muslim scholars have given a satisfactory answer on the event of Saqifa which was the game changer in history of Islam. If something nonsense was going on in Safiqa and was more important than the funeral and burial of the holy Prophet of Islam (saw),  then the same should have been discussed with Hazrat Ali, the son in law of the prophet (saw) and other companions who were busy in the preparation of funeral and burial. But one wonders why the two father-in-laws of holy prophet silently moved/rushed to Saqifa and did not participate in the funeral of their son-in-law, that too the prophet of Islam? Hence, the Shias ask: what happened in Saqifa was illogical as Hazrat Abu Bakar was nominated by Hazrat Umar to be caliph. They say that this election without the information and discussion and participation of the other companions was invalid and should have been nullified and rejected by none other than the two father-in-laws of the prophet.

    One wonders why so much secrecy was maintained by Hazrat Abu Bakar and Umar for the events unfolding in Saqifa?

    Couldn’t the two pursue the people there to wait till the burial is over and presence of all could be ensured including Ali and all other followers and companions of prophet?

    I would be deeply thankful and highly grateful to you if you please enlighten me with concrete and satisfactory answers, so that I can also address these questions while responding to my shia friends and calssmets. Jazakallah Khairan Kathiran!


    By GRD - 1/29/2016 6:07:22 AM



  • Agreed with this article wholly. The writer always speaks good and writes his articles in a very balanced way. His way of thinking as i have noticed in all other articles of him is very good. The country and community needs the people like this writer. 
    By Afsana Aafreen - 5/12/2015 8:40:18 AM



  • Truly a nice and balanced article. 
    By Azeem Khan - 5/8/2015 2:59:25 AM



  • Thanks Mr Ghulam Rasool Dehlvi and Mr Muhammad Yunus for your beautiful comments encouraging me. 
    By Ghulam Ghaus غلام غوث - 5/8/2015 1:44:19 AM



  • A candid exposition of the ferocious extremist thoughts, collosal and dagerous radical theories of the IS. I find myself in complete agreement with Ghaus Saheb when he says:

    I must say openly that if the titles “caliphate or caliph” disappear from the life of Muslims forever; it will not decrease their faith, not even as little as possible. But if commands of Allah and his beloved prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) like human rights including justice, peace, tolerance, security, equality and all other pious duties of Islam disappear for one day alone, it will be a major catastrophe. Islam has imposed on us Muslims the duty of upholding justice, peace, security, prosperity equally for every citizen with all possible angles. It has never imposed on us to accept the thing we Muslims are describing as the self-proclaimed “caliphate” or “caliph” of Daesh.

    By Ghulam Rasool Dehlvi - 5/8/2015 12:08:41 AM



  • Good article from a Classical Islamic scholar that exposes the ISIS as an anti-thesis of the Islamic Caliphate under the rightly guided Caliphs. Agreed that "not only a few but we all Muslims must step further ahead to courageously say that the self-proclaimed ‘caliphate’ of Daesh is a neo-Kharijite organization which has no relation with Islam, whatever it may claim and however it may appear"


    By muhammad yunus - 5/7/2015 10:46:10 AM



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