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Radical Islamism and Jihad (18 Jul 2019 NewAgeIslam.Com)



Sultan Shahin’s Response to Dr Ayman Al-Zawahiri’s Message Inciting Kashmiris for Jihad: Kashmiris Know Their Islam Better than You Think, Stop Trying to Misguide Them



By Sultan Shahin, Founder-Editor, New Age Islam

18 July 2019

Dr Ayman al-Zawahiri, you should have sought to understand the philosophy of Kashmiriyat that reigns in Kashmir before writing your latest missive. The Muslims of Kashmir have traditionally understood the message of Islam much better than the fundamentalists and exclusivists who present Islam as a totalitarian, fascist, political ideology of world domination, which seeks to eliminate all the scores of religions sent by God before Prophet Mohammad. This is the reason why even those Kashmiri politicians who now advocate secession have contested elections for the legislative Assemblies constituted under India’s secular and progressive constitution. This is the reason why only a few Kashmiri youth have taken to the path of terror, which you call Jihad. Most of the terrorism seen in the state of Jammu and Kashmir has been part of a proxy war waged by neighbouring Pakistan for its own ends. Pakistan, of course, has turned export of terrorism to a fine art, affecting all corners of the globe. 

You have spent a better part of your letter castigating Pakistan’s intelligence agencies. It is these agencies that are protecting you, as they protected your predecessor Osama bin Laden till his last breath. This could be considered ingratitude of the highest order, and therefore akin to kufr, as in Islam ingratitude and kufr are virtually synonymous. But, it’s more likely that having failed in luring Kashmiri youth to take to the path of terrorism, it is these agencies that have protected you since 9/11, have now given you the task of luring Kashmiri youth in the name of a manifestly false doctrine of Ghazwa-e-Hind. They must have allowed you to scold them so that people don’t associate their disrepute with your statements. Then, you may gain some of the credibility that they rightly lost.

However, as I told you before, Kashmiri Muslims, even the youth, understand the message of Islam and the concept of Jihad much better than you seem to think. It is common knowledge here, for instance, that even the founder ideologue of Jamaat-e-Islami Maulana Abul A’laMaududi had refused to consider Pakistan’s covert, proxy war as Jihad. Along with Syed Qutb, Maulana Maududi is considered the main inspiration behind modern-day so-called Jihad. And yet, despite his own extremist, political view of Islam, he understood Islam better than to accept covert, proxy war waged by Pakistan as Jihad. He was so clear in his understanding of the rules of Islamic Sharia for Jihad that he was willing to face capital punishment for expressing his views.

According to his son Maulana Haider Farooq Maududi, “Maulana Syed Abul A’laMaududi had categorically stated that according to 'Quran', it is unlawful to wage a war by a country against the country with which diplomatic relations are maintained. He has further said that if one party commits breach of agreement then the opposite party should first sever diplomatic ties with it and then resort to war-tactics instead of maintaining diplomatic relations overtly and resorting to war-tactics covertly. He stressed that Islam taught 'us' that if we, want to fight against anyone, 'we' should fight openly and if 'we' wish to maintain friendly relations with someone, 'we' should stick to that relation without any prejudice.” (Maulana Syed Abul A’laMaududi’s interview published in the bi-weekly journal of Jamaat-e-Islami, "Kausar" dated August 17, 1998)

Dr Ayman, you say, “The absence of Shari’i guidelines turns the Mujahideen into murderers and gangs engaged in kidnapping for ransom and blackmailing. Unfortunately, some of these deviations and diseases have penetrated into the ranks of the Mujahideen, and there is no choice but to confront this phenomenon by enjoining good and forbidding evil.” Indeed, the absence of Sharia guidelines does turn the miscreants who go in the name of Mujahiden into murderers and gangs engaged in kidnapping for ransom and blackmailing. You surely do not consider yourself a greater scholar of Islam and Jihad than Maulana Maududi himself who refused to accept the proxy war in Kashmir as Jihad. Why then, despite this realisation, as expressed above, you are asking Kashmiri youth to turn into “murderers and gangs engaged in kidnapping for ransom and blackmailing.”

Your complete lack of understanding of Islamic Sharia becomes apparent from your repeated exhortation to Kashmiris to consider terrorism in Kashmir as Farz-e-Ayn (compulsory duty for every individual Muslim). You don’t seem to have even the most elementary knowledge of what is Farz-e-Ayn. Let me quote to you some brief definitions of Farz-e-Ayn from two of the most important schools of fiqh (Islamic Jurisprudence). Ibn Aabidin said (Hanafi Fiqh): "Jihad becomes Farz Ayn if the enemy attacks one of the borders of the Muslims, and it becomes Farz Ayn upon those close by. For those who are far away, it is FardKifaya (collective, communal duty). In Hashiyatad Dussuqi (Maliki Fiqh) it has been said: “Jihad becomes Farz Ayn upon a surprise attack by the enemy.” 

In view of these most authentic Sharia rulings, Jihad may have become Farz Ain for Kashmiris on 22 October 1947 when armed Pakistani frontier tribesmen along with Pakistan’s regular troops invaded the State with a view to annex it. These local tribal militias and irregular Pakistani forces moved to take Srinagar, but on reaching Baramulla, they took to plunder, murder and rape. And indeed, Kashmiris did perform this Farz by fighting against these marauders to the best of their ability.  Unable to withstand Pakistani forces on his own, the then ruler of the state with which Pakistan had signed a standstill agreement, pledging non-interference in the affairs of the state, Maharaja Hari Singh made a plea to India for assistance. Indian forces did come to rescue Kashmiris, but after the Maharaja signed an Instrument of Accession to India, making the state of Jammu and Kashmir, an integral part of India.

Dr. Zawahiri, you should know that this history is very well-known to every Kashmiri. So, the calumny of projecting India as an intruder and occupier will not fool the people of Kashmir.

Dr Zawahiri, you have tried to misguide Muslims, quoting a contextual verse of the Holy Quran, universalising an instruction that was clearly meant for a particular group of people who were fighting the Prophet of Islam (p.b.u.h). Scholars upon scholars have opined in the last millennia and a half of Islam’s existence that these verses should be read with reference to the context in which they were revealed. You have also quoted a weak, more likely fabricated Hadith in your attempt to misguide people of Kashmir on what the likes of you call Ghazwa-e-Hind. No less reliable for you than a Saudi Salafi preacher Sheikh Mohammad Salih al-Munajjid has called all the three isnaads (chains of narration) through which this hadith about conquest of Indian sub-continent has reached us as Zaaeef (weak) or Mudallis (fabricated, based on lies). None of the major Hadith books like those by Imam Bukhari or Imam Muslim report this hadith. No serious scholar would quote such a hadith to uphold their argument.

Now that your political and theological arguments stand refuted, Dr. Zawahiri, let me educate you a little about what Islam actually stands for.

I will give you a summary of my understanding on some of the issues relevant to this discourse. Qurʾān has been created by God. It is a collection of verses that were revealed to Prophet Mohammad (pbuh) initially in Mecca, as instructions into the universal faith that has been coming to humanity since the advent of Prophet Adam (AS) on earth, through a series of prophets of equal status (Qurʾān 2:136) sent to all nations, bearing the same message. So, these initial verses that teach us peace and harmony, good neighbourliness, patience, tolerance and pluralism are the foundational and constitutive verses of Qurʾān. They constitute the fundamental message of Islam. 

But the Holy Qurʾān also contains many contextual verses that were revealed as instructions from time to time for the Prophet (saw) and his companions to deal with difficult existential situations that arose as both the Mushrikeen (pagans) of Makka and Ahl-e-Kitab (People of the Book) living in Madina mostly refused to accept the message of God coming to them through the Prophet, and decided to eliminate the Prophet and his few companions. These verses are of great historical importance and tell us the near-insurmountable difficulties the Prophet had to face to establish our religion. But despite their importance they are no longer applicable to us as instructions of war, over 1400 years after those wars were fought and won by the grace of God. We are not engaged in any war now. So, Dr. Zawahiri, please stop quoting these verses of war to misguide Muslims and universalise their applicability.

We are now living in the world of modern nation-states; our international relations are guided by the charter of United Nations which has been signed by virtually the whole world including all Muslim majority states.  It is simply not possible today for any state to conquer new territories and establish its rule there as was the norm until the first half of the twentieth century. So, all talk of performing Jihad at least once a year, in this part of the world or that, should cease, even if it was indeed mandated by Qurʾān and Hadith. It is simply impractical and God does not ask us to perform impossible tasks. In any case, groups like Al-Qaeda and ISIS have absolutely no standing in Sharia to order Jihad. It’s only an Islamic state that can initiate Jihad after severing all previous ties with another state. This is an instruction of Islamic Sharia that Muslims very well understand.

There is no scriptural sanction for the call of a global Khilafat of Muslims either in Quran or Hadith. Modern pluralistic states are very much in tune with the first Islamic State evolved by Prophet Mohammad (pbuh) under the constitution provided by Meesaq-e-Madina. Muslims do not need a global Khilafat, though Muslim-majority countries can cooperate more fully in the spirit of brotherhood sanctioned by Quran and even form a commonwealth of Muslim states.

Dr Zawahiri, your slander against democracy is totally out of place and un-Islamic. Modern Democracy is a fulfilment of the Quranic exhortation of amrahumshoorabainahum. So, Muslims should try and strengthen democratic institutions in the countries where they live either as a majority community or as a religious minority.

You will do nothing better than to accept that Islam is not a totalitarian, fascist, exclusivist political ideology, but primarily a spiritual path to salvation, one of the many (Qurʾān 5:48) sent by God to humanity in different ages through different prophets, all of equal status (Qurʾān 2:136, 21:25, 21:92). God has asked us to compete with one another in performing good deeds [Qurʾān 2:148, 23:61] and that is what we should be focussed on. As Qurʾān came to confirm all previous faiths, we can only respect and accept all other religions as paths to the same divinity. The Doctrine of al-Wala wal-Bara (Love and Enmity for the sake of God), as propagated by the likes of you, Dr. Zawahiri, in this missive to Kashmiris as elsewhere, is misconceived and impractical in the present highly complex and intricately interwoven global society. 

---

Sultan Shahin is the founder editor of a Delhi-based progressive Islamic website NewAgeIslam.com.

This article appeared first in Kashmir Images

Source: Kashmir Images

URL: http://www.newageislam.com/radical-islamism-and-jihad/sultan-shahin,-founder-editor,-new-age-islam/sultan-shahin’s-response-to-dr-ayman-al-zawahirl’s-message-inciting-kashmiris-for-jihad--kashmiris-know-their-islam-better-than-you-think,--stop-trying-to-misguide-them/d/119227

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TOTAL COMMENTS:-   84


  • The partition itself was painful but neither India nor Pakistan will let go its claim on Kashmir. Making it a free zone is not practical right now coz according to U.N.resolutions the first condition was Pakistani Army withdrawal which never happened.So without demilitarization firstly by Pakistan it's just a pipedream. Maintaining status quo and peace along Loc and increasing people to people contacts is the only short term answer.
    By Abhishek Sinha - 7/31/2019 10:25:46 AM



  • @Abhishek Sinha but Making LOC international border is problematic, it divides two kashmir. We should make kashmir free zone, every one could freely come and go
    By Manzoor Ahmad Pandit - 7/31/2019 10:25:05 AM



  • @Raja Khurshid You are some rare intelligent person. But do you realistically think it's worth to change boundaries. At the time 1986 Shah Bano agitation the Muslim Personal Law Board had said Muslims in India are Mille takhasus. Meaning identity of their own. Do you think Hindu fanatics will now give them any room for their delusional trips. Brother sanity demands we live together. And like Farokh Abdullah said let line of control be Intetnational boundary. Any human tragedy is not worth for some political ambition...
    By Abhishek Sinha - 7/31/2019 10:24:18 AM



  • @Vishan Talreja sir I agree with you...but my request to you what is your idolgy abut RSS and vhp???
    By Aijaz Bhat - 7/24/2019 12:16:40 PM



  •  Thanks for great thought


    By Ramesh Panda - 7/24/2019 12:15:57 PM



  • @Ramesh Panda NAHI BETA UNCLE KI BAAT MANO YE BAHUT BADI RAJNITI HAI.RAJNETA HUR SAMAZ KO APNE FAIDE KE LIYE ISTMAAL KARTEY HAIN,AGAR SARKAR CHAHEY TOH EK SAAL MEY SARE PANDITON KO KASHMIR MEY STHAPIT KARSAKTE HAI YNKO WAHA JAANE SE KOI ROK NAHI SAKTA, KASHMIR MEY PANDITON KA BHI POORA HUQUE HAI, UNKO WAHAN SE HATANEY MEIN BHI RAJNITI HAI. UP MEY PICHALE 5 SALON SE DALITON KO AUR MUSALMANO KO ZABRAN MAAR RAHEY HAIN YAHAN TAK ZABRAN AB JAI SHRI RAM BOLNE LAGA RAHEY HAIN SARKAR CHAHEY TIH EK DIN MEY SAB THEEK KARSAJTI HAI LEKIN NAHI YE BHI RAJNITIK KHEL HAI,KIA UP SE DSLIT MUSALMAN BHAG GAYE NAHI, PANDITON PEY BHI AUSE HI KUCH ZILM HUA THA USKA FAIDA RAJNETA UTHAKAR PANDITON KO YAHAN BASA DIYA UNKA BHI BURA HAAL HI, WAQT AYEGA AUR RAJNETAON KI GALTI KA AHSAAS HOGA FIR SE KASHMIR MEY SHAANTI AAYEGI PANDIT BHI JAYENGE WAHAN UNKE BAGAIR KASHMIR ADURA HOGA. DIL SAAF RAKH KAR SAB KO VUSHWAS MEY LEKAR DESH KI EKTA AKHANDTA KE LIYE RAJNETA APNA FAIDA CHODKAR DESH KE LIYE HUL NIKALNA PADEGA. JAI HIND. I LOVE MY NATION.
    By Ismail Khan - 7/24/2019 12:15:19 PM



  • Lekin ap hindu Pandit ko kasmir se saphaya kar rahe hain.
    By Ramesh Panda - 7/24/2019 12:14:44 PM



  • @Vipin Thakur ARTICLE 370 AND 35A WAS THE PROMISE MADE IN TREATY AND OPINION OF KASHMIRI PEOPLE TO ENDORSE THE ACESSION BECAUSE MAHARAJA HARI SINGH HAD NO RIGHT TO SURRENDER THE PEOPLES RIGHT,JUST LIKE HYDERABAD AND JUNAGAD NAWABS WERE NOT WILLING TO BE PART OF INDIA BUT PEOPLE OF THAT STATE FORCED THE NAWABS TO MERGED WITH INDIA SAME IS THE CASE OF KASHMIRI PEOPLE ,YET NOW THEY DON'T WANT TO BE WITH PAKISTAN AT ALL, JUST THEY WANT THE AGREEMENT BETWEEN PEOPLE AND OUR LEADERS DID, HAS TO BE HONOURED, JUST LIKE WE HONOURED THE DEAL WITH NAGA LAND. BJP HAS THE OTHER IDEA A SANGHI IDEA WHICH WILL NOT WORK WE HAVE TO TAKE KASHMIRI PEOPLE INTO CONFIDENCE,AND DO IT QUICKLY OTHERWISE PAKISTAN WILL GO ON POKING US JUST LIKE TODAY PAK FORCED TRUMP TO TELL AND AGREE FOR MEDIATING IN KASHMIR DISPUTES, AS THIRD PARTY WHICH WE WILL NOT AGREE ,THAT IS THE REASON WE HAVE TO WIN KASHMIRI PEOPLE FIRST THEN TAKE ON PAKISTAN. THERE IS NO OTHERWAY, I AS A TRUE INDIAN FIR UNITY INTEGRETY OF INDIA WE HAVE TO SOLVE ALL THE ISSUES VERY FAST. MANY CIVILANS ARE DYING ALONG WITH OUR ARMY JAWANS. WE MUST STOP. FOR MORE DETAILS GO TO DELHI FILE AN RTI AND ASK FOR A COPY OF THAT DEAL AND AGREEMENT.
    By Ismail Khan - 7/24/2019 12:14:12 PM



  • And I don't want to listen to shit which was told by (Abusive word deleted.... Editor) Nehru
    By Vipin Thakur - 7/24/2019 12:13:34 PM



  • Sane voices in Islam are rare and naturally surprise us. However, I pray to my god that this person survives and does not realize ultimately that he committed kufra by dissociating Islam from its soul - jehad, killing, enslaving, raping, torturing kafirs till they exist and one another when only Muslims remain on planet.
    By Om Prakash Trivedy - 7/24/2019 12:12:31 PM



  • @ Om Prakash Trivedy I do not hate any Religion in the world more over i have no right to say bad things to any Religion Because Almighty ALLAH prohibited us but we are human beings we all have right do Analysis by comparative study holy Scriptures because we all not seen the God and his apostles of any Religion or faith
    which is False and which is True
    in Spite of Everything is from Almighty ALLAH and he is only Sustainer of the and he is all-hearing All-Seeing
    Surah Al-Bagarah-115 : To ALLAH belong the East and West whithersoever ( which Direction ) there is the presence of ALLAH, for ALLAH is All-pervading All-knowing
    muslims are not Terrorists Those are Terrorists are not Muslims if Muslims are Terrorists No one Non-Muslims can survive in this words Islam means Peace We love peace SPECIALITY is about being Righteous and Just OPEN AND frankness
    By Dr-Mohammed Abdul Naseer - 7/24/2019 12:11:59 PM



  • @Dr-Mohammed Abdul Naseer Doctor sahib, aap par Allah Ki meharbani hai. Aapne Sahi pahchana. Ye nischit hi kafir hai. Jehad to har musalman ka farz hai. Bina kisi kafir ka katl kiye jannat mil hi nahi sakti. Ye aadmi Katl o garat ki burai kar ke musalmano ko galat rasta dikha raha hai.
    By Om Prakash Trivedy - 7/24/2019 12:11:19 PM



  • There is no moderate Islam and radical Islam.Islam is following our beloved Prophet s.a.w, Sufiism is the corrupt form of Islam.
    By Shakil Alam - 7/24/2019 12:10:34 PM



  • Abu Zainab
    The original birth of muslim and islam is mecca. Who told you to enter bharat and invade ? Gone are the days when you terrified and murder innocents and converted them forcefully. You ll not get 1 mm of kasmir.
    And that's it.
    You have caused enough damage to bharat and the whole world.
    Now you're going to pay every inch of it.
    Satya Meva Jayate
    Jai Hindi Jai Akhand Viswa Bharatmata.
    By Ram Vaishnav - 7/24/2019 12:10:00 PM



  • @ Feroz Ahmad Rather freedom with peace.. Oh this is red Bull shit
    By Zamin Firdous - 7/24/2019 12:09:15 PM



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