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Radical Islamism and Jihad (23 Apr 2019 NewAgeIslam.Com)



Refutation of Extremist Ideology Inimical to Patriotism (Hubbul Watani) is urgently Required



By Ghulam Ghaus Siddiqi, New Age Islam

23 April 2019

The radical Islamist groups believe that the concept of homeland (Watan) is against the Islamic belief system. They describe a homeland as “worthless dust.” They hold the view that patriotism (Hubbul Watani) is a desperate human passion and a sin that should be resisted. Concept of patriotism, according to them, is a part of ignorance (Jahiliyyah) and should be rejected because it goes against the ideology of Khilafah (Caliphate) and Ummah (global Muslim community). A country, they believe, is nothing but a name of geographical boundaries created by colonial powers; therefore, they do not have any sanctity for them. They impose a lie and say that the homelands are places of dwellings which the people like but Allah has condemned them and that the hadith about the Prophet’s love towards his homeland (Makkah) is specific only to Makka. Therefore, they think they should not apply this patriotism to any other countries.

Sayyid Qutb has repeatedly expressed such extremist ideas in his book of Tafsir “Fi Zilal al-Quran”, describing all concepts of patriotism as Jahiliyyah. (Fi Zilal al-Quran, Arabic version, vol.2, P.708)

These concepts of Sayyid Qutb are completely wrong, because the homeland cannot be described as ‘worthless dust’. In fact, it consists of nation, culture, civilization, history, politics, intellectual tendencies, organizations, geographical borders and the citizens including dignitaries.

His declaration of patriotism to be a sinful act amounts to mixing right with wrong. Love of a country exists in every good human being. Even an animal loves its homeland and makes all possible effort to construct and develop the place in which it lives.

Patriotism is not a concept antithetical to religion or community. The country where a citizen enjoys religious rights, security, liberty and freedom is a beloved place for him. For Muslims, a country where they freely bow down before God Almighty in five-times prayer and have freedom to devote all their time to remember God and His Prophet (peace be upon him) is indeed their beloved homeland, the safety and security of which is their responsibility.

Patriotism (Hubbul Watani) is not a part of Jahiliyyah. Love of country is a tendency which naturally resides in citizens and increases when they continuously feel secure and have full freedom to practice their religious rituals. On the contrary, Jahiliyyah is a personal shortcoming which can be repelled by education, good deeds, piety and adherence to rights of Allah (Huquq Allah) and human rights (Huquq al-Ibad). A country, which gives equal opportunities to its citizens to become good human beings in all walks of life, is not responsible for Jahiliyyah.      

The meaning of patriotism could not be clear to the terror organizations because they did not utilize correct sources of understanding the Quran. The indications of patriotism are mentioned in the Quran and its commentaries written by several exegetes of the Quran (Mufassirin). The concept of patriotism has also been encouraged in the books of Ahadith and their commentaries, the Sharihin-Ahadith. According to a hadith, whenever the Prophet (peace be upon him) came back from journeys, he used to see the wall of Makkah with love. In the commentary of this hadith, Imam Asqalani and Imam Aaini etc have written that this hadith justifies patriotism or love towards country.

Additionally, jurists (Fuqaha), saints (Auliya), the wise (hukama), and Muslim authors have expressed their affection for their respective homelands. A number of Ulama have written books on patriotism, for instance, “Al-Hunain ilal Awtan (Love towards the homeland)” authored by Jahiz.

Being away from the homelands, according to the Muslim scholars, is extremely difficult moment equal to pain of losing one’s life. Allama Mulla Ali Qari, in his book “Mirqatul Mafatih (commentary of Hadith book – Mishkatul Masabih)”, says, “Being away from the homeland is one of the most painful situations”.

It is narrated by Hazrat Anas that “whenever the Prophet (peace be upon him) returned from a journey and observed the walls of Medina, he would make his Mount go fast, and if he was on an animal (i.e. a horse), he would make it gallop because of his love for Medina” (Bukhari, 1886, Book 29, Hadith 20). The same hadith is also mentioned in Jami al-Tirmidhi.

In the commentary of this hadith, Allama Ibn Hajar Asqalani says, “This hadith is evidence of the virtue of Madina and permissibility of love to country/Hubbul Watan” (Fathul Bari commentary on Sahih Bukhari, Arabic version 3/621). Allama Aini has also made the same interpretation of this hadith. (Please see, Umdatul Qari –commentary on Sahih Bukhari 10/135)

Allama Ibn Jawzi says in his book “Muthir al-gharam al-sakin ilá ashraf al-amakin p.75”, “homelands are always beloved”.

Imam Abu Nuwaim said in “Hilyatul Awliya 7/380”, “Being away from the homeland was the most painful experience of all that I felt”

Out of many these are just few examples extracted from the books of jurists, Ulama and scholars which speak of love of country (Hubbul watani).

Classical Muslim scholars set a jurisprudential maxim that “In principle all things, of various categories and types, are permissible” for human beings until they violate Islamic injunctions. In other words, everything which is not forbidden is permissible in Islam. The scholars comprehensively apply this maxim when ruling on issues faced by people. In terms of patriotism, there is nothing anywhere in Islamic injunctions which might be the case for declaring patriotism ‘forbidden’. Therefore, love of country or patriotism is not a forbidden act. Instead we see at several occasions in the biographies of the beloved Prophet (peace be upon him) and the pious people that they feel the pangs of homesickness when away and encourage patriotism.

We should continue to love our homeland and take part in its progress and development. Our love of our country should not be confined merely to slogans, but rather this love should practically reflect into our daily activities. Additionally, we should take necessary steps to refute and defeat extremist thought which declare ‘patriotism’ (Hubbul watani) to be anti-Islamic. 

A regular Columnist with NewAgeIslam.com, Ghulam Ghaus Siddiqi Dehlvi is an Alim and Fazil (Classical Islamic scholar), with a Sufi-Sunni background and English-Arabic-Urdu Translator. He has also done B.A (Hons.) in Arabic, M.A. in Arabic and M.A in English from JMI, New Delhi. He is Interested in Islamic Sciences; Theology, Jurisprudence, Tafsir, Hadith and Islamic mysticism (Tasawwuf).

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TOTAL COMMENTS:-   25


  • The people should join classes to understand Ahadith. The Muhaddethin who memorized Ahadith had to consult the jurists to understand the meaning and application of those Ahadith. However in this age, the problem with the people is that they search for Ahadith or listen to any speaker and take out the meaning on their own to support their views.

    Description of Ahadith is not allowed for a common man, as some Ahadith cannot be better understood literally. Therefore, he should consult the jurists.

    Love towards country is a natural phenomenon which cannot go against the natural religion of Islam. According to a hadith, whenever the Prophet (peace be upon him) came back from journeys, he used to see the wall of Makkah with love. In the commentary of this hadith, Imam Asqalani and Imam Aaini etc have written that this hadith justifies patriotism or love towards country.


    By Ghulam Ghaus Siddiqi غلام غوث الصديقي - 5/9/2019 5:43:00 AM



  • Miss Kaniz Fatma,

    According to some scholars of Hadith, the hadith “to love your country is part of faith” is weak in its chain of narration. The ruling of weakness over this hadith is due to chain of narration. However the weak hadith is reliable in virtues [fazail] if not in Ahkaam. However other scholars consider it to be fabricated and the fabricated hadith is not reliable in any case.

    But the weakness or fabrication of this hadith does not mean that “love the homeland is not allowed”. You can use this article for him as a reference which has used authentic evidences to prove that love to country is natural and does not contradict any message of the Quran and Sunnah.


    By Ghulam Ghaus Siddiqi غلام غوث الصديقي - 5/9/2019 5:33:49 AM



  • Another question came to me by Sbvgujn, 
    "To the best of knowledge, patriotism has no place in Islam. Everyone is deemed equal and as God says: "O mankind, we have created you male and female, and appointed you races and tribes, so that you may know one another. Surely the noblest among you in the sight of God is the most godfearing of you" (49:13)" 

    By Kaniz Fatma - 5/8/2019 3:30:30 AM



  • Dear Ghulam Ghaus Siddiqi sb, 
    Please reply to this comment made by Ex-Muslim "Ajas Mohammed" 

    "Patriotism has no place in Islam. There’s a famous hadith hubbul watan minal eeman

    "To love your country is a part of Iman (faith).

    "This is classified as a fabricated by Saghaani.

    "See page 80 of this book https://archive.org/details/100FabricatedHadith-IslamicEnglishBook.pdf It reads:

    "This fabricated khabar promotes nationalism. At present, nationalism is a cancer in the body of ummah. This fabricated khabar causes Muslims to call themselves British Muslims, Indian Muslims, Pakistani Muslims etc. So they see themselves as Indians first and Muslim last… The only time a country is worth living is when shari’ah is being implemented in that country to its fullest. Hence we love and hate for Allah’s sake."

    By Kaniz Fatma - 5/8/2019 3:28:13 AM



  • Proffered, but obviously, the majority doesn't buy it.

    The central messaging of Qur'an is to clear to be missed: extirpation of kaffirs, possession/occupation of all their goods.

    And there's also a 3rd problem:

    Patriotism for Muslims doesn't mean that they will let up on their+


    By Smita MUKERJI - 4/29/2019 9:56:00 AM



  • There are two main problems in this outlook:

    1) It still searches for answers in some or the other Islamic text to justify what one feels naturally. Why is own internally felt logic not enough? If it ultimately has to be disregarded for fidelity to a text, one Muslim can refer..+

    To A the other to Z and both claim to be right.

    2) 'Watan' can easily be interpreted as country of Muslims, i.e. the land of Mecca. And longing directed towards that fabled Islamic homeland.

    A lot of such alternative views about peace and kindness towards non-Muslims has been +


    By Smita MUKERJI - 4/29/2019 9:55:17 AM



  • Constant agenda (Christians are the same, btw) to turn 'dar al-Harb' to 'dar al-Islam'. Sure, Pakistanis and Bangladeshis are also patriotic, but they annihilated all native traditions in their respective countries.


    By Smita MUKERJI - 4/29/2019 9:54:31 AM



  • @Urooj, The extremist people are doing all this in the name of Islam, therefore it is necessary for us to correct them by Islamic teachings. If we ask them to follow nature, they will not believe us. However if we prove that Islam and nature have mutual relationship, they might accept it.
    It is true that one should naturally love one’s homeland and Islam does not go against nature. 
    By Ghulam Ghaus Siddiqi غلام غوث الصديقي - 4/25/2019 5:36:18 AM



  • One question is that if something can be naturally proved then why to go for other Islamic text to prove something. Patriotism is natural then why to need to look for Islamic text?


    By Urooj - 4/25/2019 12:49:24 AM



  • @Critic,
    The difference between ‘definitive command’ (Farz) and Sunnah is that without performance of Farz, wuzu or ghusl (bathing) will not be valid while without Sunnah wuzu or ghusl will be valid but the perfomer will not gain virtue (thawab) of Sunnah.
    Hope you have got this difference.
    By Ghulam Ghaus Siddiqi غلام غوث الصديقي - 4/25/2019 12:47:06 AM



  • @Critic,

    Farz can be translated as ‘definitive obligation’. Three things are farz in bathing; Gargling, drawing water into nostrils, and the washing of the entire body.

    Allah Almighty says in the Quran “If you are in a state of ceremonial impurity then acquire (full) purification” (5:6). According to Hanafis, the command in this ayat is for acquiring full purification. The word ‘ittehar’ mentioned in this ayat denotes purification of the full body. The parts of the body where water can reach are included in this command. However those parts where water can’t reach are exluded from the operation of the command in the ayat, because according to a hadith, Haraj has been removed from the Ummah of the beloved Prophet peace be upon him. We see that men are able to gargle and draw water into nostrils without facing any haraj (difficulty) and that ittehar of the ayat demans purification of full body. So along with the washing of the full body, gargling and drawing water into nostrils are also definitve obligation.

    Continued

    According to Shafeis, from this ayat (5:6) only the washing of the full body is definitive obligation. As for gargling and drawing water into nostrils, they are excluded from the word ‘ittehar’ and are Sunnah rather than definitive obligation (Farz), because of the words of the Prophet (peace be upon him) “Ten things are part of Fitrah (i.e. Sunnah) and among these are gargling and drawing water into nostrils. They also do qiyas from the minor ablution (wuzu) because both are sunnah in wuzu.

    Hanafis reply to Shafeis with the implication of the Quranic verse “O you who believe! When you intend to offer As-Salat (the prayer), wash your faces and your hands (forearms) up to the elbows, rub (by passing wet hands over) your heads, and (wash) your feet up to ankles” (5:6). Hanafis hold the view that in this verse ‘washing your faces’ do not include gargling and drawing water into nostrils because these two acts are excluded from the face. The limits of the face extend from the hairline on the forehead up to the lower jaw and from earlobe to earlobe because the meaning of being ‘face to face’ is realized in this way. As for gargling and drawing water into nostrils, they are excluded from the face. They do not consider these two acts to be definitive obligation (farz) in wuzu. However they consider them to be Sunnah in wuzu because the prophet (peace be upon him) did these acts persistently.

    As for the reason of both acts [gargling and drawing water into nostrils] to be farz in bathing, the word ittehar demands purification of the full body and internal part of mouth and nose are included in this command because the washing of them is not problematic.


    By Ghulam Ghaus Siddiqi غلام غوث الصديقي - 4/25/2019 12:41:22 AM



  • @Critic,
    Farz can be translated as ‘definitive obligation’. Three things are farz in bathing; Gargling, drawing water into nostrils, and the washing of the entire body.
    Allah Almighty says in the Quran “If you are in a state of ceremonial impurity then acquire (full) purification” (5:6). According to Hanafis, the command in this ayat is for acquiring full purification. The word ‘ittehar’ mentioned in this ayat denotes purification of the full body. The parts of the body where water can reach are included in this command. However those parts where water can’t reach are exluded from the operation of the command in the ayat, because according to a hadith, Haraj has been removed from the Ummah of the beloved Prophet peace be upon him. We see that men are able to gargle and draw water into nostrils without facing any haraj (difficulty) and that ittehar of the ayat demans purification of full body. So along with the washing of the full body, gargling and drawing water into nostrils are also definitve obligation.
    Continued
    By Ghulam Ghaus Siddiqi غلام غوث الصديقي - 4/24/2019 11:44:52 PM



  • In books we read some acts are Farz in bathing while sunnah in wuzu but how can we know it is taken from the Quran?
    My confusion is that gargling and drawing water into nose are sunnah in wuzu while they are farz in bathing but how?
    On what basis ulama tell people such things? They say some acts are sunnah or farz but on what basis?
    By Critic - 4/24/2019 5:16:55 AM



  • There is need of elaborating the concept of Duniya. What is Duniya? There are two things in Duniya; right and wrong.

    Again the question is: what is right and what is wrong? Something is right for some people and wrong for others and vice versa. Consequently human beings can’t come at a single path on accepting one single right path.

    For example, majority of Muslims are peaceful. Only a tiny group is involved in acts of terrorism. For majority of Muslims, peace is part of right path and for tiny group terrorism is part of right path.

    Similarly several anti-terrorism steps taken by global organizations, leaders and scholars are dominantly varied. If they start debating one another about what is the right path; there will be controversy after controversy. To the extent of academics, such a debate might continue with peace whereas the same on the common ground might result in clashes, as we often observe that people initiate their fighting over trifle.  

    The statement quoted in your comment needs elaboration and it is difficult to understand his perception in its entirety.

    However one thing in which he has made a mistake is about concept of patriotism. The concept of patriotism in its principle does not oppose Deen. if one is supposed to put it into Duniya, he will have to attach it with good part of Duniya, and good for good is part of Deen.

    Allah Almighty has mentioned in the Quran His Favours that He gave to mankind and reminded them of His favours. Take Surah Rahman for example.   The Quran beautifully says, “Is the reward for good [anything] but good? So which of the favors of your Lord would you deny?” (55:60-61)

    God Almighty is the Lord of the entire universe including our country. We should thank God Almighty for making this country a place of shelter for us. Our love to this country is that we should pray for this country, its safety and development and be loyal to this country. God Almighty has granted a good favour by granting us a very good country. So can we hate this favour, that is, can we hate our country? No, not at all, because good for good is part of the Divine Message as mentioned above, regardless of the fact that at some times, good for evil is also the preferred teaching of Islam.

    Patriotism does not mean one should torture, blame and kill other co-nationalists. But rather it means to think of all possible causes which can be helpful for the development of the country.

    Therefore, it is wrong to say that there is not place for patriotism in Islam. 

    For further, you can quote this article to him.


    By Ghulam Ghaus Siddiqi غلام غوث الصديقي - 4/24/2019 2:15:00 AM



  • Dear Ghaus sb, thank you for reply. Could you please reply to such a concept which is somewhat popular on social media circles? A man wrote on twitter “No room for patriotism in Islam. Pakistan/Kashmir are where my roots are from my Grandparents/Parents/Relatives. But my Deen is more meaningful.  May Allah swt protect and preserve all Muslim countries though. We need to get rid of the love in our hearts for the Duniya.” (BY HalimeIYI on twitter)


    By Kaniz Fatma - 4/24/2019 12:42:03 AM



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