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Islamic Ideology (28 Feb 2019 NewAgeIslam.Com)



Human Values and Good Manners Mentioned in the Quran – Part 4


By Kaniz Fatma, New Age Islam

27 February 2019

We Muslims believe in the Quran and Sunnat but sadly many of us do not follow their teachings. There are some Muslims who use Islam only for their political interests and consequently become a source of defamation of Islam. Some politically take out the inappropriate meaning of “elevating the Divine Word”, thinking that this elevation can be done by forcibly converting people to Islam, while this stand is clear violation of Islamic teachings. People can love Islam only when its followers (Muslims) practically abide by the human values and good manners enshrined in Islamic teachings. Having observed the first three parts, let us study more about human values, good manners and promise to practice them in all walks of our life.

46. Decide On Affairs By Consultation

“And those who obeyed the command of their Lord and kept the prayer established; and whose affairs are with mutual consultation; and who spend in Our cause from what We have bestowed upon them.” (42:38)

47. Repel Evil By Good

“And the good deed and the evil deed will never be equal; O listener! Repel the evil deed with a good one, thereupon the one between whom and you was enmity, will become like a close friend.” (41:34)

This verse implies that people should repel anger with patience, error with truth, ignorance with clemency and the commission of evil with pardon. Such virtuous deed can lead to reconciliation, love and empathy.

In this vein, many scholars quote a hadith that is taken to be a foundation principle of Islamic laws, “let there be no harming and no reciprocating harm”. Another Hadith says, “Keep relations with those who cut them off with you, give to those who deny you, and ignore those who oppress you”.

48. Choose Rulers By Their Merit

“And their prophet said to them, "Indeed, Allah has sent to you Saul as a king." They said, "How can he have kingship over us while we are more worthy of kingship than him and he has not been given any measure of wealth?" He said, "Indeed, Allah has chosen him over you and has increased him abundantly in knowledge and stature. And Allah gives His sovereignty to whom He wills. And Allah is all-Encompassing [in favor] and Knowing." (2:247)

49. Do Not Burden A Person Beyond His Scope

“Allah does not burden anyone, except with something within its capacity...” (2:286)

50. Enjoin Good Deeds And Forbid Immorality 

“You are the best among all the nations that were raised among mankind – you enjoin good deeds and forbid immorality and you believe in Allah; and if the People given the Book(s) believed it would be better for them; some of them are believers (Muslims) and most of them are disbelievers” (3:103)

51. Think Deeply About The Wonders And Creation Of This Universe

“..Those who remember Allah while standing, and sitting, and reclining on their sides, and ponder about the creation of the heavens and the earth; “O our Lord! You have not created this without purpose; Purity is to You, therefore save us from the punishment of fire.” (3:191)

52. Men And Women Have Equal Rewards For Their Deeds

“So their Lord accepted their prayer, for I do not waste the efforts of any (righteous) worker, male or female; you are all one among yourselves..” (3:195)

53. Do Not Marry Those In Your Blood Relation

“Forbidden for you are your mothers, and your daughters, and your sisters, and your father’s sisters, and your mother’s sisters, and your brothers’ daughters and your sisters’ daughters, and your foster-mothers (who breast-fed you), and their daughters (your foster-sisters), and your wives’ mothers (mothers-in-law), and your wives’ daughters who are under your protection – born of the women with whom you have cohabited; and if you have not cohabited with them, then it is no sin for you to marry their daughters; and (forbidden are) the wives of your own sons (and foster-sons and grandsons) and the keeping of two sisters together in marriage, except what has already passed; indeed Allah is Oft Forgiving, Most Merciful.” (4:23)

54. Family Should Be Led By Men

“Men are in charge of women by [right of] what Allah has given one over the other and what they spend [for maintenance] from their wealth. So righteous women are devoutly obedient, guarding in [the husband's] absence what Allah would have them guard. But those [wives] from whom you fear arrogance - [first] advise them; [then if they persist], forsake them in bed; and [finally], strike them. But if they obey you [once more], seek no means against them. Indeed, Allah is ever Exalted and Grand.”  (4:34)

55. Do Not Be Miserly

“…Those who are misers and preach miserliness to others, and hide what Allah has bestowed upon them from His munificence; and We have kept ready a disgraceful punishment for the disbelievers.”  (4:37)

56. Do Not Keep Envy

“Or do they envy people due to what Allah has given them from His grace? In that case, We bestowed the Book and the wisdom upon the family of Ibrahim (Abraham), and We gave them a great kingdom.”  (4:54)

57. Do Not Kill Each Other

“It is not rightful for a Muslim to kill another Muslim, unless it occurs by mistake; and the one who mistakenly kills a Muslim must set free a Muslim slave and pay blood-money to the family of the slain, except if they forego it; and if the victim is of a people who are hostile to you, and the killer is a Muslim, then only the setting free of a Muslim slave (is obligatory); and if the victim is from a people between whom and you there is a treaty, then blood-money must be paid to his family and the setting free of a Muslim slave; therefore one who has no means must fast for two consecutive months; this is his penance before Allah; and Allah is All Knowing, Wise.”  (4:92)

58. Do Not Be An Advocate For Deceit

“Indeed, We have revealed to you the Book in truth so you may judge between the people by that which Allah has shown you. And do not be for the deceitful an advocate.” (4:105)

59. Do Not Cooperate In Sin and Aggression

“Do not cooperate in sin and aggression. And fear Allah; indeed, Allah is severe in penalty.”  (5:2)

60. Cooperate In Righteousness

“And cooperate in righteousness and piety” (5:2)

(Continued)

Previous Parts of the Article:

Human Values and Good Manners Mentioned in the Quran – Part 3

Human Values and Good Manners Mentioned in the Quran – Part 2

Human Values and Good Manners Mentioned in the Quran – Part 1

URL: http://www.newageislam.com/islamic-ideology/kaniz-fatma,-new-age-islam/human-values-and-good-manners-mentioned-in-the-quran-–-part-4/d/117879

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TOTAL COMMENTS:-   24


  • It is difficult to get anything through to Naser sb. When we treat others as we would like to be treated by them, we are not reciprocating their treatment of us but we are treating them as we think in our minds how they would treat us under similar circumstances.

    Leave that aside and tell me whose bright idea it was that the Golden Rule had been abrogated? Who could have come up with such a patently absurd and moronic suggestion?


    By Ghulam Mohiyuddin - 3/15/2019 5:57:31 PM



  • GM sb proves all over again that  he is a dumb literalist.
    For one who is not a dumb literalist my comment By Naseer Ahmed - 3/9/2019 11:33:42 PM will be clear.
    I reproduce the same below:
    Repel evil with what is better.
    Is not different from:
    Reciprocate evil with what is better.
    How to reciprocate what is good?
    It follows that:
    Reciprocate good with what is better.
    which is what we do for example, if someone says "salam alaikum" we respond with "walaikum salam wa rehmatullahi wa barakatuhu"
    How to act when not reciprocating?
    It follows that when initiating a transaction:
    Act in a manner better than what you would have others act with you.
    This is an improvement over the Golden Rule which says:
    Act in the manner you would have others act with you.
    By Naseer Ahmed - 3/15/2019 2:35:49 AM



  • Naseer sb. knows no limits when he is arguing a lost cause! He has completely omitted mentioning that the Ahsan Rule is about combating evil! And when the Golden Rule says 'Act unto others as you would want others to act with you," the way one wants others to act with one is in fact the best possible way one human being can act with others. How can there be a better way than that"

    The very idea that the Golden Rule "has been abrogated" comes from a very idiotic mind. Does anyone else believe that?


    By Ghulam Mohiyuddin - 3/14/2019 1:17:53 PM



  • GM sb,
    You must be literally blind not to have read in my previous comment the following:
    How to act when not reciprocating?
    It follows that it means:
    Act in a manner better than what you would have others act with you.
    Against the Golden Rule which says:
    Act in the same manner you would have others act with you.
    By Naseer Ahmed - 3/14/2019 2:59:30 AM



  • Naseer sb. says, "Repel evil with what is better.
    Is not different from:
    Reciprocate evil with what is better."
    By putting it that way, does he think we are all fools? The Golden Rule does not say, "Reciprocate evil with what is better". It says treat others as you would like to be treated yourself. There is no mention of "evil" in the Golden Rule. To say that the Ahsan rule abrogates the Golden Rule is idiotic. The only ones who find fault with the Golden Rule are atheists like Immanuel Kant and George Bernard Shaw.

    By Ghulam Mohiyuddin - 3/10/2019 1:42:13 PM



  • Instead of trying to change the world, we should try to change ourselves.
    By Kaniz Fatma - 3/10/2019 10:07:20 AM



  • Repel evil with what is better.
    Is not different from:
    Reciprocate evil with what is better.
    How to reciprocate what is good?
    It follows that:
    Reciprocate good with what is better.
    which is what we do for example, if someone says "salam alaikum" we respond with "walaikum salam wa rehmatullahi wa barakatuhu"
    How to act when not reciprocating?
    It follows that:
    Act in a manner better than what you would have others act with you.
    There are many relations of pure Ahsan such as between spouses, parents-children, siblings etc. where we act in a manner better than what we would like the other to act. We would in fact be both embarrassed and uncomfortable if they acted with us in like manner. We expect nothing in return.
    Charity is based on the principle of Ahsan.
    The principle of Ahsan covers all transactions and relationships and abrogates the Principle of Reciprocity. It asks us to be charitable and generous in every transaction.
    It would be odd if a Book contained both the Principle of Reciprocity and the Principle of Ahsan and indeed the Quran contains only the principle of Ahsan and omits the abrogated Principle of Reciprocity.
    I thought the above reasoning was easy for all and therefore why the principle of ahsan abrogates the principle of reciprocity clear, but I was mistaken. My sincere apologies.

    By Naseer Ahmed - 3/9/2019 11:33:42 PM



  • Naseer sb. says, "I think that the Principle of Ahsan is the same and superior and it abrogates the previous rule?"

    This is sheer rubbish! Naseer sb. is just obsessed  with "abrogation". He sees abrogation going on everywhere without any rhyme or reason. Only an idiot would think that the Golden Rule needs to be abrogqated. It says we should treat others as we would like to be treated ourselves. It has nothing to do with repealing evil, which is the subject of the Ahsan rule. Even when caught making gross errors, Naseer sb. will keep on lying because he just cannot concede!


    By Ghulam Mohiyuddin - 3/9/2019 12:38:05 PM



  • GM sb  made a fool of himself by falsely accusing me of saying that the principle of Ahsan is first revealed in the Quran abrogating the principle of reciprocity in the Bible when in fact I never said any such thing because both are contrary to the facts. He is now trying to cover up his discomfort by arguing that the two are different. He is entitled to his opinion. How does it hurt him or anyone else if I think that the Principle of Ahsan is the same and superior and it abrogates the previous rule? Is this an issue for him to work up such a mad frenzy?

     The following is for those who wish to understand how the Principle of Ahsan is superior to the Principle of Reciprocity and not for windbags who merely wish to argue without any substance.

    The Principle of Reciprocity asks us to do justice to the other applying the same standard that we expect to be applied to ourselves. The Principle of Ahsan is superior to the maxim of reciprocity and is a unilateral moral commitment to do the best we can without expecting the same from the other and without even desiring the same from the other under identical circumstances. It is applying a differential standard and not the same standard to the other and self. It asks us to apply a lighter more forgiving standard to the other than what we desire from the other. The Principle asks us to repel evil with what is good. It is conceivable that when wronged, we may think that the person who has caused us injury, or we ourselves in the same position, will not expect to be treated well, and may act according to such reasoning. The Quran gives no scope for such reasoning and instructs us to repel evil with what is good. For example, I neither expect nor desire that a person wronged by me overlook my fault. I would like to be told that I did wrong so that I can make amends. I wouldn’t like to go into the Hereafter having wronged and not made amends for it. However, the principle of Ahsan expects a much lower standard be applied to the other. It expects forgiveness, overlooking the wrong and not demanding or expecting compensation.  This means that I do unto others what is better than what I would have them do unto me.

    41:34. Nor can goodness and Evil be equal. Repel (Evil) with what is better: Then will he between whom and you was hatred become as it were your friend and intimate!

    35. And no one will be granted such goodness except those who exercise patience and self-restraint,- none but persons of the greatest good fortune.

    36. And if (at any time) an incitement to discord is made to you by the Evil One, seek refuge in Allah. He is the One Who hears and knows all things.

    The Quran acknowledges that behaviour of such a high moral standard is difficult but shows the way to achieve such a standard and encourages us to follow the rule. This is more than forgiveness since forgiveness does not require returning what is good for the evil.


    By Naseer Ahmed - 3/9/2019 12:34:07 AM



  • Naseer sb. continues to persist in his idiotic  defiance although he knows that he has lost the argument. How can the principle of ahsan be an "improvement" over the principle of reciprocity when the two are addressing completely different issues? The principle of ahsan is about how best to combat evil. The Golden Rule is about treating other people just as we would like to be treated ourselves. Does not Naseer sb. use his brain at all?


    By Ghulam Mohiyuddin - 3/8/2019 1:39:35 PM



  • GM sb has turned rabid. How does it offend anyone to be told that the principle of ahsan is an improvement over the principle of reciprocity?
    Having made a fool of himself by falsely accusing me of trying to exalt the Quran at the cost of the Bible, he continues to argue and try to find fault because he lacks the grace and humility to apologize for his intemperate outburst over what he thought was an attempt to exalt the Quran and show the Bible down.
    The old fool does not realize that for me every Book of scriptures is from Allah and there is no question of exalting one over another.
    There is no cure for his rabidity.
    There is no cure for his apostasy.
    There is no cure for his slandering.
    There is no cure for his arrogance and lack of humility to accept his mistake.
    He will continue tp spew his venom.
    By Naseer Ahmed - 3/8/2019 1:43:52 AM



  • Let us examine another of Naseer sb.'s dumb statements: "it is the Bible which abrogates the principle of reciprocity in the earlier scriptures because I give credit to the Bible for the principle of Ahsan."

    Neither the Bible nor anything else has or will abrogate the Golden Rule. The very idea is psychotic. The principle of Ahsan is a noble principle in itself and is not designed to abrogate anything, except perhaps in the minds of some self-appointed exegetes.


    By Ghulam Mohiyuddin - 3/7/2019 12:08:14 PM



  • It is not only the Quran which abrogates. In this case, it is the Bible which abrogates the principle of reciprocity in the earlier scriptures because I give credit to the Bible for the principle of Ahsan. All scriptures are from Allah
    Is GM sb so dumb that I have to explain even this ? 

    By Naseer Ahmed - 3/7/2019 3:44:57 AM



  • Naseer sb. now claims, " I haven't talked about abrogation or superiority of the Quran in this thread at all."

    But this is what Naseer sb. had said earlier in this very thread! - -  "In verse 2:106, Allah says that Allah substitutes previous revelations by what is better, and this is one example of it."

    Naseer sb. keeps referring to the Golden Rule as the rule of reciprocity. It is actually a rule of compassion.  " Do unto others as you would have do unto you" has the same sentiment as "Love thy neighbor as yourself". This is the highest standard of human behavior. It is quite comparable to the Ahsan principle. 


    By Ghulam Mohiyuddin - 3/6/2019 2:50:45 PM



  • Only an idiot would think that forgiveness is not superior to mere reciprocity. I haven't talked about abrogation or superiority of the Quran in this thread at all. As a matter of fact, I have credited the Bible with the Ahsan principle.

    Isn't GM sb the rogue and the scoundrel who is slandering? He has turned rabid.

    By Naseer Ahmed - 3/6/2019 2:04:30 AM



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