New Age Islam Edit Bureau
06 April 2017
From Petersburg to Khan Sheikhoun
By Mashari Althaydi
Connecting the ISIS Dots on Terror in
By Talmiz Ahmad
The Attack on Khan Sheikhun Changes
By Maria Dubovikova
Israel Builds Ties to Christians
While Arabs Remain AWOL
By Ray Hanania
I Like a Dictator When He Fights
By Barcin Yinanc
Toward A Deeper Understanding of the
By Turki Aldakhil
Why Is Justice Obstructed in Iraq’s
Compiled By New Age Islam Edit Bureau
5 April 2017
On Monday, the terrorist attack which
targeted Saint Petersburg Metro killed at least 11 and injured dozens others.
On the very next day, the town of Khan Sheikhoun in Idlib in North Syria
suffered from a serious war crime after the Syrian regime attacked it with
chemical gas killing at least 58 civilians.
It is a dangerous coincidence and shows how
crises and attacks across the world are linked to each other. What happened
against innocent civilians in Russia is a crime and that is beyond doubt.
According to preliminary investigations, the attack was carried out by
Akbarzhon Jalilov, who is originally from Kyrgyzstan and was affiliated to the
ISIS. The man who carried out the Istanbul nightclub shooting on New Year’s Eve
was also from the same country.
What happened in Khan Sheikhoun is a major
disaster for the international community. The pictures of Syrian children with
their eyes wide open after the deadly chemical attack raises feelings of anger
The entire civilized world condemned the
St. Petersburg attack. However, does this “entire” world also clearly,
unhesitatingly and strongly, condemn the Khan Sheikhoun crime? In all fairness,
the western world, France and the European Union spoke loudly against this
High Representative of the European Union
for Foreign Affairs Federica Mogherini slammed the chemical attack and said
Syrian President Bashar al-Assad was responsible for it. French Foreign
Minister Jean-Marc Ayrault called on everyone to shoulder their
responsibilities and called for an urgent UN Security Council meeting.
As usual, the Assad regime invented a story
to evade responsibility, just like it did with the infamous Abu Adas incident.
It evaded the responsibility for the attack and said the opposition was angry
because it is being defeated. Oh well! Does this anger mean the opposition will
attack its own people in Khan Sheikhoun using chemical gas?
The Russians also denied any role and said
their jets were not there. Most probably, or rather almost certainly, the
perpetrator is Bashar al-Assad whose forces have carried out a similar attack
in the past in eastern Ghouta. Back then, Barack Obama threatened him with “red
Mohamed Sabra, chief negotiator for the
Syrian opposition during the Geneva talks, said the chemical attack puts Geneva
talks, which aim to settle the dispute, into question. Honestly speaking,
explosions targeting Russia were expected as Russia has been a tempting target
for terrorist groups even before it intervened in Syria, let alone following
When Washington, London and Paris condemned
Assad, particularly after he carried out chemical attacks, Moscow and Beijing
used their veto powers seven times. The attack in Petersburg and the chemical
attack in Khan Sheikhoun should both be condemned.
Evil summons evil. May God protect us from
Saudi journalist Mashari Althaydi presents Al Arabiya News Channel’s
“views on the news” daily show “Maraya.” He has previously held the position
of a managing senior editor for Saudi Arabia & Gulf region at pan-Arab
newspaper Asharq al-Awsat. Althaydi has published several papers on political
Islam and social history of Saudi Arabia. He appears as a guest on several
radio and television programs to discuss the ideologies of extremist groups and
Connecting the ISIS Dots on Terror In
In the afternoon of Monday, 3 April, the
historic city of St. Petersburg joined other European cities like Brussels, Paris
and Nice in becoming the target of a terrorist attack.
The victims were travelling on the city’s
Metro rail system that carries two million passengers daily. Between two
stations, a suicide bomber blew himself up and killed 14 passengers, besides
himself, and injured dozens of others, many of them quite severely.
A second larger device was discovered at
another station and defused suggesting to investigators that this might have
the main attack but for the fact that the bomb failed to explode. The bombing
took place on the day President Putin was visiting St. Petersburg to meet his
counterpart from Belarus. Investigators are said to be looking for two other
associates of the bomber.
The perpetrator has been identified as
23-year old Akbarzhon Jalilov, a Russian citizen born in Kyrgyzstan, who has
been living in Russia for the last six years. While most official sources have
so far been cautious about discussing the affiliation of the bomber, the
Russian Interfax news agency has said that Djalilov was “linked to radical
Russia experienced considerable terrorist
violence in the 1990s and 2000s, but these were linked to separatist movements
in Chechnya and Dagestan. In 2002, Chechen rebels had taken 170 hostages at a
theatre in Moscow, and later, in 2004, they occupied a school in Beslan and
took 1,100 hostages. About 390 persons were killed in the rescue operation. In
January 2011, in a suicide attack at Moscow’s Domodedovo airport by the
Chechens left 37 people killed.
Terrorists associated with the Dagestan
struggle were responsible for the suicide bombing at Volgograd station in
December 2013 in which 16 persons were killed, followed by an attack on a
trolley bus a day later in which 14 were killed. Russia has also experienced
violence carried out by ISIS, but this has been outside Russia itself. In
October 2015, the Russian Metrojet airliner blew up over the Sinai, in which
224 passengers were killed.
While a direct link of ISIS to the St.
Petersburg is not yet apparent, commentators note that, in the wake of attacks
in Mosul and Raqqa, in recent months ISIS leaders have asked potential recruits
to avoid coming to their capital cities and instead carry out attacks in their
own home countries. This has led to an upsurge of “lone-wolf” attacks in
different cities by persons with no direct links with ISIS or other radical
groups, who were perhaps motivated to violence by the allure of extremist
propaganda on social media.
Such a scenario cannot be ruled out in the
case of the St. Petersburg bombing. Russia is home to at least 200,000 legal
Central Asian migrants and a similar number of illegals, who work in gruelling
conditions of discrimination and injustice to support families at home. They
have in the past flocked to join militant groups in the conflict theatres of
Afghanistan, Iraq and Syria.
ISIS has had a special allure for Central
Asian fighters. A Georgian Chechen, Abu Omar Al Shishani, was a senior field
commander in the ISIS forces till his death in a US air attack in July 2016.
In 2015, the special services chief of
Tajikstan, Gulmurod Khalimov, defected to ISIS and had urged Central Asian
workers in Russia to join the organization with the words: “Working in Russia
you became slaves of Kafirs [non-believers]. You’re churki [“dark-skinned”, a
pejorative Russian word used to describe Central Asians] for them, nothing
more… Do jihad, come to the ISIS.”
It is estimated that between 1500-4000
Central Asians joined militancy in Syria, with some militia specially dedicated
to these fighters. With ISIS now under pressure, potential recruits are
available to perpetrate terror at home.
Putin’s Role in Russia
In Chechnya, this is facilitated by the
Chechen independence movement now calling itself the “Caucasus Emirate”,
seeking to set up a “caliphate” in Chechnya and calling fighters from all the
Besides the Chechen factor, attacks on
Russia by radical groups have been encouraged by the strong military and
political support that Russia has extended to the Assad regime in Syria. Not
only has Russia boosted the military capabilities of the Assad regime, its air
force has also carried out massive attacks on ISIS positions across Syria. This
has ensured not just the survival of the regime but also the imminent destruction
of “caliphate” itself.
There are reports that some days before the
St. Petersburg bombings some ISIS websites had encouraged attacks on Russia and
President Putin himself for his role in Syria. One image showed an ISIS fighter
standing in front of the Kremlin with the caption “kill them where you find
them”, while another encouraged its supporters to launch strikes on Moscow.
After the attacks, some ISIS-related
websites have shown its supporters celebrating the attacks: an ISIS supporter
on the group’s al-Minbar platform wrote: “We ask Allah to bless the operation
by the lions of the Caliphate, we ask Allah to kill the Crusaders.” Another
said that the bombing created “a metro to hell for the worshipers of the
Cross”, and claimed that the attacks were revenge for Russia’s attacks on ISIS
As ISIS collapses in the Levant, its lethal
tentacles have reached out several thousand kilometres to perpetrate violence
upon its enemies.
Talmiz Ahmad is the former Indian Ambassador to Saudi Arabia, Oman and
By Maria Dubovikova
6 April 2017
Syria, which had just seemed to have a real
chance at stabilization and the start of a political process, is once again on
the brink of catastrophe. The chemical attack on the town of Khan Sheikhun, in
Idlib province, has sparked global uproar. About 80 people have been killed and
more than 200 injured. Patients’ symptoms bare the hallmarks of the nerve agent
sarin, banned by the chemical weapons convention.
The Syrian American Medical Society reports
that the victims do not have any physical trauma injuries. Doctors surmise that
it was not chlorine that was used, but sarin, which is much deadlier. The
opposition first accused Russia of carrying out the attack, then Damascus. Such
an attack cannot be justified and must not be left without a solid response.
The perpetrators must not get away with it.
The UN Security Council held an emergency
meeting to discuss a draft resolution prepared by the US, the UK and France.
The resolution condemns Damascus for the supposed use of chemical weapons. The
stumbling block is expectedly Russia’s position, which is hardly understandable
to most of the international community given the death toll, and that even the
UN’s Syria envoy has confirmed that the attack was perpetrated from the air.
Russia’s Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Maria
Zakharova slammed the international community for jumping to conclusions
without proper investigation. According to her, the text of the resolution
anticipates the results of an investigation blaming Damascus, and was written
with “extreme carelessness.” The Foreign Ministry considers the attack a
provocation by destructive forces in Syria targeting the peace process and the
talks in Geneva and Astana.
Zakharova lamented the position of
international and regional counterparts, who she said are ready to use any
terrorist act to harm the Syrian government. She thus blamed terrorist groups
for the attack. Russia considers information coming from the White Helmets and
the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights as unreliable, as they have long been
Russia’s Defense Ministry said it had
recorded the use of similar chemical shells in Aleppo before. It also pointed
out that the Syrian air force on the same day struck a “terrorist” ammunition
depot and military vehicles in the same area.
According to the ministry, a chemical
weapons facility was situated in the depot. So it is possible that the
“chemical attack” was collateral damage from the Syrian government fighting
terrorists who were plotting to use weapons of mass destruction.
Russia has called for a full investigation
by the international community and NGOs. Moscow has warned about the dangers of
making hasty conclusions and making far-reaching decisions based on them. Its
position is explained not only by attempts to save its ally in Damascus,
considering that the latter is part of the solution in Syria.
The roots are in the Libyan crisis.
Russia’s abstention of a UN resolution led to a bloody operation that has left
the country severely unstable. Moscow considers the abstention a grave mistake,
and has since been concerned that UN resolutions could be used as a pretext for
international intervention and uncontrollable chaos in Syria, leading to a
The US ambassador to the UN said if the
Security Council does not come up with a concrete decision, America will act
unilaterally. So a harsh response may be inevitable even with a Russian veto.
The international community knows well what this means and what it can lead to.
Meanwhile, US President Donald Trump has said the attack has seriously changed
his views on Syria and its President Bashar Assad.
All the data at the international
community’s disposal speaks against Assad, except for one thing that is beyond
comprehension. The attack came shortly after US Secretary of State Rex
Tillerson said the Trump administration does not consider Assad stepping down a
priority. This was echoed by the US ambassador to the UN.
Everything was going so well for Assad, and
his government was practically accepted as part of the solution. Such a savage
attack would spark aggressive rhetoric that would put an end to all his
aspirations of being part of the solution and staying in power for longer.
Chemical weapons have been used by both the
government and the armed opposition. This has been proven by international
organizations. The situation needs in-depth investigation and analysis. For
example, the source of the chemicals could be the bombed area, not the bombs
themselves. In the current situation, it is very dangerous to act on impulse,
as a political solution and an end to bloodshed are at stake, as well as the
whole future of Syria.
If the investigation shows that
responsibility for the attack lays exclusively on the shoulders of the Assad
government, the international community should respond to the atrocity and call
it to account. And in that case, if Russia continues to side with the regime,
it will completely lose its credibility on the world stage.
• Maria Dubovikova is a prominent political commentator, researcher and
expert on Middle East affairs. She is president of the Moscow-based
International Middle Eastern Studies Club (IMESClub).
Israel Builds Ties to Christians While
Arabs Remain AWOL
Israel has expanded its powerful and
effective public relations campaign to appeal to American Christians, while the
Arab world continues to ignore the growing needs of Christians in the Middle
East. Christians have continued to suffer in the region and the Muslim world,
as Arab and Muslim leaders have urged their media to downplay stories that
highlight tensions with Christian minorities.
Christians say Muslims and Arabs need to do
more to address their needs and concerns in public forums where the topics have
been taboo and marginalized, and to support their communities not just in the
Arab world but in Israel too.
Israel, however, is making Christians’
concerns a top priority, licensing an American Christian evangelical group to
broadcast their issues, and support of Israel, to Christians throughout the
Middle East and the Muslim world. What is the Arab world doing for Christians
other than repeating the empty phrase “we don’t discriminate between Muslim or
Christian; we’re all the same”?
The Israeli Christian radio network is
called The Voice of Hope, and is focused on the beliefs of Christians in the
West, not in the Middle East or in Israel, where they are oppressed daily.
Radio station officials announced in a press release — something most Arabs do
not know how to write — that their target audience will be Christian Arabs
living in Israel, the occupied territories and Arab countries.
The radio station’s founder and president,
John Tayloe, said in the press release: “I am excited that this powerful
Christian radio station was licensed by the State of Israel to deliver a
message of hope and encouragement to the people of the Middle East. The Voice
of Hope is established in support of Christians of the Middle East and is a
gift of love from Christians in the United States and Canada.”
I bet the radio station will not be
discussing how Christians like my family are being persecuted and denied our
rights, because that will upset the Israelis. My family owns 33 dunums of land
just outside Jerusalem, but Israel’s government has refused to allow my family
to do anything with it. So much for caring about Christians!
A few years after Israel took over the West
Bank militarily, it destroyed the home that was on the land and sealed the
water well to redirect water to the racist and illegal Jewish-only settlement
of Gilo, which surrounds my family’s land. But this is not the only case of
Christian land being under siege that The Voice of Hope will ignore.
Lands in Shepherd’s Field and in the
Christian Triangle of Bethlehem, Beit Jala and Beit Sahour have been forcibly
taken from Christian Palestinians to build illegal settlements for Jewish
fanatics. I doubt the station will discuss that because whenever an Arab one
highlights Israeli brutality against Christian and Muslim civilians, Israel’s
military ransacks the studios, destroys the equipment and jails the employees
without legal representation or charges.
Israel’s Palestinian citizens have been
denied government support to launch radio and television stations, and they
have no newspaper that represents their views. This is part of Israeli
governments’ racist policies that discriminate against non-Jewish citizens.
Israel spends millions on public relations and propaganda to bury the truth
about how non-Jews are oppressed in Israel.
In 2015, Israel shut down several Arab
radio stations and went berserk over the launch of an Arab television station
based in Nazareth called Palestine 48. Israel does not allow its schools to
teach its children about the Palestinian viewpoint on the 1948 war and Israel’s
establishment, and its brutality is often minimized.
Israel is merely taking advantage of the
Arab world’s failure to stand up for the rights of Christian Arabs and non-Arab
Christians from the Middle East, such as Chaldeans, Phoenicians and Assyrians.
These minorities deserve more support than they are receiving.
The Arab world provides funding to Muslim
groups to expand their religious presence in the West, supporting the building
of mosques and Islamic schools. But no programs offer financial aid to the
fast-dwindling Christian-Arab community. That needs to change to prevent Israel
from stealing an important role — which should be held by Arabs — of
championing the rights of Christians in the Middle East.
• Ray Hanania is an award-winning Palestinian-American former journalist
and political columnist.
I Like A Dictator When He Fights
In a few months’ time, a year will have
been passed since Turkey’s failed military coup attempt.
Yet to this day, Turks seem to have failed
to convince people elsewhere that, followers of
U.S.-based Islamic preacher Fethullah Gülen
was behind the coup.
In Western circles, we still come across
many who ask who the Gülenists are and look with skeptical eyes when we explain
how they formed a state within a state. Unfortunately, the sceptics are not
limited to regular folks, but also include and members of parliament and
Isn’t it strange that even the fiercest
opposition voices in Turkey cannot convince them? Western sceptics look with
the same unconvinced eyes even when they encounter the staunchest critics of
President Recep Tayyip Erdogan and the ruling Justice and Development Party
(AKP) telling them that Gülenists were behind the coup.
Perhaps they simply do not want to be
convinced. It suits some opinion-makers to portray the coup as something staged
by President Erdogan simply to strengthen his iron rule.
There seems to be an obsession with Erdogan.
Perheps the E<uropeans think that he perfectly fits the profile of the “bad
man” you can blame everything on. The fact that thousands have been jailed in
Turkey and journalists are among those behind bars is not something the public
cares so much about. What is critical here is that Western circles stamp him
out as a “dictator” in the “Islamic front.”
How else could we explain the recognition
accorded to Egyptian President Abdel Fattah el–Sisi, who is a brutal military
dictator. Sisi was recently given a very warm reception in Washington, and it
is a known fact that U.S. President Donald Trump will have no problem working
with dictators so long they pose as “leaders fighting radical Islamist
Even the European publics who have come to
hate Erdogan do not feel at all the same for Sisi, who has imprisoned tens of
thousands of dissidents since taking power.
Reading the latest Human Rights Watch
report on Egypt, you do not get the feeling that the situation in Egypt is any
better or worse than it is in Turkey.
Some argue that it would be wrong to
compare Egypt and Turkey. After all, Turkey is still considered by some to be
part of the “Western democratic alliance.”
It would indeed be very wrong to compare
Turkey and Egypt, but it is doubtful whether public opinion in the West is
making such a sophisticated differentiation between the two based on such
While Sisi is a military dictator who
violently cracks down on all forms of dissent, he poses as a leader fighting
radical Islamists. Erdogan, on the other hand, fits the role that Europeans
want him to play: That of a scapegoat to blame for terrorism and migrants, two
fears that politicians are using to consolidate their voting bases.
They are happy with the perception of
Erdogan as an “Islamist leader,” standing against European civilization,
standing in front of the so called “secular Kurds” who want to fight against
fundamentalists, and threatening to send thousands more migrants to Europe.
Put the blame on Turkey and wash your hands,
as if these two problems are the making of Erdogan.
There are two particularly sad things about
this perception game: Erdogan also feeds it with his rhetoric and actions,
seeing a benefit in juxtaposing himself with Europe. At the end of the day,
this is only harming Turkey.
The second sad thing is that it is not
brutal dictators like Sisi (who has not even internalized secularism) who will
succeed in fighting radical terrorists.
On the contrary, his policies will only
fuel more radicalism.
Toward A Deeper Understanding Of The
5 April 201
Like others people in the Gulf have been
influenced by the West. However, it is the financial prosperity that has
brought them closer to western products and technological advancements. This
may have increased in recent decades as people have been dragged toward western
fashion and trends as they travel there and are influenced by movies.
The West represents a magical and
captivating model and there are several reasons why the world looks up to it.
At the end of it all though, it is all about exercising personal choices and
there is indeed nothing wrong in admiring western civilization.
If we look at the achievements of the West,
we realize that they linked to science and philosophy. Institutions that took
shape with the renaissance of the 16th century, summed up by French Philosopher
Rene Descartes, achieved worldwide acclaim.
Descartes was born hundreds of years ago
and his philosophical proposition “I think therefore I am” changed history as
it includes the self, intellect and existence. These concepts have dominated
the history of western intellectual debates until today.
Despite struggles, civil wars and two world
wars, many countries in the West rose from their ravages due to purely
scientific temper. We can consider Japan as part of the western community
considering it kept up with this development.
Secret of Success
Germany, whose cities were destroyed
completely, managed to rise again in just 50 years thanks to scientific and
social factors. In his book Heritage and Modernity, Critic Mohammed Abed
al-Jabri explains Germany’s secret of success and discusses its history and
“The philosophy of history in Germany was
an ideological context that reflected Germany’s desire for unity and
development. The Germans sought the unity of their disintegrated society and
wanted to catch up with and be as developed as other European countries.
Then-feudal Germany thus lived that dream at the time. Its philosophers’ look
into history was inspired or rather based on their present problems and future
“They looked at history’s development in
such a way, which allowed them to justify Germany’s civilization in the past
and its absence from the industrial revolution at their present time. They made
old civilizations the childhood of humanity, Greek and Roman civilizations the
youth of humanity and Germanic civilization the maturity of humanity. A German
thinker said history is the total of possible things which have been achieved.
This means there are other possibilities which are about to be achieved, and
this includes the future Germany,” he wrote.
Western civilization is a general term,
which refers to the rise of Britain, France, Germany and the US. However, each
country followed its own path in terms of scientific achievements. This is why
we see distinctions among these countries. One country would thus be more
skilled while the other would be better in terms of technological development.
This is common due to diverse interests of
societies. The western fabric and core have a lot in common on the level of
methods and characteristics and this is what pushed the West toward advanced
Values of Civilization
Being influenced by western civilization is
vital and is evidence of the interaction with other countries. However, what is
more important is discovering the values which this civilization was based on
and understanding the philosophies and sciences behind it. By doing so, other
societies will benefit more from this influence.
Civilization is much deeper than the
magical and captivating achievements of cinemas or fashion or developed cities.
These are things, which everyone can see. Searching for the secrets of
development and understanding the statements made by literary and intellectual
figures and scientists during the transition from the Middle Ages and the Dark
Ages, are what alters intellectual structure.
It empowers the passion for knowledge and
benefits Arab and Islamic societies, which really need to be inspired by these
successful models – and the West has the clearest and most successful model.
We are fully drowned in this western
influence but what’s more important is to be preoccupied with understanding the
questions that woke up the West.
Turki Aldakhil is the General Manager of Al Arabiya News Channel. He
began his career as a print journalist, covering politics and culture for the
Saudi newspapers Okaz, Al-Riyadh and Al-Watan. He then moved to pan-Arab daily
Al-Hayat and pan-Arab news magazine Al-Majalla. Turki later became a radio
correspondent for the French-owned pan-Arab Radio Monte Carlo and MBC FM. He
proceeded to Elaph, an online news magazine and Alarabiya.net, the news
channel’s online platform. Over a ten-year period, Dakhil’s weekly Al Arabiya
talk show “Edaat” (Spotlights) provided an opportunity for proponents of Arab
and Islamic social reform to make their case to a mass audience. Turki also
owns Al Mesbar Studies and Research Centre and Madarek Publishing House in
Dubai. He has received several awards and honors, including the America Abroad
Media annual award for his role in supporting civil society, human rights and
advancing women’s roles in Gulf societies.
Why Is Justice Obstructed In Iraq’s
By Adnan Hussein
This is not the first time that an Iraqi
political leader or government official has hinted that the judiciary has taken
too long to look into cases or neglected them or finalized them via making
decisions which do not comply with all the conditions of justice.
On Friday, Ammar al-Hakim, head of the
Islamic Supreme Council, called on the judicial institution to look into all
the cases submitted to it and take action. He added that the judiciary must
specifically look into cases, which obstruct implementation of justice –
particularly cases related to terrorism, accountability, justice and
administrative and financial corruption.
During a recent visit to the Iraqi
Commission of Integrity, it seemed to me that the major complaint was related
to the delays in finalizing these cases. Some of these cases are dangerous and
significant as well. However, the judiciary has failed to address them despite
the availability of conclusive evidence such as documents and confessions.
Obstacle of Corruption
Administrative and financial corruption is
now the biggest obstacle, which hinders the prospects of stability, peace and
rooting out of terrorism. Achieving all this would mean pursuing economic
development that can overcome the financial, economic and social crises the
society struggles from.
Administrative and financial corruption
within the system of the Iraqi state has been one of the major sources of
terrorism during the past 10 years.
The Commission of Integrity’s data
stipulates that there are cases linked to prominent officials in the government
or to businessmen who have strong ties to influential politicians and
officials. The judiciary is not seriously and appropriately dealing with the
gravity of these cases and this is probably because it is being pressured by
prominent political figures and statesmen.
Some judges claim that the delay is due to
the number of cases they have to look into even as others suddenly decide that
they are not convinced by the commission’s investigation or the evidence
provided by it.
Commission of Integrity
The Commission of Integrity, however, makes
strenuous efforts to provide the required information, and it is only an
institution that conducts investigations as its role ends once cases are
transferred to the judiciary whose only governor is the judge’s conscience.
To resolve this problem, demands have been
raised for establishing a department that deals with cases linked to integrity.
These demands are not without a reason as they deal with administrative
disputes. It is represented in the administrative court that is not affiliated
with the judicial authority but with the ministry of justice.
Establishing specialized integrity courts
that deal with cases relevant to administrative and financial corruption and
that have strong ties to the Commission of Integrity will speed up the process
of looking into and finalizing these cases.
This will mean restoring tens of billions
of dollars stolen from people which has hindered the country’s economic and
social development and the achievement of peace.
Adnan Hussein is the executive
editor-in-chief of Al-Mada newspaper and head of the National Union of Iraqi
journalists. Previously, he has held the position of Managing Editor in Asharq