Surendra Kumar Gupta
month’s World Sufi conference in India gave impetus to forces opposing
terrorism in the world. The conference sent a positive message to the world
that the need of the hour is to strengthen another philosophy of Islam as much
of the world now sees Islam through the prism of terrorism. India must promote
Sufism to constrain Wahhabism, which has already ruined the Islamic culture.
the Sufi tradition laid down by Ameer Khusro, Sheikh Saleem Chisti and
Nizamuddin Aulia, India should be a cultural leader as well as a hub for the
promotion of Sufism in the world, which matches the philosophy of Hinduism in
the context of spiritual traditions. Let Dargahs be promoted as National
Integration Centres to counter terrorism and to keep Indian Muslims away from
the clutches of Wahhabism.
many parts of the Muslim world is in the grip of Wahhabism, an
ultra-conservative and fundamentalist sect favoured by extremist Sunnis. Terror
groups such as the Islamic State, the Taliban, Al Qaeda are all by-products of
this extremist thought. Wahhabi ideology has also worsened the Shia-Sunni
divide, with Sunni terror groups pitted against Shia terror groups such as the
Hezbollah and Hamas. This has generated a lot of bloodshed and caused mass
killings especially in West Asia.
Syria is the worst affected. Millions of Syrians have been killed in the
ongoing civil war and millions more have taken refuge in other countries. On
the ground, President Bashar al-Assad’s Government forces are battling a wide
array of groups such as Jabhat Al Nusra, the Islamic State and the Free Syrian
Army. Kurdish forces are also in the mix while the US, Russia, UK and the
French are carrying out aerial campaigns from above.
close on the heels on Syria and some of its territory is still under the
control of the Islamic State though regime forces, supported by US and Russian
fire power, have been able to win back quite a bit of land. Iraq's population
is divided in to three major groups: the Shias who form the majority, the
Sunnis and the Kurds.
also in bad shape after it was attacked by Saudi Arabia, following political
instability. Here, the fight is between the Houthis, who are considered to be
Shias, and the Saudi-Sunnis. The Houthis now control two-thirds of Yemen, after
having fought with Sunni tribals as well as the forces of Abdrabbuh Mansour
Hadi, Yemen’s Saudi-backed President.
the situation is relatively better since the political turmoil of the Arab
uprising that began in late 2010. However, the situation in Libya, which went
through regime change as a result of the uprising, is unstable. And then there
is of course Palestine and its decades old conflict with Israel.
countries like Nigeria and Somalia, groups such as Boko Haram and Al Shabaab
have expressed support for the Islamic State and continued their terrorist
activities unabated. Thousands have been killed and many more rendered
Indian sub-continent, Pakistan is home to many Jihadi terror groups such as Jaish-e-Mohammad,
Lashkar-e-Tayyeba, Hizbul Mujahideen, Harkat-ul-Ansar and the Tehreek-e-Taliban
Pakistan. The state institutions are weak and corrupt while the Army is all
powerful and has no qualms in using radical Islam to achieve its goals.
situation is only slightly better in Bangladesh where political and economic
development continues to be hampered by the forces of jihad, radicalism,
partisan fighting and corruption. For example, the Harkat-ul-Jihad-al-Islami’s
Bangladesh branch is thought to have ties with Al Qaeda.
in the Muslim-majority State of Jammu & Kashmir, there have been some
indications of another wave of militancy and radicalism but for now, it seems
like the Indian Army has the situation under control. However, let us not
forget how the Kashmiri Pandits were forced out of the valley, their ancient
homeland, in the 1980s.