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Islamic Ideology (18 Jun 2019 NewAgeIslam.Com)



What Does Taqwa Mean?



By Naseer Ahmed, New Age Islam

 

18 June 2019

 

Strangely, I find Islamic scholars struggling to give the meaning of Taqwa although; the Quran gives the meaning directly as follows:

 

ذَٰلِكَ الْكِتَابُ لَا رَيْبَ ۛ فِيهِ ۛ هُدًى لِّلْمُتَّقِينَ

 

(2:2) This is the Book; in it is guidance sure, without doubt, to the Muttaqin.

 

The above verses says that the Quran is a Book of certain guidance for the Muttaqin and the verse below says that whoever listens to the Word or command of Allah, and then follows the command in the best possible manner, are the ones whom Allah has guided, or in other words these people are the Muttaqin.

 

الَّذِينَ يَسْتَمِعُونَ الْقَوْلَ فَيَتَّبِعُونَ أَحْسَنَهُ ۚ أُولَـٰئِكَ الَّذِينَ هَدَاهُمُ اللَّـهُ ۖ وَأُولَـٰئِكَ هُمْ أُولُو الْأَلْبَابِ

 

(39:18) Those who listen to the Word, and follow the best thereof: those are the ones whom Allah has guided, and those are the ones endued with understanding.

 

Taqwa is therefore to follow the commands of Allah in the best possible manner. The Quran also makes clear how to obey the important commands of Allah in the best possible manner.

 

 

Taqwa in Salat

 

For example, if it is Salat, then, it is performed facing Kabaa (2:149 and 150), celebrating “Allah´s praises in the manner Allah has taught you, which ye knew not before” (2:239). The obligatory Salat must be performed in Jamaat or congregation “bow down with those who bow down in worship” (2:43, 3:43).  Obligatory prayers are to be performed at stated time (4:103). Wudhu or Tayammum need to be performed before Salat in the manner described in verse 5:6 or in 4:43 respectively.  Most importantly, one must stand before Allah in a devout (frame of mind) while performing Salat (2:238) and never miss performing an obligatory Salat even when traveling or even while fighting in a war (4:101 to 103) and 2:239.

 

Taqwa in Zakat

 

Give zakat freely what is in excess of one’s needs to the needy (2:215), without miserliness or niggardliness (4:37), with a kind word and without injury or insult, and without making it a show to be seen of men, seeking nothing but the countenance of Allah (2:262 to 264).

 

Taqwa in the Treatment of One’s Parents

 

Thy Lord hath decreed that ye worship none but Him, and that ye be kind to parents. Whether one or both of them attain old age in thy life, say not to them a word of contempt, nor repel them, but address them in terms of honour. (Quran 17:23) And, out of kindness, lower to them the wing of humility, and say: "My Lord! bestow on them thy Mercy even as they cherished me in childhood." (Quran 17:24)

 

The commandments for the Islamic way of life describe vividly the best way to follow the commands. The command describes the body language that is appropriate (lower the wings of humility) – once such a posture is assumed, can a person misbehave? The command says that even the expression of impatience such as saying uff (just a sound emitted which means the equivalent of “Oh No!”)is to be avoided at the mistakes the elderly often make. It says that only words of honour are to be used with parents such as “beloved father/mother”. And how beautiful is the prayer that is taught! "My Lord! bestow on them thy Mercy even as they cherished me in childhood". The prayer reminds us of how our parents cherished us in our childhood which primes us or puts us in the frame of mind to behave towards them in the same kindly manner overlooking their infirmities, follies, forgetfulness, repetitiveness, sensitivity and many other afflictions of old age that require our constant attention, love, care and patience.

 

Following a command but without Taqwa

 

(2:27) Recite to them the truth of the story of the two sons of Adam. Behold! they each presented a sacrifice (to Allah): It was accepted from one, but not from the other. Said the latter: "Be sure I will slay thee." "Surely," said the former, "Allah doth accept of the sacrifice of those who are Muttaqin.

Here it means those who sacrifice willingly and in the best possible manner and not in the manner described below:

(2:67) And remember Moses said to his people: "Allah commands that ye sacrifice a heifer." They said: "Makest thou a laughing-stock of us?" He said: "Allah save me from being an ignorant (fool)!"

(68) They said: "Beseech on our behalf Thy Lord to make plain to us what (heifer) it is!" He said; "He says: The heifer should be neither too old nor too young, but of middling age. Now do what ye are commanded!"

(69) They said: "Beseech on our behalf Thy Lord to make plain to us Her colour." He said: "He says: A fawn-coloured heifer, pure and rich in tone, the admiration of beholders!"

(70) They said: "Beseech on our behalf Thy Lord to make plain to us what she is: To us are all heifers alike: We wish indeed for guidance, if Allah wills."

(71) He said: "He says: A heifer not trained to till the soil or water the fields; sound and without blemish." They said: "Now hast thou brought the truth." Then they offered her in sacrifice, but not with good-will.

The number of questions asked itself is an indicator of unwillingness to obey the command under the pretext of lack of clarity. Notice that with each question, their task becomes more difficult. If they had Taqwa, or desire to obey the command of Allah, they would have sacrificed willingly without asking any question, and could have sacrificed any heifer and not one answering to the exacting specifications.

The Meaning of Taqwa As the Quran Teaches Us

Let us go back to the verse:

(2:2) This is the Book; in it is guidance sure, without doubt, to the Muttaqin.

 

From the discussion above, we know that Muttaqin in this verse means that the Quran is a guidance without doubt, to those who read/listen to the Quran in the best possible manner. What is reading/listening in the best possible manner? It is reading/listening paying full attention to every word and its meaning. Even if an enemy of Islam does that, the Quran becomes a guidance to such a person. For example, Hazrat Umar was one such enemy of Islam for whom listening to a few Ayats of the Quran became guidance to accept Islam.

The Story of Umar’s Conversion

Hazrat Umar (RA) before his acceptance of Islam was a cruel and prominent persecutor of Muslims and a bitter enemy of Islam and Muhammad (pbuh). When the faith kept growing despite the persecution, the leaders among the persecutors decided to assassinate Muhammad. Umar volunteered to do the job.

The story of Umar’s conversion is recounted in Ibn Ishaq's Sīrah. On his way to murder Muhammad, Umar met his friend Nua'im bin Abdullah who had secretly converted to Islam. When Umar informed him that he had set out to kill Muhammad, Nua'im said, “why don't you return to your own house and at least set it straight?"

Nuaimal Hakim told him to inquire about his own house where his sister and her husband had converted to Islam without Umar’s knowledge. Upon arriving at her house, Umar found his sister and brother-in-law Saeed bin Zaid (Umar's cousin) reciting the verses of the Quran from sura Ta-Ha. He pounced on his brother-in-law and began beating him. When his sister came to rescue her husband, he also hit her. They kept on saying "you may kill us but we will not give up Islam". Upon hearing these words, Umar slapped his sister so hard that she fell to the ground bleeding from her mouth. When he saw what he did to his sister, he calmed down and asked his sister to give him what she was reciting. His sister refused saying "You are unclean, and no unclean person can touch the Scripture." He insisted, but his sister refused and asked him to first purify himself by bathing. Umar did so and then began to read the verses that were: Verily, I am Allah: there is no God but Me; so serve Me (only), and establish regular prayer for My remembrance (Quran 20:14). He wept and declared, "Surely this is the word of Allah.” He then went to Muhammad (pbuh) and accepted Islam.

 How did the reading of a few verses from the Quran become a source of guidance for the violent Umar who was till recently a bitter opponent of the Prophet and Islam? Did he read the verses with the fear of Allah in his heart? No, he simply read it out of bewildered curiosity and the need to know what had transformed his sister. He wanted to better understand so that he could better oppose it. He did not read with the intention of becoming a Muslim. He was however in a heedful state as he very much wanted to understand its appeal to the people who would not give it up even when persecuted. When he read the verses, he was not in a state of fear or awe. After the reading and the reading turning into guidance, he was filled with awe and subsequently fear of Allah when he reflected on his past and the dark deeds he had done in his ignorance of the Deen of Allah.

 The Quran is a guidance to every heedful reader/listener who pays careful attention to its meaning. Who can deny it? It is not a source of guidance for the heedless. Who can deny this? One may read the Quran a thousand times in a heedless state. It will not benefit the reader. A person may like a single verse so much, that he may spend all night reading the verse again and again in a heedful state filled with awe, wonder, humility and gratitude. Such a reading will transform the reader.

The Prophet (pbuh) spent all night reading:

 إِن تُعَذِّبْهُمْ فَإِنَّهُمْ عِبَادُكَ ۖ وَإِن تَغْفِرْ لَهُمْ فَإِنَّكَ أَنتَ الْعَزِيزُ الْحَكِيمُ 

 (5:118) "If Thou dost punish them (the Christians who venerated Jesus as son of God and Mary as Mother of god), they are Thy servant: If Thou dost forgive them, Thou art the Exalted in power, the Wise."

The verse contains the intercession of Jesus (pbuh) for his Ummat. In the verses that follow, Allah does not reject the intercession. How subtly Allah informs us that even such Christians, who worshiped Jesus and Mary, can also hope for His forgiveness! The Prophet wept all night reading this verse again and again because this single verse reflects several of Allah's attributes such as Al Lateef, Al Rahim, Al Rehman, Al Rauf, Al Karim, Al Ghaffar, Al Qaabidh, Al Halim, Al Hakam, Al Ad'l, Al Ali, Al Kabir, Al Qadeer, Al Muqtadir, Al Hasib, Al Jalil, Al Mujib, Al Hakim, Al Wadud, Al Majeed, Ash Shaheed, Al Wakil, Al Wali, Al Muhsi and Al Hamidu. This is the most beautiful verse of the Quran. However, this verse is beyond the understanding of our Ulema, who consider the Christians as Kafir destined for Hell. They are heedless of the Quran and heedful of the secondary sources which clouds their minds preventing them from understanding.

To obey a command of Allah in the best possible manner, what is required is to pay heed/attention to every requirement and detail. For example, while offering Salat, paying attention to every detail and requirement described before.

The word heedfulness contains all the other meanings given to the word Taqwa and its derivatives besides also meaning ‘in the best possible manner’ or ‘most sincerely’. One can be heedful from:

 

1. Sheer curiosity to acquire correct knowledge as Hazrat Umar did when he first listened to a recitation of the Quran.

2. Fear of Allah

3. Reverence of Allah

4. The desire to please Allah

5. Love of Allah

6. The desire to see the countenance of Allah in the Hereafter

7.  The desire to excel

8. The urge to gain piety

9. The urge to gain righteousness

10 To gain nearness to Allah

11 To gain the Inam of Allah.

 

The methodology that I have followed to derive the meaning of Taqwa was to let the Quran teach me its meaning. This is the methodology that I follow for all my articles. To the best of my knowledge and belief, no other person has derived the same meaning of Taqwa, because no one else follows the same methodology with the same Taqwa or intensity. They follow it loosely, or without adequate Taqwa, which is why their meanings do not fit well the usage of the word in the Quran. For example, this is how Yusuf Ali and many others translate verse 2:2

 

(2:2) This is the Book; in it is guidance sure, without doubt, to those who fear Allah;

 

To fear Allah, one must believe in Allah and know His attributes which means that one must already be on true guidance. The verse then becomes a tautology –The Quran is a guidance without doubt to those who are on true guidance! This is clearly nonsensical. The word and its derivatives have been used 239 times in the Quran and a mistranslation plays havoc with the correct understanding of the Quran. While piety or righteousness are not incorrect translations of Taqwa in other verses, these words are less meaningful and effective than heedfulness. We can understand the requirement to be painstakingly heedful of every detail, but what does it mean to be pious or righteous?

 

Naseer Ahmed is an Engineering graduate from IIT Kanpur and is an independent IT consultant after having served in both the Public and Private sector in responsible positions for over three decades. He is a frequent contributor to NewAgeIslam.com

 

URL: http://newageislam.com/islamic-ideology/naseer-ahmed,-new-age-islam/what-does-taqwa-mean?/d/118916

 

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TOTAL COMMENTS:-   14


  • Is your unthinking and blind following of the Quran and its teachings in the best possible manner? I don't think so.

    By Ghulam Mohiyuddin - 9/28/2019 2:27:34 PM



  • Apparently, GM sb hates to follow the Quran and its teachings in the best possible manner  or with Taqwa!
    By Naseer Ahmed - 9/28/2019 12:48:06 AM



  • The Quranic concept of Taqwa is being abused to justify unthinking obedience and being stuck in the ethos of 7th century Arabia.
     

    By Ghulam Mohiyuddin - 7/8/2019 1:05:00 PM



  • The message of the Quran is simple and clear.  (3:138)” Here is a plain statement to men, a guidance and instruction to the mindful!”  What comes out clearly from the Quran is:

    Faith or belief does not merely mean belief in God and the Hereafter and Muhammad as the messenger of Allah, but complete faith in Allah as the giver of the perfect religion to be followed in the best possible manner. The kafaru are those who do not accept that Allah’s guidance is the only guidance and therefore do not enter into Islam whole-heartedly. They follow their own whims. The degree of kufr varies from a half-hearted acceptance of Allah’s deen to total rejection.

     (6:71) Say “Allah´s guidance is the (only) guidance, and we have been directed to submit ourselves to the Lord of the worlds;”

    (2:208) O ye who believe! Enter into Islam whole-heartedly; and follow not the footsteps of the evil one; for he is to you an avowed enemy.

    (7:30) Some He hath guided: Others have (by their choice) deserved the loss of their way; in that they took the evil ones, in preference to Allah, for their friends and protectors, and think that they receive guidance.

    (26:221) Shall I inform you, (O people!), on whom it is that the evil ones descend?(222) They descend on every lying, wicked person,(223) (Into whose ears) they pour hearsay vanities, and most of them are liars.

    (29:38) (Remember also) the ´Ad and the Thamud (people): clearly will appear to you from (the traces) of their buildings (their fate): the Evil One made their deeds alluring to them, and kept them back from the Path, though they were gifted with intelligence and skill.

     (47:25) Those who turn back as apostates after Guidance was clearly shown to them,- the Evil One has instigated them and busied them up with false hopes.(26) This, because they said to those who hate what Allah has revealed, "We will obey you in part of (this) matter"; but Allah knows their (inner) secrets.(27) But how (will it be) when the angels take their souls at death, and smite their faces and their backs?(28) This because they followed that which called forth the Wrath of Allah, and they hated Allah´s good pleasure; so He made their deeds of no effect.

     (2:257) Allah is the Protector of those who have faith: from the depths of darkness He will lead them forth into light. The patrons of the Kafaru are the evil ones: from light they will lead them forth into the depths of darkness. They will be companions of the fire, to dwell therein (For ever).

    Taqwa is therefore important to ensure that we do not stray from the straight path. It is only people of Taqwa who will be assuredly admitted to Heaven because it is only these who are at all times mindful of the good pleasure of Allah.


    By Naseer Ahmed - 7/8/2019 1:31:14 AM



  • Very simplistic arguments are being made in the name of Islam to promote a slavish mentality and to curb freedom of thought.


    By Ghulam Mohiyuddin - 7/5/2019 1:12:24 PM



  • (95:1) By the Fig and the Olive,

    (2) And the Mount of Sinai,

    (3) And this City of security,-

    (4) We have indeed created man in the best of moulds,

    (5) Then do We abase him (to be) the lowest of the low,-

    (6) Except such as believe and do righteous deeds: For they shall have a reward unfailing.

    (7) Then what can, after this, contradict thee, as to the judgment (to come)?

    (8) Is not Allah the wisest of judges?

    Allah swears by the message brought by the prophets through the ages that there are two types of people - those who abase themselves to become the lowest of the low and those who rise above every other creation doing justice to their creation in the best of moulds. 

     Every creation of Allah is born with instincts, desires and lusts. The only creation of Allah that can free itself from its instincts, desires and lusts to become a moral agent is man. This requires belief in Allah and following what Allah’s shows us as righteous conduct.

     However, those who remain slaves of their own lusts, desires and instincts, are the ones who abase themselves below every other creation since man is capable of excesses that no other creation is capable of. Those who free themselves from their desires and lusts and even their instincts to become righteous and espouse a higher purpose, do justice to the mould in which Allah created them. Should Allah then not judge people by what they choose to espouse? Do we still doubt the judgment to come?

     Now who is really free and who is a slave?

     The righteous choose to become the slave of Allah by following every command of Allah and this frees them from their desires, lusts and instincts. They are driven by what is right and not what they desire.

    The rest who remain slaves of their own instincts, desires and lusts lack the freedom to practice righteousness.

     Man is the only creation which can free itself from its instincts and desires to make moral choices which is why Allah says that He has created man in the best of moulds. Man is therefore the only creation which is provided guidance by Allah on righteous conduct and will be judged by Allah on how we act on the guidance provided.


    By Naseer Ahmed - 7/5/2019 4:11:58 AM



  • Islam should get out of its 7th century Arab self-definition of submission and  mental enslavement. Islam to us should mean enlightenment and freedom.


    By Ghulam Mohiyuddin - 6/27/2019 10:07:02 AM



  • The Quran presents evidence and arguments to support:

    1.      1. Belief in Allah with all His attributes as the Creator, Sustainer, Controller, etc.

    2.      2. Negation of any other god besides the One and only God.

    3.      3. His divine plan for the guidance of mankind through the ages and how this has unfolded

    4.      4. His unfailing practice to reward the believers who do good deeds and punish the rejecters of Allah’s deen who practice injustice and oppression.

    5.      5. His absolute control on all creation and granting of limited autonomy to man making him a moral agent capable of making moral choices freely.

    Having made the path of Truth clear from the path of Error, Allah also forbids compulsion in religion. Man is asked to freely choose to follow the deen of Allah. While he is free to follow/not follow or follow selectively, for the supreme success in this life and the Hereafter, Allah informs us that Taqwa is required. Who is a Muttaqi? A Muttaqi is one who chooses to follow all of Allah’s commands in the best possible manner, and scrupulously avoid what Allah forbids. He is a person who has freely, without compulsion, having understood the reality of Allah and His attributes, decided to repose complete faith in Allah and His word in the Quran.

    It has always been beyond man’s capacity to fully understand all of Allah’s commands. Over the thousands of years of practicing Allah’s commands, we know why the things that Allah commands are good and why what Allah forbids are bad but not everything is clear nor does the Quran even attempt to explain every command. For example, the Quran does not explain why eating of pork is forbidden or why marrying into certain persons related by blood is forbidden but not others and why marrying foster mother/siblings is also forbidden but not marrying first cousins.  If we can figure out good reasons for these based on the biological sciences and/or the social sciences well and good, and even if we cannot, we must still obey the commands.

    The meaning of Islam is submission and a Muslim is one who submits completely to Allah without reservation like a slave. The triliteral root ʿayn bā dāl (ب د ع) from which we get words such as abid, mean both worshipper and slave and are used to mean both in the Quran. For example, in verse 2:178, the word clearly means slave “ O ye who believe! the law of equality is prescribed to you in cases of murder: the free for the free, the slave (wal-ʿabdu)  for the slave (bil-ʿabdi),  .......” There are numerous verses in which the Quran uses the same word for the worshippers of Allah. For example verse 2:186 “And when My slaves (ibādī) ask you, [O Muhammad], concerning Me - indeed I am near........”. A Muslim is therefore one who submits to Allah and is a dutiful slave of Allah.

     The invitation of the Quran is therefore to use your intellect and power of reasoning to accept/reject:

    1.      1. Whether the Allah of the Quran exists

    2.      2. Whether the Quran is the word of Allah

    If the answer to the above two questions is yes, then decide whether you want to be  a Muslim which means a slave of Allah willing to obey all of Allah’s commands in the best possible manner and scrupulously avoid all that He has forbidden.

    Between a Muttaqi Muslim at one end, and an open kafir at the other end, we have in between those who are weak in practice but strong in their convictions and admitting their weakness. These are also Muslims. And then there are the hypocrites who are disdainful of the good Muslims.

    The Quran makes clear what it takes to be considered a Muttaqi.  It is the Muttaqi who is guided by Allah’s light and the others are in varying degrees of darkness. He has done his thinking and decided to become a Muttaqi.  Unlike the hypocrite, he does not have to think each time whether to tell the truth or to lie. He chooses to speak the truth every time and having done so, he no longer needs to re-think on the subject. The hypocrites are reluctant Muslims who need to constantly think whether to act as a Muslim or not. The kafir, the apostates and the hypocrites can only be expected to take digs at the very meaning of Taqwa.


    By Naseer Ahmed - 6/27/2019 2:57:43 AM



  • mr ghulam, I like reading mr naseer’s articles very much.  There is much wisdom in his articles.  I notice that you often comment in very argumentative and disrespectful ways.  However, I often find that some aspects of your comments are also thought provoking. But so we can have our minds in a more rational and expansive and open manner, please minimize the nastiness.   
    By Omer - 6/23/2019 5:06:57 PM



  • Naseer sb. now claims to be the master of original thinking! I have to laugh! He may be using "original" tricks to make unthinking followership official.



    By Ghulam Mohiyuddin - 6/19/2019 1:09:04 PM



  • I have defined Taqwa explicitly and it is not as "unthinking followership". GM sb lies. My more than 100 articles are based on original thinking to make the Quran clear to unthinking people like GM sb. The Quran itself says explicitly "let there be no compulsion in religion because the truth is made to stand out clear from error". 

    Have the people given up the path of error because the truth now stands clear from error? No, they haven't and GM sb is one such person. To people who have chosen the path of error, Allah makes the path of error easy until they become "deaf, dumb and blind" to all reason. To them, Taqwa is a bad word.


    By Naseer Ahmed - 6/19/2019 4:08:08 AM



  • Totally Anti Islam
    By Ali Ahmed - 6/19/2019 1:55:33 AM



  • Naseer sb.'s methodology is useless if it makes him define taqwa as unthinking followership.
    Instead of laying excessive stress on obedience we must emphasize our free choice of being righteous and pious.

    By Ghulam Mohiyuddin Faruki - 6/18/2019 12:17:08 PM



  • The following is a beautiful Surah contrasting a person with Taqwa with another without.

    A Muttaqi, by being heedful and devoted to Allah, shows complete faith/trust in Allah.  The one without Taqwa on the other hand considers himself self-sufficient and therefore remains heedless of Allah. Allah guides those with taqwa and they will be the ones who attain complete satisfaction or all that they desire.

    Surah 92 Al-Lail / The Night

    بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ وَاللَّيْلِ إِذَا يَغْشَىٰ              

    (1) By the Night as it conceals (the light);

    وَالنَّهَارِ إِذَا تَجَلَّىٰ      

    (2) By the Day as it appears in glory;

    وَمَا خَلَقَ الذَّكَرَ وَالْأُنثَىٰ             

    (3) By (the mystery of) the creation of male and female;-

    إِنَّ سَعْيَكُمْ لَشَتَّىٰ      

    (4) Verily, (the ends) ye strive for are diverse.

    فَأَمَّا مَنْ أَعْطَىٰ وَاتَّقَىٰ

    (5) So he who gives (in charity) and seeks (Allah) (wa-ittaqā),

    وَصَدَّقَ بِالْحُسْنَىٰ     

    (6) And (in all sincerity) testifies to the best,-

    فَسَنُيَسِّرُهُ لِلْيُسْرَىٰ     

    (7) We will indeed make smooth for him the path to Bliss.

    وَأَمَّا مَن بَخِلَ وَاسْتَغْنَىٰ            

    (8) But he who is a greedy miser and thinks himself self-sufficient,

    وَكَذَّبَ بِالْحُسْنَىٰ      

    (9) And gives the lie to the best,-

    فَسَنُيَسِّرُهُ لِلْعُسْرَىٰ    

    (10) We will indeed make smooth for him the path to Misery;

    وَمَا يُغْنِي عَنْهُ مَالُهُ إِذَا تَرَدَّىٰ     

    (11) Nor will his wealth profit him when he falls headlong (into the Pit).

    إِنَّ عَلَيْنَا لَلْهُدَىٰ        

    (12) Verily We take upon Ourselves to guide,

    وَإِنَّ لَنَا لَلْآخِرَةَ وَالْأُولَىٰ             

    (13) And verily unto Us (belong) the End and the Beginning.

    فَأَنذَرْتُكُمْ نَارًا تَلَظَّىٰ   

    (14) Therefore do I warn you of a Fire blazing fiercely;

    لَا يَصْلَاهَا إِلَّا الْأَشْقَى

    (15) None shall reach it but those most unfortunate ones

    الَّذِي كَذَّبَ وَتَوَلَّىٰ   

    (16) Who give the lie to Truth and turn their backs.

    وَسَيُجَنَّبُهَا الْأَتْقَى     

     (17) But those most devoted to Allah (l-atqā) shall be removed far from it,-

    الَّذِي يُؤْتِي مَالَهُ يَتَزَكَّىٰ

    (18) Those who spend their wealth for increase in self-purification,

    وَمَا لِأَحَدٍ عِندَهُ مِن نِّعْمَةٍ تُجْزَىٰ

    (19) And have in their minds no favour from anyone for which a reward is expected in return,

    إِلَّا ابْتِغَاءَ وَجْهِ رَبِّهِ الْأَعْلَىٰ         

    (20) But only the desire to seek for the Countenance of their Lord Most High;

    وَلَسَوْفَ يَرْضَىٰ        

    (21) And soon will they attain (complete) satisfaction.


    By Naseer Ahmed - 6/18/2019 7:23:11 AM



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