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Islamic Society (24 Sep 2016 NewAgeIslam.Com)


Deen-e-Islam or the Moral Way of Living in Islam




By Naseer Ahmed, New Age Islam

 

24 September 2016

 

This article builds on my article: Science and Religion and is in continuation of it. The cited article quoted the verses containing Allah’s challenge to those who doubt that the Quran is from Allah to produce a Sura which can match a Sura from the Quran. The challenge does not specify in what way the product of the human mind should be compared with a Sura from the Quran and scholars of the Quran have only talked about the Quran’s linguistic excellence. The cited article reduced the challenge to mean the moral principles common to every Book of scripture and showed that not only the Quran but every book of scriptures meets this challenge. This article looks at the verses from the Quran that define the moral way of living which contain the moral principles and shows that the excellence and inimitability is at three levels if not more.

 

Deen or the way of life in Islam is also described as the straight path which we may call the moral path. The Islamic way of life is the “moral way of life” and is based on moral principles which may be explicitly stated or may be implicit.

 

The unparalleled excellence with which the Quran teaches us the moral way of living is at several levels. The first level is the principle itself which is illuminating in itself. The second level is the use of imagery created with words and using the most effective devices of the psychology of influence such as priming and through reinforcement by repeating the message but in different ways and in different contexts to make the point clear and beyond doubt. The third level is the linguistic excellence and all of these within the framework of a complete and self-sufficient system of belief in a God who is the Creator, Sustainer, Helper, Law Giver, the source of all power, the Wise, the Aware, the Knower, the Just, the Merciful, the one who Rewards, the Forgiver, the Lord of the Day of Judgment and with many more attributes. The Quran sheds light on many truths but specially on the complete way of living a moral life and the source of this knowledge/light is Allah Himself. The excellence is best described by the Quran itself:

 

(24:35) Allah is the Light of the heavens and the earth. The Parable of His Light is as if there were a Niche and within it a Lamp: the Lamp enclosed in Glass: the glass as it were a brilliant star: Lit from a blessed Tree, an Olive, neither of the east nor of the west, whose oil is well-nigh luminous, though fire scarce touched it: Light upon Light! Allah doth guide whom He will to His Light: Allah doth set forth Parables for men: and Allah doth know all things.

This ayat or verse occurs in Surah Nur or The Light which has 14 sections, and each section deals with some aspect of the law. The connection of the ayat with the moral way of living is unmistakable. The rich imagery however lends itself to many interpretations and this is one verse most commented upon and with the longest commentaries. The mystics like imam Ghazali have written extensively on it. I take a very simple and direct meaning which I think is closest to what it means.

Commandments for the Moral Way of Living

 

Worship only God: Take not with Allah another object of worship; or thou (O man!) wilt sit in disgrace and destitution. (Quran 17:22)

Complete submission: Whoever submits his whole self to Allah, and is a doer of good, has grasped indeed the most trustworthy hand-hold: and with Allah rests the End and Decision of (all) affairs. (31:22)

 

Accountability: Behold! they fold up their hearts, that they may lie hid from Him! Ah even when they cover themselves with their garments, He knoweth what they conceal, and what they reveal: for He knoweth well the (inmost secrets) of the hearts. (11:5)

 

Salat and Charity:

 

There Are Over Twenty Or More Verses That Stress Two Things Mostly:

Establishing/Performing Regular Prayer

(7:170) As to those who hold fast by the Book and establish regular prayer,- never shall We suffer the reward of the righteous to perish.(35:19) Thou canst but admonish such as fear their Lord unseen and establish regular Prayer.

Charity

(3:92) By no means shall ye attain righteousness unless ye give (freely) of that which ye love; and whatever ye give, of a truth Allah knoweth it well.

The above two are necessary conditions for attaining righteousness and piety.

Worship of only one God sets up a relationship of accountability for all our actions.God is our Creator, the Law Giver, our Guide and Helper, our Sustainer, and the one who will judge us on the Day of Judgment based on how we have lived our life – whether in accordance with the moral way shown us by God or the immoral way. The framework for observance of the commandments is of the utmost importance without which all the moral commandments mean very little. The commandment to worship God if followed in the manner prescribed orients a person towards God and creates "God consciousness". This ensures compliance with every command out of reverence and love of God. Belief in God and His worship therefore stand at the top because God is the giver of the moral code, the guide, helper, and the judge. Man is asked to submit fully to God or His commandments for a moral life which is likened to getting a firm hand-hold from God with whom rests the End and decision of all affairs.

                                                                                  

Be Kind, Honourable And Humble To One's Parents:

 

 Thy Lord hath decreed that ye worship none but Him, and that ye be kind to parents. Whether one or both of them attain old age in thy life, say not to them a word of contempt, nor repel them, but address them in terms of honour. (Quran 17:23) And, out of kindness, lower to them the wing of humility, and say: "My Lord! bestow on them thy Mercy even as they cherished me in childhood." (Quran 17:24)

 

The commandments for the Islamic way of life are not just simple do’s and don’ts. These describe vividly the best way to follow the principles. The command describes the body language that is appropriate (lower the wings of humility) – once such a posture is assumed, can a person misbehave? The command says that even the expression of impatience such as saying uf (just a sound emitted which means the equivalent of “Oh No!”)is to be avoided at the mistakes the elderly often make. It says that only words of honour are to be used with parents such as “beloved father/mother”. And how beautiful is the prayer that is taught! "My Lord! bestow on them thy Mercy even as they cherished me in childhood". The prayer reminds us of how our parents cherished us in our childhood which primes us or puts us in the frame of mind to behave towards them in the same kindly manner overlooking their infirmities, follies, forgetfulness, repetitiveness, sensitivity and many other afflictions of old age that require our constant attention, love, care and patience.

 

Care For Orphaned Children:

 Come not nigh to the orphan's property except to improve it, until he attains the age of full strength...(Quran 17:34)

 

To orphans restore their property (When they reach their age), nor substitute (your) worthless things for (their) good ones; and devour not their substance (by mixing it up) with your own. For this is indeed a great sin. (4:2)

 

Notice how detailed the instructions are leaving nothing out and giving no scope for injustice as far as the rights of the orphans are concerned.

 

 

Repel Evil with Good and Forgiveness:

 

41:34 Nor can goodness and Evil be equal. Repel (Evil) with what is better: Then will he between whom and you was hatred become as it were your friend and intimate! (35) And no one will be granted such goodness except those who exercise patience and self-restraint,- none but persons of the greatest good fortune. (36) And if (at any time) an incitement to discord is made to you by Satan, seek refuge in Allah. He is the One Who hears and knows all things.( (41:34 -36)

 

Repel evil with good to make enemy become an intimate friend. The verse also teaches that to act in such a manner requires a person to exercise patience and practice self-restraint. Such a person is described as the most fortunate person. The verse shows a way to resist the temptation to return evil with evil by invoking God’s protection.  Not only is the instruction to repel evil with good but how this may be achieved is also shown.

 

(3:133) Be quick in the race for forgiveness from your Lord, and for a Garden whose width is that (of the whole) of the heavens and of the earth, prepared for the righteous,-

(134) Those who spend (freely), whether in prosperity, or in adversity; who restrain anger, and pardon (all) men;- for Allah loves those who do good;-

(135) And those who, having done something to be ashamed of, or wronged their own souls, earnestly bring Allah to mind, and ask for forgiveness for their sins,- and who can forgive sins except Allah?- and are never obstinate in persisting knowingly in (the wrong) they have done.

 

Those who expect forgiveness from Allah must forgive (all) others, spend in charity and restrain their anger. Who does not need forgiveness of Allah and who would not like to be forgiven by Allah? Forgiveness of all is made both mandatory and easy for man because he is then entitled to forgiveness by Allah for all his sins.

 

Sanctity Of Human Life

 

if anyone slew a person - unless it be for murder or for spreading mischief in the land - it would be as if he slew the whole people: and if any one saved a life, it would be as if he saved the life of the whole people (5:32)

 

 Nor take life – which Allah has made sacred – except for just cause. And if anyone is slain wrongfully, we have given his heir authority (to demand Qisas or to forgive): but let him not exceed bounds in the matter of taking life; for he is helped (by the Law). (Quran 17:33)

 

Be neither Miserly nor Wasteful in One's Expenditure: 

 

And render to the kindred their due rights, as (also) to those in want, and to the wayfarer: But squander not (your wealth) in the manner of a spendthrift. (Quran 17:26) Verily spendthrifts are brothers of the Evil Ones; and the Evil One is to his Lord (himself) ungrateful. (Quran 17:27) And even if thou hast to turn away from them in pursuit of the Mercy from thy Lord which thou dost expect, yet speak to them a word of easy kindness. (Quran 17:28) Make not thy hand tied (like a niggard's) to thy neck, nor stretch it forth to its utmost reach, so that thou become blameworthy and destitute. (Quran 17:29)

 

Charity with kindness and without waste - three virtues that go together and if separated can become a vice. Imagine charity with harshness or insulting behavior. Imagine giving less than what is needed. It doesn’t serve the purpose. Imagine boastful waste!

 

Tenderness with Wife In Sexual Relations: Your wives are as a tilth unto you; so approach your tilth when or how ye will; but do some good act for your souls beforehand; and fear Allah. And know that ye are to meet Him (in the Hereafter), and give (these) good tidings to those who believe.(2:223)

 

The verse asks the husband to do some good act for his soul before the sexual act. This primes the man for showing, kindness, gentleness and consideration. He is also reminded to fear Allah and know that he has to meet Him. This excludes any scope for cruelty, harshness or coercion. Notice that there is no command to be kind or avoid being harsh. The verse simply asks a person to do that which will automatically put him in the right frame of mind in which he will necessarily behave with tenderness and avoid cruelty in any form.

 

Freeing of Slaves:

 

(9:60) Zakat money collected by the state can be used to free slaves

 

(2:177) It is righteousness to spend of your substance, out of love for Him for the ransom of slaves;

 

(24:33) ....And if any of your slaves ask for a deed in writing (to enable them to earn their freedom for a certain sum), give them such a deed if ye know any good in them: yea, give them something yourselves out of the means which Allah has given to you

 

Free a slave for the expiration of sins such as: 1. Wrongful divorce (58:3) 2 Violating of oath 5:89 3) Killing by mistake (4:92)

 

Free men and women are encouraged to marry a slave 4:3, 4:25

 

Do Not Commit Adultery: Nor come nigh to adultery: for it is a shameful (deed) and an evil, opening the road (to other evils). (Quran 17:32)

 

Keep One's Promises: ...fulfill (every) engagement [i.e. promise/covenant], for (every) engagement will be enquired into (on the Day of Reckoning). (Quran 17:34)

 

The consequences of breaking promises are in this world as well as on the Day of Judgment. While one may cheat in this world, there is no escape in the hereafter from the all-knowing God is what is driven home.

 

Be Honest and Fair In One's Interactions: Give full measure when ye measure, and weigh with a balance that is straight: that is the most fitting and the most advantageous in the final determination. (Quran 17:35)

 

The accountability is in this world as well as with God who records everything and misses nothing.

 

Humility:  Nor walk on the earth with insolence: for thou canst not rend the earth asunder, nor reach the mountains in height. (Quran 17:37)

 

The verse reminds man of his limitations. Also consider the following Sura of only three verses

 

Surah 110 An-Nasr or Divine help

 

(1) When comes the Help of Allah, and Victory,

(2) And you see the people enter Allah´s Religion in crowds,

(3) Celebrate the praises of your Lord, and pray for His Forgiveness: For He is Oft-Returning (in Grace and Mercy).

The Surah was revealed at the moment of the greatest achievement of the Muslims who prevailed over the Meccans in battle after a long struggle of twenty years in which they suffered persecution and exile. Following the victory, Meccans entered the fold of Islam in large numbers. This was a moment when the Muslims may have exulted, but the Surah teaches them that this is a time for celebrating the praises of Allah without whose help the victory was not possible and it is a time for seeking Allah’s forgiveness. It teaches humility and grace at the moment their greatest success. Keep in mind that Islam started with one person and these were a people who had no idea that it would succeed thus one day and yet they sacrificed everything for it and suffered for two decades. The Quran describes them as the best of Creatures or Creation which is an expression exclusively used for these people for all time. Nobody can surpass them.

 

Now let us compare with what human effort produces. This is from Allama Iqbal who was an eminent poet and also highly acclaimed philosophical thinker of modern times and the most quoted by the Maulanas.

 

“Khudi Ko Kar Buland Itna Ke Har Taqdeer Se Pehle
Khuda Bande Se Khud Pooche Bata Teri Raza Kyahai”

Exalt yourself to such an extent that before writing your destiny, God himself asks “what may please you?”

 

This takes you to the height of immorality where the object of your striving itself is questionable! God did not ask this question to the most exalted of the Muslims but taught them how to remain humble at all times and seek forgiveness at the moment of their greatest achievement.

 

Modesty: Say to the believing men and women that they should lower their gaze and guard their modesty: that will make for greater purity for them: And Allah is well acquainted with all that they do. (24:30)

 

O ye Children of Adam! We have bestowed raiment upon you to cover your shame, as well as to be an adornment to you. But the raiment of righteousness,- that is the best. Such are among the Signs of Allah, that they may receive admonition! (7:26)

 

Raiment of righteousness! What a beautiful way of putting across that righteousness will protect us from shame and also be our adornment on the Day of Judgment! The context of wearing modest clothes has been used to drive home a much higher truth!

 

Celebration Of Diversity, Pluralism And Tolerance

 

Righteousness: It is not righteousness that ye turn your faces Towards east or West; but it is righteousness- to believe in Allah and the Last Day, and the Angels, and the Book, and the Messengers; to spend of your substance, out of love for Him, for your kin, for orphans, for the needy, for the wayfarer, for those who ask, and for the ransom of slaves; to be steadfast in prayer, and practice regular charity; to fulfil the contracts which ye have made; and to be firm and patient, in pain (or suffering) and adversity, and throughout all periods of panic. Such are the people of truth, the Allah-fearing. (2:177)

 

This verse is addressed to all the communities – Christian who turn towards the east, Jew who turn towards the West and Muslim who turn towards the Sacred Mosque. Turning in different directions for prayer are ritualistic differences which matter very little to God. What is important is then elucidated.

 

5:48 “…..To each among you have we prescribed a law and an open way. If Allah had so willed, He would have made you a single people, but (His plan is) to test you in what He hath given you: so strive as in a race in all virtues. The goal of you all is to Allah; it is He that will show you the truth of the matters in which ye dispute;”

 

The verse above is an affirmation that the diversity is by design so that different communities may compete with each other in all virtues.

 

49:13 “O mankind! We created you from male and female and made you into nations and tribes, that ye may know each other (not that ye may despise each other). Verily, the most honoured of you in the sight of Allah is he who is the most righteous of you. And Allah has full knowledge and is fully informed.”

 

Living the moral way of life or righteousness is what makes a person superior and the one who is the most righteous is closest and most honored in the sight of God. This verse again affirms pluralism.

 

(22:40)  “Did not Allah check one set of people by means of another, there would surely have been pulled down monasteries, churches, synagogues, and mosques, in which the name of Allah is commemorated in abundant measure. Allah will certainly aid those who aid his (cause);- for verily Allah is full of Strength, Exalted in Might, (able to enforce His Will)”.

 

Any place of worship where the name of Allah (by whatever name since Allah has many names) is celebrated is to protected. Another verse which affirms pluralism.

 

 Freedom of Conscience

 

(2:256) Let there be no compulsion in religion: Truth stands out clear from Error: whoever rejects evil and believes in Allah hath grasped the most trustworthy hand-hold, that never breaks. And Allah heareth and knoweth all things.

2:272. It is not required of thee (O Messenger), to set them on the right path, but Allah sets on the right path whom He pleaseth.

 

Resist/Fight Oppression: Fighting is both permissible and ordained only in the way of Allah which is to end oppression of any kind irrespective of the faith professed by the oppressor and the oppressed. Fighting is not permissible for any other reason. Fighting and punishing is for the state/ruler and not a duty for an individual or group of individuals. For details, read:

 

The Much Discussed And Debated Medinian Verses Relating To Fighting

 

Peace with non-aggressors, kindness towards them, and just dealing

(60:8) Allah forbids you not, with regard to those who fight you not for (your) Faith nor drive you out of your homes, from dealing kindly (Taburruhum) and justly (Tuqsitu) with them: for Allah loveth those who are just. (9) Allah only forbids you, with regard to those who fight you for (your) Faith, and drive you out of your homes, and support (others) in driving you out, from turning to them (for friendship and protection). It is such as turn to them (in these circumstances), that do wrong.

 

 

Secular Justice

(3:18) there is no god but He: That is the witness of Allah (Shahedullah), His angels, and those endued with knowledge, standing firm on justice. There is no god but He, the Exalted in Power, the Wise.

 

The above verse can also be read as: Those endued with knowledge about God, His Oneness, His Exalted Power and Wisdom, provide proof or evidence of such knowledge (witness) by standing firm on justice.

 

Also consider:

 

(4:135) O ye who believe! Stand out firmly for justice, as witnesses to Allah (Shuhada Lillah), even as against yourselves, or your parents, or your kin, and whether it be (against) rich or poor: for Allah can best protect both. Follow not the lusts (of your hearts), lest ye swerve, and if ye distort (justice) or decline to do justice, verily Allah is well-acquainted with all that ye do.

 

What is stressed in the verse above is perfect secular justice disregarding every other consideration as witnesses to Allah from whom nothing is hidden – not even the innermost thoughts, desires, prejudices, rancour, love or hatred for those being judged.

 

There is a slight variation in 5:8 where the term could easily have been Shuhada Lillah but the term Shuhada Bilquist has been used and the context is again rendering exemplary justice standing out firmly for Allah.

 

(5:8) O ye who believe! stand out firmly for Allah, as witnesses to fair dealing (Shuhada Bilquist), and let not the hatred of others to you make you swerve to wrong and depart from justice. Be just: that is next to piety: and fear Allah. For Allah is well-acquainted with all that ye do.

 

It is made amply clear that justice cannot be compromised for any extraneous consideration and must be rendered in a manner that can be justified to Allah from whom nothing is hidden regarding your motives or the facts of the case and in turn providing evidence (witness) of your submission to Allah and His divine attributes of Oneness, Exalted Power and Wisdom.

 

The attribute of Oneness make all equal in the sight of Allah which must be reflected while rendering justice. The reminder of Allah’s attribute of Absolute Power helps to resist the pull of every other extraneous consideration. ‘Justice’ rendered by allowing extraneous consideration to influence is oppression.  The opposite of justice is oppression and an oppressor witnesses or provides evidence of evil or Iblis/Satan. Rendering perfect justice provides evidence of Allah and His attributes as well as of the judge’s submission to such a deity.

 

The attribute of Wisdom requires rendering justice tempered with compassion since Allah has inscribed for Himself the rule of mercy. The rule of mercy makes the objective of justice promoting the greater good of the society while protecting the rights of the individual. 

 

(5:2)…. let not the hatred of some people in (once) shutting you out of the Sacred Mosque lead you to transgression (and hostility on your part). Help ye one another in righteousness and piety, but help ye not one another in sin and rancour: fear Allah: for Allah is strict in punishment.

 

(31:17) Establish regular prayer, enjoin what is just, and forbid what is wrong: and bear with patient constancy whatever betide thee; for this is firmness (of purpose) in (the conduct of) affairs.

 

 

On Truth:    

 

(39:32) who, then, doth more wrong than one who utters a lie concerning Allah, and rejects the Truth (Bil-ṣid'qi) when it comes to him; is there not in Hell an abode for blasphemers?

(33) And he who brings the Truth (Bil-ṣid'qi) and he who confirms (wa Saddaqa) (and supports) it - such are the men who do right.

(34) They shall have all that they wish for, in the presence of their Lord: such is the reward of those who do good:

(35) So that Allah will turn off from them (even) the worst in their deeds and give them their reward according to the best of what they have done.

 

The verses apply to every kind of truth. How much more effective than simply saying “Thou shalt not lie”. Here the one who speaks the truth, one who supports it, the one who lies and the one who rejects the truth are all covered.

 

 

Method For Communicating With People Of Other Faiths

16:125. Invite (all) to the Way of thy Lord with wisdom and beautiful preaching; and argue with them in ways that are best and most gracious: for thy Lord knoweth best, who have strayed from His Path, and who receive guidance.

 

29: 46. And dispute ye not with the People of the Book, except with means better (than mere disputation), unless it be with those of them who inflict wrong (and injury): but say, "We believe in the revelation which has come down to us and in that which came down to you; Our Allah and your Allah is one; and it is to Him we bow (in Islam)."

 

(19:76) "And Allah doth advance in guidance those who seek guidance: and the things that endure, Good Deeds, are best in the sight of thy Lord, as rewards, and best in respect of (their) eventual return."


Naseer Ahmed is an Engineering graduate from IIT Kanpur and is an independent IT consultant after having served in both the Public and Private sector in responsible positions for over three decades. He is a frequent contributor to NewAgeIslam.com


Related Article:


Science and Religion

http://www.newageislam.com/islam-and-science/naseer-ahmed,-new-age-islam/science-and-religion/d/108636

 

URL: http://www.newageislam.com/islamic-society/naseer-ahmed,-new-age-islam/deen-e-islam-or-the-moral-way-of-living-in-islam/d/108663

 

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TOTAL COMMENTS:-   83


  • GM Sb,

    A lack of study and understanding of the Quran can result in doubts and a person may ask questions. You go a step further and are judgmental based on your lack of understanding.

    When it comes to revelations, where is the question of either over inclusion or under inclusion? Islam is not a secret sect where certain revelations were not to be recorded and preserved or made public.

    There are certain behaviours appropriate for individuals such as forgiveness and repelling evil with good. The State however is charged with rendering justice.

    The manner in which this was done and the outcome achieved without a drop of blood being shed makes it exemplary and a lesson for all time and to all people. Freedom of conscience was not compromised either and the people had four months time to decide and exercise one of the three options which avoided the verdict of death. 

    What is lacking is a proper understanding and I do not find you supporting dissemination of the right understanding.


    By Naseer Ahmed - 10/8/2016 12:11:13 AM



  • Naseersaab says, "What is wrong with you that you do not understand even after it is explained?"

    Your confidence in your explanation is noteworthy. Whether 9:5 had a brutal outcome or not, and whether the intended targets were "oppressors" or not, the fact remains that the words "kill the polytheists wherever you find them and capture them and besiege them and sit in wait for them at every place of ambush," remain jarring. Can the same God use such words in one book and talk of "turning the other cheek" or "Forgive them for they know not what they do," in another book?

    I can accept your  justification for 9:5, but I do not see it as a divine revelation. It is better to see it as an example of over-inclusion resulting from erroneous compilation.


    By Ghulam Mohiyuddin - 10/7/2016 1:47:16 PM



  • Secularlogic,

    Your argument is a false one.

    Verse 98:6 The kafaru among the People of the Book and among the Polytheists, will be in Hell-Fire, to dwell therein (for aye). They are the worst of creatures.

    The kafaru among the Muslims will also be in hell-fire. Those who are not kafaru among the polytheists will not go to hell which means that they will go to heaven.

    Among the polytheists only a deliberate rejecter of the truth is also a kafir. My maid Sri Laxmi will I think go to heaven. I haven't come across a more truthful and sincere person in her class. She is the personification of all that is good.

    Polytheism is an unforgivable sin for a Muslim and a Jew because their religion teaches them so.

    Read my article on Kufr and all of it is covered with supporting evidence from the Quran and every word that I say is verifiable.

    The problem with all of the scholars is that they are very careless and make no distinction between kafir, mushrik and idolator because they are made to believe from their childhood that these are synonyms. This is reflected in their translations, beliefs etc. For them a mushrik is just not worth making the effort to make any such distinctions! It is their blind bigotry and not the truth. Those who have published books will not readily admit their mistake to protect the nonsense in their books. By doing so they become kafir as they reject the truth.

    Muslims have not prevented the Hindus from practicing their religion nor fought them for their religion. If they have done so, then they are kafir and it would be in order to impose the same conditions on them.

    By Naseer Ahmed - 10/7/2016 10:55:51 AM



  • Secularlogic,

    There is absolutely no punishment for those who did not fight. (9:4) "(But the treaties are) not dissolved with those mushrikin with whom ye have entered into alliance and who have not subsequently failed you in aught, nor aided any one against you. So fulfil your engagements with them to the end of their term: for Allah loveth the righteous."


    Against the others, the charges are:(9:13) "Will ye not fight people who violated their oaths, plotted to expel the Messenger, and took the aggressive by being the first (to assault) you?"

    (8:30) Remember how the kafaru plotted against thee, to keep thee in bonds, or slay thee, or get thee out (of thy home). They plot and plan, and Allah too plans; but the best of planners is Allah.

    (9:40) If ye help not (your leader), (it is no matter): for Allah did indeed help him, when the kafaru drove him out: he had no more than one companion; they two were in the cave, and he said to his companion, "Have no fear, for Allah is with us": then Allah sent down His peace upon him, and strengthened him with forces which ye saw not, and humbled to the depths the word of the kafaru. But the word of Allah is exalted to the heights: for Allah is Exalted in might, Wise.

    I have used the Arabic word in the Quran for the people referred to. Please note when mushrikin is used and when kafaru. The Quran does not confuse the kafaru with the mushrikin and there is no verse in the Quran that speaks ill of the mushrikin meaning the polytheists. It denounces "shirk" in the context of the Jews and Muslims but in no other context. It does not denounce the Mushrikin or the idol worshiper. There are clear verses which denounce only the kafaru among the mushrikin.

    9:5 appears to say kill the mushrikin but taking into account the exemptions, it is a command to kill only the kafirin.  This is brought out clearly in several of my articles.

    The kafaru were given several chances. After the first battle, had they desisted from the persecution (verses 8:36 to 8:38), the Muslims would have returned to Mecca and continued to preach peacefully.

    The treaty of Hudaybiah was for 10 years and Muhammd (pbuh) lived for only 4 years after this treaty. Had they kept the treaty, the Muslims and the polytheists would have lived in peace forever and performed their pilgrimage/worship alternately as per the treaty.

    There was absolutely no injustice done. I know my Quran very well and if you read my articles, you will know that what I say is verifiable/provable truth.


    By Naseer Ahmed - 10/7/2016 8:25:00 AM



  • Just for the sake of curiosity. Suppose I say:

    Hinduism is the best and only religion in the world. All christians and muslims, who preach exclusivity and supremacy, are false religions. Their practices, like polygamy, triple talaq, animal sacrifice, veiling of women, are heathen; Christian evangelical zeal is evil and intended to cause disruption and unrest in Hindu society. 

    Therefore, all Muslims and Christians who oppose the that India should be a Hindu nation should be killed; or they should be allowed to repent, and given three months to convert to Hinduism; If they want to live in India and still keep their faith, they should pay a faith tax in the form of Hindu jizya. Humbly at that. If they dont want to convert or pay jizya, they should be escorted safely to Pakistan or Bangladesh or any other country of their choice, depending on who will take them.

    How does it sound? Nice? You want this to be done? 

    Thank your stars none of our 33 crore Gods said this. Thank your stars that the Hindu society is what it is, and you continue to live and thrive here. I would have it no other way. 

    By secularlogic - 10/7/2016 7:59:10 AM



  • Both charges cannot be true simultaneously - finding excuse for 1000 years and glorifying for 1400 years.
    By Manzurul Haque - 10/7/2016 7:30:19 AM



  • Mr Ahmed, 

    I cannot speak for Mr Mohiyuddin of course. But the problem is not with your explanation. Your explanation of die, repent and convert to islam, pay jizya or migrate out of the land is quite clear. 

    The problem is this: You think it is quite alright to do this to people of other faiths. People like me do not think this is a good verse or an example of Allah's tolerance. You cannot give ultimatums like that, and most certainly no even handed God would do this. For the polytheists and idolators are also his creations, and are worshipping God in their own way. There is no good reason to declare that their way is a sin, while the Muslim way is the only correct one. 

    This leads to the obvious conclusion that the Quran was not dictated by the entity that goes by the name of God. It was written by a man with absolute faith in his own version of God, intolerance for other forms of worship, and a ruthless determination to turn the whole world into believers of his faith. For Atheists and non Muslims, this is the explanation for this verse. 

    For a believer whose instincts and conscience revolt against this obvious ruthlessness towards other faiths, the explanation is that the jarring verse is a result of over inclusion.

    Is this so hard to understand? 

    By secularlogic - 10/7/2016 7:10:41 AM



  • Finding excuses? What excuses? Does my explanation sound like an excuse? What is wrong with you that you do not understand even after it is explained? What is your problem now?


    By Naseer Ahmed - 10/7/2016 12:35:53 AM



  • We have been trying to find excuses for 9:5 for the past 1,000 years and yet it comes back to haunt us. Would it not be better to just say, "We do not believe in it any more," and move on to what is inspiring and uplifting in the book?


    By Ghulam Mohiyuddin - 10/6/2016 2:33:42 PM



  • Thanks hats off. The scene in the world is very disappointing. Nobody is winning really.
    By Manzurul Haque - 10/6/2016 7:54:38 AM



  • Secularlogic,
    You are forgetting quite a few things. The Meccan polytheists and idol worshipers had ties of kinship with Muhammad (pbuh) and other Muslims whereas Muhammad (pbuh) and other Muslims had no such ties with the Christians and the Jews. These ties were reflected on every occasion. No Meccan was ever enslaved. Those captured but could not pay ransom were let off as an act of kindness and charity. No Meccan was killed as a result of 9:5 - not even Abu Sufyan who was their commander in all the battles after the first one. Their commander  in the first battle was killed in the first battle itself. All of the Arab Muslims are the progeny of the polytheists and idol worshipers.

    Those who had never fought the Muslims could pay Jiziya and keep their faith as per 9:4 and 9:29. Those to whom 9:5 applied could migrate as per 9:2 or show genuine change of heart and accept Islam or seek asylum as per 9:6 to learn/understand Islam after which, if they chose to migrate were to be escorted to a secure place. Only those to whom 9:5 applied but chose not to take advantage of any of the 3 options open to them were to be put to death. As can be easily imagined, nobody fell in this category and incidentally nobody in the jiziya paying category either. 

    By Naseer Ahmed - 10/6/2016 4:54:55 AM



  • Coming to think of rights, Hindus claim to be the oldest something. Possible that ape-like living of homosapiens on the trees preceded the Hindu way of life. After all the Hindus in India were known to be wearing clothes and not just going round nude from tree to tree. So, who destroyed the ape-culture of the naked humanoids?
    By Manzurul Haque - 10/6/2016 4:12:48 AM



  • In his article, Ghaussaab  quoted Ghazali thus: “…Much as you dislike it, fighting has been prescribed for you. But you may despise something that is good for you, and you may love something that is bad for you. God knows, but you do not …” [2:216].

    This verse has become a mantra for the ISIS ideologues. It is perhaps best to consider it as valid only for a particular time and in a particular situation.


    By Ghulam Mohiyuddin - 10/6/2016 1:15:36 AM



  • You can imagine all you like, Mr Ahmed. Imagination is something you do very well. I had to look up what verse 9:5 was, to understand your comment. 

    Now let me offer a more plausible explanation of the verse for you:

    Mohammad was in the process of revealing a religion that took strong objection to the religious practices of the day. Since secularism was not in fashion then, it was quite alright to proclaim that his religion was the only true one, and all others false. He thus arrayed himself against all other existent religions: Christianity, Jewish, and polytheists and idol worshippers. The first two he could abide, since his own religion drew heavily from the same sources as theirs did, but idolatory and polytheism was so antithetical to what he preached that the only way he could see out of it was to kill them/convert them - willingly or unwillingly, or under the pressure of humiliation and economic discrimination. And that is what is prescribed in this verse. 
    Beautiful? I dont think so. The idolators and polytheists had a right to their version of God, and a right to protect their religion from the new faith. Verse 9:5 takes away this basic human right. 

    No, I am not filled with envy. I am filled with disgust, and pity, and extreme sadness that people can still believe in and defend this verse, instead of saying, OK, this is not a shining example of tolerance of plurality, lets just bury it quietly. 

    By secularlogic - 10/6/2016 12:25:07 AM



  • Naseersaab says, "we are discussing the words of God."

    We are also discussing whether some overinclusion may have occurred during the compilation process which took place some 20 years after the Prophet's death. We are also discussing how some verses do not seem to us to be compatible with our concept of the glory and grandeur of God.


    By Ghulam Mohiyuddin - 10/5/2016 12:56:13 PM



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