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Islamic Ideology (12 Feb 2017 NewAgeIslam.Com)

Qur’anic Concept of Meezan: The Law of Universal Balance of Divine Justice

By Kazi Wadud Nawaz, New Age Islam

12 February 2017

               “In the Name of Allah, the most Beneficent and Merciful”

Meezan’ literally means a Scale, Balance or a weighing Machine usually used as an instrument of measurement for material transaction. Apparently, it might seem very insignificant, but   the holy Quran considers it as a most vital instrument for measuring material as well as spiritual values. It is a spiritual scale that will be used by Allah to weigh one’s good and evil deeds in the Hereafter. And it is a scale used by Allah in the mixed domain of our worldly life, that keep the whole Universe and life-process going.  The Holy Quran has assigned to it a far greater significance in terms of trade, moral standard, and as an instrument of universal governance. This article focuses principally on Quranic Concept of Meezan, the Law of Universal Balance of Justice-its scope and coverage and its manifestation in nature.

 We have identified a number of Qur’anic verses related to the concept of  Meezan for analysis  which are as follows:

v Verses [55:7-9,  67:3, 39:5 and 41:53, 21/47, 7/8-9. 21:47,7:8-9]

All these verses without exception reveal Allah’s Attributes as Creator, and Sole and Sovereign authority as Lord of the Universe. Out of these verses let us take up the  four interrelated Verses 39:5,  55:7-9,21:47 and 7:8-9 for discussion first.  These verses are interrelated in the sense that they l are concerned with   physical and spiritual aspects and balanced characteristics of divine creation. The first two express the significance of Meezan as instrument of divine Governance and the last two as the yard stick for measuring spiritual values in the Hereafter.

Seven heavens, Solar and Stellar systems, Alternation of day and nights – all have been created by Allah  in true proportion, well-planned, and perfectly balanced .All these creations are bound by common thread of Natural Laws and consolidated through establishment of ‘Meezan’, the Universal Law of Divine Balance in space as described in the verse [55:7-9].

The Verse 41:53 presents a grand communion of different instruments of divine governance both at   Macro, Micro and Nano level.   All Scientific disciplines including Physics, Chemistry, Biology, Micro-Biology, Quantum physics, elementary particles, Cosmology etc. are   collectively moving step by step on the way to prove the Truthfulness of the Holy promise made by Allah in the verse 41:53.The said Divine Promise is going to be fulfilled through scientific Research and Invention and this should have been enough for us to get rid of doubts and skepticism about genuineness of divine management of the physical universe

Allah has bestowed on us thinking capacity   and intellectual faculty to enable us to comprehend His  signs and getting convinced on the Truthfulness of the Divine promises made by Him in the Holy Qur’an.

Here, in the Verse 41:53, Allah has used the word ‘Soon’ to signify the terrestrial timeframe for future Scientific Research. Terrestrial domain of Time being infinitesimal compared to the metaphysical time of the Holy Quran, fraction of a second of which maybe equivalent to Millions of years of terrestrial measurable time. ‘Meezan’ is the greatest sign that Allah has revealed for mankind in nature and in his own-self for comprehending the unity between the physical and spiritual universe. Separation of one from the other is misleading and wrong approach towards understanding of the objective reality. This is because the scientific knowledge based purely on sense perception that fails to take into account its extension into spiritual domain, has its time and space bound inherent limitation.

 Allah Created Adam from sounding clays and then infused Divine Command [Ruuh/soul] into him to bring him to life.[ref:verses 32:7-9,and 38:71-72]. This Divine Command plays in Microscopic Domain of Life   at Nano level  in nucleus of each cell in the form of genetic information resulting in Balanced division of Cells: Creation and re-organization of the New and Elimination or destruction of the old. Similar Functions take place in Macroscopic Domain in space through creation, reorganization, death and destruction of stellar systems in the Galaxies and Milky Way. Creation of the New and Destruction of the old is a continuous process repeating itself as an integral part of Space Dynamics resulting also from some form of Divine Command still unknown to us.

Billions of stars and planets have been swimming safely in the space for billions of years without interference with each other The Sun and the Moon, all the stars and planets in innumerable Galaxies and in the Milky-way Function in Due Measure. The Truth of Earth and Human Life bears close relevance to the Universe and its Structure. The total art-craft of divine creation has been built up on the foundation of “Meezan”- Universal Balance of Divine Justice.

Now, the responsibility for comprehending Micro-Macro-Nano level  balancing  related to the origin of life on earth rests with Modern Scientific- Community. To explore the mode of application of the Law of Universal Balance has now turned out to be the prime objective of the Modern Science. But it is beyond the reach of the Science if based exclusively on the perceptive database.

 Scientific knowledge guided by Materialistic Philosophy will ultimately lose its steam and roam baffled in the blind lane of its limitations. To carve out a course ahead it is sure to bounce back and overflow the philosophical barrier and ultimately mingle with the ocean of spirituality as it has happened with a good number of Theist Scientists including Einstein.

The Law of Universal Balance of Justice is the fundamental Law of Divine Governance. But Allah is Sovereign. He promulgates Laws but He Himself is not bound by any Law. Sometimes deviations occur. But this deviation from General Principles of the physical world is a clear manifestation of His Sovereignty which proves that Allah is not bound by any Law enforced by His own Self.

The Administrative Principles of Divine Governance is characterized both by Rules and Exceptions regulated by divine wills –philosophically termed as the” Necessity” or “Accident” from materialistic point of view. Deviations signify sovereign authority of Allah and not Imperfection in the process of Divine Creation. The Whole Process of creation of the universe and the creation and resurrection of mankind emanates from sovereign authority of Allah, the Eternal Reality. Life in any form is a balanced communion of Matter and Spirit executed under divine command and ‘MEEZAN’ is the Basis of Life. The whole Universe including Microbes to Stellar Systems stand on the fulcrum of divine balance. There is balancing everywhere – in stellar and Solar System, in nature, in society, in ecosystem, in soil, in atmosphere, in hydrological cycle and within Human body.  System Imbalance in any form in any of the Sector will wreak havoc for life and the universe as a whole.


* And the Firmament has He raised high, and He has set up the Balance `(of Justice) in space., In order that you may not transgress due balance. So establish weight with justice and fall not short in the balance.” [Verse:55:7-9]

* He Created the Heavens and the earth in true proportions [Well-planned And Perfectly Balanced]: He makes the Night overlap the Day, and the Day overlap the Night: He has subjected the sun and the moon (to His Laws):each one follows a course for a time appointed. Is not He the Exalted in Power He Who forgives again and again” [Verse:39:5]

* “ Further  more I swear by the setting of the Stars, And that is indeed a mighty adjuration if you but knew,---“[Verses: 56:7 5-76]

*“Soon we will show them our signs in the farthest regions of the earth and in their own souls, until it becomes manifest to them that it is the Truth. Is it not enough that thy Lord doth witness all things?”  [Verse:41:53]

* And remember when your Lord said to the Angels: “I am going to create a human (Adam) from sounding clay of altered black smooth mud; So when I have fashioned him and breathed into him (his) soul created by Me, then you fall down prostrate to him[38:71-72]

v He began the creation of Man from dust. Then He made his progeny of an extract of water held in light esteem. Then He made him complete and breathed into him of His Spirit and made for him ears, eyes and heart.[Verses: 32:7-9]

* “And We set a just scale for the Day of Resurrection so that no soul is wronged in aught. Though it be of the weight of a grain of mustard seed, We bring it. And We suffice for reckoners. (al-Anbiya, 21/47).

v “The weighing on that day is the true (weighing). As for those whose scale is heavy, they are the successful. And as for those whose scale is light: those are they who lose their souls because they disbelieved Our revelations. (al-Araf, 7/8-9.)

Source: http://www.newageislam.com/islamic-ideology/kazi-wadud-nawaz,-new-age-islam/qur’anic-concept-of-meezan--the-law-of-universal-balance-of-divine-justice/d/110048

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  • The concept of balance or mezan is beyond those who lack balance and veer to the extreme.
    The phenomena behind physical events are either understood in terms of the laws of physics or not understood. If the laws are not understood, the events do not become miraculous.
    The laws understood by humans cover only repeatable and predictable occurrences. By the very methodology of the Sciences, these cannot cover non-repeatable and therefore non-predictable occurrences. Are non repeatable occurrences miraculous? These events are merely beyond human agency to produce but do not violate God's laws if such events occur.

    The laws of physics model God's laws of nature and may not be understood as God's laws themselves no matter how good the model is.

    Is God bound by his own laws? Most certainly, when  God decrees a thing, He honours His Word and is therefore by the very attribute of God bound by it. There is no exception to this. There would be chaos otherwise.

    By Naseer Ahmed - 2/16/2017 1:23:34 AM

  • Dear Hats off, Congratulations Mr. Self-proclaimed Winner!!
    Good day and Goodbye.

    By Kazi Wadud Nawaz - 2/15/2017 6:03:00 PM

  • dear kazi wadud nawaz,

    it is well known that the one who takes to name calling in any debate has lost his argument.

    it is not my fault that you wrote a childish and insane article. i simply pointed it out along with the imbalances in your understanding of allah. naturally you are angry and want to call me names.

    go ahead and satisfy yourself. call me all the names you want. that will be better for you. name-calling is so very islamic.

    sorry! you are a sore loser. better luck next time.

    with regards

    By hats off! - 2/15/2017 11:53:36 AM

  • Dear Hats-off,
    Well Mr. now you have come to the point with your heads off! I already smelt something fishy in your very first response and tried just to set you off the balance and now you have  exposed your self and your depth of Knowledge! I agree  you have understood everything as a child or insane understands his own self and his surroundings, so you have understood my article .Thanks.

    By Kazi Wadud Nawaz - 2/15/2017 8:21:26 AM

  • dear mr. kazi wadud nawaz
    already it is clear from your responses that apart from making childish puns on hats, you have absolutely no explanation to offer.

    i am pretty sure of the meaning of the word essence. if you have anything to add to it please bring it on. i just browsed three online dictionaries as well as verified the meaning from chamber's english dictionary.

    the "essence" of your article is what i put into four points. if allah can make laws and break them, obviously he is not quite up to it. if you think allah can make and break laws he is no better than any bunch of humans who routinely make laws and break them. so there is nothing superior about allah either as a legislator or law-giver. if deviations occur in his law he is not worthy of any special status.

    if they are not the essence, kindly educate us about it instead of focusing on my hat. or better still write another article about hats in general and my hat in particular.


    By hats off! - 2/15/2017 3:27:14 AM

  • Dear Hatsoff,
    Thank you for your response.Please put your hat on again  other wise it will be difficult for you to understand even the meaning of the word  "essence".Not only that you failed to understand it rather you have misunderstood it and have made a mess of everything. I would rather suggest you to consult an authentic Dictionary. Thanks
    Sincerely Yours,
    Wadud Nawaz 

    By Kazi Wadud Nawaz - 2/15/2017 2:04:22 AM

  • dear mr. kazi wadud nawaz

    you are the author of the article. i am a reader. my comment has quoted sentences from your article - though not verbatim.

    if you were trying to educate us about "essence" or whatever, you should have done it by writing about it in the article.

    i think if your "essence" is important for us to understand, just try and include it in your article instead of becoming cross.

    please allow me to bother myself about my hat. and kindly focus on what you are trying to say and say it correctly. also let me decide how i eat fruits. the rind, the pulp, the peduncle or seed while you please try and polish your knowledge and understanding and writing skills for giving words to your "essence".

    sincerely yours with regards

    By hats off! - 2/14/2017 6:00:52 PM

  • Dear Mr. Mohiyuddin, Thanks for your Comments.I agree, another suitable word should have been used But sorry, I couldn't find any. please suggest one. Natural Laws cannot rule the universe.It is simply the Instrument of ruling not the Ruler. Yours Sincerely. Wadud Nawaz
    By Kazi Wadud Nawaz - 2/14/2017 5:43:09 PM

  • Dear Hats-off,
    Please put your hat on. You have not understood the substance of the article  correctly.   You have given too much emphasis on the form without dealing with the essence. You have simply licked the Rind of the fruit without  crumbing  the core. Thanks. Sincerely yours ,
    Wadud Nawaz

    By Kazi Wadud Nawaz - 2/14/2017 5:26:06 PM

  • "Deviations" is probably the wrong word. Laws of nature rule the universe but they do not limit the Omnipotent.

    By Ghulam Mohiyuddin - 2/12/2017 11:59:08 AM

  • Thanks Janab Qazi Wadud Nawaz Sb for such an enlightening research work on the topic of Allah’s eternal theory of The Law of Universal Balance of Divine Justice, it has refreshed our Eiman and further enhanced our faith upon the Universal divinity of the Qur’anic concept.

    As a further testimony to the unity of the One who has created all of mankind, note the striking similarity in the Bhagavad-Gita written in India a thousand years earlier:

    You are the One Creator of all the worlds,
    and of that which moves and that which does not move,
    You alone are fit for worship, You are the highest Teacher,
    In all the worlds there is none equal to You.        - Bhagavad-Gita 11:43

    The Surah Al-Ikhlas clearly manifests the sole authority of Allah over the humanity and defines His position in as simple term as possible.

    Bismillah Ar-Rahman Ar-Raheem
    Qul Huw-Allahu Ahad
    Lam yalid wl lam yulad
    Wa lam yakul lahu kufuwan ahad

    In the name of Allah, the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful.
    Say: He is Allah, the One!
    Allah, the eternally Besought of all!
    He begetteth not nor was begotten.
    And there is none comparable unto Him.

    By Raihan Nezami - 2/12/2017 11:06:52 AM

  • it is nice to know about allah that 
    1) "..he promulgates  laws.
    2) "he himself is not bound by any law" (which he himself promulgates).
    2) "sometimes deviations occur" in this law.
    4) deviations in this law is proof of sovereignty of allah.
    i hope i have "understood" the matter correctly.

    By hats off! - 2/12/2017 6:15:13 AM

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