artist. Najat Makki poses next to one of her paintings.(Courtesy of Najat
Protest Against Child Marriage in Lebanon
City Muslim Women Hold Open Forum to Demystify the Hijab
State Women Say They Have No Regrets
40-Year Creative Journey Of An Emirati Woman Artist
Rules Saudi Women Control App Violates No Rules – Report
Askari, Retired Teacher Sentenced To 5 Years In Prison
by New Age Islam News Bureau
Institute of Business and Management Makes Head cover Compulsory for Girls,
Bans Jeans for Both Genders
The Institute of Business and Management (IBM) of the University of Engineering
and Technology (UET) on Saturday imposed a dress code for its students and
Rs5,000 fine over each violation.
notification, a copy available with Dawn, on the dress code made it for girl
students to wear a scarf or dupatta while imposing a ban on sleeveless shirts
and capri pants. It has made compulsory for male students to wear shalwar
kameez on Fridays.
further states that the UET administration would not allow any student to
appear on the campus in jeans.
notification said the dress code being approved by the competent authority
would be observed from March 11, 2019.
the management has directed the male students to wear formal dress. They have
been directed to wear formal pants, shirt and coat, according to the notice and
they have been asked to wear shalwar kameez on Fridays.
female students, according to the notification, cannot wear deep necks,
sleeveless shirts, tights, skinny jeans and capri pants.
case of violation, Rs 5,000 fine will be imposed and (the offender) will not be
allowed to attend the classes that day,” the notification reads.
IBM Director Dr Shoaib told Dawn the institute had launched two-week long
campaign to train the students about formal dressing. He said it was issued to
train the students who especially belonged to the remote areas and to teach
them the sense of dressing, implying that the students who reach the UET on
merit did not know the basics of dressing.
said the activity would continue for the next two weeks, starting from March
former Punjab Higher Education Minister Syed Raza Ali Gilani during the PML-N
tenure had proposed making hijab compulsory in colleges in the province but his
proposals were disowned by the Punjab government.
universities, including the International Islamic University Islamabad, IoBM,
Bahria University, Muhammad Ali Jinnah University (MAJU), Iqra University, NUST
and Hyderabad’s Isra University had also imposed a similar dress codes for male
and women students in the past.
protested on Saturday in Lebanon against child marriage, demanding lawmakers
forbid unions below the age of 18, in a country where some faiths allow girls
to be wed at 14.
by civil society groups, the rally attracted women of all ages -- and some
lawmakers -- who marched on parliament in the capital Beirut, an AFP
carried placards with slogans reading “Not before 18” and “Stop early
Abdel Razeq, a 22-year-old who carried her young daughter in her arms, said
that she married at 14.
hope that my daughter does not get married early and that she finishes school
-- I hope that she will not marry before she is 22”, Razeq said.
protest came as a bill designating 18 as the minimum age for marriage awaits
does not have nationwide laws on marriage and divorce since these areas are
governed by the country’s 18 religious communities.
Muslim women in Quebec City are hoping to demystify the hijab by talking openly
about their reasons for putting on the religious garment.
a dozen people gathered Saturday in Quebec City to discuss the significance of
the headscarf at an event hosted by the Ahmadiyya Muslim Women's Association.
open forum gave women who wear the hijab the opportunity to discuss what it
means to them.
for people to come and meet women from the Muslim community who wear the hijab
and ask them directly the questions that are on their minds," said Khulood
Odeh, one of the event's organizers.
hear a lot of people talk about the hijab, claiming that it's oppressive or
other things, and it's important for us to bring the voice of Muslim women
forward and let them speak for themselves."
of the event's attendees were men, something that Odeh said did not surprise
Cros attended the Quebec City event because he was interested in hearing the
perspective of Muslim women firsthand.
said for the most part, the narrative around the banning of public religious
symbols in the province has been presented from a Christian point of view.
a 'symbol of oppression'
last month, Quebec's minister for the status of women Isabelle Charest faced
criticism for saying the hijab is a symbol of oppression.
they are dictated by a religion on what they have to wear, for me, it's a lack
of liberty, and it doesn't meet my values," Charest said.
Coalition Avenir Québec minister said the headscarf "is not something that
women should be wearing," and later defended her position, but said she
"respects the decision" of the women who choose to wear the hijab
CAQ government is working on legislation banning public workers in positions of
authority from wearing visible religious symbols, including the hijab.
group of female Islamic State members who have sought help after the fall of
their caliphate say they regret nothing and that the terror group will survive.
Islamic State women fled the territories formerly held by the terror group and
sought help from Kurdish forces, but admitted they only approached them due to
hunger and do not regret being members of ISIS while speaking to Swedish
broadcaster Sveriges Radio.
Karam, one of the female ISIS members, spoke to a correspondent of the
broadcaster, saying: “Hunger, it was the hunger that forced us out, otherwise
we would have stopped.”
of the women seeking help, many of whom were with their children, expressed any
sort of regret about joining the Islamic State, and many became indignantly
aggressive toward international journalists who attempted to speak with them.
You will never understand this unless you become a Muslim. Islamic State cannot
die. This is our land if God wants us to come back,” another woman said,
adding: “I thank God for everything, my children were hungry for months, but I
thank God. I do not regret that I chose to live in the Islamic State.”
attitudes echo that of UK-born Islamic State member Shamima Begum, who told
British media that she had no regrets about becoming an ISIS bride when she ran
away to Syria, and said she had been unfazed by seeing decapitated heads in
bins while in ISIS territory.
19, Begum had demanded to be allowed to return to the United Kingdom, but was
rejected by Home Secretary Sajid Javid who revoked her British citizenship.
is also expecting a large number of female Islamic State members to return
following the collapse of the terror group in Syria. The French government
reported that at least 300 men, 300 women and 500 children could soon be
repatriated from the area.
- In any review of Emirati contemporary art, the name of pioneering artist
Najat Makki comes to the fore. She continues to amaze art devotees after more
than 40 years of artistic endeavours.
in 1956, Makki was the first Emirati woman to earn a government scholarship to
study art abroad. She obtained bachelor’s and master’s degrees from the College
of Fine Arts in Cairo, where she also received a doctorate in 2001.
said most of her work was inspired by her home environment, which is reflected
in sculpture, relief, painting, collage, multimedia and installation covering
realism to abstract expressionism.
recent years, Makki has explored new materials, such as Bohemian crystal for
the Sharjah International Islamic Art Festival, creating mesmerising multimedia
like art and give it my all, working every day. If you don’t, your blood and
mind will stop and you stop growing as an artist,” Makki said.
said her techniques depended on and take inspiration from the material — metal,
clay, glass, crystal, paint or canvas — with which she happened to be working
but stressed that “the mind and hand reign supreme.”
children, the older generation, nature, Sufi music, issues of poverty and peace
are subject matters of most of Makki’s works. She shed the early academic
influences to create her own genre, characterised by the variety of colours
inspired by nature, the play of light and shadow, embellished with delicate
lines and executed with a light touch.
search for new ways of expression and new forms are what sets her apart, with
her work extensively shown at local, Arab and international exhibitions.
attributed her inspiration for art to childhood surroundings in her father’s
house in Bur Dubai, near the sea and the market. Her father had a herbal
medicine shop and, at home, her mother and two older sisters were constantly
sewing and embroidering bed and pillow covers.
from teachers at the Khawla bint Alazwar primary school, which she attended,
was also a major factor. The domestic and exterior environment created an
atmosphere that sparked Makki’s imagination and set her on a lifelong pursuit
I saw something, my mind begins to think how to depict it on paper,” she said.
“My imagination would run riot looking into the constantly changing colours of
the sea across where we lived.”
said she remembered her first painting, which she exhibited at school when she
was 12. The painting was of an itinerant Pathan merchant who used to go to
every doorstep in the neighbourhood carrying a load of wares — textiles,
bangles, rings and toys.
first public exhibition was in 1979 at Al Wasl Club, Dubai. Since then, her
work has been exhibited across the Middle East and Europe. It can be seen in
Dubai at the Hunar Gallery and Beyat Gallery and in Abu Dhabi at the Etihad
Modern Art Gallery.
said a 4-month stay in Paris eight years ago was a revelation and very
important for her as an artist. Visiting the many art galleries and museums
provided an intimate exposure to works from Islamic, European, Indian and
Mexican civilisations and cultures.
said she believed in giving back to society and is at the forefront of Emirati
art, culture and society. It has been nine years since she retired from the
Ministry of Education but she says she keeps busy exploring new ideas in her
home studio in Al Barsha, Dubai.
notes that many of the younger generation of artists crave instant success. Her
advice is: “You should give yourself enough time to develop your art. The idea
behind the work has to be solid.” The pioneers of the first generation of
Emirati artists “put in decades of hard work before tasting success,” she
artists have many new resources to fall back on. Mass media provide ideas and
techniques, she said, while, during her time, “there was only one’s own mind
and hand to create art.”
has no airs about what she has achieved. “Even though I am an established
artist, not all my ideas are perfect,” she said.
her contemporaries, Abdul Qader Al Rais is the one she most admires for the
careful way he chooses colour and for his clear thinking. Makki said he was the
front runner among Emirati artists and fully deserving of his international
has apparently told a US congresswoman that a Saudi government app that allows
men to keep tabs on women and bar them from leaving the country is in
compliance with its guidelines, Business Insider reported.
Alphabet-owned IT giant has reportedly found nothing wrong with the
controversial app, devised by the Saudi government to help citizens with
routine administrative duties such as tracking female members of their
families, the Insider reported on Saturday. The statement was made by Google in
response to a request by Rep. Jackie Speier (D-California) and another 13 of
her fellow lawmakers, including freshman Muslim representatives Ilhan Omar and
app that has sparked an outcry in the US House is Absher, which provides Saudi
citizens and residents with an opportunity to "safely browse your profile
or your family members, or labors working for you, and perform a range of
the ultra-conservative kingdom with its strict male guardianship system, these
services include helping a male guardian see if a woman attempts to use her
passport, and stop her from leaving.
she filed a request with Apple CEO Tim Cook and Google CEO Sundar Pichai to
pull the app, Speier warned that if the companies keep it on their platforms,
they would become "accomplices in the oppression of Saudi Arabian women
and migrant workers."
told Insider that both Apple and Google missed the deadline to remove the app
by February 28.
of today, the Absher app remains available in both the Apple App Store and the
Google Play Store even though they can easily remove it," Speier said,
slamming the response by the tech giants as "deeply unsatisfactory."
US lawmakers' outrage was echoed by their colleagues in Europe. Last month,
European MPs called on the oil-rich kingdom to abolish its archaic male
guardianship system, specifically taking aim at a "government web
service" in an apparent reference to Absher.
women still face many restrictions as they go about everyday life despite
several concessions made as part of reforms championed by Crown Prince Mohammed
bin Salman. Since last year, women in Saudi Arabia are eligible for driving
licenses after a ban was lifted on female motorists. While the move was
celebrated around the world, women still need to ask a guardian's permission to
get the license. Likewise, women cannot marry, get a divorce or open a bank
account without a guardian's permission, and their testimony is worth only half
that of a man in court.
Askari, a retired teacher who was imprisoned in the women’s ward of Evin
Prison, was sentenced to 5 years in prison.
Askari was arrested in Tehran on August 2, 2019, during the nationwide protests
last August. She was transferred to Qarchak prison in Varamin and was released
after several days. The retired teacher then was arrested again by security
forces in December 2018 and transferred to the women’s ward of Evin Prison
after spending one month in solitary confinement at the Ministry of
Intelligence detention in section 209 of Evin Prison.
Masoumeh Askari was sentenced to 5 years in prison by Judge Moghiseh on
February 18, 2019, on charges of ‘assembly and collusion’ and is currently
serving her sentence at the women’s ward of Evin Prison.
retired teacher, Masoumeh Askari, has a 14-year-old boy and is his sole
Iranian teachers took to the streets in at least 32 cities across the country
on Thursday, May 10, 2018, to stage protests. Security forces in Tehran
violently clashed with the protesting teachers, resulting in the injury and
arrest of several teachers.
Aliyeh Eghdam-Doost, a member of the (Teachers’) Retirement Union, Ms. Aliyeh
Eghdam-Doost was among six teachers arrested in the teachers’ protest gathering
in Tehran on May 10th. She was sentenced to 9 months of imprisonment and 74
and sit-ins of educators and teachers were also held on November 13 and 14,
2018, and female teachers participated actively in this protest movement.
to the Coordinating Council of Iranian Educators’ Guild Organization, 12
teachers were arrested, 30 teacher activists were summoned and interrogated,
and over 50 threatening messages were sent to protesting teachers.
Fatemeh Bahmani, a female teacher activist from Arak, was arrested on November
13, 2018, by the Ministry of Intelligence. Ms. Vaezi, a female teacher, is also
among the detainees in Shiraz.
have been repeatedly holding protests against the suppression and imprisonment
of teachers, the deteriorating of their livelihood, the inflation, and the
decline in purchasing abilities, demanding the elimination of discrimination
against retired and working educators.
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