In a fatwa on democratic politics of India, Darul Uloom Deoband has clarified that India being a secular, democratic country, Muslims should not look for an Islamic brand of politics, settle for what is available, make their choices from among the parties that exist and choose parties that may be favourable to Muslims. However, it insists that Muslims should use their right to vote and not waste an opportunity to use the franchise conferred on them by the Indian constitution.
Question: 5024 India
Asalamwalakum , sir I have many question regarding politics for that I want fatwa as per holy Quran, Hadish and sariet . My question is given below 1. What is the meaning of voting? 2. Can we vote for a criminal, drinker ( Sarabi ) and rapist ? 3. If a party have their constitution on the basis of Gandhi, Lohia or other people, we can vote for them? 4. If a party have their constitution on the basis of Holy Quran, we can vote for that party? 5. We have many parties for vote in election out of one is on the basis of Holy Quran and other on the basis of other historical people (Hindus), which is right for vote. 6. If a person knows the activity of Bhartiya Janta Party and he is giving their vote for B.J.P. he is Muslim, Munafik or non Muslim? 7. we have two people for voting one is from the party which is on the basis of Holy Quran but this people is non Muslims but he is saying that i will work as per holy Quran and other people is Muslim which is from other parties and the history of these parties is anti Muslims which person is right for vote? Please give Fatwa as soon as possible.
Answer: 5024 10 Aug, 2008
India is not an Islamic country but it is a democratic and secular country. Hence it is out of place to look its politics in Islamic perspective and test the parties and political leaders on the principles of the Quran and Hadith. This method would bring nothing except disturbance and confusion. However, one should vote to the party and leader who is better in the favour of Muslims and the country. The status of vote is as testimony and witness; so it is the responsibility of every Muslim should utilize it as much as possible correctly. The vote should not be kept back.
And Allah (Subhana Wa Ta'ala) Knows Best
Darul Ifta, Darul Uloom Deoband