Books and Documents

Islamic Society (06 Nov 2018 NewAgeIslam.Com)

Protecting the Prophet’s Sanctity (Tahaffuz-e-Namus-e-Risalat) And Tackling Tehreek-i-Labbaik In Pakistan: A Critical Observation


By Ghulam Rasool Dehlvi, New Age Islam

06 November 2018

Most ulema in Pakistan and even in India extend the applicability of blasphemy laws to non-Muslims living in Muslim countries. Not to speak of the self-avowed clerics like Maulvi Khadim Razvi of the ‘Tehreek-e-Labbaik Pakistan’ (TLP) or the recently killed Maulvi Samiul Haque of 'Tehreek-e-Taliban Pakistan' (TTP), even the well-known Barelvi and Deobandi theologians,  Muftis (Islamic jurists) and more scandalously, even the so-called Sufi-Sunni clerics are unanimously agreed upon this. They aver that it is incumbent upon the Islamic government to execute all blasphemers, be they Muslim or non-Muslim. This actually emanates from their reference to this Hadith report as recorded in Sahih al-Bukhari: "Slay whoever has desecrated the Prophet" (من سب نبيا فاقتلوه). (Al-Bukhari. 1997, vol. 9, 46)

Interestingly, Imam An-Nasa’i, another authoritative Hadith compiler like Imam Bukhari, has reportedly accused one of the narrators of this Hadith of lying.

In one of his surprising moves, Imran Khan who previously supported the discriminatory blasphemy laws has now welcomed the Pakistani apex court’s judgment which acquitted Asia Bibi—a Christian woman who spent 8 years on death row under Pakistan's blasphemy law. Thus, for the first time, Pakistan's Supreme Court has tried to challenge the gross misuse of the blasphemy law in the country. It has categorically stated:

“Blasphemy is a serious offence but the insult of the appellant's (Asia Bibi) religion and religious sensibilities by the complainant party and then mixing truth with falsehood in the name of the Holy Prophet Mohammad was also not short of being blasphemous”.

Thus, the apex court has lambasted the Islamist complainants who had insulted Asia's religious sentiments, which the court said was no less than blasphemy as Prophet Jesus (pbuh) is also a prophet in Islam. It sets an example of how to overturn the attempts by the extremists who use the blasphemy law as a tool to pursue their personal agendas, while claiming to protect the honour of Prophet Mohammad (pbuh) and at the same time, slurring other prophets of Islam.

Notably, Imran Khan who earlier backed the extremist outfit Taliban, calling its insurgency in Afghanistan as a legitimate jihad against occupying forces, has confronted another similar self-appointed vigilantes of radial Islamism—Tehreek-e-Labbaik Pakistan (TLP). Soon after the apex court’s landmark verdict evoked huge protests and death threats from the ‘Tehreek-e-Labbaik Pakistan’ (TLP), Imran Khan denounced the extremist antics of the new, self-avowed “Ameer” of the far-right group, Khadim Hussain Razvi. In his address to the nation on November 1, Khan talked tough asking the ‘Tehreek-e-Labbaik Pakistan’ (TLP) protestors not to "confront the State" and refrain from vandalism. He said he had been "compelled" to communicate with the nation due to the reaction and the language used by a "small segment" in response to the Supreme Court verdict, as Dawn reports.

As a result, the extremist group called off the protests against Asia Bibi's acquittal with an apology for 'inconveniencing without reason'. According to media reports, on November 3 the TLP announced the end to the violent protests and aggressive sit-ins which brought the country to a standstill since 30 October. However, this announcement came after an agreement between the government and the TLP, according to which the government will not oppose the filing of a review petition in the Supreme Court against Asia Bibi’s acquittal. The govt also promised to immediately initiate a legal process to place Asia Bibi's name on the Exit Control List (ECL). Thus, the critics believe, the government of Pakistan has, as usual, succumbed to the pressure protests by the Islamist extremists in the country.

Clearly, Imran Khan does deserve credit for compelling the ‘Tehreek-e-Labbaik Pakistan’ (TLP) to end its violent protests and sit-ins. But at the same time, it raises an uncomfortable question as to how he is going to deal with the blasphemy laws in order to craft his Naya Pakistan.

While this was an opportunity for Imran Khan to turn the page and embrace a more inclusive vision for the religious minorities in Pakistan, it is more opportune time to revisit and reform the regressive blasphemy laws. It is time to candidly expose the insanity behind the laws that have taken life after life in Pakistan, with the likes of ‘Tehreek-e-Labbaik Pakistan’s (TLP) radical Islamists having complete impunity. Let’s not forget that Mumtaz Qadri, the assassin of Governor Salman Taseer who was brutally killed because of calling Pakistan's Blasphemy laws black, belonged to the same faction which Imran Khan mistakably considers a "small segment". The death penalty sentenced to Qadri caused more turbulence in Pakistan that what we saw with horror in the wake of Asia Bibi's acquittal by the apex court. The consequent protests by the Islamist hardliners across the country were much lesser now than the turmoil which was created to ‘exonerate’ Qadri as Ghazi (man of religious valour) and Alahir Rahmah (the one who is dear to Allah). 

All this makes it patently clear that the public support for the enactment of medieval Islamic blasphemy laws in Pakistan is strong. Therefore, the religio-politicians of modern Pakistan like the notorious ‘Tehreek-e-Labbaik Pakistan’ (TLP) leader Khadim Rizvi call for severe punishments to the supposed blasphemers with a view to shoring up their political support base.

But more deplorably, the laws have often been used to get revenge after personal disputes, and in most such cases, convictions do not stand to scrutiny. In fact, the public support for religious extremists in the country who enjoy complete impunity is deeply rooted. The killing of Salman Taseer was not an isolated incident in Pakistan. A former judge, Arif Iqbal Bhatti was also brutally assassinated because he did not sentence the accused to death in a fake case of blasphemy. Similarly, some radical Islamists in Pakistan, a few years ago, burned alive a mentally disabled man on the accusation of blasphemy. This insane cruelty was perpetrated despite the fact that even the Islamic Sharia does not implement the blasphemy law on anyone who lost his senses.

Not long ago, a Pashtun Muslim student Mashal Khan was mercilessly lynched in the premises of his university in Pakistan’s Khyber Pakhtunkhwa over fake allegations of posting blasphemous content online. Scandalously, the 22 perpetrators of this lynching who were arrested by the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa police included six employees of the university. More shockingly, Mashal's friends stated to the police in writing that he was a devout Muslim but since he strongly protested against the mismanagement by the university, he was lynched. Also, the Inspector General Police later stated: "We did not find any concrete evidence under which a blasphemy investigation or legal action can be launched against Mashal”.

According to the Al-Arabiya report, in the last 28 years as many as 62 people have been murdered in Pakistan on blasphemy allegations, even before their trial could be conducted in accordance with the law. A report recently launched by the United States Commission on International Religious Freedom states, as many as 40 people are on death row or serving a life sentence in Pakistan for blasphemy.

In fact, the anti-blasphemy laws which were introduced in British colonial times to avoid religious clashes have been brazenly misused by both individuals and radical Islamists with serious repercussions. They turned more violent in the 1980s when the dictator Zia-ul-Haq introduced several reforms which led to the abuse of the law. Since then, over 1,000 people have been accused of blasphemy in Pakistan.

Since 1990, at least 65 people have reportedly been killed in Pakistan over the blasphemy allegations. Earlier, most of the accused were Muslims or the Ahmadis also known as Qadiyanis. But since the 1990s, the minority Christians, who make up just 1.6% of the population, have been systematically targeted by numerous attacks, as this BBC report tells us: bbc.com/news/world-asia-46080067.

For any Muslim-majority country to be civilised and fair to the religious minorities, one of the measures to be taken is to declare the blasphemy laws outlawed and abrogated. One of the essential social and political changes that must occur in Pakistan to usher in democracy is to oust the medieval Islamic blasphemy laws. It should learn from Ireland which, until recently, was deeply conservative, dominated by the Catholic Church, but the country has recently celebrated the end of a “medieval” blasphemy law.

The abrogation or reformation of the anti-blasphemy laws will be widely applauded by the progressive Muslims across the world who hail PM Imran Khan’s stance against the extremist elements disrupting law and order. Nevertheless, until the new government moves towards the procedural reforms, the grave threats of potential exploitation of blasphemy laws will loom large.

On the pretext of protecting the honour of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) or what is called Tahaffuz-e-Namus-e-Risalat, the Islamic postulate has always been misused by the hardcore Islamists in Pakistan. But in reality, the holy Prophet, whose sanctity the extremists claim to defend never sentenced to death the Meccan pagans, who cursed, ridiculed and plotted to kill him. Even when the pagans desecrated the Prophet’s sanctity accusing him of ‘forging’ the Qur’an, he acted upon the divine instruction indicating that only Allah can decide the punishment for even as grievous sin as ‘fabricating’ and ‘concocting’ the Qur’an. Allah says:

“Do they say, 'he has fabricated it'? Say you, 'if I have fabricated it, you have no power for me against Allah. He knows best the (words) you utter about this (Qur’an) as mockery. And He is Sufficient as witness between me and you. And He is Forgiving, Merciful”. (Translation by Imam Ahmed Raza Khan Barelvi) 

At least, this clear and categorical verse from the Qur’an should make the Barelvi extremists in Pakistan reconsider its position on Asia Bibi. Equally important is to read the Pakistani Supreme Court’s judgment. Most of the Barelvis challenging the verdict seem to have wholly or conveniently ignored the apex court's verdict which starts with a declaration of faith, and involves the first 14 paragraphs clarifying that the Court, and its judges, hold the holy Prophet in the highest veneration. It actually starts with a couplet of Allama Iqbal from his famous “Jawaab-e-Shikwa” considering him the ‘Spiritual Father of Pakistan’, in which the veneration and adulation of Holy Prophet is reckoned as the foundational principle of Islam:

Ki Mohammed S.A.W. Se Wafa Tune, To Hum Tere Hain,

Yeh Jahan Kya Cheez Hai Loh-O-Qalam Tere Hain

(We are yours only with your loyalty towards Prophet Muhammad PBUH. Let alone this universe, even the Tablet and The Pen are yours.)

Thus, the judgment holds the Prophet’s prestige and dignity in the highest esteem compared to all creatures of by Allah and clearly demonstrates his lofty moral values as the highest exemplary role model bearing an overwhelming effect on the course of history. “His teachings have undoubtedly brought about the greatest effect in changing the minds, deeds and conducts of individuals and nations. His exceptional achievements have surpassed all predecessors in all respects”, it reads.

Thus, the court’s judgment authored by the Chief justice substantiates the point that the “unlimited and unparalleled love” with Allah’s Messenger is an integral part of a Muslim’s faith. In this connection, the judgment quotes following verses along with a few Hadith narrations:

“Say, [O Muhammad], “If your fathers, your sons, your brothers, your wives, your relatives, wealth which you have obtained, commerce wherein you fear decline, and dwellings with which you are pleased are more beloved to you than Allah and His Messenger and jihad in His cause, then wait until Allah executes His command. And Allah does not guide the defiantly disobedient people”. (Qur’an 9:24)

“By the star when it descends, Your companion [Muhammad] has not strayed, nor has he erred, Nor does he speak from [his own] inclination. It is not but a revelation revealed”. (53:1-4).

 “Say, [O Muhammad], “If you should love Allah, then follow me, [so] Allah will love you and forgive you your sins. And Allah is Forgiving and Merciful”. (Qur’an 3:31)

But no, by your Lord, they will not [truly] believe until they make you, [O Muhammad], judge concerning that over which they dispute among themselves and then find within themselves no discomfort from what you have judged and submit in [full, willing] submission. (4:65).

It is not for a believing man or a believing woman, when Allah and His Messenger have decided a matter, that they should [thereafter] have any choice about their affair. And whoever disobeys Allah and His Messenger has certainly strayed into clear error. (Qur’an 33:36)

“Certainly, you have in Allah’s Messenger an excellent example (role-model) to follow, for whoever looks forward to Allah and the last day and remembers Allah abundantly.” (Qur’an 33:21)

And when you, [O Muhammad], do not bring them a sign, they say, "Why have you not contrived it?" Say, "I only follow what is revealed to me from my Lord. This [Qur'an] is enlightenment from your Lord and guidance and mercy for a people who believe." (Qur’an 7:203).

And indeed, for you is a reward uninterrupted. And indeed, you are of a great moral character. (Qur’an 68:3-4)

And We have not sent you, [O Muhammad], except as a mercy to the worlds. (Qur’an 21:107)]

Among the Jews are those who distort words from their [proper] usages and say, "We hear and disobey" and "Hear but be not heard" and "Ra'ina" (راعنا) twisting their tongues and defaming the religion. And if they had said [instead], "We hear and obey" and "Wait for us [to understand]," it would have been better for them and more suitable. But Allah has cursed them for their disbelief, so they believe not, except for a few. (Qur’an 4:46)

By quoting these verses from Qur’an, the Supreme Court’s verdict has unequivocally described the glorification and exaltation of Holy Prophet and has ordered Muslims to strictly observe maximum respect and be extremely careful in this regard, to the extent of using most appropriate words and even lowering their voices, as mentioned in the following verse from Surah Al-Hujurat:

“O ye who believe! raise not your voices above the voice of the Prophet nor shout when speaking to him as you shout one to another, lest your deeds be rendered vain while you perceive not.” (Qur’an 4:46)]

As for the punishment for blasphemy against Prophet Muhammad (pbuh), it has been endorsed in the judgement which quotes the following verse from Surah Al-Ahzab in its premise:

 “Lo! Those who malign Allah and his Messenger, Allah hath cursed them in the world and the Hereafter, and hath prepared for them the doom of the disdained”. (Qur’an 33:57)

The judgment also puts forward an explanation of this verse by Imam Qurtubi, the famous Mufassir (Qur’an exegete) from Cordoba of Maliki origin, who writes in his commentary of the Qur’an:

“Everything which becomes a means of malignity (Aza’a) of the Holy Prophet (pbuh) whether by quoting words bearing different meanings or similar actions comes under his malignity?”

 (Al Jaam’e li Ahkaam al-Qur’an, Vol.XIV, page 238)

The judgement also brings, along with other commentaries, exegesis of the same verse by Imam Ismail Haqqi, the 17th-century Turkish Sufi scholar and interpreter of the Qur’an. He writes in ḥ al-Bayān (the Spirit of Elucidation), an esoteric interpretation of the Qur’an:

“…..the malignity of Allah and his Prophet (pbuh) meant only the malignity of the Prophet in fact, and mention of Allah (SWT) is only for glorification and exaltation to disclose that the malignity of the Prophet (pbuh) (is indeed the malignity of Allah (SWT).”

But what surprised me is the fact that the apex court’s verdict did not make mention of Imam Abu Hanifa and Imam Tahawi, the two most eminent Hanafi Imams who rejected the enactment of blasphemy laws on the Ahl Zimmah (non-Muslim citizens of the Islamic countries), as clearly evidenced in Imam Nawawi’s classical work “al-Majmu’ Shrah al-Muhazzab”.

Significantly, the vast literature of Islamic jurisprudence does not mention blasphemy as consistent part of the Islamic penal code. But the Pakistani Supreme Court’s 57-page verdict offers several references to the Qur’anic verses and Hadith traditions in support of punishing the blasphemers. But at the same time, it gives crucial key observations, such as these:

·         "Islam may tolerate anything but it teaches zero tolerance for injustice, oppression, and violation of the rights of other human beings the Qur’an  speaks about, from the very beginning”.

·         "If our religion of Islam comes down heavily upon the commission of blasphemy, then Islam is also very tough against those who level false allegations of a crime".

·                      "It is a well-settled principle of Islamic law that one who makes an assertion has to prove it. Thus, the onus rests on the prosecution to prove the guilt of the accused beyond reasonable doubt throughout the trial."Thus, the bench noted that the prosecution was unable to successfully prove its case.

Notably, the apex court’s verdict has strongly rejected the lower court’s judgment in this case and rather critiqued it for failing to “give a fair judgment in the light of clear Qur’anic injunctions”. The verdict quotes Surah Al-Maida’s verse that requires believers to "persistently stand firm for Allah, witnesses in justice, and do not let the hatred of a people prevent you from being just. Be just, that is nearer to righteousness. And fear Allah; indeed, Allah is acquainted with what you do”.

Similarly, this verdict makes another strong reference to the Qur’an:

"So follow not [personal] inclination, lest you not be just. And if you distort [your testimony] or refuse [to give it], then indeed Allah is ever, with what you do, acquainted" (Surah Al Nisa: verse 135).

Thus, the verdict argues that the personal vendettas should not be used to accuse anyone of blasphemy. In addition to citing the Qur’an, the judgement also referenced Shakespeare's King Lear, saying Asia was "more sinned against than sinning."

In conclusion, the Pakistani Supreme Court’s verdict on the Christian lady accused of blasphemy Asia Bibi, does consider the blasphemy as punishable and its law as immutable. However, it only says that “unless proven guilty, through a fair trial, as provided for in the Constitution and the law, every person is considered innocent, irrespective of their creed, caste and colour”. It again quotes a verse from Surah Al-Ma’aidah:

 “….. he who slays a soul unless it be (in punishment) for murder or for spreading mischief on earth shall be as if he had slain all mankind; and he who saves a life shall be as if he had given life to all mankind. ……”. (Qur’an 5:32)


Regular Columnist with Newageislam.com, Ghulam Rasool Dehlvi is a classical Islamic scholar and English-Arabic-Urdu writer. He has graduated from a leading Islamic seminary of India, acquired Diploma in Qur'anic sciences and Certificate in Uloom ul Hadith from Al-Azhar Institute of Islamic Studies. Presently, he is pursuing his PhD in Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi

URL: http://www.newageislam.com/islamic-society/protecting-the-prophet’s-sanctity-(tahaffuz-e-namus-e-risalat)-and-tackling-tehreek-i-labbaik-in-pakistan--a-critical-observation/d/116807

New Age Islam, Islam Online, Islamic Website, African Muslim News, Arab World News, South Asia News, Indian Muslim News, World Muslim News, Women in Islam, Islamic Feminism, Arab Women, Women In Arab, Islamphobia in America, Muslim Women in West, Islam Women and Feminism



  • Hats Off alleges, "you are also a stereotypical "moderate" muslim." He is talking rubbish. He has not been reading my comments and does not know my views but will say anything to retaliate!

    His contention that all religions teach violence is self-serving for the purposes of his hate war against all religions. Whether one takes the message of peace or war from one's religion depends upon one's mind-set and one's agenda. Progressives in all religions preach a message of peaceful co-existence

    By Ghulam Mohiyuddin - 11/10/2018 11:45:23 PM

  • you are also a stereotypical "moderate" muslim - whatever that might mean.

    these kind of muslims will keep on repeating like a broken vinyl record "islam/christianity/hinduism/whatever never teach violence". this is a blatant lie. lies as can only be spoken by men of very moderate intelligence.

    or come up with a conspiratorial "enemies of islam" theory.

    the other muslim is the khadim rizvi types. another stereotype.

    By hats off! - 11/10/2018 5:01:36 PM

  • It was the women refusing to drink water from the hands of Asia Bibi, considering her a Christian, who insulted her religion and were no less blasphemous.

    By GRD - 11/10/2018 10:15:59 AM

  • Do you have any idea at all what you are talking about? I have never supported any of the tenets that you have listed. Challenge me on any views that I have expressed myself but do not address me as if you are addressing some stereotype of a "Muslim" in that sick mind of yours.

    By Ghulam Mohiyuddin - 11/9/2018 11:04:30 PM

  • how nicely you side step issues! you HAVE learnt a thing or two from mr. naseer ahmed in this side-stepping business. may you flourish.

    talk about why islam hates polytheists and idol worship? who gave it the right?

    tell me why the iman of a momeen is not complete until he loves the prophet above his own life? what has this to do with submission to allah.

    tell me why there are no polytheists and idol worshipers in saudi arabia?

    tell me if in any islamic country a kuffar can hold public office.

    tell me what right islam has to ban future prophets?

    tell me why polytheists and idolators should "tolerate" islam if the main aim and objective of islam is to eradicate these two?

    tell me whether islam is about submission or peace?

    you pussy footing do-gooder fake-samaritanism is the flimsiest of masks.

    even a fifth grader can see through it.

    By hats off! - 11/9/2018 4:45:02 PM

  • Blame Rizvi and blame Islamist fanatics! But the agenda of the cussed enemies of Islam is to blame Islam! This in spite of the fact that a spate of progressive articles have come out of Pakistan supporting Asia Bibi and in spite of the fact that a substantial opposition to and condemnation of the TLP exists in Pakistan.

    By Ghulam Mohiyuddin - 11/9/2018 12:03:41 PM

  • khadim rizvi cannot be touched because he wears the cloak of "the only true religion". if you question judaism you are gentile (worthless), if you question christ you are a pagan (worthless), if you question islam you are suicidal (dead).

    if you question khadim rizvi, you are kaffir, munafiq, mushrik or some such worthless arabic gibberish. not very different from the prophet. same if you question either islam or its prophet.

    as long as islam cannot tolerate criticism, this will be the case. as long as islam cannot take a critical look at its founding father, this will be the case.

    in history most of all those that questioned islam or its prophet or its basic tenets have either been killed, imprisoned, exiled or banished. ditto christianity. ditto most other supposedly peaceful religions. religion by definition is strife against the weak and powerless (meaning all those that cannot organize themselves into frenzied mobs).

    with the rohingyas tragedy, buddhism finally was unmasked.

    islam (any religion for that matter) is fearful of questions and for its safety recommends exemplary punishment for those that dare and often legislates violence against doubters.

    to pretend that religions preach peace is the biggest lie assiduously cultivated by dishonest "moderates".

    anyway why should a kuffar respect islam or its prophet? he is not obliged. if islam hates polytheism, polytheists have every right to be islamophobic.

    By hats off! - 11/9/2018 8:32:18 AM

  • In a country where bloggers, journalists and civilians can be picked up, threatened and killed for raising their voice against the military establishment, religious extremists like Khadim Rizvi and Pir Afzal Qadri are roaming free, inciting violence


    By Ghulam Rasool Dehlvi - 11/9/2018 5:24:40 AM

  •  کتنا پرامن تھا تحریک لبیک کا مظاہرہ 

    یہ دیکھئے پاکستانی میڈیا کی رپورٹ :

    تحریک لبیک یا رسول اللہ کے مظاہرین کی جانب سے پولیس پر پتھراو

    تحریک لبیک یا رسول اللہ کا احتجاج


    Khadim Hussain Rizvi Threatens Saqib Nisar | Seedhi Baat | Neo News


    By GRD - 11/8/2018 7:20:12 AM

  • ایک عورت اٹھارہ عورتوں کے درمیان توہین رسالت کرتی ہے. وہ عورتیں بجائے قانون ہاتھ میں لینے کے، امام مسجد کے پاس چلی جاتی ہیں جہاں آسیہ اپنے جرم کا اقرار کرتی ہے. امام مسجد بھی کوئی فتوی نہیں لگاتے اور کیس پنچایت میں لے جاتے ہیں جہاں آسیہ اپنے جرم کا پھر اقرار کرتی ہے. پنچایت میں بھی اتنے لوگوں میں کوئ قانون ہاتھ میں نہیں لیتا اور معاملہ تھانے لیجایا جاتا ہے جہاں ایس پی لیول پر تحقیقات ہوتی ہے اور ملزمہ پر ایف آئی آر کٹ جاتی ہے. یہ کیس سیشنل کورٹ میں چلتا ہے اور ملزمہ پر جرم ثابت ہو جاتا ہے. پھر یہ کیس دوبارہ سے لاہور ہائی کورٹ میں چلتا ہے اور ملزمہ کے شوہر کو بلایا جاتا ہے لیکن وہ بھی بائبل پر ہاتھ رکھ کر اپنی اہلیہ کے حق میں جھوٹی قسم کھانے سے انکار کردیتا ہے، اور بالآخر آسیہ پر الزام ثابت ہونے پر قانون کے تحت پھانسی کی سزا سنا دی جاتی ہے. اس واقعے کے آٹھ نو سال بعد یہ کیس سپریم کورٹ میں چلتا ہے اور آسیہ کو بری کر دیا جاتا ہے. مطلب کے آپ کی دو عدالتوں اور تھانے کا فیصلہ آٹھ سال پہلے بالکل غلط تھا؟ تو پہلا اعتماد تو آپ نے عوام کا اپنی عدالتوں اور تھانوں پر سے اٹھا دیا محترم چیف جسٹس صاحب.. اسکے بعد پرامن احتجاج عوام کا حق تھا جس میں جلاؤ گھیراؤ توڑ پھوڑ کی سب ہی مذمت کرتے ہیں.. عمران خان اور فواد صاحب کے دھمکی آمیز بیانات نے جلتی پر تیل کا کام کیا بجائے اسکے کہ معاملے کی معاملے کی نزاکت کو سمجھتے. ہمارا حکومت اور سپریم کورٹ سے مطالبہ ہے کہ فوری اس فیصلے پر نظرثانی کی جائے اور ملزمہ کا نام ای سی ایل میں ڈالا جائے. یہ معاملہ نا کسی مولوی کا ہے نا کسی سیاسی جماعت کا، بلکہ یہ ہر مسلمان کا معاملہ ہے.
    By بلال چشتی - 11/7/2018 11:49:27 PM

  • پاکستان میں ایسے مفتی صاحبان بھی ہیں.... 

    ڈرون حملے ہوتے رہے ۔۔جناب کا فتوی نہیں آیا۔
    ایمل کانسی کو بیچ دیا گیا۔۔۔جناب کا فتوی نہیں آیا۔۔
    امریکہ نے عراق پر حملہ کیا۔۔۔جناب کا فتوی نہیں آیا۔۔
    ریمینڈ ڈیوس کو بیچا گیا۔۔۔۔جناب کا فتوی نہیں آیا۔۔
    کرنل جوزف کا سودا کیا گیا۔۔۔جناب کا فتوی نہیں آیا۔۔
    ملی نغمے میں قادیانی ڈاکٹر عبدالسلام کو ہیرو بنا کر پیش کیا گیا۔۔۔۔جناب کا فتوی نہیں آیا۔۔
    ایک جنرل امریکہ میں ، ایک جنرل آسٹریلیا میں ، ایک جنرل دبئ میں ایک جنرل سعودیہ میں بقیہ زندگی گزار رہے ہیں پر جناب کا فتوی نہیں آیا۔۔۔
    اداروں میں قادیانی عہدوں پر براجمان ہیں پر جناب کا فتوی نہیں آیا۔۔۔
    بلدیہ میں 300 مزدور شہید ہوگئے ۔۔جناب کا فتوی نہیں آیا۔۔
    کرسچنوں نے حفاظ کرام دو بھائیوں کو دن دھاڑنے بے گناہ نظر آتش کردیا ۔۔۔۔جناب کا فتوی نہیں آیا۔۔
    گستاخ بلاگرز کو سابقہ حکومت نے ملک سے باہر فرار کروا دیا  جناب کا فتوی نہیں آیا. .. مگر ممتاز قادری کے خلاف اور عاصیہ ملعونہ و سلمان تاثیر کے حق میں ان کے فتووں کی مشین مکمل کھل گئی  اور مذھبی طبقے کا طرز عمل نہایت ہی ناگوار گزرنے لگا اور لبرل دنیا کی آواز سے آواز ملا لی اور خود کو مصلح امت بنالیا اور اسلام کے امن و عافیت کے بھاشن دینے شروع ہو گئے, اگر اسلام کی تشریح ان لوگوں کے نزدیک یہی ہے کہ بس لٹتے رہو اور پٹتے رہو مگر اف تک بھی نہ کرنا اور کفار جو کچھ بھی کرتے رہیں وہ سب درست اور مسلمان کو آہ کی بھی اجازت نہیں تو ایسے معصوم شارحین اسلام کی معصومیت کو ہمارا لال سلام قبول ہو... 
    ہائے افسوس کہ ہمارا ملک ایک ایسی بین الاقوامی بردہ فروش مارکیٹ ہے جہاں پیسوں کے ذریعے جرنیل ، سیاستدان ، مفتی، جج ، عدالت ،اساتذہ ، پیر ، گدی نشین ، گوشہ نشین سب ہی خریدے جاسکتے ہیں۔۔۔!!!

    By بلال چشتی - 11/7/2018 11:47:26 PM

  • Also, it is important to read the Pakistani Supreme Court’s judgment itself. Most of the people challenging the verdict, seem to not have taken the time to read the apex court's Verdict: The judgment of the Court, authored by Chief Justice, starts with a declaration of faith, and spends the first 14 paragraphs clarifying that the Court, and its judges, hold the Prophet (SAWW) in the highest of esteem. Then, the facts as narrated in the judgment, are as follows: On 14.06.2009, Asia Bibi, a Christian woman, was working in the fields (plucking falsas), where she had some argument with a few women (i.e. Mafia Bibi and Asma Bibi), who claim that she (allegedly) uttered blasphemous words against the Holy Prophet (SAWW) and the Holy Quran. The alleged event was narrated to Qari Muhammad Salaam (the Complainant), who convened a public meeting on 19.06.2009, in which Asia Bibi (allegedly) confessed to her crime. As a result, Qari Salaam lodged a complaint before the police, resulting in registration of FIR No. 326. The trial commenced before a court of competent jurisdiction, in which the prosecution produced seven witnesses (including Qari Muhammad Salaam/complainant (PW 1), two eye witnesses of the occurrence i.e. Mafia Bibi (PW 2) and Asma Bibi (PW 3), a witness of extra judicial confession Muhammad Afzal (PW 4) and three police witnesses (PW 5 to 7)). In her defence, Asia opted not to lead any evidence. Instead, her statement stated that the extra-judicial confession had been obtained under duress, that she had “great respect and honour [for] the Holy Prophet (PBUH) as well as Holy Quran”, whereas this episode had transpired “over fetching water which was offered by me to bring for them, but they refused saying that since I am Christian, they will never take water from my hand.” [sic] After reviewing the evidence, the trial court convicted Asia Bibi for blasphemy, under section 295-C of PPC, and sentenced her to death, along with fine of Rs. 100,000/=. Thereafter, a Capital Sentence Reference No. 614/2010 was forwarded to the honorable High Court, for confirmation or otherwise, whereas Asia Bibi filed her appeal against conviction. The honorable High Court upheld the sentence of death, against which an appeal was filed before the honorable Supreme Court. The Apex Court, headed by the honorable Chief Justice, along with the next Chief Justice (Asif Saeed Khosa, J), painstakingly evaluated all the evidence available on the record, to conclude that the prosecution had entirely failed in establishing their case “beyond reasonable doubt”, and thus Asia Bibi stands acquitted. On the legal front, judgment of Chief Justice, and the concurrent note of Justice Khosa, aptly summarizes the reasons for acquittal of Asia Bibi. Specifically, in this regard, the honorable Court identifies four primary reasons for acquittal: 1) there was inordinate delay (of 5 days) in the registration of the FIR; 2) the prosecution evidence had a plethora of irremediable contradictions in the testimony of witnesses; 3) the extra-judicial confession of Asia Bibi had been obtained in suspect circumstances, and under duress; and 4) the prosecution had failed in proving their case “beyond reasonable doubt”. To this end, Justice Asif Khosa, in his concurring note, points out that Mafia Bibi and Asma Bibi, in their respective statements, “categorically denied the fact that an altercation/quarrel took place between the appellant and them”, whereas this fact of “critical importance” was only revealed through the statement of SP Investigation and Muhammad Idrees (owner of falsa fields). Justice Khosa, after reviewing the relevant testimonies, concludes that “Mafia Bibi and Asma Bibi had no regard for the truth and they were capable of deposing falsely” under oath. Equally importantly, in regards to the extra-judicial confession, Justice Khosa observes that “the evidence produced by the prosecution about where the public gathering had been held, how many people had participated in that gathering, who had brought the appellant to the gathering, how the appellant was brought to the gathering and the time consumed in the meeting has been found by me to be replete with glaring contradictions exposing complete falsity of the said part of the prosecution’s story.” The Apex Court, through Justice Khosa’s judgment also expresses its disappointment on the manner in which the investigation was done, and in which the trial was concluded. Justice Khosa points out that “the glaring and stark contradictions in the evidence produced by the prosecution in respect of every factual aspect of this case [...] lead to an irresistible and unfortunate impression that all those concerned in the case with providing evidence and conducting investigation had taken upon themselves not to speak the truth or at least not to divulge the whole truth. It is equally disturbing to note that the courts below had also, conveniently or otherwise, failed to advert to such contradictions and some downright falsehood.” In conclusion, almost as a cautionary tale Justice Khosa’s judgment quotes the agreement, entered into under the name and signature of the Prophet (SAWW) himself, in which the Christians have been granted immunity by the Muslims. Specifically, the Court points out how, in 628 A.D., a ‘Covenant’ was entered into between the Prophet (SAWW) and a delegation from St. Catherine’s Monastery, referred to as “The Promise to St. Catherine”, which, in part, reads as follows: “This is a message from Muhammad ibn Abdullah, as a covenant to those who adopt Christianity, near and far, we are with them…. No one of the nation (Muslims) is to disobey the covenant till the Last Day (end of the world).” If this does not make the religious extremists in Pakistan reconsider its position on Asia Bibi… maybe nothing will.
    By Ghulam Rasool Dehlvi - 11/7/2018 9:48:46 PM

  • Blasphemy laws: Imam Abu Hanifa, Imam Qurtabi, Imam Tahawi, Qazi Ayaz, Imam Nawawi jaise Fiqhi imamon ke Aqwal:

    إمام أبوحنیفہ سے مروی ہے کہ اُنہوں نے فرمایا : غیر مسلم شہری کو شتمِ رسول کے جرم میں قتل نہیں کیا جائے گا۔ (کیونکہ) جس شرک پر وہ پہلے سے قائم ہے،وہ بذات خود اِس سے کہیں زیادہ بڑا جرم ہے''۔

    وحكي عن أبي حنيفة أنه قال : لا يقتل الذمي بشتم النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم ما هم عليه من الشرك أعظم(1)۔
    2۔ علامہ قاضی عیاض مالکی (متوفی:544 ھ) اپنی کتاب"الشفا بتعريف حقوق المصطفٰی"میں لکھتے ہیں:
    فأما الذمي إذا صرح بسبه أو عرض أو استخف بقدره أو وصفه بغير الوجه الذى كفر به فلا خلاف عندنا في قتله إن لم يسلم ، لأنا لم نعطه الذمة أو العهد على هذا ، وهو قول عامة العلماء إلا أبا حنيفة والثوري وأتباعهما من أهل الكوفة فإنهم قالوا : لا يقتل ، لأن ما هو عليه من الشرك أعظم ولكن يؤدب ويعزر(2)۔
    '' کوئی غیر مسلم شہری اگر نبی صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم پر علانیہ سب و شتم کرتا،اُن کی شان میں گستاخی کرتا،اُن کی تحقیر کرتا اور کسی ایسے (نازیبا) وصف سے اُن کو موصوف کرتا ہے کہ جو اُس کے کفر کا سبب نہیں ہے تو اُس صورت میں اگر وہ اسلام قبول نہیں کرلیتا تو ایسے شخص کے قتل کیے جانے کے باب میں ہمارے ہاں (مالکیہ میں) کوئی اختلاف نہیں ہے۔ کیونکہ اِس طرح کے جرم کے ارتکاب پر ہم نے اُسے کوئی عہد وامان نہیں دے رکھا ہے۔ عام طور پر اہل علم کی یہی رائے ہے،تاہم إمام أبو حنیفہ،إمام ثوری اور اہل کوفہ میں سے اُن کے شاگردوں کا قول یہ ہے کہ ایسے ذمی کو قتل نہیں کیا جائے گا۔ کیونکہ وہ جس شرک پر پہلے سے قائم ہے ، وہ اِس سے کہیں زیادہ بڑا جرم ہے (لیکن اِس کے باوجود ہم اُسے قتل نہیں کرتے)۔ تاہم اُس کی تادیب ضرور کی جائے گی اور (قتل کے سوا) تعزیراً اُسے کوئی سزا دی جائے گی''۔
    3۔ إمام قرطبی (متوفی:671 ھ) اپنی تفسیر"الجامع لأحکام القرآن"میں سورۂ توبہ کی آیت نمبر۸کی تفسیر کرتے ہوئے لکھتے ہیں:
    أكثر العلماء على أن من سب النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم من أهل الذمة أو عرّض أو استخف بقدره أو وصفه بغير الوجه الذي كفر به فإنه يقتل؛ فإنّا لم نعطه الذمة أو العهد على هذا۔ إلا أبا حنيفة والثوري وأتباعهما من أهل الكوفة فإنهم قالوا : لا يقتل ، ما هو عليه من الشرك أعظم ، ولكن يؤدب ويعزر(3)۔
    ''اکثر علما کی رائے یہ ہے کہ ذمیوں میں سے جس شخص نے نبی صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم پر علانیہ سب وشتم کیا،اُن کی شان میں گستاخی کی،اُن کی تحقیر کی اور کسی ایسے (نازیبا) وصف سے اُن کو موصوف کیا جو اُس کے کفر کا سبب نہیں ہے تو اُس صورت میں اُسے قتل کردیا جائے گا۔ کیونکہ اِس طرح کے جرم کے ارتکاب پر ہم نے اُسے کوئی عہد وامان نہیں دے رکھا ہے۔ تاہم إمام أبو حنیفہ، إمام ثوری اور اہل کوفہ میں سے اُن کے شاگردوں کی رائے یہ ہے کہ ایسے ذمی کو قتل نہیں کیا جائے گا۔ کیونکہ وہ جس شرک پر پہلے سے قائم ہے وہ اِس سے کہیں زیادہ بڑا جرم ہے (اِس کے باوجود ہم اُسے قتل نہیں کرتے)۔ لیکن اتنی بات ضرور ہے کہ اُس کی تادیب کی جائے گی اور (قتل کے سوا) تعزیراً اُسے کوئی سزا دی جائے گی''۔
    4۔ إمام نووی (متوفی:676 ھ) اپنی کتاب"المجموع شرح المهذب"میں فرماتے ہیں :
    واحتج الطحاوي لأصحابه بحديث أنس الذى فيه أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم لم يقتل من كانوا يقولون له السَّام عليك ، وأيده بأن هذا الكلام لو صدر من مسلم لكانت ردة ، وأما صدوره من اليهودي فالذي هم عليه من الكفر أشد ، فلذلك لم يقتلهم النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم (4)۔
    ''اور حنفی امام جناب إمام طحاوی نے اپنے علما کی رائے کے حق میں سیدنا انس رضی اللہ عنہ کی اُس حدیث سے استدلال کیا ہے جس سے معلوم ہوتا ہے کہ نبی صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم نے (السَّلام علیک کے بجائے بد دعا دینے کی غرض سے) السَّام علیک کہنے والوں کو قتل نہیں فرمایا۔ اپنی رائے کی تائید میں إمام طحاوی نے مزید فرمایا کہ اِس طرح کی بات اگر کوئی مسلمان کرے تو یہ ''ارتداد'' ہے۔ جہاں تک یہود سے اِس کے صادر ہونے کا تعلق ہے تو یہ جاننا چاہیے کہ وہ جس کفر پر قائم ہیں وہ اِس سے کہیں زیادہ سنگین جرم ہے۔ چنانچہ اِسی وجہ سے نبی صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم نے اُنہیں قتل نہیں فرمایا''۔________________________________
    (1 طبعة وتصحيح الشيخ محمد راغب الطباخ فی مطبعتة العلمية۔ حلب،سوريا طبعه اُولٰی۔1351ھ۔
    (2) 031،1030/2الشفا بتعريفظ المصطفٰی بتحقيق الشيخ علی محمد البجاوی،القاضی عياض،1024/2۔ دار الکتاب العربی،بيروت۔1404ھ۔
    (3) 83/8دار الکتب المصرية۔ القاهرة۔ طبعه ثانيه:1384ھ۔
    (4)  427/19دار الفکر،بيروت۔ مصدر  : موقع يعسوب۔) 296/3

    By Ghulam Rasool Dehlvi - 11/7/2018 9:46:45 PM

  • No happy Diwali, or any article on Ram. 
    Ever year when Ramzan comes its forced as festival of everybody type of articles. 
    Sick Sultan Shain of India, trying to project himself as Secluar.

    By Aayina - 11/7/2018 9:17:31 AM

  • They revile the Prophet (pbuh) and Islam through their blasphemy laws. The Prophet is most reviled by the Muslims in a number of ways and I wonder whether the Prophet will own them up as his followers on the Day of Judgment.
    By Naseer Ahmed - 11/7/2018 12:33:58 AM

Compose Your Comments here:
Email (Not to be published)
Fill the text
Disclaimer: The opinions expressed in the articles and comments are the opinions of the authors and do not necessarily reflect that of NewAgeIslam.com.