By M. Burhanuddin Qasmi, New Age
29 September 2018
Masjid is very important and both
religiously and culturally an integral part of Islam. There are clear texts in
Hadith where it is emphatically instructed that Muslim men must offer 5 daily
prayers in Masjid with congregations. This has been in practice ever since
Islam existed in this world. If some individuals are not doing so then this is
their personal default which does not change rules. Hadith, Fiqh and all
Islamic sources are unequivocally stating that Masjid is an integral part of
Islam and Muslim society.
Islam is what is in the Qur'an and Sunnah
of Prophet Mohammad (saws). There are several verses in the Qur'an which speak
about importance and sanctity of a Masjid in Islam. Here is one of the verses
from the Qur'an:
“And who is
more unjust than he who prevents (men) from the masjids of Allah, that His name
should be remembered in them, and strives to ruin them? (As for) these, it was
not proper for them that they should have entered them except in fear; they
shall meet with disgrace in this world, and they shall have great chastisement
in the hereafter.”
(Al-Qur'an, Surah Al-Baqarah, Chapter 2,
The Prophet Mohammad (saws) said: “The
congregational prayer exceeds that of individual prayer by twenty seven
degrees. Whoever performs ablution properly then goes to the Masjid, every step
that he takes erases one of his bad deeds and elevates him a degree (in
Paradise). If he enters the Masjid and starts praying, the angles will implore
Allah to forgive him and have mercy on him saying: ‘O Allah! Have mercy on him
and forgive him.’ And one remains (receiving an equal reward as if he is still)
in prayer as long as he is awaiting (the coming) prayer.” (Sahih Muslim)
Muslims should go to the Masjid day and
night and should love being there. A companion of the Prophet (saws) Abdullah
ibn Mas`ud (ra) says: “No one would miss the prayer at the Masjid except the
ill and the hypocrites.” He also added that the Prophet (saws) taught us the
means to guidance and one of these means is praying at the Masjid.
The majority of jurists are of the opinion
that praying in congregation at Masjids is a stressed upon Sunnah.
If Masjid is not the essential requirement
for Salah (prayers) then Mandir is also not an essential requirement for Puja
or worship. The same should be true for all religions and all religious places.
If pure places of worship are not included as integral part of any religion and
not protected by articles 14, 15 and 25 of Indian Constitution, then what? Does
it mean all Masjids, Mandirs, Gurdwaras, churches and synagogues; all
endowments and Waqf properties are vulnerable that any government can
confiscate them under land accusation act as and when it wills?
However, it is Islam alone which puts
extraordinary importance on congregational prayers. Muslims pray five times a
day and Jumma (the Friday prayer) each week in a Masjid only. Jumma and Eid
prayers cannot be done except in a Masjid or an open ground in congregation.
Then how Masjid is not an integral part of Islam and Muslims - - my Lord!
The three judge bench's majority judgment -
2/3, barring Justice Abdun Nazir in the Supreme Court of India on 27 Sept. 2018
with reference to Ismail Farooqi vs Union of India case's outcome in 1994 is
unconceivable. If under the land accusation law the Union of India can acquire
certain land of a worship place from one group then how can the Government or
any court allow the other group to perform worship in the same land before the
title is cleared by a verdict ? If the outcome of 1994 case already had
influenced the title suit judgment on Babri Masjid - Ram Janmabhoomi, on the
basis of 'Aastha' in the Lucknow Bench of Allahabad High Court in 2010, then
what is the assurance that the same is not going to influence the upcoming
judgment in the same case in the Apex Court in future?
We, as laymen, can ask these questions to
ourselves only. However, upholding the spirit of justice, sanctity of law and
saving the constitution of India are lying in courts’ wisdom. We as citizens of
this country wish that equality for all and transparency in justice should
prevail everywhere and forever!
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