By Rauf Ramish
(Translated from Urdu by Raihan Nezami, NewAgeIslam.com)
The almighty Allah Kareem sent first human being Hazrat Adam (AS) upon this world after creating the universe. This process will be carried on till the Day of Resurrection, but He kept sending prophets from time to time for the guidance of humanity. This process terminated upon the prophet Hazrat Muhammad (pubh). He was the ultimate Nabi on whom the Quran was revealed and the religion Islam was completed to last till the Day of Judgment.
According to certain traditions, the almighty Allah sent about one hundred twenty four thousand prophets for the reformation and guidance of humanity. Later on, the religious scholars took this responsibility of Islamic teaching and training from the prophet, and his companions. The publication and reformative work of Deen-e-Islam is still going on in one or another form.
If Makkah-e-Mokarramah has got the dignity of possessing Khana-e-Ka’bah, Baitul-Muqaddas too, has got the distinction of being situated on the holy land of prophets. In the same manner, Madina-e-Manaurah has been enlightened to a great extent, due to being the last abode of the prophet Hazrat Muhammad resting there. The exemplary success of Islam is, of course, due to the spiritual blessing of Madina-e-Manaurah. It’s due to Islamic teachings that Hazrat Imam Hussain (AS) presented the sacrifice of highest degree during the battle between Truth and Falsehood and attained the incomparable martyrdom. The message of Truth and the unparalleled sacrifices of Karbala martyrs have transformed Iraq into a magnificent centre of spirituality. Later on, it produced great sufi saints and Islamic scholars who will be remembered till the last day. The Sher-e-Khuda Hazrat Ali (RA) and numerous martyrs are resting on this pious land. The Sufi saints and Islamic scholars resting in Baghdad are directly related to the spiritualism of Hazrat Ali (RA) and other members of the Prophet’s family (Ahl-e-Bait). India comes next to none other than Iraq in terms of the ultimate abode of Aulia-e-Karam (RA) and spiritual heads.
Hazrat Moinuddin Chishti (RA) laid the foundation stone for the spiritual teachings in India very strongly. Yet the spiritual teaching of people and the work of Islamic reformation had been started even before in the Lahore city in undivided India by Hazrat Shaikh Hasan Zanjani. Later on, the presence of Hazrat Syed Ali Hajweri (RA) alias “Dataganj Bakhsh” transformed Lahore city into a spiritual centre for Islamic teaching. He became a popular Islamic preacher becoming known far and wide. When Hazrat Moinuddin Chishti (RA) visited Lahore city, he not only offered his reverence, but also performed Itikaf (a form of worship) at his tomb. According to khazinatul Asfia, Hazrat Moinuddin Chishti recited a popular couplet in Persian before leaving his tomb.
Ganj Baksh faiz-e-Alam Mazhar-e-Rah-e-Khuda;
Naaqisan ra ke peer-e-Kamil, Kamilan ra rahnuma.
Since then, he became popular with the title “Dataganj Bakhsh”. He was a prominent writer and poet with his work being published in collections (Deewan). The Kashful Mahjub is his masterpiece on Sufism. He is related to Hazrat Syedna Zaid Shaheed son of Ameerul Mumeneen Hazrat Syedna Imam Hasan (AS). His forefathers belonged to Ghazani and his grandfather’s name was Hazrat Ali. He derived the title “Hajweri” from his locality in Ghazani. His “Kunniat” is Abul Hasan. According to his popular book “Kashful Mahjub”, his father’s name is Usman. As per the famous book “Nafahat al-uns”, Hazrat Shaikh Abul Fazal bin Hasni Mantani was his teacher and mentor. On completing the worldly learning, he was attracted toward spiritual knowledge, so he travelled to many places such as Khurasan. In the meantime, he was benefitted by the scholarly learning of Hazrat Shaikh Abul Qasim Gargani, Hazrat Shaikh Abu Sa’eed Abul Khair and Hazrat Shaikh Abul Qasim Qaseeri etc.
He visited India at the behest of his instructor and leader. One day he saw his mentor in a dream. He asked him to visit Lahore as he was given the charge of the city. He replied that Hazrat Khwaja Hasan Zanjani (RA) was already present in Lahore, so it was unnecessary. His mentor insisted that he travel to Lahore at the earliest without further arguments. He reached Lahore at night, so he stayed outside the city. When he entered the city in morning, he saw a funeral procession. On investigation, he discovered that it was the dead body of Hazrat Khwaja Hasan Zanjani (RA) being taken for burial. Hazrat Zanjani had died the previous night. According to traditions, Dataganj Bakhsh led the last prayers for Hazrat Zanjani. Thus he realised the secret behind his mentor’s order to go to Lahore.
He permanently settled down in Lahore and got engaged in Islamic teaching, sermon, guidance and practice of eternal spirituality, ignoring all worldly expositions. The people got highly benefitted by his spiritual practice as he was a voluptuous stream of learning. He told there is no benefit in the works which are stimulated by worldly desires. He was full of strange spiritual prowess according to the authoritative Safina-tul-Aulia. He started the construction of a mosque. The religious scholars objected over it, as it was not directed toward Khana-e-Ka’bah, but he did not reply to any objection. When the construction was completed, he called on the scholars and the common people. All the people offered Salah (prayer) under his leadership, and to everyone’s surprise, the divine veils were removed, and they saw that Khana-e-Ka’bah was before them. Then they realized - the direction of the mosque was absolutely correct. The Sultanul-Tareeqat Burhanul-Shariat Hazrat Shaikh Syed Ali Hajweri (RA) expired in 465H, but according to “Safinatul Awlia”, he took his last breath in 456H. Although centuries have passed, yet the people are enveloped in the ocean of divine peace and tranquillity at his tomb in Lahore.
Source: Hindustan Express, Delhi