By Ashraf Ghani
June 27, 2018
About half of Afghanistan’s population —
around 33 million — is young enough to have never seen a day of peace. The
milestones of their young lives have been marked by loss and violence. For 38
years now, peace in my country has remained a dream, a prayer on our lips.
On June 15, on the festival of Eid, our
prayers were answered. A few days earlier, as the month of Ramadan was coming
to an end, almost 3,000 Islamic scholars convened in Kabul and issued a fatwa
reminding us that the quest for peace is a commandment of Allah and a national
imperative. They requested the government to declare a cease-fire.
For the first time in nearly four decades
of fighting, the Afghan government announced a unilateral cease-fire for eight
days. The Taliban reciprocated shortly after with a cease-fire for three days
over the Eid holiday.
Afghans across the country reacted
instantly and without hesitation, mustering compassion, conviction and courage
to show a different face of Afghanistan to ourselves and to the world. Many had
been waiting for this day their entire lives. Taliban fighters entered our
cities and towns across the country to join the Eid celebrations with government
officials and citizens.
Afghans living in cities returned to their
homes in the countryside — some for the first time in years — without fear.
Parents allowed children to play on the streets and walk to parks without fear
of a suicide attack. Shops stayed open until midnight as the Taliban and
government forces embraced and danced in the streets, many posing for selfies.
Afghan women across the country took the
opportunity to confront Taliban fighters, bravely voiced their concerns and
reinforced their demands for peace and inclusion. Government officials and
Taliban fighters laid down their weapons to eat and pray together, embracing
one another simply as fellow countrymen.
For three days, it made no difference
whether you were a Talib or an Afghan soldier; a woman or a man; a Tajik, a
Pashtun or a Hazara. For three days, Afghans were united and elated by the
possibility of peace. We rediscovered tolerance and acceptance within us.
As president of Afghanistan, the most
difficult decision I have made was to ask my people to join me in this bold
experiment to reject the perceived wisdom of the analysts and observers. The
cease-fire proved the wisdom of the Afghan people over all other assumptions.
The celebration was brief, as the Taliban
did not reciprocate our decision to extend the unilateral cease-fire for 10
more days. But those three days showed that we must challenge our assumptions
about peace in Afghanistan.
Both international and national observers
and analysts argued that almost four decades of conflict had fragmented
Afghanistan to the extent that reconciliation and acceptance of each other were
going to be extremely difficult, if not impossible. However, the widespread
jubilation across the country demonstrated the strength of Afghan national identity.
Another assumption was that Taliban
fighters would never stop fighting and accept their fellow citizens. But our
cease-fire was endorsed by the Taliban leadership and relished by their
fighters. Ordinary people welcomed them warmly and demonstrated that every
Afghan is tired of war and desires an end to it at any cost.
The cease-fire also showed that imagination
and a quest for inclusion are more potent than bullets and bombs. Had we not
followed the will and wisdom of the Afghan people and taken the first step
toward peace, the stalemate that prevented us from speaking to and accepting
each other would not have been broken.
Continuing to fight has become costlier for
us than taking a risk for peace with very high civilian casualties this year.
The Afghan government, our international partners and the Afghan Taliban must
learn from these days of peace as we move forward.
Peace is a recurring test of will and
humanity for the leadership involved in the conflict. We are forced to
re-examine our assumptions about the sequence in which peace can be achieved,
how our national consensus can be deepened and the arrangements through which
regional consensus can be broadened and international support channelled.
The Afghan people demand peace. During the
cease-fire, I met with a group of peace activists from Helmand who had walked
more than 400 miles to Kabul. I met them on a street with no other officials
accompanying me, as they had requested. Among their demands was the extension
of the cease-fire with the Taliban, establishing an address for peace
negotiations that is representative of all Afghan ethnic groups and providing
security guarantees for Taliban after reconciliation.
I accepted their demands, extended the
government’s cease-fire for 10 more days and announced that I will sit and
negotiate with the Taliban’s leader, Mawlawi Haibatullah Akhundzada, anywhere
I hope the Taliban leadership will also
receive the group with the respect they deserve and accept their demands. I
call on them to respond positively to the peace proposal I extended to them in
February, extend the cease-fire, agree on a venue for negotiations and engage
in a formal negotiation process in good faith.
The people of Afghanistan deserve an end to
this war, and the region and the world at large have much to gain from it.
Ashraf Ghani is the president of Afghanistan.