By Naseer Ahmed, New Age Islam
05 September 2018
Man is the only creation that has moral
agency, capable of both good and evil. Every other creation follows the nature
given to it and is therefore not subject to Allah's judgment. We know from our history that the modern man
with cognitive abilities did not appear on the earth until 70,000 years ago. There were other progenitors of human beings besides Adam, who appeared
about 250,000 years ago. Every other species of humans besides the progeny of
Adam is long extinct. Humans were like any other animal and lived like animals
without guidance from Allah, without religion and without culture. “The most important thing to know about
prehistoric humans is that they were insignificant animals with no more impact
on their environment than gorillas, fireflies or jellyfish” (Harari).The Quran says of such people:
Has there not been over Man a long period of Time, when he was nothing - (not
even) mentioned? “
humans were not subject to Allah’s judgment since they did not have cognitive
abilities and were creatures entirely subject to the nature given to them.
then created a new species of the genus Homo some 70,000 years ago and since
species of the genus Homo already existed and their nature known, the Angels
were aghast and said:
Quran (2:30) Behold, thy Lord said to the angels:
"I will create a vicegerent on earth." They said: "Wilt Thou
place therein one who will make mischief therein and shed blood?- whilst we do
celebrate Thy praises and glorify Thy holy (name)?" He said: "I know
what ye know not."
The verse cited
indicates that human beings given to mischief and bloodshed already existed and
therefore the Angels wondered what Allah meant by a new creation of the same
genus Homo. However, this creation is different in their cognitive ability
which is why Allah says:
(2:31) And He taught Adam the names of all things;
then He placed them before the angels, and said: "Tell me the names of
these if ye are right." (32) They said: "Glory to Thee, of knowledge
We have none, save what Thou Hast taught us: In truth it is Thou Who art
perfect in knowledge and wisdom." (33) He said: "O Adam! Tell them
their names." When he had told them, Allah said: "Did I not tell you
that I know the secrets of heaven and earth, and I know what ye reveal and what
ye conceal?" (34) And behold, We said to the angels: "Bow down to
Adam" and they bowed down. Not so Iblis: he refused and was haughty: He
was of those who reject Faith.
evolutionary biology we learn that from an animal of no significance, a
cognitive revolution that began about 70,000 years ago, transformed man who
started to form elaborate structures called cultures based on common values
given by religion. The biologists are not sure what caused the revolutionary
new ways of thinking and communicating which constitute what may be called the
Cognitive Revolution. They conjecture that accidental genetic mutations which
Yuval Noah Harari, a historian, philosopher and an atheist, calls “the Tree of Knowledge mutation”,
changed the inner wiring of the brains of the modern man, enabling them to
think in unprecedented ways, and to communicate using an altogether new type of
language. Note that the verse about
Adam’s unique creation metaphorically describes “the Tree of Knowledge
mutation” which makes Adam superior to the Angels in knowledge about the world.
Another verse that metaphorically describes genetic coding that makes us
instinctively believe in Allah is as follows:
(7:172) When thy Lord drew forth from the Children of
Adam - from their loins - their descendants, and made them testify concerning
themselves, (saying): "Am I not your Lord (who cherishes and sustains
you)?"- They said: "Yea! We do testify!" (This), lest ye should
say on the Day of Judgment: "Of this we were never mindful":
Why did this mutation not occur in the other
species of humans such as the Neanderthals? The biologists think this was pure
chance but consider that it is more important to understand the consequences of
the Tree of Knowledge mutation than its causes. From the Scriptures, we know
that it was not chance, but a new creation as described in the Quran with
cognitive abilities that astounded the Angels. The biologists connect our
species to the species Homo sapiens which appeared some 150,000 years ago,
because we are more like the Homo sapiens than the other species of humans. The
fact may well be that we are very much different from what existed before the
Cognitive Revolution. The biologists, not being believers in creation,
conjecture that it was a chance mutation in an existing species.
Adam's creation is described as follows:
(15:29) "When I have
fashioned him (in due proportion) and breathed into him of My Rūḥī, fall ye down in obeisance unto him."
The ruh of
Allah is Allah’s inspiration with which He inspires man. In the case of
creation of Adam, it was both inspiration and genetic coding with cognitive
abilities hitherto not given to any other creation – not even to previous
species of humans such as the Homo rudolfensis, Homo erectus or the Homo
neanderthalensis which is why Allah says:
(3:33) Allah did choose Adam and Noah, the
family of Abraham, and the family of ´Imran above all people,-
Why would Allah say He chose Adam above
all people unless there were other human species? Also consider:
(17:70) We have
honoured the sons of Adam; provided them with transport on land and sea; given
them for sustenance things good and pure; and conferred on them special
favours, above a great part of our creation.
were some of the prophets on whom Allah did bestow His Grace,- of the posterity
of Adam, and of those who We carried (in the Ark) with Noah, and of the
posterity of Abraham and Israel of those whom We guided and chose. Whenever the
Signs of (Allah) Most Gracious were rehearsed to them, they would fall down in
prostrate adoration and in tears.
mankind! reverence your Guardian-Lord, who created you from a single person,
created, of like nature, His mate, and from them twain scattered (like seeds)
countless men and women;- reverence Allah, through whom ye demand your mutual
(rights), and (reverence) the wombs (That bore you): for Allah ever watches
Adam and his progeny over the progenitors and progeny of every other species
including other humans. The function of Allah’s Ruh is described in my article:
Islam and Mysticism: Is ‘Ruh’ Soul? (Part 2)
Adam and his
progeny is the only creation of Allah with cognitive abilities that make them a
moral agent capable of making moral choices. That is the hardware that man
comes equipped with at birth. The software is the criteria of right and wrong
which Allah has provided as guidance through His Messengers and Books of revelations.
The cognitive abilities make man capable of understanding moral principles in
hindsight but not in foresight which is why these are given to us by Allah. The
same cognitive abilities are excellent in understanding the mysteries of nature
in foresight which is why Allah has left it to man to unravel through the
pursuit of what we call the Sciences.
created a Universe and decreed laws that make it by and large self-governing.
Evolution is a fact of Allah’s creation. Lest man come to the conclusion based
on the pursuit of the Sciences, that there is no God apart from an entirely
self-governing and evolving Universe, He created Jesus Christ without a father
although there was no such necessity. This was only as an example for man to
comprehend and accept the truth of Adam’s creation.
(3:47) She (Mary) said: "O my Lord!
How shall I have a son when no man hath touched me?" He said: "Even
so: Allah createth what He willeth: When He hath decreed a plan, He but saith
to it, ´Be,´ and it is!
(3:59) The similitude of Jesus before
Allah is as that of Adam; He created him from dust, then said to him:
"Be". And he was.
4:171 “Messiah Jesus the son of Mary was (no more than) a
messenger of Allah, and His Word (Kalimatuhu),
which He bestowed on Mary, and a Rūḥun proceeding from Him.
In the birth of
Christ is proof of Adam’s creation. Jesus Christ was also unique in that he
could speak from birth and was a prophet from birth unlike any other prophet.
These unique abilities are the effect of Jesus being born like Adam from the
Ruh of Allah. Not surprisingly, Jesus did not marry and have children or pass
on his genes as it was not in Allah’s plans to have any other human like Jesus.
As further proof of Allah’s powers of creation apart from evolution, he made Jesus
"And (appoint him) a messenger to the Children of Israel, (with this
message): "´I have come to you, with a Sign from your Lord, in that I make
for you out of clay, as it were, the figure of a bird, and breathe into it, and
it becomes a bird by Allah´s leave: And I heal those born blind, and the
lepers, and I quicken the dead, by Allah´s leave; and I declare to you what ye
eat, and what ye store in your houses. Surely therein is a Sign for you if ye
It is also not
surprising, that only Jesus, whose birth was doubly unique by being the son of
a human and also by the Ruh of Allah, who alone had such powers among the
Adam and his progeny with unique cognitive abilities that make them a moral
agent, and guided them through Messengers and Books of revelations for just
ends, required instituting a system of rewards and punishment to keep them on
the straight path. Is there injustice in
this? Those who think that Allah has been unjust to them in making them born to
the progeny of Adam and would rather have been born an animal or not at all,
need psychiatric help. Others who are grateful to Allah for having been born to
the progeny of Adam are capable of finding the right answers to their questions
themselves about the purpose of their existence and what they need to do to be
successful in this world and in the Hereafter.
regarding God, creation and why there is no perfect justice on this earth while
Allah has created a Universe with perfect causality, order and predictability,
are covered in my articles below:,
The Quran, Islamic Theology, Philosophy And The
Sciences - What Is God And How Do We Go About Trying To Know God Better? (Part
The Quran, Islamic Theology, Philosophy and the
Sciences – On Soul and the Creation of Man (Part 2)
Naseer Ahmed is an Engineering graduate from IIT
Kanpur and is an independent IT consultant after having served in both the
Public and Private sector in responsible positions for over three decades. He
is a frequent contributor to NewAgeIslam.com
New Age Islam, Islam Online, Islamic Website, African Muslim News, Arab World News, South Asia News, Indian Muslim News, World Muslim News, Women in
Islam, Islamic Feminism, Arab Women, Women In
Arab, Islamophobia in America, Muslim Women
in West, Islam Women and Feminism
You are the one who
generalizes. You say "you can see the glory of
islam in almost every islamicx nation". On the contrary, I do not see any
glory in any Islamic nation nor much morality among the Muslims. I see more of
glory and morality even among the polytheists which is why I have
said on several occasions, that all else being equal, a "Muqallid"
(mere follower of traditions) polytheist is superior to a Muqallid Muslim. This
is the exact opposite of what some Muslim leader said in the past that
"the meanest Muslim is superior to Gandhi" just because he has
recited the kalima! In your hatred for all Muslims and Islam, you can never
differentiate. If you had any ability to differentiate, you would not have been
such an extremist Islamophobe.
The Quran being the word of God can never be wrong and it is
unsurprising that it is well ahead of its times being the absolute truth.
Science can therefore only catch up with what it has said but never prove
anything it has said wrong.
Man however, based on defective concepts of his world, could not
correctly understand many of these verses and therefore misinterpreted them.
The Muqallids continue to follow the errors of their imams and ulema which is
why it has become a question of "either you believe in religion or in
evolution". I have shown that both can be true and the atheist evolutionists
equally ignore the truths from religion although they cannot explain the appearance of the modern man purely in evolutionary terms.This is because their thinking is based on the
assumption that there is no God who intervenes in the affairs of the world.
This article is based entirely on verses from the Quran and what
Harari has said in his book "Sapiens: A brief history of mankind".
The key words "Cognitive Revolution", "Tree of Knowledge
mutation" are what Harari has used in the book and he is an atheist,
historian and philosopher.
Even the few Muslim scholars who talk about Science are reluctant
to touch the subject of evolution although the evidence from fossils,
archaeology and genetics converge about the existence of prehistoric species of
humans. Genetic mutations are undeniable facts as also the common building
blocks of all living organisms and the theory of evolution is theoretically
sound without ruling out the possibility that higher life forms were created
rather than evolved. The either or question is therefore a false logical
construct. The correct logical construct combining what the Quran says and what
Science says is that it is possible that both are right and the truths
intersect. Such a construct is both logically sound without contradicting all the
available data from Science. The possibility of both being right is enhanced when we see that both use metaphors which mean the same to describe the amazing appearance of the modern man 70000 years ago.
The atheists and the religious will however continue to see only
one truth and turn a blind eye to the other for a long time to come as seeing the other truth contradicts their beliefs. False beliefs zealously held are common among every group of humans be they religious or atheists.
Your pet lies that you keep repeating, have been answered numerous
times and none of these relate to the article.
This article is an example of Combinational
Creativity. Those who are sterile and cannot create anything, behave like Hats Off.
The genetic gulf separating Adam and his progeny and other species
of humans is unbridgeable. Even if they mated, they wouldn’t produce children
just as humans mating with Chimpanzees will not produce children. The different
species of humans did mate and produce children which also include the Homo
Sapiens. The biologists simply believe, without proof, that the progeny of Adam
is from the species of Homo Sapiens, because of closest resemblance to this
species. However, considering that the genetic mutation is both considerable
and significant, the genetic gulf between the pre-cognitive revolution homo sapiens
and the post cognitive revolution man is also unbridgeable. It makes them a new
species even if this was merely a result of genetic mutation of an existing
species. The creation of a new species as described in the Quran makes more
There are two truths which intersect which the deaf, dumb
and blind among the atheists and the theists will never be able to see.